Glenn Davis (halfback)
Glenn Woodward Davis was a professional American football player for the Los Angeles Rams. He is best known for his college football career for the United States Military Academy at West Point from 1943 to 1946, where he was known as "Mr. Outside." He was named a consensus All-American three times, in 1946 won the Heisman Trophy and was named Sporting News Player of the Year and Associated Press Athlete of the Year. Davis was raised in Southern California, the son of a bank manager. Glenn and his twin brother Ralph played high school football at Bonita High School in La Verne, California. In 1942, Davis led the Bearcats to an 11–0 record and the school's first-ever football championship, earning the Southern Section Player of the Year award. In 1989, Bonita High's stadium was dedicated in his name; the brothers were close and had planned to attend USC in Los Angeles, but when their U. S. Representative agreed to sponsor them with appointments to West Point, they decided to go there. At West Point, under coach Earl Blaik, Davis played fullback in his freshman season.
Blaik moved him to halfback for his three varsity seasons, while Doc Blanchard took over at fullback. With Davis and Blanchard, Army went 27–0–1 in 1944, 1945, 1946. Davis was nicknamed "Mr. Outside", while Blanchard was "Mr. Inside". Davis averaged 8.3 yards per carry over his career and 11.5 yards per carry in 1945. Davis led the nation in 1944 with 120 points, he scored 59 touchdowns, in his career. His single-season mark of 20 touchdowns stood as a record for 10 years. Blanchard and he set a then-record 97 career touchdowns by two teammates. In 2007, Davis was ranked #13 on ESPN's list of Top 25 Players in College Football History. For all three varsity years at West Point, Davis was a "consensus" All-America player. In 1944, he won the Maxwell Award and the Walter Camp Trophy, was runner-up for the Heisman Trophy. In 1945, he was again runner-up for the Heisman. In 1946, he was named the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year. In 1961, Davis was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.
Davis starred in baseball and track at West Point. Davis graduated from West Point in June 1947 and entered the U. S. Army as a second lieutenant, he was offered a contract and $75,000 signing bonus by the Brooklyn Dodgers, but declined, as he was required to serve in the Army and would be a old rookie after that. In spite of Davis' service obligation, the Detroit Lions of the National Football League selected Davis with the second overall pick of the 1947 NFL Draft, held in December 1946. In September 1947, the Los Angeles Rams acquired the rights to Davis from the Lions, he applied to resign his commission in December, but was refused by the Secretary of the Army Kenneth Royall. Davis was denied extended furloughs or other accommodations that might allow him to play football while serving in the Army. There was public feeling that after the expense of his West Point education, he should not just go off to play football. Davis did earn $25,000 each by appearing in the low-budget movie Spirit of West Point.
Davis tore a ligament in his right knee during filming. Davis served three years in the Army. While on leave in 1948, he played in a preseason game, he reported for duty in Korea. Davis' service obligation ended in 1950, he joined the Rams for their 1950 season. Despite his knee injury, Davis was an effective player, was named to the 1950 Pro Bowl, but in 1951, he injured his knee again, he was out for the 1952 season. In September 1953, the Rams released him. Davis returned to California a few years later, he became special events director for the Los Angeles Times and directing the newspaper's charity fundraising events. He held this job until his retirement in 1987; the Times gives the annual Glenn Davis Award in his honor. Davis was married three times. In 1948, he dated actress Elizabeth Taylor. From 1951 to 1952 he was married to film actress Terry Moore. In 1953, Davis married Ellen Slack, they had Ralph. In 1996, Davis married Yvonne Ameche, widow of NFL star and fellow Heisman Trophy Winner Alan Ameche.
Davis was survived by his wife Yvonne, his son, a stepson, John Slack III. Davis died of prostate cancer at La Quinta, California, at age 80 on March 9, 2005, he is interred in West Point Cemetery. List of NCAA major college football yearly scoring leaders Glenn Davis at the College Football Hall of Fame Glenn Davis at the Heisman Trophy official website Glenn Davis at Find a Grave Career statistics and player information from NFL.com · Pro-Football-Reference ·
Mayor of Dallas
The Mayor of the City of Dallas is the head of government for the city. The current mayor is Mike Rawlings, who has served as mayor for two consecutive terms since 2011 and is the 59th elected mayor to serve the position; the city of Dallas operates under a council-manager government type, putting the city of Dallas in a unique position as being one of the largest cities in the United States to utilize this municipal government structure. Unlike the more common form of government used by large cities known as the mayor-council government - where the mayor serves the chief-executive position of the city - the council-manager government of the city of Dallas gives the chief-executive position to the appointed City Manager; as a result, the mayor is elected at-large and serves a ceremonial position fulfilling a handful of key duties. The mayor serves as a member of the city council, presides over city council meetings and official ceremonies, serves as a representative to the City of Dallas at a local, state and international level.
It is not uncommon for mayors of the city of Dallas to serve as members or heads of other committees while in office, further representing the interests of the people and city of Dallas in organizations and committees. The Office of Mayor was created with the formation of the Dallas City Charter in 1856 providing for the mayor six aldermen, a treasurer, recorder and a constable. In the charter, it was stated. In the reorganization of 1876, the mayor was elected to the office for a term of two years; the office was first elected in the election of 1856, in which Dr. Samuel B. Pryor defeated A. D. Rice for the position. A. D. Rice would go on to serve as the 4th mayor of the city. For much of the 19th century, mayors of the city of Dallas only served as much as one term after the reorganization of 1876; this precedence was broken at the end of Winship C. Connor's term, who – after serving three consecutive terms from 1887 to 1894 – was the longest-serving mayor of the city at the time, his success was accredited to the development of the city's first water and streetcar systems.
The municipal government of Dallas underwent two significant changes in its structure during its history. The first change was made in 1907 where the city voted to change from an alderman structure to a commission form of government. Stephen J. Hay was the first mayor elected in this new form of government, demonstrating the success of the debated commission form of government and contributing to the development of White Rock Lake in response to a water shortage in 1910; the second major government change was made in 1930, altering the commission form of government to be a council-manager form. The mayor to serve following that change was Tom Bradford, a successful grocer, a significant financial contributor to the Bradford Memorial Hospital for Babies, the preliminary institution to the Children's Medical Center Dallas, he died after suffering a major heart attack in 1932 and was the first mayor of Dallas to die in office. Woodall Rodgers was mayor of Dallas from 1939 to 1947, with his tenure as mayor being one of the longest in the history of the city.
He was mayor during World War II and ran during the rampant manufacturing of aircraft and weapon goods in a industrializing Dallas, along with the neighboring city of Fort Worth. At the time, Dallas Love Field was used as a joint USAAF base and training ground and saw expansion of its hub and runways at the end of the war to soon become the major jet-age airport of the city, he was mayor when the Mercantile National Bank Building was constructed, the only highrise structure built in the United States during World War II and was the tallest building in the city of Dallas until the completion of Republic Center Tower I in 1954. The economic success contributed by his work in office is commemorated today by several namesakes throughout the city, most notably the Woodall Rodgers Freeway that passes underneath Klyde Warren Park and over the Trinity River along the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge. Earle Cabell served as 48th mayor from 1961 to 1964 and was mayor during the Assassination of John F. Kennedy.
The image of the city of Dallas was immensely tarnished by the assassination of the President. Following Earle Cabell was Mayor J. Erik Jonsson who funded and supported the proposed Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport; as mayor, he went on to support and open public works such as developing the new Dallas City Hall, the Dallas Convention Center, the Dallas Central Library, now named in his honor. He was followed by Wes Wise who went on to further improve the city's image during his term from 1971 to 1973. However, he stepped down to pursue a political career in United States Congress before the end of his term, his pro-term mayoral successor, Adlene Harrison, stepped in and became acting mayor for the remainder of his term. She was the city's first female mayor, the first female Jewish mayor in the United States. Although Dianne Feinstein is recognized as the first female Jewish mayor in the United States, Adlene Harrison's position as acting mayor predates Feinstein's start in office by two years.
Adlene began serving as acting mayor on February 11, 1976, while Feinstein began her mayoralty on December 4, 1978. Adlene would go on to serve as a member of several environmental committees and organizations after her short tenure, including the Environmental Protection Agency; the city's second female mayor, Annette Strauss, coincidentally was the city's second female Jewish mayor. She was the first woman to be elected mayor in her own right. Ron Kirk was the first African-American mayor of the City of D
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
Ewell Doak Walker II was an American football player. He played college football as a halfback at Southern Methodist University, where he won the Heisman Trophy in 1948. Walker played professionally in the National Football League with the Detroit Lions for six seasons, from 1950 to 1955. Walker was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1959 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1986; the Doak Walker Award, awarded annually since 1990 to the top running back in college football, is named after him. Walker was born in Dallas, Texas, in 1927, his father, Ewell Doak Walker, Sr. was a Tennessee native and a school teacher who became assistant superintendent and personnel director of the Dallas school system. His mother Emma was a Texas native, he had a younger sister, Elsa. Walker attended Highland Park High School in University Park, where he was a five-sport athlete in football, baseball and track and field. In 1944, Doak Walker led his high school football team to the state championship game.
He and future college and NFL star Bobby Layne were teammates at Highland Park. Following his graduation from high school in 1945, Walker joined the Merchant Marine; the war ended in August 1945, Walker was discharged from the Merchant Marine on November 1, 1945. Two days after being discharged from the Merchant Marine, Walker appeared in his first college football game for Southern Methodist University. Walker played in five games for the SMU Mustangs in November 1945 and was sufficiently impressive as a halfback and placekicker as to win All-Southwest Conference honors and a spot in the annual East–West Shrine Game in San Francisco. In the Shrine game, he threw a tying touchdown pass for the West team. Walker did not play college football in 1946, as he was inducted into the U. S. Army in March 1946, his stint was brief, playing football for the Brooke Medical Center service team in San Antonio before being discharged in January 1947. Following his discharge, Walker rejoined the Mustangs football team.
As a sophomore, he led Southern Methodist to a 1947 SWC championship and was named to a myriad of All-American teams. He gained similar All-American honors in 1948, 1949. Walker won the Maxwell Award as the Heisman Trophy in 1948 as a junior. During his award-winning 1948 season, Walker gained 532 yards on the ground, carrying the ball 108 times for a 4.9 yards per carry average. He threw six touchdown passes from the halfback position, going 26-for-46 and gaining 304 yards in the air; as a receiver, Walker hauled in 15 passes for 3 touchdowns. On the defensive side of the ball, he intercepted three passes, he punted for a 42.1 yard average for the Mustangs, returned punts and kickoffs, did duty as the SMU placekicker. Walker finished the year with 11 touchdowns scored, which combined with his kicking put 88 points on the scoreboard for the year. Walker's impact on SMU and football in the Dallas area led to the Cotton Bowl's expansion and nickname: "The House That Doak Built." He was a member of Phi Delta Theta fraternity, the men's society Cycen Fjodr, lettered on the SMU basketball and baseball teams.
Following his junior year at SMU, Walker was selected by the Boston Yanks with the third pick of in the 1949 NFL Draft, held in December 1948. The Detroit Lions acquired Walker's rights from Boston in exchange for Johnny Rauch, who the Lions had selected with the second pick of the 1949 NFL Draft; the Cleveland Browns held the AAFC to flip a coin. Instead, the Browns agreed in January 1950 to forego their claim to Walker in exchange for the Lions' second pick in the 1950 NFL Draft. In Detroit, Walker was reunited with former high school teammate Bobby Layne who the Lions acquired by trade in April 1950; the two Texans led the Lions to one of the top scoring offenses during the 1950 NFL season, as Layne led the NFL with 2,323 passing yards and Walker led the league with 128 points on five rushing touchdowns, six receiving touchdowns, 38 extra points, eight field goals. Walker appeared in all 12 games for the 1950 Lions at the left halfback position, he was selected by both the Associated Press and United Press as a first-team player on the 1950 All-Pro Team.
His 128 points in 1950 was the second highest single-season total in NFL history to that time. Walker had another strong season in 1951, appearing in all 12 games at left halfback for the Lions, totaling 1,270 all-purpose yards, scoring 97 points, leading the NFL with 43 extra points, he was again selected by the UP as a first-team All-Pro. Walker suffered leg injuries, he was recovered in time for the post-season and rushed for 97 yards and caught two passes against the Browns in the 1952 NFL Championship Game. Healthy for the full 1953 season, Walker helped lead the Lions to their second consecutive NFL championship, he ranked third in the NFL with 93 points scored and totaled 978 all-purpose yards, including 502 receiving yards and 337 rushing yards. In the 1953 NFL Championship Game, he scored a touchdown and kicked a field goal and an extra point to account for 10 of the Lions' 17 points. At the end of the 1953 season, Walker was selected by the AP as a first-team All-Pro and by the UP as a second-team All-Pro.
In 1954, Walker helped lead the Lions to their third consecutive NFL Western Division championship. He led the NFL with 43 extra points and an average of 14.4 yards
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published since 2009 by Bloomberg L. P. Businessweek, founded in 1929, aimed to provide information and interpretation about events in the business world; the magazine is headquartered in New York City. Megan Murphy served as editor from November 2016; the magazine is published 47 times a year. Businessweek was first published in September 1929, weeks before the stock market crash of 1929; the magazine provided information and opinions on what was happening in the business world at the time. Early sections of the magazine included marketing, finance and Washington Outlook, which made Businessweek one of the first publications to cover national political issues that directly impacted the business world. Businessweek was published to be a resource for business managers. However, in the 1970s, the magazine shifted its strategy and added consumers outside the business world; as of 1975, the magazine was carrying more advertising pages annually than any other magazine in the United States.
Businessweek began publishing its annual rankings of United States business school MBA programs in 1988. Stephen B. Shepard served as editor-in-chief from 1984 until 2005 when he was chosen to be the founding dean of the CUNY Graduate School of Journalism. Under Shepard, Businessweek's readership grew to more than six million in the late 1980s, he was succeeded by Stephen J. Adler of The Wall Street Journal. In 2006, Businessweek started publishing annual rankings of undergraduate business programs in addition to its MBA program listing. Businessweek suffered a decline in circulation during the late-2000s recession as advertising revenues fell one-third by the start of 2009 and the magazine's circulation fell to 936,000. In July 2009, it was reported that McGraw-Hill was trying to sell Businessweek and had hired Evercore Partners to conduct the sale; because of the magazine's liabilities, it was suggested that it might change hands for the nominal price of $1 to an investor, willing to incur losses turning the magazine around.
In late 2009, Bloomberg L. P. bought the magazine—reportedly for between $2 million to $5 million plus assumption of liabilities—and renamed it Bloomberg BusinessWeek. It is now believed McGraw-Hill received the high end of the speculated price, at $5 million, along with the assumption of debt. In early 2010, the magazine title was restyled Bloomberg Businessweek as part of a redesign; as of 2014, the magazine was losing $30 million per year, about half of the $60 million it was reported losing in 2009. Adler resigned as editor-in-chief and was replaced by Josh Tyrangiel, deputy managing editor of Time magazine. In 2016 Bloomberg announced changes to Businessweek, losing between $20 and $30 million. Nearly 30 Bloomberg News journalists were let go across the U. S. Europe and Asia and it was announced that a new version of Bloomberg Businessweek would launch the following year. In addition, editor in chief Ellen Pollock stepped down from her position and Washington Bureau Chief Megan Murphy was named as the next editor in chief.
International editions of Businessweek were available on newsstands in Europe and Asia until 2005 when publication of regional editions was suspended to help increase foreign readership of customized European and Asian versions of Businessweek's website. However, the same year the Russian edition was launched in collaboration with Rodionov Publishing House. At the same time, Businessweek partnered with InfoPro Management, a publishing and market research company based in Beirut, Lebanon, to produce the Arabic version of the magazine in 22 Arab countries. In 2011, Bloomberg Businessweek continued the magazine's international expansion and announced plans to introduce a Polish-language edition called Bloomberg Businessweek Polska, as well as a Chinese edition, relaunched in November 2011. Bloomberg Businessweek launched an iPad version of the magazine using Apple's subscription billing service in 2011; the iPad edition was the first to use this subscription method, which allows one to subscribe via an iTunes account.
There are over 100,000 subscribers to the iPad edition of Businessweek. On October 4, 2018, Bloomberg Businessweek published a report claiming that China had hacked dozens of technology corporations including Amazon and Apple by placing an extra integrated circuit on a Supermicro server motherboard during manufacturing; the claim has been questioned. The report was refuted by Amazon and Supermicro; the United States security department DHS and UK's GCHQ put out statements that they saw no reason to question those refutations. NSA claims to have no knowledge of the attack. FBI, named by Bloomberg to be investigating the alleged attack, is prevented from commenting on it, but notes that it would have an obligation to inform US companies of attacks like these, should they occur. Experts describe the attack as implausible and in technical details impossible. One source quoted in the Bloomberg text claims that several details of the attack as described by Bloomberg are identical to hypothetical scenarios that he presented to Bloomberg.
No other media organization has, by the end of October, corroborated the story. None of the 30 companies that Bloomberg claims were hit by the infiltration have confirmed this. Apple's CEO and Amazon's CTO have demanded. In the year 2011, Adweek named Bloomberg Businessweek as the top business magazine in the country. In 2012, Bloomberg Businessweek won the general excellence award for general-interest magazines at the National Magazine Awards. In 2012, Bloomberg Businessweek editor Josh
Oak Cliff is a neighborhood of Dallas, a separate town in Dallas County. It has since retained a distinct neighborhood identity as one of Dallas' older established neighborhoods. Oak Cliff has turn-of-the-20th century and mid-20th century housing, many parks, is near the central business district of downtown Dallas; the boundaries of Oak Cliff are Interstate 30 on the north, Loop 12 on the west, Interstate 45 on the east, the Trinity River on the northeast and Loop 12 on the south. Oak Cliff originated on December 15, 1886, when John S. Armstrong and Thomas L. Marsalis bought a farm of 320 acres on the west side of the Trinity River for $8,000; the farm was subdivided into 20-acre blocks, the plat of the new town made. Armstrong and Marsalis began to develop the land into an elite residential area, which proved to be a success by the end of 1887, with sales surpassing $60,000. However, after a disagreement between the partners, Marsalis secured complete control over Oak Cliff's development. Armstrong would go on to create his own elite residential development on the north side of Dallas, known as Highland Park.
According to the first plat filed, the original township of Oak Cliff extended as far north as First Street named Colorado Boulevard just north of Lake Cliff known as Spring Lake, as far south as a pavilion below Thirteenth Street. It was bounded on the east by Miller Street named Cliff Street, on the west by Beckley Avenue. Jefferson Boulevard was the route of a steam railroad, the principal north and south thoroughfare was Marsalis Avenue called Grand Street. On November 1, 1887, $23,000 worth of lots were sold in the newly opened Marsalis Addition before noon, on the following day, ninety-one lots were sold for $38,113. Figures published in November gave the new suburb a population of 500. Marsalis developed the Oak Cliff Elevated Railway to provide the first transportation link to his new development, using a small shuttle train pulled by a "dummy" engine; the transportation system was modeled on one in the city of New York and was promoted as "the first elevated railway in the South". The railroad ran special trains to Oak Cliff Park the home ground of the Dallas Hams.
In reality, the railroad operated at ground level its entire course down Jefferson Boulevard and towards Lake Cliff. This steam railway was continued for many years for commuters and pleasure seekers. Marsalis began two other development projects with the intent to promote Oak Cliff as a vacation resort. One was Oak Cliff Park called Marsalis Park and Zoo, a 150-acre park that included a two-mile -long lake and a 2,000-seat pavilion in which dances and operas were held. Another was the Park Hotel, modeled after the Hotel del Coronado in San Diego, which included several mineral baths fed by artesian wells. Oak Cliff incorporated in 1890 with a population of 2,470, secured a post office which operated until 1896; the community had four grocery stores, two meat markets, a hardware store, a feed store. Businesses included the Texas Paper Mills Company, the Oak Cliff Planing Mill, the Oak Cliff Artesian Well Company, Patton's Medicinal Laboratories, the Oak Cliff Ice and Refrigeration Company. A number of new elite residential areas developed by the Dallas Land and Loan Company had pushed the community's boundaries westward to Willomet Street.
Oak Cliff's first mayor was Hugh Ewing. In 1891 the community's first newspaper, the Oak Cliff Sunday Weekly, was published by F. N. Oliver. Over the next three years Oak Cliff's development continued, during the depression of 1893, the demand for vacation resorts decreased, the community's growth stagnated, forcing Marsalis into bankruptcy; the Park Hotel was converted into the Oak Cliff College for Young Ladies. Another educational institution, the Patton Seminary, was established two years by Dr. Edward G. Patton. By 1900 Oak Cliff was no longer an elite residential and vacation community. Many of the lots once owned by the Dallas Land and Loan Company were subdivided by the Dallas and Oak Cliff Real Estate Company and sold to the middle and working classes, a trend which lasted well into the early 1900s; the census of 1900 reported Oak Cliff's population as 3,640. In 1902, an interurban electric streetcar line controlled by the Northern Texas Traction Company, was constructed passing through Oak Cliff, connected Dallas to Fort Worth.
This line discontinued service in the late 1930s. Smaller residential streetcar service ran throughout Oak Cliff's neighborhoods, spanning over 20 miles. Known as a streetcar suburb, Oak Cliff's characteristic twists and turns are due to the area's topography, the paths and turnabouts created by the streetcar service. Residential streetcar service ended in January 1956. Oak Cliff was annexed by Dallas in 1903, after numerous attempts beginning in 1900; the proposal had met with little success, until the community's depressed economy produced a vote in favor of annexation by eighteen votes. On November 22, 1963, Warren "Butch" Burroughs, who ran the concession stand at the Texas Theatre, located in West Jefferson Boulevard in Oak Cliff, said that Oswald came into the theater between 1:00 and 1:07 pm. Julie Postal said that Burroughs told her the same thing although he denied this. Theatre patron, Jack Davis corroborated Burroughs' time, claiming he observed Oswald in the theatre prior to 1:20 pm.
In the early 1970s, many Oak Cliff schools, along with those in South Dallas, became the focus of a long-running and bitter co
Felix Anthony "Doc" Blanchard is best known as the college football player who became the first junior to win the Heisman Trophy, Maxwell Award and was the first football player to win the James E. Sullivan Award, all in 1945, he played football for the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he was known as "Mr. Inside." Because his father was a doctor, Felix Blanchard was nicknamed "Little Doc" as a boy. After football, he served in the United States Air Force from 1947 until 1971 when he retired with the rank of colonel. Blanchard was born on December 1924, in McColl, South Carolina, his father was a doctor and had played college football at Tulane University and Wake Forest University. The Blanchards moved from McColl, South Carolina to Dexter, Iowa in 1929; the Blanchards moved to Bishopville, South Carolina two years later. Blanchard, nicknamed "Little Doc", attended high school at Saint Stanislaus College in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, he led the school's football team, the Rockachaws, to an undefeated season during his senior year in 1941.
Blanchard was recruited to play college football by Army, Fordham University and the University of Notre Dame, among others. Blanchard said in 1985 that he had been contacted about going to West Point when he was in high school, he said, "At that point in time, I wasn't interested. Academically, I never was too hot, so I never had any idea I would pass the entrance examination and go to West Point."Instead, Blanchard chose to play for the University of North Carolina Tar Heels, in part because its coach, Jim Tatum, was his mother's cousin. Because NCAA rules at the time did not allow freshmen to play varsity, Blanchard played with the freshman team. In 1943 after the United States became one of the Allies in World War II, Blanchard enlisted in the United States Army, he was stationed in New Mexico with a chemical-warfare unit until enrolling at West Point in July 1944 in an appointment his father secured. During his three years of playing football at West Point, his team under coach Earl "Red" Blaik compiled an undefeated 27–0–1 record – the tie being a famous 0–0 game against Notre Dame.
Notre Dame coach Edward McKeever was amazed by Blanchard. After his 1944 team lost to Army by a score of 59–0, McKeever said, "I've just seen Superman in the flesh, he wears number 35 and goes by the name of Blanchard."An all-around athlete, Blanchard served as the placekicker and punter in addition to his primary roles as an offensive fullback and a linebacker on defense. He soon teamed with Glenn Davis on the 1944–45–46 teams, they formed one of the most lethal rushing combinations in football history. In his three seasons at West Point Blanchard scored 38 touchdowns, gained 1,908 yards and earned the nickname "Mr. Inside." Teammate Davis earned the nickname "Mr. Outside" and in November 1945, they both shared the cover of Time magazine. In 1945, Blanchard played against Leon Bramlett of the Naval Academy. Army won the match, 32–13. Both Blanchard and Bramlett a farmer and politician from Clarksdale, were inducted into the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame. In 1984, at the awards ceremony marking the 50th Heisman Trophy presentation, Blanchard took the occasion to recall, in comparison to the big glitzy shows for the ceremony today, how he learned of his Heisman selection in 1945.
He said, "I got a telegram. It said,'You've been selected to win the Heisman Trophy. Please wire collect.'"In 1946, Blanchard missed the first two games of the season due to an injury to his knee. In June 1946 his class was divided into two classes to transition back to a peacetime four-year curriculum from the wartime three-year curriculum instituted in October 1942. Both Blanchard and Davis were placed in the final three-year group, the Class of 1947. In 1947, Blanchard played himself in the movie The Spirit of West Point, his West Point teammate Glenn Davis played himself in the film. Other cast members include Robert Shayne as Coach Colonel Earl "Red" Blaik, Anne Nagel as Mrs. Blaik, George O'Hanlon as Joe Wilson, Michael Browne as Roger "Mileaway" McCarty, Tanis Chandler as Mildred, Mary Newton as Mrs. Mary Blanchard and William Forrest as Doc Blanchard's father, Dr. Felix Blanchard. Appearing as themselves are 1940 Heisman Trophy winner Tom Harmon and sportscasters Bill Stern and Harry Wismer.
The screenplay was written by Tom Reed based on a story by Mary Howard. Ralph Murphy directed. In addition to football, Blanchard was a member of the Army track and field team, with a shot put championship and a 10-second 100-yard dash in 1945. In 1947, Blanchard graduated from West Point, 296th in order of merit among 310 graduates, was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the United States Air Force, he coached Army's freshman team in the 1950s, but he never played professional football, choosing a military career instead. Blanchard had the opportunity to play professional football after being selected third overall in the 1946 NFL Draft by the Pittsburgh Steelers. After he was turned down in 1947 for a furlough to play with the NFL, Blanchard chose to embark upon a career in the United States Air Force and became a fighter pilot. In 1959, while with the 77th Tactical Fighter Squadron and flying back to his base at RAF Wethersfield near London, a gas leak in Major Blanchard's F-100 Super Sabre broke and caught his plane on fire.
Rather than escaping and parachuting out safely, he decided to stay with the plane and land it safely, because of a village on the ground that would have been damaged. This garnered him an Air Force commendation for bravery. In the Vietnam War, Blanchard flew 113 missio