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Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, was an English statesman noted for his direction of the government during the Union of the Crowns, as Tudor England gave way to Stuart rule. Salisbury served as the Secretary of State of England and Lord High Treasurer, succeeding his father as Queen Elizabeth I's Lord Privy Seal and remaining in power during the first nine years of King James I's reign until his death; the principal discoverer of the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, Robert Cecil remains a controversial historic figure as it is still debated at what point he first learned of the plot and to what extent he acted as an agent provocateur. Cecil was the younger son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley by his second wife, Mildred Cooke, eldest daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke of Gidea, Essex, his elder half-brother was Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, philosopher Francis Bacon was his first cousin. Robert Cecil was 5 ft 4 in tall, had scoliosis, was hunchbacked. Living in an age which attached much importance to physical beauty in both sexes, he endured much ridicule as a result: Queen Elizabeth called him "my pygmy", King James I of England nicknamed him "my little beagle".

Nonetheless, his father recognised that it was Robert rather than his half-brother Thomas who had inherited his own political genius. Cecil did not take a degree, he attended "disputations" at the Sorbonne. In 1589, Cecil married Elizabeth Brooke, the daughter of William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham by his second wife, Frances Newton. Elizabeth died in 1597, her brothers Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham and Sir George Brooke were arrested by Cecil for their involvement in the "Main" and "Bye" plots. Sir George Brooke, her younger brother, was executed at Winchester on 5 December 1603 for high treason, their son and heir, William Cecil, was born in Westminster on 28 March 1591, baptised in St Clement Danes on 11 April. His wife Elizabeth died, they had Lady Frances Cecil. In 1608 Frances Cecil caught the eye of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia and she made Sir John Harington write to Salisbury to invite her to join her household, she married Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland. In 1584, Cecil sat for the first time in the House of Commons, representing his birthplace, the borough of Westminster, was re-elected in 1586.

He was a backbencher, never making a speech until 1593, after having been appointed a Privy Councillor. In 1588 he accompanied Lord Derby in his mission to the Netherlands to negotiate peace with Spain, he was elected for Hertfordshire in 1589, 1593, 1597 and 1601, was made a Privy Councillor in 1593 and was leader of the Council by 1597. Following the death of Sir Francis Walsingham in 1590, Burghley acted as Secretary of State, while Cecil took on an heavy work-load, he was knighted and subsequently appointed to the Privy Council in 1591, began to act as Secretary of State in 1589, although his formal appointment came later. In 1597 he was made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, in 1598 dispatched on a mission to Henry IV of France, to prevent the impending alliance between that country and Spain, he became the leading minister after the death of his father in 1598, serving both Queen Elizabeth and King James as Secretary of State. Cecil fell into dispute with Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, only prevailed at Court upon the latter's poor campaign against the Irish rebels during the Nine Years War in 1599.

He was in a position to orchestrate the smooth succession of King James. Essex's unsuccessful rebellion in 1601, which resulted in his final downfall and death, was aimed at Cecil, to be removed from power and impeached. Whether Essex intended that Cecil should die is unclear, it is to Cecil's credit that the Queen at his urging, treated the rebels with a degree of mercy, unusual in that age. Essex himself and four of his closest allies were executed, but the great majority of his followers were spared: Essex's denunciation of his sister Penelope, Lady Rich as the ringleader of the rebellion was tactfully ignored; this clemency mourned him deeply. Cecil, who had never been popular, now became a much hated figure. In ballads like Essex's Last Good Night, Cecil was viciously attacked. Cecil was extensively involved in matters of state security; as the son of Queen Elizabeth's principal minister and a protégé of Sir Francis Walsingham, he was trained by them in spycraft as a matter of course. The "Rainbow portrait" of Queen Elizabeth, decorated with eyes and ears, may relate to this role.

Cecil, like his father admired the Queen, whom he famously described as being "more than a man, but less than a woman". Despite his careful preparations for the succession, he regarded the Queen's death as a misfortune to be postponed as long as possible. During her last illness, when Elizabeth would sit motionless on cushions for hours on end, Cecil boldly told her that she must go to bed. Elizabeth roused herself one last time to snap at him: "Little man, little man,'Must' is not a word to use to princes. Your father were he here durst never speak to me so". Sir Robert Cecil now promoted James as successor to Elizabeth. Around 1600, he began a secret correspondence with James in Scotland, to persuade James that he favoured his claims to the English throne. An understanding was now effected by which Cecil was able to assure James of his succession, ensure his own power and predominance in the new r

MindModeling@Home

MindModeling@Home is a non-profit, volunteer-based research project for the advancement of cognitive science. MindModeling@Home is hosted by the University of Dayton in Dayton, Ohio. In BOINC, it is in the area of'Cognitive Science' and category called'Cognitive science and artificial intelligence.' It can only operate on a 64-bit operating system, preferably on a computer with multiple cores, running either a Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, or Linux operating system. This project is not compatible with mobile devices, unlike other projects on BOINC. N-2 Repetition: understanding how people have a harder time returning to a task from another one Observing how people read through their eye movement for the purpose of helping people reduce eye strain and processing what they read better and faster. Modeling decision-making: resolving around decisions made from visual processing Integrated Learning Models to create algorithms based on how people learn and make decisions How the brain performs tasks sequentially and by measuring its blood flow Jack.

Harris – Project administrator and scientist Tom Mielke – Inactive, moderator 18,878,687 17,454,823 10,197,508 76,986,961 41,550,338 34,397,712 1,712,576 1,655,769 1,547,900 Brandon Nolan] – Volunteer, project administrator and tester Its status is inactive. However, it closed," as its servers are still running; the projects are long. The solution is to stop work on the project, it is subject to power outages, as seen on October 7, 2018 When the website will be out of beta mode is unresolved, as it has been going like this since 2007 List of distributed computing projects MindModeling@Home website MindModeling@Home trailer BOINC

If You Were Still Around

"If You Were Still Around" is a song by Welsh musician and composer John Cale. It was written by John Cale together with playwright Sam Shepard, it was released on Cale's 1982 album Music for a New Society. On 27 October 2014, a year after the death of his The Velvet Underground–bandmate Lou Reed, Cale released a new version of this song. For this version was released music video directed by Abigail Portner. At the beginning of the video Cale is lying on the floor in a fetal position and after he views the photos of Reed and other deceased people associated with the Velvet Underground and The Factory: Sterling Morrison, Andy Warhol, Edie Sedgwick. In 2016, Cale released M: a re-recording of the Music for a New Society album. M:FANS includes two versions of "If You Were Still Around." One version retains the original title of the song, while the version titled "If You Were Still Around" is the version of the song released in 2014. Official video on YouTube