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Roanoke, Alabama

Roanoke is a city in Randolph County, in the Piedmont region of eastern Alabama, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city is 6,074, down from 6,563 in 2000; this was an area of historic occupation by the Creek before treaties to persuade the Native Americans to cede their land, followed by forced migration under the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The area was part of a broad part of upland developed as cotton plantations worked by enslaved African Americans; the area is still quite rural. Called High Pine in the 1830s after a nearby creek, it was burned during an Indian uprising in 1836. Renamed Chulafinee in 1840, it was renamed again for the hometown of one of the early settlers, Virginia; the city was incorporated in December 1890. Roanoke is located at 33°8′56″N 85°22′11″W. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.1 square miles, of which 18.8 square miles is land and 0.3 square miles is water. The Mayor has been Mike Fisher since 2009. Roanoke has three schools served by Roanoke City Schools: Knight Enloe Elementary, Handley Middle School, Handley High School.

On December 1, 2011, the Handley Tigers won the AHSAA Football Class 3A State Championship. Roanoke is served by The Randolph Leader; as of the census of 2000, there were 6,563 people, 2,467 households, 1,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 348.9 people per square mile. There were 2,792 housing units at an average density of 148.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 58.94% White, 39.77% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.34% from other races, 0.64% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,467 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,946, the median income for a family was $32,405. Males had a median income of $29,594 versus $22,135 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,088. About 11.9% of families and 18.6% of the population were below 7% of those younger than 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or older. As of the census of 2010, there were 6,074 people, 2,409 households, 1,538 families residing in the city; the population density was 323.1 people per square mile. There were 2,817 housing units at an average density of 149.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 57.6% White, 40.5% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.

1.2 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 2,409 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,073, the median income for a family was $37,007. Males had a median income of $35,096 versus $31,406 for females; the per capita income for the city was $20,286. About 25.8% of families and 31.0% of the population were below 47.7% of those younger than 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or older.

Admiral Edward A. Burkhalter, Chief of Naval Intelligence. Henry Spec Bonner, former mayor of Roanoke and owner of the old Bonner hotel. Ronald L Traylor, MVP 1961 1A Alabama State Basketball Tournament,1A Alabama State Tournament Record Holder. University of Alabama sophomore redshirt, 1963. "Roanoke, AL", Library of Congress


A semi-trailer is a trailer without a front axle. In the United States, the term is used to refer to the combination of a truck and a semi-trailer, a tractor-trailer. A large proportion of a semi-trailer's weight is supported by a tractor unit, or a detachable front-axle assembly known as a dolly, or the tail of another trailer. A semi-trailer is equipped with landing gear to support it when it is uncoupled. Many semi-trailers have wheels that are capable of being dismounted and are relocatable to better distribute load to bearing wheel weight factors. Semi-trailers are more popular for transport than full trailers, which have both front and rear axles. Ease of backing is cited as one of the semi's chief advantages. A road tractor coupled to a semi-trailer is called a semi-trailer truck or "semi" in North America & Australia, an articulated lorry or "artic" in the UK. Semi-trailers with two trailer units are called B-doubles or tandem tractor trailers, tandem rigs, or doubles. Other terms used are "B-train" or "road train".

A double-trailer combination is possible with the use of a dolly, or "converter dolly" one to three additional axles placed under the front of a second semi-trailer. The first semi-trailer is connected to the power unit using the tractor's fifth wheel coupling while the converter dolly attached to the second semi-trailer, is connected to the first semi-trailer with a drawbar. In Australian English, the tractor unit is called a "prime-mover", the combination of a prime-mover and trailer is known as a "semi-trailer", "semi" or single. Road tractors and semi-trailers carry a large part of the transport. With 1170117 million tonne-kilometres transported this way in the European Union, including UK, road tractors and semi-trailers are 77.6% of the total tonne-kilometres transported in 2015, according to Eurostat. In road haulage, semi-trailers predominate over full trailers because of their flexibility; the trailers can be coupled and uncoupled allowing them to be shunted for loading and to be trucked between depots.

If a power unit fails, another tractor can replace it without disturbing the cargo. Compared with a full trailer, a semi-trailer attached to a tractor unit is easier to reverse, since it has only one turning point, whereas a full trailer has two turning points. Special tractors known as shunt trucks or shuttle trucks can maneuver semi-trailers at a depot or loading and unloading ferries; these tractors may lift the coupling. A rigid truck and full trailer are articulated inside the cargo area length, so a semi-trailer can have a longer continuous cargo area; because of this, a semi-trailer can haul longer objects. This depends on the legislation. However, since a rigid truck is longer than a semi-tractor, this increases the overall length of the combination, making it less maneuverable; the two types of couplings are fifth wheel automatic. In some applications, no separable coupling is fitted, the trailer is bolted to the tractor unit, using a bearing, rocker feet as are used under a fifth wheel skid plate.

The towing vehicle has a wide coupling plate known as a fifth wheel coupling bolted onto its chassis on which the semi-trailer rests and pivots. As the tractor reverses under the trailer, a kingpin under the front of the trailer slides into a slot in the skidplate, the jaws of the fifth wheel close onto it; the driver has to raise the trailer legs manually, couple the airbrake lines and electrical cables. Some low-set trailers such as lowboys/low-loaders and car transporters have electrically-powered landing gear due to the low clearance prohibiting conventional landing gear. Many years ago, automatic couplings are now quite rare. Automatic couplings were used for payloads of 12 short tons or less, e.g. on the Scammell Mechanical Horse. No coupling plate is used on the tractor; this locks to the chassis of the tractor. When the tractor reverses under the trailer, its legs rise and the brake and electrical connections are made automatically; the entire coupling and uncoupling procedure is operated by the driver from inside the cab, except that he or she has to descend to release the trailer parking brake.

Different types of semi-trailers are designed to haul different cargoes. Common widths are 8 ft, 2.6 metres. Speaking, most North American type trailers use two axles with dual-tire hubs totaling 8 wheels, while most European type trailers use three axles with single-tire hubs totaling 6 wheels, with one of the axles being able to be lifted for lighter loads and saving on tire and axle wear. Nearly all sufficiently tall modern trailers are equipped with a rear underride guard to prevent cars from passing beyond the rear edge of the trailer, most have side underride guards for the same reason. There are other smaller differences with regards to kingpin depth, door locks, et cetera, though most purpose-built tractor trucks can carry most types of trailer regardless of which continent it was built on and the differences therein. Box or van trailers are the most common type, they are quite a metal box on wheels with some doors on the back, though some offer additional access doors on the sides. Standard lengths in North America are 28 ft 0 in, 32 ft 0 in, 34 ft 0 in (10

Natsu e no Tobira

The Door into Summer is a 1975 Japanese manga by Keiko Takemiya. It is an early example of a shōnen-ai manga, it was serialized in Hana to Yume, published by Hakusensha, it was re-released in 2000 by Kodansha. An animated film version of this manga was released on March 1981 in Japan; the original manga of Natsue no Tobira is a short story, which first appeared in 19th and 20th issues of magazine Hana to Yume in October 1975. This work was contained in the anthology book of Keiko Takemiya, published in 1976. In 1981, a 60-minute anime movie adaptation was released in Japan; the plot is a coming-of-age tragic romance involving five children in a French academy: a young boy Marion begins an affair with an older woman. Marion A handsome, clever student of the certain school in France, he falls madly in love with the much older Sara. He stays as her lover for some time, all the while knowing that the love would never be permanent due to Sara being married to Count Cluny, he rejects the affections of both Claude because of his love for Sara.

Claude ends up committing suicide over the rejection, something that Marion regrets. When Sara breaks off their relationship, Marion is heartbroken, not just for Sara, but for the loss of Claude as well, he becomes gravely injured attempting to stop the duel between Lind and Jacques, in the end is sent back to his family. Jacques Marion's classmate. In contrast to his friends, Jacques is a simple boy from the countryside, he is optimistic. Jacques and Lind are good friends, however both are in love with Ledania, their rivalry turns bitter. In addition to Jacques' discovery that Lind is attempting to betray Marion, Jacques' rivalry with Lind culminates in a duel to the death, they only stop. At the end of the manga, Jacques is the only one to remain at the academy, it appears Ledania has accepted his love. In the OVA ending, he still stays at the academy, but Ledania has not responded to his request to be in a relationship. Lind Marion's classmate, he appears calm and collected, appearing the opposite of Jacques, but the two are good friends at first.

He turns out to be cunning and envious, willing to hurt anyone over his love for Ledania. Lind and Jacques become rivals from thereon. Upon discovering that Ledania is in love with Marion, Lind plans to double-cross Marion by telling the Count that Marion is having an affair with her, in hopes of getting Marion expelled from the academy and far away from Ledania. Jacques confronts him over this and, combined with their rivalry over Ledania, the situation escalates into a duel to the death. Marion gets hurt attempting to stop the two. After these events, Lind leaves the academy. Claude Marion's classmate; the quiet one of the group. He feels alone, has been in love with Marion, though he pretends to be in love with Ledania so his friends don't find out. During a drug-induced rage, he asks Marion to love him back. Marion does not reciprocate however. Claude attempts to rape Marion, but gives up altogether since Marion will not love him back. Heartbroken, Claude commits suicide by slitting his wrists and throwing himself into a river.

Ledania A beautiful young girl. Daughter of the mayor of the town. Many boys adore her. Shy and quiet, she is in love with Marion. Ledania is harshly rejected, she slaps him before running away. At the end of the manga, she appears to have accepted the love of Jacques. In the OVA, she is too heartbroken over the events of the summer to give him an answer. Sara A beautiful older woman with dark hair and pale skin. Wife of Count Cluny, she begins an affair with Marion. However, the love is temporary for Sara, as she is only making love to Marion to fill an emptiness in her heart, she ends the relationship with him, much to his sadness. In the end and the Count return to their home in Paris. Le Comte de Cluny A rich politician, the husband of Sara, he does not think much of it and never intervenes. Door into Summer Natsu e no Tobira at Anime News Network's encyclopedia The Door into Summer at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Review at Anime News Network Natsu e no Tobira on IMDb

Paschalis Voutsias

Paschalis Voutsias is a football midfielder, who plays for Giannitsa. Voutsias signed his first professional contract with Iraklis in the summer of 2009, he debuted for the club in a match against AEK on 13 September 2010, coming in as a substitute for Javier Martos in the 70th minute of the game. Iraklis lost the match 1–0. Voutsias will be remembered for his first goal with Iraklis' shirt, it was a header, in an away match against Skoda Xanthi, in the 2nd minute of the game. That was the 2000th goal for Iraklis in the Greek Superleague. On 29 January 2014 Voutsias signed for Anagennisi Karditsa. On the 3 of November Voutsias signed for Aris; as of match played 20 December 2017 Paschalis Voutsias at Iraklis FC Official site

Boulevard Périphérique

Boulevard Périphérique, sometimes called Périph', is a controlled-access dual-carriageway ring road in Paris, France. With a few exceptions, it is situated along Paris's administrative limit; the speed limit is 70 km/h. Each ring has four traffic lanes, with no hard shoulder. At junctions, circulating traffic in the rightmost lane must yield priority to entering vehicles; when travelling at the legal speed limit, it takes around 30 minutes to complete a full circuit. Construction of the Périphérique began in 1958 on the former site of the Thiers Wall. Destruction of this obsolete structure in the 1920s left a clear ring of vacant land surrounding Paris, which at first was claimed by slums and squatters. In order to alleviate traffic congestion, the Boulevard was planned along this land, completed on 25 April 1973 under the presidency of Georges Pompidou. Providing a route for a quarter of all Parisian traffic movements, it became the busiest road in France, it became a victim of its own success with widespread congestion, while the dense urban area surrounding it prevents its expansion.

The Périphérique consists of two concentric carriageways: the extérieur. Vehicles travel counterclockwise on the outer ring; some stretches of the road are sometimes referred to by cardinal direction. For example, in the southern half of the highway, the "inner ring" is designated as the Périphérique Ouest as traffic flows westbound whereas the "outer ring" is designated as the Périphérique Est as traffic flows eastbound. In the northern half, these designations are reversed; the structure of the Boulevard Périphérique is similar to most French autoroutes, UK and Commonwealth nation motorways, American freeways in the following regards: It is a two-ring, multiple-lane controlled access road with no at-grade crossings or traffic lights. Maximum longitudinal slope is 4%. Traffic in opposite directions is separated by a central reservation; the Boulevard Périphérique has some differences: Motorists entering the right-hand lane have the right-of-way, i.e. priority over vehicles on the ring road. This stems from the traditional rules governing Parisian boulevards.

The right-hand lane is reserved for vehicles entering or preparing to leave the "normal" movement of vehicles in the other lanes, or the Boulevard itself. A solid white line separates the entered traffic and the circulating traffic; this is done to prevent entering traffic from disrupting the flow of circulating traffic in the inner lanes, as without the line any traffic must yield to any entering traffic across all lanes. There is no hard shoulder, except around the Porte de Gentilly; this means that crashes can cause considerable disruption to the traffic, makes it difficult for emergency services to reach the scene of a crash. There are four lanes in each of the two rings of the Boulevard. Variations exist: A two-lane section between the Porte d'Italie and the Porte d'Orléans A five-lane section between the Porte de Montreuil and Porte de Bagnolet A three-lane section between the Porte d'Orléans and the Porte de Sèvres; the full circuit of the Boulevard Périphérique measures a total of 35.04 kilometres, as measured along the central reservation.

The route follows the municipal boundaries of Paris. It diverges in three places; because the Boulevard was built over the old Thiers Wall, its entrance/exit ramps and interchanges coincide with the city gates, or portes in that wall. The road crosses the River Seine via bridges upstream at Charenton/Bercy and downstream at Saint-Cloud/Issy. Small distance markers are distributed evenly alongside the roadway: The 00.0 kilometre point is over the River Seine, upstream of the Porte de Bercy, at the bridge's expansion joints. Distance from this point increases in the clockwise direction; the distance marks on the sign are underlined in red on the inner ring road, in blue on the outer ring. The roadway varies in elevation: 50% is elevated above its surroundings, i.e. above grade. 40% is constructed in trench sections, i.e. below grade. 10% is at ground level, i.e. at grade. The Boulevard Périphérique can carry the heaviest vehicles allowed by French regulations. There is a height restriction of 4.75 metres.

The Boulevard Périphérique is equipped with speed cameras to enforce the 70 km/h speed limit. The cameras are oriented to photograph the vehicle from behind, are installed:On the inner ring at: Porte de Sèvres Porte de Champerret crossing the Quai d'Ivry, at the end of the bridge Porte de BagnoletOn the outer ring at: Porte de Châtillon Porte de Clichy Porte de Pantin Porte d'AuteuilIn addition, the Boulevard Périphérique's exit ramps are monitored with hand-held binocular-type radar devices. During the rush hours, radar-equipped police vehicles are stationed in hidden areas for spot checks. About a hundred traffic cameras are installed on the boulevard and are directly connected to the control room of the Périphérique traffic management office. 166 emergency telephones are found every 500 metres along the boulevard which relay 7,000 calls per year. The emergency phones are all numbered, with odd numbered phones on the outer ring and numbered phones on the inner ring road. Eight police vehicles du

Cockerham bribery case

The Cockerham bribery case involved the investigation and subsequent trials of United States Army contracting officers and their family members who were accused of accepting bribes in return for steering multimillion-dollar contracts to companies providing services for the US Army in Iraq and Kuwait between 2004 and 2007. The alleged ringleader of the accused officers was US Army Major John L. Cockerham, sentenced to 17 and 1/2 years in prison for accepting bribes from Army contractors; the contracts for bottled water, involved at least three US Army contracting officers, two of their family members, six companies from India, Saudi Arabia and the United States, up to $15 million in bribe money. Just prior to and during the Iraq War, US Army contracting officers were stationed in Kuwait and Iraq and were charged with contracting for services to support the Army's operations in theater. Contracts for food, water and other living essentials, gravel and chain link fencing were made with numerous US and international companies.

By 2007, the US Army had spent $30 billion on support contracts to support operations in Iraq. In 2006, the US Army's Criminal Investigation Command, the Defense Criminal Investigative Service, the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, the FBI began investigating reports of irregularities and corruption involved in the contract operations. Included in the probe were the $10 billion in contracts awarded by the army's Kuwait-based contracting office; the probe focused on contracting officer Major Gloria D. Davis. On December 11, 2006 CID agents questioned Davis at Camp Victory near the Baghdad International Airport after $225,000 was discovered in offshore accounts under her name. According to investigators, the money came from bribes paid to Davis by Kuwait-based Lee Dynamics International, operated by an American contractor named George Lee; that night, after admitting, Davis committed suicide. Following up on leads discovered during the investigation on Davis, investigators' attention was drawn to contracting officer Major John Cockerham.

That same month, investigators raided Cockerham's Fort Sam Houston home and discovered a ledger detailing $30 million in kickbacks that the officer expected to receive for steering contracts to certain companies. On July 22, 2007, Cockerham and his wife, were arrested. Three days Cockerham's sister, Carolyn Blake, was arrested and charged with helping Cockerham collect $3.1 million in bribes. All three were indicted on August 22, 2007 for conspiracy to commit fraud and bribery, conspiracy to obstruct justice and money-laundering conspiracy; the following month investigators recovered $900,000 in bribe money, paid to Cockerham. Prosecutors stated that Melissa and Blake traveled to Kuwait to collect the bribe money and deposited the money into safety deposit boxes; the money was moved into off-shore bank accounts. As of March 2009, only some of the money had been recovered. Prosecutors stated that it appeared that co-conspirators overseas or other Cockerham relatives in the US were hiding the money.

In November 2007, retired US Army sergeant Terry Hall of Atlanta, Georgia was arrested and charged with bribing Cockerham. Hall's Allied Arms Co.. Ltd owned by Shahir Nabeeh Fawzi Audah, Total Government Allegiance/Freedom Consulting & Catering, US Eagles Services Corp, were steered contracts in return for the bribes. Hall pleaded guilty on February 17, 2010 to multiple counts of bribery, money-laundering and wire fraud, he agreed to forfeit $80.7 million seized by the US government from Hall's offshore accounts. Hall was sentenced to 39 months in 2012. On 27 May 2011, federal indictments were unsealed against American businessmen the George H. Lee, Jr. and his son, Justin W. Lee of Lee Dynamics International; the two were charged with bribing US Army contracting officers including Davis and Cockerham, with airline tickets, spa vacations and more than $1 million in cash to secure contracts. Justin Lee is in custody but George Lee remains at large. In addition, the US federal government blocked 120 other individuals and/or their companies from entering into contracts with the US government.

On February 1, 2008 John Cockerham pleaded guilty to bribery, money laundering and conspiracy to commit bribery and Melissa Cockerham pleaded guilty to money laundering. On December 2, 2009 John Cockerham was sentenced to 17½ years in prison and fined $9.6 million, the total amount that he had received from bribes. In August 2008, as a result of a related investigation, Army Major James Momon, 37, pleaded guilty to taking $5.8 million in bribes, of which he kept $1.6 million with the rest going to Cockerham. Melissa's sister, Carolyn Blake, pleaded guilty to one count of money laundering conspiracy on March 18, 2009. Blake admitted. Another colleague of Cockerham's, former US Army Major Christopher H. Murray, 41, pleaded guilty to receiving $245,000 in kickbacks from Kuwait contracts. In November of 2012, Momon was sentenced to eighteen months. In December 2009 Murray was sentenced to nine months in prison. Government documents showed that in addition to Hall's companies, other contractors involved included Dewa Projects Private Ltd from India, Lee Dynamics International from Saudi Arabia, Kamal Mustafa Al-Sultan Co of Kuwait.

As part of the investigation into Cockerham, federal investigators have begun a probe of retired Army Colonel Anthony B. Bell. Bell ran the Army's contracting office in Baghdad during the early stages of the Iraq War. Another Cockerham colleague, former US Army Major Eddie Pressley, 39, was charged with accepting $2.8 million in