Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability. It affords similar protections against discrimination to Americans with disabilities as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which made discrimination based on race, sex, national origin, other characteristics illegal. In addition, unlike the Civil Rights Act, the ADA requires covered employers to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities, imposes accessibility requirements on public accommodations. In 1986, the National Council on Disability had recommended enactment of an Americans with Disabilities Act and drafted the first version of the bill, introduced in the House and Senate in 1988; the final version of the bill was signed into law on July 1990, by President George H. W. Bush, it was amended in 2008 and signed by President George W. Bush with changes effective as of January 1, 2009. ADA disabilities include both physical medical conditions. A condition does not need to be permanent to be a disability.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission regulations provide a list of conditions that should be concluded to be disabilities: deafness, blindness, an intellectual disability or missing limbs or mobility impairments requiring the use of a wheelchair, cancer, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, schizophrenia. Other mental or physical health conditions may be disabilities, depending on what the individual's symptoms would be in the absence of "mitigating measures", during an "active episode" of the condition. Certain specific conditions that are considered anti-social, or tend to result in illegal activity, such as kleptomania, exhibitionism, etc. are excluded under the definition of "disability" in order to prevent abuse of the statute's purpose. Additionally, other specific conditions, such as gender identity disorders, are excluded under the definition of "disability".
See US labor law and 42 U. S. C. §§ 12111–12117. The ADA states that a "covered entity" shall not discriminate against "a qualified individual with a disability"; this applies to job application procedures, hiring and discharge of employees, job training, other terms and privileges of employment. "Covered entities" include employers with 15 or more employees, as well as employment agencies, labor organizations, joint labor-management committees. There are strict limitations on when a covered entity can ask job applicants or employees disability-related questions or require them to undergo medical examination, all medical information must be kept confidential. Prohibited discrimination may include, among other things, firing or refusing to hire someone based on a real or perceived disability and harassment based on a disability. Covered entities are required to provide reasonable accommodations to job applicants and employees with disabilities. A reasonable accommodation is a change in the way things are done that the person needs because of a disability, can include, among other things, special equipment that allows the person to perform the job, scheduling changes, changes to the way work assignments are chosen or communicated.
An employer is not required to provide an accommodation that would involve undue hardship, the individual who receives the accommodation must still perform the essential functions of the job and meet the normal performance requirements. An employee or applicant who engages in the illegal use of drugs is not considered qualified when a covered entity takes adverse action based on such use. There are many ways to discriminate against people based on disabilities, including psychological ones. Anyone known to have a history of mental disorders can be considered disabled. Employers with more than 15 employees must take care to treat all employees and with any accommodations needed; when an employee is doing a job exceptionally well, she or he is not no longer disabled. Part of Title I was found unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court as it pertains to states in the case of Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett as violating the sovereign immunity rights of the several states as specified by the Eleventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The Court determined. State employees can, file complaints at the Department of Justice or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, who can sue on their behalf. Title II prohibits disability discrimination by all public entities at the local level, e.g. school district, city, or county, at state level. Public entities must comply with Title II regulations by the U. S. Department of Justice; these regulations cover access to all services offered by the entity. Access includes physical access described in the ADA Standards for Accessible Design and programmatic access that might be obstructed by discriminatory policies or procedures of the entity. Title II applies to public transportation provided by public entities through regulations by the U. S. Department of Transportation, it includes the National Railroad Passenger Corporation, along with all other commuter au
United States Department of Housing and Urban Development
The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is a Cabinet department in the Executive branch of the United States federal government. Although its beginnings were in the House and Home Financing Agency, it was founded as a Cabinet department in 1965, as part of the "Great Society" program of President Lyndon Johnson, to develop and execute policies on housing and metropolises; the department was established on September 9, 1965, when Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act into law, it stipulated that the department was to be created no than November 8, sixty days following the date of enactment. The actual implementation was postponed until January 13, 1966, following the completion of a special study group report on the federal role in solving urban problems. HUD is administered by the United States Secretary of Urban Development, its headquarters is located in the Robert C. Weaver Federal Building; some important milestones for HUD's development include: June 27, 1934 – The National Housing Act creates the Federal Housing Administration, which helps provide mortgage insurance on loans made by FHA-approved lenders.
September 1, 1937 – Housing Act of 1937 creates the United States Housing Authority, which helps enact slum-clearance projects and construction of low-rent housing. February 3, 1938 – The National Housing Act Amendments of 1938 is signed into law; the law creates the Federal National Mortgage Association, which provides a secondary market to the Federal Housing Administration. February 24, 1942 – Executive Order 9070, Establishing the National Housing Agency; the Federal Housing Administration, the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, The Home Owners' Loan Corporation, The United States Housing Authority, defense housing under the Federal Works Agency, the War Department, the Navy Department, the Farm Security Administration, the Defense Homes Corporation, the Federal Loan Administration, the Division of Defense Housing Coordination were consolidated. The National Housing Agency would be made up of three units, each with its own commissioner; the units were the Federal Housing Administration, the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration, the United States Housing Authority.
July 27, 1947 – The Housing and Home Finance Agency is established through Reorganization Plan Number 3. July 15, 1949 – The Housing Act of 1949 is enacted to help eradicate slums and promote community development and redevelopment programs. August 2, 1954 – The Housing Act of 1954 establishes comprehensive planning assistance. September 23, 1959 – The Housing Act of 1959 allows funds for elderly housing. September 2, 1964 – The Housing Act of 1964 allows rehabilitation loans for homeowners. August 10, 1965 – The Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965 instituted several major expansions in federal housing programs. September 1965 – HUD is created as a cabinet-level agency by the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act. April 1968 – The Fair Housing Act is passed to ban discrimination in housing. During 1968 – The Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 establishes the Government National Mortgage Association. August 1969 – The Brooke Amendment establishes that low income families only pay no more than 25 percent of their income for rent.
August 1974 – Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 allows community development block grants and help for urban homesteading. October 1977 – The Housing and Community Act of 1977 sets up Urban Development Grants and continues elderly and handicapped assistance. July 1987 – The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act gives help to communities to deal with homelessness, it includes the creation of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness of which HUD is a member. February 1988 – The Housing and Community Development Act provides for the sale of public housing to resident management corporations. October 1992 – The HOPE VI program starts to revitalize public housing and how it works. October 1992 – The Housing and Community Development Act of 1992 codifies within its language the Federal Housing Enterprises Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 that creates the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight, mandates HUD to set goals for lower income and underserved housing areas for the GSEs Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
1992 – Federal Housing Enterprises' Financial Safety and Soundness Act of 1992 creates HUD Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight to provide public oversight of FNMA and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. 1993 – Henry G. Cisneros is named Secretary of HUD by President William J. Clinton, January 22. Empowerment Zone and Enterprise Community program becomes law as part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993. 1995 – "Blueprint for Reinvention of HUD" proposes sweeping changes in public housing reform and FHA, consolidation of other programs into three block grants. 1996 – Homeownership totals 66.3 million American households, the largest number ever. 1997 – Andrew M. Cuomo is named by President Clinton to be Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the first appointment from within the Department. 1998 – HUD opens Enforcement Center to take action against HUD-assisted multifamily property owners and other HUD fund recipients who violate laws and regulations. Congress approves Public Housing reforms to reduce segregation by race and income and reward work, bring more working families into public housing, increase the availability of subsidized housing for poor families.
2000 – America's homeownership rate reaches a new record-high of 67.7 percent in the third quarter of 2000. A total of 71.6 million American families own their homes - more than at any time in American history. 2001 – Mel Martinez, named by President George W. Bush to be Secretary o
The Jacobethan or Jacobean Revival architectural style is the mixed national Renaissance revival style, made popular in England from the late 1820s, which derived most of its inspiration and its repertory from the English Renaissance, with elements of Elizabethan and Jacobean. John Betjeman coined the term "Jacobethan" in 1933, described it as follows: The style in which the Gothic predominates may be called, inaccurately enough and the style in which the classical predominates over the Gothic inaccurately, may be called Jacobean. To save the time of those who do not wish to distinguish between these periods of architectural uncertainty, I will henceforward use the term "Jacobethan"; the term caught on with art historians. Timothy Mowl asserts in The Elizabethan and Jacobean Style that the Jacobethan style represents the last outpouring of an authentically native genius, stifled by slavish adherence to European baroque taste. In architecture the style's main characteristics are flattened, cusped "Tudor" arches, lighter stone trims around windows and doors, carved brick detailing, steep roof gables terra-cotta brickwork and parapets, pillars supporting porches and high chimneys as in the Elizabethan style.
Examples of this style are Harlaxton Manor in Lincolnshire, Mentmore Towers in Buckinghamshire and Sandringham House in Norfolk, England. In June 1835, when the competition was announced for designs for new Houses of Parliament, the terms asked for designs either in the Gothic or the Elizabethan style; the seal was set on the Gothic Revival as a national style for the grandest projects on the largest scale. Of the ninety-seven designs submitted, six were in a self-described "Elizabethan" style. In 1838, with the Gothic revival was well under way in Britain, Joseph Nash, trained in A. W. N. Pugin's office designing Gothic details, struck out on his own with a lithographed album Architecture of the Middle Ages: Drawn from Nature and on Stone in 1838. Casting about for a follow-up, Nash extended the range of antiquarian interests forward in time with his next series of lithographs The Mansions of England in the Olden Time 1839–1849, which illustrated Tudor and Jacobean great houses, interiors as well as exteriors, made lively with furnishings and peopled by inhabitants in ruffs and farthingales, the quintessence of "Merrie Olde England".
A volume of text accompanied the fourth and last volume of plates in 1849, but it was Nash's picturesque illustrations that popularised the style and created a demand for the variations on the English Renaissance styles, the essence of the newly revived "Jacobethan" vocabulary. Two young architects providing Jacobethan buildings were James Pennethorne and Anthony Salvin, both knighted. Salvin's Jacobethan Harlaxton Manor, near Grantham, its first sections completed in 1837, is the great example that defines the style; the Jacobethan Revival survived the late 19th century and became a part of the commercial builder's repertory through the first 20 years of the 20th century. Apart from its origins in the UK, the style became popular both in Canada and throughout the United States during those periods, for sturdy "baronial" dwellings in a free Renaissance style. A key exponent of the style in Britain was T. G. Jackson; some examples can be found in buildings in the former British Empire, such as Rashtrapati Niwas, the Viceregal Lodge at Shimla.
The term has proved useful to literary studies that are emphasizing the continuity of English literature in the half century 1575–1625. For example, the 1603 death of Elizabeth I falls in the middle of Shakespeare's career as dramatist: he is both an Elizabethan and a Jacobean writer. Tudor Revival architecture Jacobean era Mowl, Tim. Elizabethan And Jacobean Style. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 0-7148-2882-3. Newman, John. Dorset; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 55. ISBN 0-14-071044-2. Pevsner, Nikolaus. London; the Buildings of England. I. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 477
Collegiate Gothic is an architectural style subgenre of Gothic Revival architecture, popular in the late-19th and early-20th centuries for college and high school buildings in the United States and Canada, to a certain extent Europe. A form of historicist architecture, it took its inspiration from Gothic buildings, it has returned in the 21st century in the form of prominent new buildings at schools and universities including Princeton and Yale. Ralph Adams Cram, arguably the leading Gothic Revival architect and theoretician in the early 20th century, wrote about the appeal of the Gothic for educational facilities in his book Gothic Quest: "Through architecture and its allied arts we have the power to bend men and sway them as few have who depended on the spoken word, it is for us, as part of our duty as our highest privilege to act...for spreading what is true." Gothic Revival architecture was used for American college buildings as early as 1829, when "Old Kenyon" was completed on the campus of Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio.
Another early example was Alexander Jackson Davis's University Hall, on New York University's Washington Square campus. Richard Bond's church-like library for Harvard College, Gore Hall, became the model for other library buildings. James Renwick, Jr.'s Free Academy Building, for what is today City College of New York, continued in the style. Inspired by London's Hampton Court Palace, Swedish-born Charles Ulricson designed Old Main at Knox College in Galesburg, Illinois. Following the Civil War, idiosyncratic High Victorian Gothic buildings were added to the campuses of American colleges, including Yale College. In 1871, English architect William Burges designed a row of vigorous French Gothic-inspired buildings for Trinity College – Seabury Hall, Northam Tower, Jarvis Hall – in Hartford, Connecticut. Tastes became more conservative in the 1880s, "collegiate architecture soon after came to prefer a more scholarly and less restless Gothic." Beginning in the late-1880s, Philadelphia architects Walter Cope and John Stewardson expanded the campus of Bryn Mawr College in an understated English Gothic style, sensitive to site and materials.
Inspired by the architecture of Oxford and Cambridge universities, historicists but not literal copyists, Cope & Stewardson were influential in establishing the Collegiate Gothic style. Commissions followed for collections of buildings at the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, Washington University in St. Louis, marking the nascent beginnings of a movement that transformed many college campuses across the country. In 1901, the firm of Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge created a master plan for a Collegiate Gothic campus for the fledgling University of Chicago spent the next 15 years completing it; some of their works, such as the Mitchell Tower, were near-literal copies of historic buildings. George Browne Post designed the City College of New York's new campus at Hamilton Heights, Manhattan, in the style; the style was experienced up-close by a wide audience at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri; the World's Fair and 1904 Olympic Games were held on the newly completed campus of Washington University, which delayed occupying its buildings until 1905.
The movement gained further momentum when Charles Donagh Maginnis designed Gasson Hall at Boston College in 1908. Maginnis & Walsh went on to design Collegiate Gothic buildings at some twenty-five other campuses, including the main buildings at Emmanuel College, the law school at the University of Notre Dame. Ralph Adams Cram designed one of the most poetic collections of Collegiate Gothic buildings for the Princeton University Graduate College. James Gamble Rogers did extensive work at Yale University, beginning in 1917; some critics claim he took historicist fantasy to an extreme, while others choose to focus on what is considered to be the resulting beautiful and sophisticated Yale campus. Rogers was criticized by the growing Modernist movement, his cathedral-like Sterling Memorial Library, with its ecclesiastical imagery and lavish use of ornament, came under vocal attack from one of Yale's own undergraduates: A modern building constructed for purely modern needs has no excuse for going off in an orgy of meretricious medievalism and stale iconography.
Other architects, notably John Russell Pope and Bertram Goodhue, advocated for and contributed to Yale's particular version of Collegiate Gothic. When McMaster University moved to Hamilton, Canadian architect William Lyon Somerville designed its new campus in the style. American architect Alexander Jackson Davis is "generally credited with coining the term" documented in a handwritten description of his own "English Collegiate Gothic Mansion" of 1853 for the Harrals of Bridgeport, Connecticut. By the 1890s, the movement was known as "Collegiate Gothic". In his praise for Cope & Stewardson's Quadrangle Dormitories at the University of Pennsylvania, architect Ralph Adams Cram revealed some of the racial and cultural implications underlying the Collegiate Gothic: It was, of course, in the great group of dormitories for the University of Pennsylvania that Cope and Stewardson first came before the entire country as the
Alvin Christian "Al" Kraenzlein, known as "the father of the modern hurdling technique", was an American track-and-field athlete, the first sportsman in the history of Olympic games to win four individual gold medals in a single discipline at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris. Before, Carl Schuhmann, a German athlete, won four Olympic titles in gymnastics and wrestling at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens; as of 2016, Alvin Kraenzlein is the only track-and-field athlete who has won four individual titles at one Olympics. Kraenzlein is known for developing a pioneering technique of straight-leg hurdling, which allowed him to set two world hurdle records, he is an Olympic Hall of USA Track & Field inductee. Kraenzlein was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, a son of Johann Georg Kränzlein, a brewer, Maria Augusta Schmidt, both of a German origin. After his family moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he attended the Milwaukee's East Side High School, where he became involved in sports. In 1895, during the Wisconsin Interscholastic Championships, he won first places in the 100-yard dash, 120-yard high hurdles, 220-yard low hurdles, high jump, shot put.
He attended the University of Wisconsin. In 1896, he won the 220-yard low hurdles, the high jump and placed second in the 100-yard dash and shot put at the freshman-sophomore track-and-field meet. During the 1897 Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Championship, Kraenzlein won the 220-yard low hurdles and the high jump, he led the Wisconsin team to the team title. He won the 1897 Amateur Athletic Union title in the 220-yard low hurdles. In 1897 Alvin Kraenzlein set an indoor world record of 36.6 seconds in the 300-yard low hurdles. In 1898, after being recruited by Mike Murphy, the University of Pennsylvania track-and-field coach, he moved to Philadelphia, where he studied at the Dental School and graduated in 1900. After winning his first athletics title in 1897 - the 220 yards hurdles race at the AAU championship, Kraenzlein achieved more notability by winning five AAU titles in both hurdling and long jump events, eight Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America titles in dash and the long jump.
Being a student at the University of Philadelphia, he established world records for the 120 metres high hurdles and the 220 metres low hurdles, the last standing for quarter of a century. In 1899, Kraenzlein established the long jump world record of 24' 3 1/2", he was a leader of the Penn's track-and-field team. Kraenzlein was noted for his hurdling technique, as he was among the first to practice the modern method of straight-lead-leg hurdle clearing. Arthur C. M. Croome from Great Britain first attempted the straight-lead-leg style in 1886, Alvin Kraenzlein perfected it and turned into a mainstream technique; this was significant development, as it enabled athletes to over-come the hurdles without reducing speed. In 1900, Kraenzlein was training for the Summer Olympics in England, he won the British Amateur Athletic Association Championships in London in the 120 yards hurdles and the long jump before entering the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris. He established a world record in the 120 yards hurdles for grass tracks.
Alvin Kraenzlein became the most successful athlete of the 1900 Olympics. There, during three days of competitions he won four titles establishing new Olympic record every time: 60-metres sprint 110-metres high hurdles 200-metres low hurdles Long jump In the 60 metres, he ran both the preliminary and final in 7.0 seconds, defeating Walter Tewksbury by bare inches in the finals. His victory in the long jump was remarkable, as Kraenzlein defeated silver medallist Meyer Prinstein, his great rival from Syracuse University, only by a single centimetre. Prinstein's mark had been set in the qualification, he did not attend the final, because it was held on a Sunday; as it was said, the two had an informal agreement not to compete on Sunday, when Prinstein learned that Kraenzlein did show up he became violent punching Kraenzlein according to some accounts. Altogether, thirteen student athletes from the University of Pennsylvania competed in the track events in Paris, they distinguished themselves with twenty medals including eleven gold awards.
After the 1900 Olympic Games, Kraenzlein retired from athletic competition in late 1900, as the owner of six world and four Olympic records. He started a dental practice. Kraenzlein became a manager of the Milwaukee Athletic Association. In 1902, having returned to Philadelphia, he married Claudine Gilman, whom he knew from the student days, he practiced dentistry in Philadelphia till 1906 when he became the track-and-field coach at Mercersburg Academy, a selective prep school in Pennsylvania. Amongst his students was Ralph Craig, a future Olympic titleholder in both the 100 and 200 metres in 1912 Olympic Games. In 1910 -- 1913 he was the head football coach at the University of Michigan. In 1913 he signed a five-year $50,000 contract with the German government to train the 1916 German Olympic track team. With World War I coming, Kraenzlein served in the U. S. Army as a physical training specialist; when the war ended, he became an assistant coach for the University of Pennsylvania track team. He coached at summer camps and at the Havana Golf and Tennis Club in Cuba in the winter.
In late 1927, he became afflicted with bouts of pleurisy. Alvin
Van Ryn & DeGelleke
Van Ryn & DeGelleke was an architectural firm in Wisconsin. It was a partnership of Henry J. Van Ryn and Gerrit Jacob DeGelleke, both of whom grew up in Milwaukee. A number of its works are listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places. Works include: Agriculture and Manual Arts Building/Platteville State Normal School, Univ. of Wisconsin, Platteville, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Boscobel High School, 207 Buchanan St. Boscobel, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Casa Rio, built 1945, at 2424 McGregor Blvd. Fort Myers, Florida, NRHP-listed One or more works in Central Park Historic District bounded by 19th St. Adams St. 16th St. and Jefferson St. Two Rivers, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Central School, 218 West Cayuga St, Iron River, Michigan, NRHP-listed F. A. Chadbourn House, 314 S. Charles St. Columbus, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Hudson Public Library, 304 Locust St. Hudson, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Janesville High School, 408 S. Main St. Janesville, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Lincoln County Courthouse, 1110 E. Main St. Merrill, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Main Hall/La Crosse State Normal School, 1724 State St. Univ. of Wisconsin, La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed One or more works in Maple Park Historic District bounded by North, Cook and Maxwell Sts.
Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed One or more works in Marshfield Central Avenue Historic District Central Ave. from Depot St. to Third St. Marshfield, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Milwaukee County Dispensary and Emergency Hospital, 2430 W. Wisconsin Ave. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Nelson Hall, 1209 Fremont St. Stevens Point, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed One or more works in Oshkosh State Normal School Historic District, buildings at 800, 842, 912 Algoma Blvd. and 845 Elmwood Ave. Oshkosh, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Schofield Hall, 105 Garfield Ave. Eau Claire, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Charles W. Stribley House, 705 W. Wisconsin Ave. Kaukauna, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed Cyrus C. Yawkey House, 403 McIndoe St. Wausau, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed
Anthony Joseph Knap was an American football coach. He was the head coach at Utah State University, Boise State University, the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, he compiled a career college football record of 143–53–4. Knap worked as a high school teacher and coach, served in the U. S. Navy during World War II; the oldest son of Polish immigrants, Knap was born and raised in Milwaukee and graduated from Riverside High School, where he was an All-City selection in football in 1934. Along with three other Milwaukee freshman, he accepted a football scholarship to the University of Idaho in Moscow and played on the Vandals freshman team in the fall of 1935 lettered for three seasons on the varsity under head coach Ted Bank. Among his UI teammates were future head coaches and administrators Lyle Smith and Steve Belko. Other teammates included future Idaho athletic director Leon Green, NFL pros George "Iron Man" Thiessen, Stonko Pavkov, Dean Green, Richard "Truck" Trzuskowski, Hal Roise; as a senior in 1938, Knap was a second-team All-Coast selection at end, the only Vandal to make any of the three teams.
The Vandals broke to an early 3–0–1 start in 1938 and there was early talk of the Rose Bowl in the national press. Three conference losses the Vandals finished the season at 6–3–1, Idaho's last winning season for a quarter century. Knap was a pitcher and utility player for three seasons on the varsity baseball team, a member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. After earning a bachelor's degree in education in 1939, Knap became a high school teacher and coach for three years in Bonners Ferry, just south of Canada. While waiting for his military commission following the outbreak of World War II, he spent a fall at Lewiston High School in 1942 as an assistant under former Vandal teammate Steve Belko. Knap served in the U. S. Navy returned to coaching after the war back in Idaho at Potlatch, near Moscow, stayed with the Loggers until the summer of 1949, he attended a summer coaching clinic in 1949 in the Bay Area and was offered a head coaching position at Pittsburg High School in Pittsburg, California.
Knap moved his family south to northern California. He stayed at the East Bay school through the 1958 season, his overall record as a high school coach was 109–22–6. Knap left Pittsburg to become an assistant coach at Utah State in 1959 under new coach John Ralston, he was credited with developing the big, agile lines which contributed to the Aggies' rise to national prominence. One of those lineman was Merlin Olsen, a future hall of famer in the NFL. After posting a 26–3–1 regular season record in his final three years at USU, Ralston left Logan for Stanford after the 1962 season and Knap was promoted to head coach, where he compiled a 25–14–1 record in four seasons, from 1963 to 1966, his 1965 team was 8–2, but the Aggies slipped to 4–6 in 1966. With mixed support from his administrators, Knap resigned in January 1967 to accept a position with the BC Lions in the Canadian Football League. In rivalry games, his Utah State teams were 3–1 against BYU for The Old Wagon Wheel and 2–2 against Utah in the Battle of the Brothers.
The Lions had a woeful year in 1967, going 3–12–1 and finishing in last in the CFL's Western Division. Knap did not return for another season. Instead, he succeeded Lyle Smith as head coach at Boise College in 1968, soon to become "Boise State College". Smith had just stepped down as head coach and as the athletic director, hired his former Vandal teammate, it was Boise's first year as an NAIA independent. Two years in 1970 the Broncos began play in the NCAA in Division II and the Big Sky Conference. Knap led the Broncos to a 71–19–1 record in eight years, including three ten-win seasons and three consecutive Big Sky titles, his salary was $16,800 in 1971 and $18,800 in 1972. Knap led the Broncos to a 3–1–1 record against his alma mater in the first five games of the Boise State–Idaho rivalry, his success in Boise led him south to Las Vegas in 1976, where he coached UNLV for six seasons and compiled a 47–20–2 record, stepping down at age 67 after the 1981 season. UNLV made the Division II playoffs in his first season and moved up to Division I-A in 1978, his third season at the school.
While Knap was head coach, the Rebels played as an independent. He was inducted into UNLV's hall of fame in 1989, he led the Rebels to a 3–1 record over Nevada in the rivalry game for the Fremont Cannon. The game was not played in 1980, 1981, or 1982. Knap married Doris Adella "Mickey" McFarland, a former UI student born in St. Maries, during his first year as a teacher, they were wed in April 1941 in Bonners Ferry and had three daughters: Jacqueline and Caroline. In addition to his bachelor's degree, he earned a master's degree from Idaho, completing it in 1953 while in California. Following his retirement from coaching and his wife moved to Walla Walla, Washington in 1982, they were married over 70 years when he died in September 2011 at Bishop Place Retirement Center in Pullman. She died two years at age 93 in Pullman. Assistants under Tony Knap who became NCAA head coaches: Pat Hill: Fresno State Boise State University - news - former coach Tony Knap dies at age 96 Spokane Daily Chronicle - photo