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Road bicycle

The term road bicycle is used to describe bicycles built for traveling at speed on paved roads. Some sources use the term to mean racing bicycle. Other sources exclude racing bicycles from the definition, using the term to mean a bicycle of a similar style but built more for endurance and less the fast bursts of speed desired in a racing bicycle. Certain of these bicycles have been referred to as'sportive' bicycles to distinguish them from racing bicycles. Compared to other styles of bicycle, road bicycles share common features: The tires are narrow, high-pressure, smooth to decrease rolling resistance The handlebars are bent to allow the rider position to be leaned forward and downward, which reduces the forward vertical cross sectional area and thus reduces the air resistance They use derailleur gears. Several variations of road bikes include: Touring bicycles are designed for bicycle touring: they are robust and capable of carrying heavy loads Hybrid bicycles are designed for a variety of recreational and utility purposes.

While intended for use on pavement, they may be used on smooth unpaved paths or trails. Utility bicycles are designed for utility cycling: are a traditional bicycle for commuting and running errands in towns and cities A roadster is a specific form of the utility bicycle developed in the UK Recumbent bicycles are designed for variety of recreational and utility purposes, but are characterised by the reclined riding position in which the cyclist is seated Vintage road bicycles known as classic lightweight bicycles, are older bicycles with frames which are manufactured using steel tubing and lugs. Certain examples of this bicycle type have become collectors' items, with potential values of several thousand dollars. Other cyclists prefer this type of bicycle to those manufactured using modern techniques because they are "practical, durable and timeless, regardless of current popular trends." A flat bar road bike called a fitness bike, is a new style of bicycle. It is a road bike fitted with a flat handlebar and MTB-style shifters and brake levers.

This combination provides a light, fast bike with a more upright riding position, more comfortable and gives a better view in traffic. Flat bar road bike are used for commuting and fitness riding. Outline of cycling

Chemical elements in East Asian languages

The names for chemical elements in East Asian languages, along with those for some chemical compounds, are among the newest words to enter the local vocabularies. Except for those metals well-known since antiquity, the names of most elements were created after modern chemistry was introduced to East Asia in the 18th and 19th century, with more translations being coined for those elements discovered later. While most East Asian languages use—or have used—the Chinese script, only the Chinese language uses the characters as the predominant way of naming elements. On the other hand, the Japanese and Vietnamese employ native writing systems for the names of the elements, such as Katakana, Hangul and Quốc Ngữ, respectively. In Chinese, characters for the elements are the last created and recognized characters in the Chinese writing system. Unlike characters for unofficial varieties of Chinese or other now-defunct ad hoc characters, the names for the elements are official and taught to every Chinese and Taiwanese student who has attended public schools.

New names and symbols are decided upon by the China National Committee for Terms in Sciences and Technologies. Some metallic elements were familiar to the Chinese, as their ores were excavated and used extensively in China for construction and medicine; these include the long-established group of "Five Metals" — gold, copper and tin — as well as lead and mercury. Some non-metals were named in Chinese as well, because their minerals were in widespread use. For example, boron as part of borax carbon in the form of charcoal sulfur had been used to make gunpowder since at least the 10th century in China. However, the Chinese did not know about most of the elements until they were isolated during the Industrial Age; these new elements therefore required new characters, which were invented using the phono-semantic principle. Each character consists of two parts, one to signify the meaning and the other to hint at the sound: The semantic part is the radical of the character, it refers to the element's usual state at standard pressure.

There are only four radicals used for elements: 釒/钅 for solid metals, 石 for solid non-metals, 水/氵 for liquids, 气 for gases. The phonetic part represents the character's pronunciation and is a partial transliteration of the element. For each element character, this is a unique phonetic component. Since 118 elements have been discovered, there are over 100 different phonetic components used in naming the elements; because many characters in modern Chinese are homophones when tone is taken into account, it is possible to select two different phonetic components that gives the same pronunciation. Current practice dictates that new names should avoid being homophonous with previous element names or with organic functional groups. However, this rule was not rigorously followed in the past, confusingly and selenium have names that are pronounced the same way, including tone; this sometimes poses difficulties in verbal communication, as Sn and Se can both be divalent and tetravalent. Thus, SnO2 and SeO2 are indistinguishable verbally.

To avoid further confusion, P. R. C. Authorities avoided using the name 矽 xī for silicon.† 內/内 is pronounced as nèi, but has less as nà, the source of 納/纳. The primary pronunciation of 弟 is dì, but the alternate reading of tì gave rise to 悌. * The derived pronunciation differs from the pronunciation of the element. The "water" radical is used, since only two elements are liquid at standard room temperature and pressure. Both of their characters are not based on the European pronunciation of the elements' names. Bromine, the only liquid nonmetal at room temperature, is explained in the following section. Mercury, now grouped with the heavy metals, was long classified as a kind of fluid in ancient China. A few characters, are not created using the above "phono-semantic" design, but are "semantic-semantic", that is, both of its parts indicate meanings. One part refers to the element's usual state, while the other part indicates some additional property or function of the element. In addition, the second part indicates the pronunciation of the element.

Such elements are: Simple covalent binary inorganic compounds EmXn are named as'n X' 化'm E',where X is more electronegative than E, using the IUPAC formal electronegativity order. For example, P4S10 is called 十硫化四磷; as in English nomenclature, if m = 1, the numerical prefix of E is dropped in covalent compounds. For example, CO is called 一氧化碳. However, for compounds named as salts, numerical prefixes are dropped altogether, as in English. Thus, calcium chloride, CaCl2, is named 氯化钙. There is a Chinese analog of the -ic/-ous nomenclature for higher/lower oxidation states; the lower oxidation state is marked with the character 亚. For example FeCl2 and FeCl3 are 氯化铁, respectively. In a four-way contrast, hypo- and per- are marked with 次 and 高 (gāo,'high, up

Pekata Papa Rao

Pekata Papa Rao is a 1993 Telugu-language comedy film, produced by Pantangi Pullayah, D. V. V. Ramana Reddy under the Uma Maheswara Movies banner and directed by Y. Nageswara Rao, it stars Rajendra Kushboo with music composed by Raj-Koti. The film was recorded as a Hit at the box office; the film begins on Papa Rao, the master of poker, his livelihood. Once, he gets acquainted with a girl Uma who flirts him. Indeed, Uma is a Police officer, under the hunt of scandalous, deceit several women with espousal; the only clue they hold is the mole on his thigh. She seizes the culprit Sivaji and learns that the real malefactor is Meesala Gundaiah, a club owner. So, Uma waylays him, before leaving, Gundaiah squares up to take avenge. After some time, Uma & Papa Rao couple up hiding their true identities. Meanwhile, Gundaiah acquits ploys by indicting Papa Rao for the crime of gambling when Uma arrests him. Thereafter, Uma requests Papa Rao to quit gambling he seeks her to resign. Here, a clash arouses. Contingent upon, whoever loses must obey the word of the other.

After a few comic incidents, Gundaiah throws into heavy losses through Sivaji. After realizing the truth, enraged Papa Rao strikes Sivaji and he dies. Soon, Papa Rao understands the falsity of Gundaiah that Sivaji is alive when he ceases him and proves his innocence with the help of Uma. At last, Papa Rao desists gambling and the couple is blessed with a baby boy; the movie ends the newborn baby picking up playing cards in his naming ceremony. Art: Raju Choreography: Siva Subramanyam, John Babu Fights: Vicky Dialogues: Tanikella Bharani Lyrics: Sirivennela Sitarama Sastry, Guduru Viswanatha Sastry Playback: S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Radhika Story: M. S. Narayana, Janardan Maharshi Music: Raj-Koti Editing: J. Narasimha Rao Cinematography: V. N. Suresh Kumar Producer: T. Govinda Reddy, Panthangi Pullayya, DVV Ramana Reddy Screenplay - Director: Y. Nageswara Rao Banner: Uma Maheswara Movies Release Date: 8 September 1993 Music composed by Raj-Koti. Music released on Supreme Music Company. VCDs and DVDs on - VOLGA Videos, Hyderabad

2011 U-20 Copa Libertadores

The 2011 U-20 Copa Libertadores was the first edition of this U-20 club competition. Players born on or after 1 January 1990 were eligible to compete; the tournament was going to be hosted in November 2010, because of the postponement, players born in 1990 were allowed to play, otherwise only players born after 1 January 1991 would have been eligible. All games were played in Lima at the Estadio Estadio Alejandro Villanueva. In addition to the two clubs of the host nation, nine clubs qualified from the remaining nine football associations of CONMEBOL and one from the Mexican Football Federation; the winners and runners-up from each group, as well as the best two third-placed teams, advanced the quarterfinals. All kick-off times are local. 4 goals Cristofer Soto Sergio Unrein 3 goals Andy Polo Juan Imbert Mauro Andrés Caballero 2 goals Paolo Hurtado Raúl Jiménez Nixson Rafinha Santiago Romero Cristhian Alarcón Oscar Ruiz Camilo Peña 1 goal Santiago Echevarría Daniel Taboada Darwin Ríos Fabián Manzano Jesús Villalobos Jose Ayovi Edison Quiñónez Gustavo Asprilla Luis Olascoaga Jorge León y Vélez Méndez Carlos Ascues Jorge Bazán Carlos Olascuaga Luis Trujillo Álvaro Ampuero Christian La Torre Willyan Mimbela Gonzalo Bueno Bruno Marchelli Josef Martínez Leonardo Terán Conmebol

Jim Bruene

Jim Bruene is an American financial journalist. Bruene graduated the University of Washington with an MBA in Marketing and Finance and Iowa State University with a BS in Engineering. In 1994, Bruene founded Digital Banking Report, he set up financial services innovations. He is the writer for the Online Banking Report, he is the founder of the Finovate conference series. Bruene spent two years as a deposit and credit card product manager for First Interstate Bank between 1988 and 1990, he became a Loan and Mortgage Product Manager for Security Pacific Bank until 1992. At that point he spent a further two years at US Bancorp in the area of online banking product development with Microsoft Money, he worked for Caterpillar Inc. and in an advisory capacity for and ING Direct among others. In 1994 Bruene founded Online Financial Innovations. Since he has worked as its publisher, been the editor and is in charge of leading content of newsletters and reports on retail financial services, working with financial institutions offering strategy advice for enhancing online services and Return on Investment.

Bruene has a presence in the world of financial journals. He is quoted in American Banker, CNNfn, Money Magazine, MSNBC, The New York Times, PC Week, SmartMoney, The Financial Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, he has spoken at a variety of forums in the finance sector such as: ABA Annual Convention, BAI's Retail Delivery, CBA Executive Convention

The DinoHunters

The DinoHunters is an advertisement-supported first-person shooter and machinima series created by Kuma Reality Games. Using Valve's Source for its engine, The Dinohunters is distributed in free downloadable episodes for the PC; the first episode was released in 2006 through Kuma Reality Games' game client. Accompanying comedic machinima movies were created to bring the player closer to the world of The DinoHunters, as well as advertise for The Dinohunters real life sponsors such as Schick, replaced by Jeep; the story of The DinoHunters is centered on a fictitious reality show on the Total Hunting Channel and sends a crew of washed up celebrities into the past to hunt dinosaurs for sport and big ratings. The crew consists of Australian stunt-man and actor Roger Wallaby, country singer Harlan Davis, native New Yorker Shaw, their sexpot producer Candace "Candy" Spencer; the DinoHunters is one of the pioneers in the advergaming space of the video game industry. For its first episodes Kuma Reality Games partnered with Schick to promote its Schick Quattro Razor.

Kuma Reality Games uses partnerships like this to keep their other published games free: Kuma\War and The History Channel's ShootOut!: The Game. The DinoHunters is a first-person shooter. Featuring single- and multiplayer modes, the game features a variety of different weapons and enemies for the player to encounter; the DinoHunters features 6 playable episodes and 6 machinima episodes. New free episodes are released periodically. Along with the game, The DinoHunters is a machinima series; the DinoHunters official website Kuma Reality Games