Robben Island is an island in Table Bay, 6.9 kilometres west of the coast of Bloubergstrand, Cape Town, South Africa. It takes its name from the Dutch word for seals, hence the Dutch/Afrikaans name Robbeneiland which translates to Seal Island. Robben Island is oval in shape, 3.3 km long north-south, 1.9 km wide, with an area of 5.08 km2. It is only a few metres above sea level, as a result of an ancient erosion event, it was fortified and used as a prison from the late 17th century to 1996, after the end of apartheid. Many of its prisoners were political. Political activist Nelson Mandela was imprisoned there for 18 of the 27 years he served behind bars before the fall of apartheid and expansion of the franchise to all residents of the country, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace and was elected in 1994 as President of South Africa, serving one term. In addition, two other former inmates of Robben Island have been elected as President of South Africa since the late 1990s: Kgalema Motlanthe and Jacob Zuma.
Robben Island is a South African National Heritage Site as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In 1654 the settlers of the Dutch Cape Colony placed all their ewes and a few rams on Robben Island, the men built a large shed and a shelter; the isolation offered better protection against wild animals than on the mainland. The settlers collected seal skins and boiled oil to supply the needs of the settlement. Since the end of the 17th century, Robben Island has been used for the incarceration of chiefly political prisoners; the Dutch settlers were the first to use Robben Island as a prison. Its first prisoner was Autshumato in the mid-17th century. Among its early permanent inhabitants were political leaders imprisoned from other Dutch colonies, including Indonesia, the leader of the mutiny on the slave ship Meermin. After the British Royal Navy captured several Dutch East Indiamen at the battle of Saldanha Bay in 1781, a boat rowed out to meet the British warships. On board were the "kings of Ternate and Tidore, the princes of the respective families".
The Dutch had long held them on "Isle Robin", but had moved them to Saldanha Bay. In 1806 the Scottish whaler John Murray opened a whaling station at a sheltered bay on the north-eastern shore of the island, which became known as Murray's Bay, it was adjacent to the site of the present-day harbour named Murray's Bay Harbour, constructed in 1939–40. After a failed uprising at Grahamstown in 1819, the fifth of the Xhosa Wars, the British colonial government sentenced African leader Makanda Nxele to life imprisonment on the island, he drowned on the shores of Table Bay after escaping the prison. The island was used as a leper colony and animal quarantine station. Starting in 1845, lepers from the Hemel-en-Aarde leper colony near Caledon were moved to Robben Island when Hemel-en-Aarde was found unsuitable as a leper colony; this was done on a voluntary basis and the lepers were free to leave the island if they so wished. In April 1891 the cornerstones for 11 new buildings to house lepers were laid.
After passage of the Leprosy Repression Act in May 1892, admission was no longer voluntary, the movement of the lepers was restricted. Doctors and scientists did not understand the disease and thought isolation was the only way to prevent other people from contracting it. Prior to 1892 an average of about 25 lepers a year were admitted to Robben Island, but in 1892 that number rose to 338, in 1893 a further 250 were admitted. During the Second World War, the island was fortified. BL 9.2-inch guns and 6-inch guns were installed as part of the defences for Cape Town. From 1961, Robben Island was used by the South African government as a prison for political prisoners and convicted criminals. In 1969 the Moturu Kramat, now a sacred site for Muslim pilgrimage on Robben Island, was built to commemorate Sayed Abdurahman Moturu, the Prince of Madura. Moturu, one of Cape Town's first imams, had been exiled in the mid-1740s to the island, he died there in 1754. Muslim political prisoners would pay homage at the shrine before leaving the island.
The maximum security prison for political prisoners closed in 1991. The medium security prison for criminal prisoners was closed five years later. With the end of apartheid, the island has become a popular tourist destination, it is managed by Robben Island Museum. In 1999 the island was declared a World Heritage Site for its importance to South Africa's political history and development of a democratic society; every year thousands of visitors take the ferry from the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront in Cape Town for tours of the island and its former prison. Many of the guides are former prisoners. All land on the island is owned by the nation of South Africa, with the exception of the island church. Administratively, Robben Island is a suburb of the City of Cape Town, it is open all year around. Robben Island is accessible to visitors through tours. Tours depart three times a day and take about 3.5 hours, consisting of a ferry trip to and from the island, a tour of the various historical sites on the island that form part of the Robben Island Museum.
These include the island graveyard, the disused lime quarry, Robert Sobukwe's house, the Bluestone quarry, the army and navy bunkers, the maximum security prison. Nelson Mandela's cell is shown. Seagoing vessels must take great care navigating near Robben Island and nearby Whale Rock as these pose a danger to shipping. A prevailing rough Atlantic swell surrounds the island's jagged coastline. Stricken vessels driven onto ro
"Break It to Me Gently" is a pop song written by blues musician Joe Seneca with lyrics by Diane Lampert. Both Brenda Lee and Juice Newton met with considerable success with their versions of the song. Brenda Lee recorded "Break It to Me Gently" on August 31, 1961 with Owen Bradley producing the session at his Bradley Film and Recording Studio in Nashville: after another track from the same session, "Fool #1", had become a Top Ten hit. "Break It To Me Gently" was released as a single at the end of 1961 and reached number four on the US Billboard Hot 100 in January 1962. In 2008, the Brenda Lee version of the song was featured at the closing of season 2, episode 7 of the AMC series Mad Men. Lee's "Break It to Me Gently" is on the track list of the CD Pan Am: Music From and Inspired By the Original Series set for release January 17, 2012. Juice Newton had included "Break It to Me Gently" in the set list for her 1981 national tour: New York Times music critic Stephen Holden terming Newton's "steamy version" of the song the concert's highlight.
Newton made her recording of the song at Soundcastle Studio in Hollywood CA on January 11, 1982: this was the first session of recording the tracks which would compose Newton's Quiet Lies album whose lead single: "Love's Been a Little Bit Hard on Me" was the one other track recorded in that session. Issued as the second single from Quiet Lies in August 1982, "Break It to Me Gently" just missed becoming Newton's fifth consecutive Top Ten hit on the Billboard Hot 100 peaking at number 11 that October; the track reached number one on the US Adult Contemporary chart, number two on the US country singles chart. Newton won the Grammy Award for Best Country Vocal Performance, for her performance of the song. Newton would score three more Top 40 pop hits after "Break It to Me Gently"; the French rendering "Quitte-moi doucement" was recorded by Johnny Hallyday. 7" EP Philips 432.908 BE A1. "Les bras en croix" A2. "Quitte-moi doucement" B1. "Quand un air vous possède" B2. "Dis-moi oui" 7" single "Ma guitare / Quitte-moi doucement" Philips JF 328 009 A.
"Ma guitare" AA. "Quitte-moi doucement" "Break It to Me Gently" has been recorded by Ruth Brown, Linda Martin, Lorrie Morgan, Bobby Rydell and Guy Lombardo. An alternate French rendering, "Brise doucement notre amour", was recorded by Québécois singer Michèle Richard. Deana Martin recorded "Break It To Me Gently" on her 2013 album Destination Moon. In 2016, Aubrey Peeples performed the song at the Grand Ole Opry. List of number-one adult contemporary singles of 1982 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
SQLstream is a distributed, SQL standards-compliant plus Java stream processing platform. SQLstream, Inc. is based in San Francisco and was launched in 2009 by Damian Black, Edan Kabatchnik and Julian Hyde, author of the open source Mondrian Relational OLAP Server Engine. In 2016, SQLstream announced it had licensed a subset of SQLstream Blaze, its flagship product suite, to Amazon's AWS for their Kinesis Analytics service that provides streaming real-time insights and transformations for Amazon customers to Kinesis data streams. In the same year, Forrester had published its Wave report on Streaming Analytics placing SQLstream in the Leadership Circle; that year, SQLstream announced that Kontron, the world's second largest embedded systems supplier, had standardized on SQLstream Blaze for its IoT data acquisition and real-time action and dashboarding and is embedded within Kontron's IoT Gateways. SQLstream was listed for the fourth year in a row in the DBTA 100, their list of the 100 companies that matter most in data.
In the same year, they announced Rubicon, a publicly-traded company and a leader in real-time advertising, to provide real-time insights into massive volumes of data reducing latency from three hours with Hadoop to near real-time and reducing the number of servers required to perform such analytics from 180 servers to 12 servers. The rapid increase in the volume of available service and sensor data has led to new, real-time market segments which augment the traditional monitoring, business intelligence and data warehousing domains; the Internet of Things promises to bring hundreds of billions of connected devices to the Internet, all streaming out data that need to be processed in aggregate in real-time in order to power smart services that can react and respond to their environment through these sensors. Stored data analytics systems where one continually updates the data store with newly arriving data and re-traverse the stored data in order to perform analysis on the data do not scale up to the large volumes of data emitted in the Internet of Things.
They are not designed for issuing analyses for each of millions of records per second. This is where technologies like SQLstream come in, that process the data incrementally and continually, without first storing the data; such an approach is called Stream Processing. All of this information was released in public press releases. SQLstream provides a relational stream processing platform called SQLstream Blaze for analyzing large volumes of service and machine and log file data in real-time, it performs real-time collection, integration and real-time analytics on the streaming data. Data streams are analyzed using the industry standard SQL language, using the ANSI standard, functionally rich SQL window function to analyze and aggregate real-time streaming data over fixed or sliding time windows, which can be further partitioned by user defined keys. Unlike a traditional RDBMS SQL query, which returns a result and exits, streaming SQL queries do not exit, generating results continuously as soon as new data become available.
Patterns and exception events in data streams are detected and reported'on the fly' as the data arrive, that is, before the data are stored. Like a database or data warehouse, SQLstream allows you to create multiple views over the data so that different applications and users can each get their own customized view of the streaming data; the partitioning allows many different analytics to be incrementally computed using a single SQL statement or window. Effectively processing millions of streams with a single statement. For example, partitioning by a customer id would maintain a separate computation for each distinct customer; this is concise, but allows for efficient parallel execution. SQLstream Blaze allows changes to be made to the queries and views without bringing down and recompiling existing applications; this is important for many Internet of Things and other smart services that must operate 24x7 on a continuous real-time basis, where application changes must be made without needing to bringing down the service or rebuild the application.
Part of SQLstream Blaze, StreamLab takes advantage of this capability in order to guide users who wish to explore data streams and understand their structure while the data are still flowing by generating new SQL queries on the fly based on user direction and analysis of data values driven by rules. In this way, it provides an effective platform for performing real-time operational intelligence, which you can view as real-time business intelligence over streaming operational data. SQLstream utilizes dataflow technology to execute many queries over high-velocity high-volume Big Data with a massively parallel standards-compliant SQL engine where the queries are executed concurrently and incrementally. Unlike databases, SQL in SQLstream becomes a language for performing continuous parallel processing, in contrast to a language for data retrieval as found in relational databases. SQLstream is able to execute its queries in an optimized C++ multi-threaded dataflow engine which operates lock-free.
This enables people to create lock-free parallel processing applications which otherwise require specialist skillets and are difficult to get working and are error prone. Applications of SQLstream Blaze include real-time service and sensor data management, real-time data integration, streaming log file analytics and real-time data warehousing. SQLstream Blaze provides an effective way of processing large volumes of data in real-time enabling a wide variety of smart servi
The Port Jefferson School was a historic school in the village of Port Jefferson, United States. Built in 1877, this two-story structure was once the most distinctive Gothic Revival school in rural western Ohio. At the time of construction, it was used as the community high school, but in its last years it was converted into an elementary school. After its closure in 1981, it became the village hall for a time. Three bays wide on the front, the school was a brick structure supported by a stone foundation. Among its leading architectural features were the three lancet windows above the grand entrance, trimmed with stone and ornamented with multiple keystones. In 1982, the Port Jefferson School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places because of its place in local history. Since that time, the school has been destroyed, but the lot at the corner of Wall and Spring Streets remains listed on the Register
The David and Evinda Madsen House, 65 N. 100 W. in Ephraim, was built in 1900. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014, it is a two-story house built of dark red brick upon an ashlar limestone foundation, with Italianate/Victorian Eclectic styling. The house is noted "for its distinctive design and for its association with Scandinavian immigrant design influences; the Madsen House is an excellent example of changing construction design and the introduction of Victorian styles in Sanpete County in the late 19th century. During this time, increasing economic and social exposure of the citizens of Sanpete County resulted in movement away from local vernacular designs. However, the Madsen House retains significant stone and wood elements which reflect unique Scandinavian design and construction techniques. Scandinavian immigrants influenced Sanpete County architecture and culture from its founding through the first decades of the 20th century."It was deemed significant in part for association with the Madsen family, including David Madsen, the son of a co-founder of Ephraim.
David was an early importer of sheep into the area. He "developed several large water sources which stabilized and expanded Sanpete farming and ranching." Cyrus Wheelock House, known as "Madsen House", in Mount Pleasant in Sanpete County and NRHP-listed
Piero Lardi Ferrari is an Italian billionaire businessman and sport personality. He is the second and only living son of Enzo Ferrari, a 10% owner of the Ferrari automotive company of which he is the vice chairman, he owns 13.2% of the Ferretti Group. Piero Ferrari is his mistress, Lina Lardi. Enzo had met Lina in the late 1930s when she was working at Carrozzerie Orlandi, a coachbuilder company in Modena; the two became romantically involved soon after and continued their relationship until Ferrari's death in 1988. As divorce was illegal in Italy until 1975, Piero could not be acknowledged as a Ferrari family member until the death of Enzo's estranged wife, Laura, in 1978. In 1990 he changed his name from Piero Lardi Ferrari to Piero Ferrari. Ferrari grew up in Modena, he became passionate about mechanics by hanging out in a bike repair shop close to his mother's home. In 1964, he obtained a degree in mechanical engineering at the Fermo Corni Institute in Modena. In 1969 Ferrari started working informally for the family company as an English translator for his father.
In the early 1970s he was hired as technical supervisor, with the task of listing and archiving defective or ineffective car components. One of his early jobs was taking the drawings and parts of the 196 Dino to the GT department, acting as a bridge between the road car and racing division. In doing so, he earned considerable experience about the operational dynamics of the factory. In 1974 he was moved to the Formula One team, where he worked as a co-organiser, assisting sporting directors Luca Cordero di Montezemolo and Daniele Audetto. In the mid-1980s he became supervisor of the production of road cars, where he helped developing concepts for the low-volume Ferrari F40, Ferrari F50 and LaFerrari. In 1988, when Enzo Ferrari died, Piero was the sole heir of the Ferrari family and inherited his father's 10% share of the company and the ownership of the Fiorano Circuit. In 1989 he was nominated vice chairman by Ferrari's president Vittorio Ghidella. On the occasion of the 2013 Chinese Grand Prix, won by Fernando Alonso, Ferrari's team principal Stefano Domenicali persuaded Piero Ferrari to collect the trophy for the team.
It was the first time in the history of Scuderia Ferrari that a Ferrari family member would step on the podium of a Formula One race. In 1998 Ferrari teamed up with José Di Mase and purchased Piaggio Aero Engineering with the idea of bringing Piaggio back to its roots as a designer and producer of business aircraft. Ferrari was nominated president, he resigned in 2015. The connection proved fruitful as Ferrari was able to persuade Mubadala to become a title sponsor of the Ferrari Formula One Team the following year. Ferrari is the chairman of HPE COXA, a company he founded in 1998 with the aim of providing high end engineering services in the mechanical field. In 2009 HPE acquired COXA, a manufacturing firm founded in 1985 and specialized in the high precision manufacturing of niche volumes and prototypes. Following Ferrari's IPO on 21 October 2015, his 10% stake was valued at US$1.1 billion. On 28 April 2016 he entered into the Ferretti Group with 13.2% of shares. In May 2019 he was ranked by Forbes at number 838 in the world's billionaires list with a net worth of $3.1 billion.
Ferrari was awarded the title of Cavaliere del Lavoro in 2004. In 2004, he received an honorary degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Naples. Ferrari was close to his paternal grandmother, Adalgisa Bisbini, his legitimate half-brother, died in 1956 of muscular dystrophy when Piero was ten. Piero is married to Floriana Nalin and has a daughter and two grandsons and Piero, he lives in Modena in his father's old residence. Ferrari supports Centro Dino Ferrari, a research center for neuro degenerative and muscular diseases named after his brother and co-founded by his father. Pritchard, Anthony. Ferrari: Men from Maranello. Haynes Publishing. P. 100. ISBN 978-1-84425-414-9