Aspen Mountain (ski area)
Aspen Mountain is a ski area in the western United States, located in Pitkin County, just outside and above the city of Aspen. It is situated on the north flank of Aspen Mountain at an elevation of 11,212 ft. Aspen Mountain forms the end of Richmond Ridge, a long ridge that extends 10 miles south at 11,000 ft to join the main spine of the Elk Mountains. Founded 73 years ago in 1946 by Walter Paepcke, Aspen was the first ski area venture of the Aspen Skiing Company, it is one of four adjacent ski areas operated by the company as part of the Aspen/Snowmass complex. At only 673 acres, it is somewhat small compared to other ski areas compared to the much larger nearby Snowmass ski area, retains a unique cultural flavor that harkens to the earlier days of recreational skiing in the state; the ski area is located within the White River National Forest and is operated under permit from the U. S. Forest Service, it has three restaurants on the mountain. Prior to 1946, the mountain had been the site of skiing using a crude boat lift, by the use of the jeep trails up the back side of the mountain on Midnight Mine Road.
In 1941, Aspen's first national downhill and slalom championships were held March 8–9. Fritz Benedict visited Aspen for the first time, the father of the 10th Mountain Hut and Trail System; the foundation of the ski area in 1946 was accomplished with the installation of the single-seat chairlift, Lift-1. When it began operations on December 14, 1946, it was the longest chairlift in the world. Many of the first employees were veterans of the 10th Mountain Division, which had trained at Camp Hale, including Friedl Pfeifer of Austria and Pete Seibert. Before the war, Pfeifer did the same at Aspen. In its fourth season, Aspen hosted the 1950 World Championships, the first world championships held outside of Europe, the first since 1939. Lift-1 ran until 1972, when it was replaced by Shadow Mountain and Ruthie's. Access to the mountain was radically changed in 1986 with the installation of the Silver Queen Gondola, which ascends to the summit up the east side of the area with a vertical rise of 3,267 ft.
The area's lifts include 1 high-speed quad, 1 high-speed double, 2 quads, 3 doubles. The gondola is one of two lifts, along with the Little Nell chairlift, which ascend from Gondola Plaza in the heart of the downtown Aspen; the configuration allows visitors to ascend the mountain from the center of town, ski down the Little Nell Run back into town. The mountainside contains hidden and open remains of the intense silver mining activity from the Colorado Silver Boom in the late 1880s and early 1890s. In January 2001, it was decided to end Aspen Mountain's long-time ban on snowboarding. However, as a courtesy to season-pass holders, the resort was not opened to snowboarders until April 1, 2001; the longest run is 3 miles and the lift capacity is 10,755 riders per hour. The average annual snowfall is 300 inches, it has snowmaking capabilities of 210 acres, which comprises one-third of the area. The mountain is considered moderate-to-difficult with no "green" runs, its sister mountain, Aspen Highlands has no beginner terrain as of December 2017.
Novice skiers must go to Buttermilk. 26% of the terrain is considered expert. The season on the mountain ranges from late November to early April, it is the last area, along with nearby Snowmass, in the resort complex to close for the winter. The ski area has a unique "homespun" culture that dates from its early foundation as part of the Utopian social experiment in Aspen created by Walter Paepcke in the 1940s, retaining somewhat of a throwback culture in comparison to the other three areas of the complex; the culture is reflected in the numerous homemade memorials and tributes that dot the trees of mountains created in honor of famous personages such as John Denver and Hunter S. Thompson, it is rumored that under the Bell Mountain lift on Aspen Mountain was the home of the first Panty tree of bras, panties and Mardi Gras necklaces as early as the late 1950s. North: 50% East: 23% West: 27% Beidleman, Neal Aspen Ski and Snowboard Guide Wolverine Publishing ISBN 9780972160971 Skiing Heritage "Skiing Comes to Aspen" Volume 9 #2 Shelton, Peter Aspen Skiing: The First Fifty Years Western Eye Press ISBN 9780941283144 Asmus, Brad The Local's Guide To Skiing Aspen ISBN 0-9631113-3-7 O'Rear The Aspen story NY: A. S. Barnes OCLC 1648202 Official website Aspen Mountain Ski Area Info on SnowGuide.org 3dSkiMap of Aspen Mountain Official Central Reservations events information maps lodging Aspen Ski & Snow Report Ski Lifts.org - photos - Aspen Mountain Aspen Mountain Ski Patrol website
Aspen Highlands is a skiing mountain in Aspen, Colorado. It is famous for the Highland Bowl, which provides what some consider some of the most intense skiing in the state; the Aspen Skiing Company operates Aspen Highlands. Aspen Highlands was founded and the land developed in 1958 by Aspen resident Whip Jones. In 1993 Jones donated it to Harvard University. Harvard sold the resort to Texas developer Gerald D. Hines for $18.3 million. It became part of the Aspen Skiing Company. Aspen Highlands has become most famous for other experts only terrain. However, the Bowl wasn't opened until 2002. Most of the mountain's terrain flows off of the narrow ridge extending from Highland Peak. Rolling wide intermediate trails through thick lodgepole pine forest constitute most of the mid-to-lower mountain terrain; the bottom of the mountain is dominated by the Thunderbowl, an expansive steep intermediate run that hosts most of the ski competitions on the mountain. The lower mountain contains challenging expert runs such as Lower Stein, Golden Horn Woods, The P-Chutes.
It is served by the Thunderbowl lifts. The Mid-Mountain area is anchored by the 60s era Merry-Go-Round restaurant, with a large, south-facing deck; the Merry-Go-Round serves as the hub of the major chairlifts on mountain. The Cloud Nine lift serves intermediate and difficult runs on the mid-mountain as well as Scarlett's, a mogul run; the summit of Cloud Nine lift is the location of Cloud Nine Bistro, with views of the Maroon Bells. As of December 2017, Aspen Highlands has changed its trail map so that there is no more beginner terrain; this is to encourage novice skiers to go to Buttermilk or Snowmass. What attracts most skiers to Highlands is the dramatic, just-above-timberline summit of the mountain; the upper mountain is served by the Loge Peak high speed quad originating at the Merry-Go-Round. The ridge that extends down from Loge Peak has only one intermediate run, which follows the ridge spine. On the skiers right side is Steeplechase, an area of long and steep terrain with some runs reaching upwards of 45 degrees.
Farther down is the Olympic bowl which contains steep slopes out of glades. Views of the Maroon Bells, Pyramid Peak, Hayden Mountain, the Highland Bowl greet skiers at the summit. Since 2002, the Highland Bowl has been the crown jewel of Aspen Highlands. Most of the terrain is accessed only by hiking from the top of Loge Peak, although a snowcat can cut the distance by a third. Including the hike-to terrain in Highland Bowl, Highlands' skiable vertical descent increases to 4,342 feet; the Highlands ski patrol conducts avalanche control for skier safety. The Bowl faces east, towards Aspen Mountain; the best snow to be found is in the north-facing G-Zones. The B-Zones face east and descend down the center of the bowl from the 12,382 ft summit of Highland Peak; the south-facing Y-Zones, are the steepest, with slopes as steep as 48 degrees, according to Aspen Highlands trail maps. These can be skied without hiking. Prior to the construction of the Deep Temerity lift in 2005, a run down the Highland Bowl required taking the Grand Traverse, a long, flat catwalk, to get back to the Loge Peak lift.
The Highland Bowl offers access from the summit into the steep and avalanche prone backcountry Five Fingers Bowl. On March 31, 1984, ski patrolmen Chris Kessler, Tom Snyder, Craig Soddy were completing avalanche control work in Highland Bowl; the three set off explosive charges near the top of the Bowl. Their bombs yielded no sign of danger and they continued to do explosive work, their second explosion triggered a slide and before the three could escape an avalanche fell from above them. All three died. A monument in their memory has been erected near the top of the Loge Peak lift above the ski runs named in their honor. North: 50% West: 15% East: 35% Just before the 2005-2006 season The Aspen Skiing Company completed work on the new fixed grip triple lift "Deep Temerity"; the $2.7 million project eliminated the lengthy trek out from the bottom of the Highland Bowl, the Temerity glades, Steeplechase. 180 acres of new terrain accompany the Deep Temerity lift for the 05-06 season, with the ultimate potential for 270 acres of new terrain.
This will push Aspen Highlands' total area over 1,000 acres. Aspen Highlands, was the backdrop for the bowl skiing in the 1993 movie Aspen Extreme. Whip Jones, Founder Aspen Mountain Snowmass Buttermilk Aspen Skiing Company Aspen Ski & Snow Report 3dSkiMap of Aspen Mountain 3dSkiMap of Aspen Highlands Avalanche Memorial
Crystal River (Colorado)
The Crystal River is a tributary of the Roaring Fork River 40 mi long, in western Colorado in the United States. It drains a glacial valley, called the Coal Basin, south of Carbondale, known as a center of coal mining in southwestern Colorado, it rises in northern Gunnison County in the Elk Mountains on the north side of Schofield Pass, passing through the ghost town of Crystal City, still inhabited by a few summer residents. It flows north past Marble into Pitkin County past Redstone, it joins the Roaring Fork below Carbondale. State Highway 133 follows the river along much of its route north of Marble. From Crystal City to Marble the river flows through the Crystal River Canyon, a narrow valley with numerous snowslide runs and other hazardous terrain. Although it is locally known as a fishing and hiking attraction the unpaved and un-maintained mining road, designated Gunnison County Road 3 on Mapquest, is nearly impassable to vehicles other than ATVs and off-road motorcycles. A four-wheel-drive jeep tour is operated out of Marble, but only operates during the summer when the road is not blocked by snow, mud, or rock slides.
List of rivers of Colorado List of tributaries of the Colorado River Neal, Roger. Crystal... What Really Happened. Crystal Tale Books. ISBN 1-893270-12-2
The Fryingpan River is a tributary of the Roaring Fork River 42 miles long, in west central Colorado in the United States. The reason for the unusual name of the river is that when a group of trappers were attacked by a band of Ute Indians, only two men survived, one of whom was injured. Leaving his wounded friend in a cave close by, the last man left to summon help, but not before hanging a frying pan in a tree so that he could find the cave again on his return, it rises in northeastern Pitkin County, in the White River National Forest in the Sawatch Mountains along the western side of the continental divide. It flows westward along the county line between Eagle County. Below Meredith, it is dammed to form the Ruedi Reservoir, it joins the Roaring Fork below Basalt. A portion of the river's water is diverted to the east side of the continental divide for irrigation and drinking water via the Fryingpan-Arkansas Project. List of rivers of Colorado List of tributaries of the Colorado River
Rafting and white water rafting are recreational outdoor activities which use an inflatable raft to navigate a river or other body of water. This is done on whitewater or different degrees of rough water. Dealing with risk and the need for teamwork is a part of the experience; this activity as an adventure sport has become popular since the 1950s, if not earlier, evolving from individuals paddling 10 feet to 14 feet rafts with double-bladed paddles or oars to multi-person rafts propelled by single-bladed paddles and steered by a person at the stern, or by the use of oars. Rafting on certain sections of rivers is considered an extreme sport, can be fatal, while other sections are not so extreme or difficult. Rafting is a competitive sport practiced around the world which culminates in a world rafting championship event between the participating nations; the International Rafting Federation referred to as the IRF, is the worldwide body which oversees all aspects of the sport. Whitewater rafting can be traced back to 1811 when the first recorded attempt to navigate the Snake River in Wyoming was planned.
With no training, experience, or proper equipment, the river was found to be too difficult and dangerous. Hence, it was given the nickname “Mad River.” The first commercial rafting trip took place. On June 9, 1940, Clyde Smith lead a successful trip through the Snake River Canyon. Otherwise known as the International Scale of River Difficulty, below are the six grades of difficulty in white water rafting, they range from simple to dangerous and potential death or serious injuries. Class 1: Very small rough areas, might require slight maneuvering. Class 2: Some rough water, maybe some rocks, might require some maneuvering. Class 3: Small waves, maybe a small drop, but no considerable danger. May require significant maneuvering. Class 4: Whitewater, medium waves, maybe rocks, maybe a considerable drop, sharp maneuvers may be needed. Class 5: Whitewater, large waves, large volume, possibility of large rocks and hazards, possibility of a large drop, requires precise maneuvering. Class 6: Class 6 rapids are considered to be so dangerous that they are unnavigable on a reliably safe basis.
Rafters can expect to encounter substantial whitewater, huge waves, huge rocks and hazards, and/or substantial drops that will impart severe impacts beyond the structural capacities and impact ratings of all rafting equipment. Traversing a Class 6 rapid has a increased likelihood of ending in serious injury or death compared to lesser classes; the overall risk level on a rafting trip using proper precautions is low. Thousands of people safely enjoy rafting trips every year. Like most outdoor sports, rafting in general has become safer over the years. Expertise in the sport has increased, equipment has become more specialized and improved in quality; as a result, the difficulty rating of most river runs has changed. A classic example is the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon, which had a reputation far exceeding its actual safety statistics. Today the Grand Canyon sees hundreds of safe rafting trips by both do it yourself rafters and commercial river concessionaires. Rafting companies require customers to sign waiver forms indicating understanding and acceptance of potential serious risks.
Both do-it-yourself and commercial rafting trips begin with safety presentations to educate rafting participants about problems that may arise. Depending on the area, safety regulations covering rafting, both for the general do-it-yourself public as well as commercial operators, may exist in legislation; these range from the mandatory wearing of lifejackets, carrying certain equipment such as whistles and throwable flotation devices, to certification of commercial outfitters and their employees. It is advisable to discuss safety measures with a commercial rafting operator before signing on for that type of trip; the required equipment needed is essential information to be considered. Risks in white water rafting stem from improper behavior. Certain features on rivers are inherently unsafe and have remained so; these would include ‘keeper hydraulics’, ‘strainers’, undercut rocks, of course dangerously high waterfalls. In safe areas, moving water can always present risks—such as when a swimmer attempts to stand up on a rocky riverbed in strong current, risking foot entrapment.
Irresponsible behavior related to rafting while intoxicated has contributed to many accidents. Typical rafting injuries include trauma from striking an object, traumatic stress from the interaction of the paddler’s positioning and equipment and the force of the water, overuse injuries, submersion/environmental injuries, non-environmental injuries due to undisclosed medical conditions. Studies have shown that injury rates in rafting are low, though they may be skewed due to a large number of unreported incidents. Fatalities are rare in both do-it-yourself rafting. Meta-analyses have calculated. Like all outdoor activities, rafting must balance its use of nature with the conservation of rivers as a natural resource and habitat; because of these issues, some rivers now have regulations restricting the annual seasons and daily operating times or numbers of rafters. Conflicts have arisen when co
Glenwood Springs, Colorado
Glenwood Springs is the Home Rule Municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Garfield County, United States. Glenwood Springs is located at the confluence of the Roaring Fork River and the Colorado River, threading together the Roaring Fork Valley and a series of smaller towns up and down the Colorado River; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 9,614. Glenwood Springs is best known as a historic destination for vacationers with diverse natural amenities, most hot springs, but gentrification and development have introduced modern cultural and recreational activities as well, it is home to two of the campuses and the administrative offices of the Colorado Mountain College system. Glenwood Springs in 2015 was named the "Most Vibrant Small Town Arts Environment in the United States" by Southern Methodist University and the 5th Best Place to Live in America by Outside magazine, it was named the "Most Fun Town in America" by Rand McNally and USA Today in 2011. Glenwood Springs was known as "Defiance", a name sometimes still used by local teams or businesses.
Defiance was established in 1883, a camp of tents and brothels with an increasing amount of cabins and lodging establishments. It was populated with the expected crowd of gamblers and prostitutes. Town Founder Isaac Cooper's wife Sarah was having a hard time adjusting to the frontier life and, in an attempt to make her environment somewhat more comfortable, persuaded the founders to change the name to Glenwood Springs, after her beloved hometown of Glenwood, Iowa; the location of Glenwood Springs, as well as gaining a stop on the railroad made it a center of commerce in the area. The city has seen famous visitors, including President Teddy Roosevelt, who spent an entire summer vacation living out of the historic Hotel Colorado. Doc Holliday, a wild west legend from the O. K. Corral gunfight, spent the final months of his life in Glenwood Springs and is buried in the town's original Pioneer Cemetery above Bennett Avenue. Kid Curry is buried in the same location. Infamous serial killer Ted Bundy was imprisoned in the Glenwood Springs jail until he escaped on the night of December 30, 1977, an escape which went undetected for 17 hours.
Glenwood Springs was one of the first places in the United States to have electric lights. The original lighting was installed in 1897 inside of the Fairy Caves in Iron Mountain. A dam was built in Glenwood Canyon, providing water for the Shoshone power plant; the plant began producing power on May 16, 1909, retains the largest and oldest water rights to the Colorado River, the "Shoshone Call", now far more valuable for the protection of Colorado River water rather than the minimal electricity produced. Glenwood Springs is located in the narrow mountain valleys that host the confluence of the Colorado River and the Roaring Fork River; the surrounding terrain is steeply contoured with numerous caves to be found. Extensive geothermal resources exist in the area, most famously manifest in the local hot springs, but evidenced through other features such as the Dotsero maar. Occasional proposals to leverage the geothermal energy for other purposes arise. Glenwood Springs has experienced several significant mudslides throughout its history, a threat mitigated somewhat by public works.
Glenwood Springs is one of the most walkable towns in America, a distinction, recognized by PBS and Walking Magazine, including in the Walking Town Hall of Fame. Though the town's dense amenities and constrained geography make Glenwood Springs a natural environment for pedestrians and cyclists, the extensive trails running throughout and around the city resulted from a renaissance that began in the 1980s in response to congestion and traffic. Due to assertive planning by city management during the early years of the city, Glenwood Springs owns some of the most senior water rights to tributaries of the Colorado River. Despite little risk of water supply inadequacy, unlike most of the American West, conservation plans have been enacted anyway for environmental reasons. Supply is so ample; the town's drinking water is supplied through senior rights to major watersheds in the Flat Tops Wilderness Area, the tap water is of excellent quality. Extensive mineral deposits exist further up the Crystal River and the Roaring Fork, petroleum resources are ample in western Garfield County, bringing significant tax revenue to Glenwood Springs.
However, Glenwood Springs itself lies outside of the Colorado Mineral Belt, there are no mineral or oil and gas sources near Glenwood Springs proper or its watersheds. While the paucity of minerals and oil was disastrous for early miners hoping to strike it rich, modern Glenwood Springs has none of the typical Colorado mountain town legacy of resource extraction, boasting pristine air and land. Valley inversions and heavy traffic to Aspen can lead to air quality issues during exceptionally cold spells of winter. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Glenwood Springs has a total area of 5.7 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles, or 0.16%, is water. Glenwood Springs has a mild and semi-arid climate, much more stable than that of the Front Range and most of Colorado, though still decidedly continental and prone to periods of extreme weather. Microclimates dominate Glenwood Springs, with areas close to the rivers much more damp and cool than hillsides. Local food production has seen a dramatic revival in recent years.
While not as fecund as the extensive agricultural and viticultural areas at lower altitude such as Palisade, most types of fruit and veg
White River National Forest
White River National Forest is a National Forest in northwest Colorado. It is named after the White River, it is the most visited National Forest in the United States from users of the twelve ski areas within its boundaries. The forest contains 2,285,970 acres. In descending order of land area it is located in parts of Eagle, Garfield, Rio Blanco, Gunnison, Moffat counties; the White River national forest provides significant habitat for deer, mountain sheep, mountain goat, mountain lion, lynx, raptors, waterfowl and many other species of wildlife. The forest contains 1,900 mi. of forest system roads, 2,500 mi of trails, the Dillon, Green Mountain and Homestake reservoirs. The forest is managed from Forest Service offices in Glenwood Springs. There are local ranger district offices in Aspen, Eagle, Minturn and Silverthorne; the Dillon Ranger district, run out of Silverthorne, was transferred from the Arapahoe National Forest to the White River National Forest in 1998. There are eight designated wilderness areas lying within White River National Forest that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System.
Five of them extend into neighboring National Forests. Collegiate Peaks Wilderness Eagles Nest Wilderness Flat Tops Wilderness Holy Cross Wilderness Hunter-Fryingpan Wilderness Maroon Bells–Snowmass Wilderness Ptarmigan Peak Wilderness Raggeds Wilderness The following ski areas are located inside the forest: Arapahoe Basin Aspen Mountain Aspen Highlands Beaver Creek Breckenridge Buttermilk Copper Mountain Ski Cooper Keystone Snowmass Sunlight Vail There are ten peaks with an elevation higher than 14,000 ft, colloquially known as 14ers in the forest: Castle Peak 14,279 ft. Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Grays Peak 14,278 ft, Front Range Torreys Peak 14,274 ft, Front Range Quandary Peak, 14,271 ft Tenmile Range Capitol Peak 14,137 ft. Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Maroon Peak, the higher of the two Maroon Bells summits, 14,163 ft, Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Snowmass Mountain 14,099 ft, Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Pyramid Peak 14,025 ft, Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Mount of the Holy Cross 14,011 ft. Holy Cross Wilderness, Sawatch RangeThe following two peaks are included in lists of the Colorado fourteeners, but do not pass the 300 ft. topographic prominence metric used by U.
S. Mountaineers: North Maroon Peak, the lower of the two Maroon Bells Summits 14,019 ft. Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Conundrum Peak, a neighboring summit of Castle Peak, 14,040 ft. Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness, Elk Mountains Harker Park Lake Hanging Lake "White River has 70 Streams and 110 lakes for fish," June 10, 1937. Aspen Daily Times. "Recreation in the Forest." March 1, 1945 Axelton, John. Big Game Hunters Guide to Colorado. Second ed.: Wilderness Adventures Press, 2008. Forest Plan Focus, White River National Forest, August 1997. S.l.: s.n. 1997. Graves, Henry S.. Vacation days in Colorado's national forests. Washington: G. P. O. 1919. N.p. n.d. Web. <www.nps.gov2Fthro2Fhistoryculture2Ftheodore-roosevelt-quotes.htm>. White River National Forest