click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Robert H. Goddard

Robert Hutchings Goddard was an American engineer, professor and inventor, credited with creating and building the world's first liquid-fueled rocket. Goddard launched his rocket on March 16, 1926, ushering in an era of space flight and innovation, he and his team launched 34 rockets between 1926 and 1941, achieving altitudes as high as 2.6 km and speeds as fast as 885 km/h. Goddard's work as both theorist and engineer anticipated many of the developments that were to make spaceflight possible, he has been called the man. Two of Goddard's 214 patented inventions—a multi-stage rocket, a liquid-fuel rocket —were important milestones toward spaceflight, his 1919 monograph A Method of Reaching Extreme Altitudes is considered one of the classic texts of 20th-century rocket science. Goddard applied two-axis control to rockets to control their flight. Although his work in the field was revolutionary, Goddard received little public support, moral or monetary, for his research and development work, he was a shy person and rocket research was not considered a suitable pursuit for a physics professor.

The press and other scientists ridiculed his theories of spaceflight. As a result, he became protective of his work, he preferred working alone because of the aftereffects of a bout with tuberculosis. Years after his death, at the dawn of the Space Age, Goddard came to be recognized as one of the founding fathers of modern rocketry, along with Robert Esnault-Pelterie, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Hermann Oberth, he not only recognized the potential of rockets for atmospheric research, ballistic missiles and space travel but was the first to scientifically study and construct the rockets needed to implement those ideas. NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center was named in Goddard's honor in 1959, he was inducted into the International Aerospace Hall of Fame in 1966, the International Space Hall of Fame in 1976. Goddard was born in Massachusetts, to Nahum Danford Goddard and Fannie Louise Hoyt. Robert was their only child to survive. Nahum was employed by manufacturers, he invented several useful tools. Goddard had English paternal family roots in New England with William Goddard a London grocer who settled in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1666.

On his maternal side descended from John Hoyt among others settlers of Massachusetts in the late 1600s. Shortly after his birth, the family moved to Boston. With a curiosity about nature, he studied the heavens using a telescope from his father and observed the birds flying. A country boy, he loved the outdoors and hiking with his father on trips to Worcester and became an excellent marksman with a rifle. In 1898, his mother contracted. On Sundays, the family attended the Episcopal church, Robert sang in the choir. With the electrification of American cities in the 1880s, the young Goddard became interested in science—specifically and technology; when his father showed him how to generate static electricity on the family's carpet, the five-year-old's imagination was sparked. Robert experimented, believing he could jump higher if the zinc from a battery could be charged by scuffing his feet on the gravel walk. But, holding the zinc, he could jump no higher than usual. Goddard halted the experiments after a warning from his mother that if he succeeded, he could "go sailing away and might not be able to come back."

He created a cloud of smoke and an explosion in the house. Goddard's father further encouraged Robert's scientific interest by providing him with a telescope, a microscope, a subscription to Scientific American. Robert developed a fascination with flight, first with kites and with balloons, he became a thorough diarist and documenter of his work—a skill that would benefit his career. These interests merged at age 16, when Goddard attempted to construct a balloon out of aluminum, shaping the raw metal in his home workshop, filling it with hydrogen. After nearly five weeks of methodical, documented efforts, he abandoned the project, remarking, "... balloon will not go up.... Aluminum is too heavy. Failior crowns enterprise." However, the lesson of this failure did not restrain Goddard's growing determination and confidence in his work. He wrote in 1927, "I imagine an innate interest in mechanical things was inherited from a number of ancestors who were machinists." He became interested in space when he read H. G. Wells' science fiction classic The War of the Worlds at 16 years old.

His dedication to pursuing space flight became fixed on October 19, 1899. The 17-year-old Goddard climbed a cherry tree to cut off dead limbs, he was transfixed by the sky, his imagination grew. He wrote: On this day I climbed a tall cherry tree at the back of the barn... and as I looked toward the fields at the east, I imagined how wonderful it would be to make some device which had the possibility of ascending to Mars, how it would look on a small scale, if sent up from the meadow at my feet. I have several photographs of the tree, taken since, with the little ladder I made to climb it, leaning against it, it seemed to me that a weight whirling around a horizontal shaft, moving more above than below, could furnish lift by virtue of the greater centrifugal force at the top of the path. I was a different boy. Existence at last seemed purposive. For the rest of hi

Fear No More (film)

Fear No More is a 1961 American thriller film directed by Bernard Wiesen and starring Mala Powers, Jacques Bergerac and Anna Lee Carroll. It was based on a 1946 novel of the same name by Leslie Edgley. Mala Powers as Sharon Carlin Jacques Bergerac as Paul Colbert John Harding as Milo Seymour Helena Nash as Irene Maddox John Baer as Keith Burgess Anna Lee Carroll as Denise Colbert Robert Karnes as Joe Brady Peter Brocco as Steve Cresca Peter Virgo Jr. as Duke Maddox Gregory Irvin as Chris Colbert Emile Hamaty as Train Conductor Goble, Alan. The Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film. Walter de Gruyter, 1999. Fear No More on IMDb

Stuffed ham

Stuffed ham is a variety of ham in which cabbage, onions and seasonings are chopped and mixed stuffed into deep slits slashed in a whole corned or smoked ham. Stuffed ham is believed to have originated in Southern Maryland in St. Mary's County, remains popular in that region to this day; the ham has a distinctively spicy flavor due to added seasoning. Recipes vary since they are traditionally passed down from one family member to another. In 1997, improperly prepared stuffed ham served at the Our Lady of the Wayside Catholic Church fund-raising dinner in Chaptico, Maryland was responsible for one of the largest multi-drug resistant Salmonella Heidelburg outbreaks in Maryland which sickened 750 people and caused 2 deaths; the CDC documented the incident in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases. List of ham dishes List of smoked foods List of stuffed dishes Mary Z. Gray, Stuffed Ham with a Kick, The New York Times, retrieved 2007-12-14 Patricia Bixler Reber, Southern Maryland Stuffed Ham, retrieved 2007-12-14 Kim Severson, In This Corner of Maryland, Holidays Mean a Stuffed Ham, retrieved 2019-11-28

Fin de Siglo

Fin de Siglo is the fifteenth studio album by Mexican Rock, Blues band El Tri. The most successful single was "Nostalgia" a song about the generational circle completing with the end of century; the band count with the participation of producer Andres Calamaro. All tracks by Alex Lora except. "Todo Me Sale Mal" – 3:42 "Nostalgia" – 4:27 "El Voceador" – 4:22 "El Futuro del Mundo" – 5:13 "Quién Da Un Peso Por Mis Sueños" – 3:06 "Cásate o Muérete" – 5:45 "Gandalla" – 2:42 "El Blues del Taxista" – 3:14 "El Viagra" – 3:32 "No Hay Pedo" – 2:32 "Amarga Navidad" – 5:23 "Todo Se Vale" – 4:54 "Cotorreando Con la Banda" – 4:18 "Razas Gemelas" – 3:08 Alex Lora – bass, producer, mixing Rafael Salgado – harmonic Eduardo Chico – guitar Oscar Zarate – guitar Chela Lora – backing vocals, vocals in "Gandalla" Lalo Toral – piano Ramon Perezdrums Sergio Rivero – photography Andres Calamaro – vocals in "Casate o Muerete" John Hendrickson – mixing, mixing assistant, percussion Jean B. Smith – engineer, mixing Juan Carlos Paz y Puente – A&R Maricela Valencia – Coordination www.eltri.com.mx Fin de Siglo at MusicBrainz Fin de Siglo at Allmusic

Seaview SVII

The Seaview SVII is an underwater camera designed by the Catlin Seaview Survey team, intended to photograph coral reefs to provide visual documentation of a reef's health. The camera is designed to be controlled by a diver in shallow waters, is propelled at a constant slow speed by a propeller mounted near the rear of the camera. Only two SVIIs are in existence; the cameras were used by the Catlin Seaview Survey and Google to create Google Ocean, a means of displaying underwater images using Google's existing Street View platform. The SVII camera was designed as a replacement for its prototype predecessor, the SVI, to take thousands of images of the shallow waters of the Great Barrier Reef and other endangered coral reefs around the world; the imagery and data generated by the camera and its operators is intended to provide a visual record of the health of the reefs, creating a baseline record for the reefs' health to be compared to future surveys. Additionally, the images will be made available by Google using the Google Maps Street View platform, to increase public awareness of the risks faced by coral reefs.

The SVII is based upon its prototype, the SVI. Both cameras are self-propelling underwater housings for a set of three Canon 5D cameras using wide-angle lenses. With a top speed underwater of about 3–4 kilometres per hour, the cameras record an image every 3–6 seconds and associate them with a geolocation coordinate; the images are stitched together to create a 360-degree panorama of the area, in a format which can be uploaded online for public viewing. The SVII is controlled by a Samsung Galaxy Tab tablet to permit the user to change settings, download or view images; the improved design allows users to recharge the camera more and than with the SVI. While intended for more widespread use, there are only two SVIIs in existence – one named for oceanographer Sylvia Earle and the other for photographer Ron Taylor; the SVII was manufactured by the product development side of Dive Xtras. The SVII uses technology developed by Dive Xtras / ClaroWorks. Much of the imagery taken by the cameras is now available on Google Maps, for the following locations: Lady Elliot Island, Great Barrier Reef Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef Wilson Island, Great Barrier Reef Apo Island, Philippines Hanauma Bay, Hawaii Molokini, Hawaii "Virtual Dive" of Heron Island, using images from the SVII

U'wa people

The U'wa are an indigenous people living in the cloud forests of northeastern Colombia. The U'wa numbered as many as 20,000, scattered over a homeland that extended across the Venezuela-Colombia border; some 7-8,000 U'wa are alive today. The U'wa are known to neighboring indigenous peoples as "the thinking people" or "the people who speak well", they were called Tunebo, but today prefer to be known as U'wa, meaning "people". They gained international visibility in a 14-year-long struggle to prevent oil drilling on their land, which secured the withdrawal of Royal Dutch Shell and Occidental Petroleum, continues as Ecopetrol and Repsol YPF seek to drill on their land, their representative to the outside world in this struggle, Berito Kuwaru'wa, won the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1998. The conflict came to a head; the U'wa, who had threatened to commit mass suicide if the oil extraction project went forward, constructed a small village on the site of the drillsite. They set up numerous roadblocks and a coordinated a regional social strike that paralyzed the surrounding area.

Although the Colombian military dislodged the protesters from the site, no commercially viable deposits were found. The U'wa were in a new dispute with Ecopetrol, seeking to prospect for oil on their lands, after legal battles and non-violent protests, Ecopetrol withdrew; the U'wa people live in northeastern Colombia, in the departments of Arauca, Boyacá, Casanare and Northern Santander. They populated what is now Venezuela; the U'wa ancestral homeland, known as Kajka-Ika or Kera Chikara, lies in the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy and covers more than 12,000 square kilometres. The area includes the headwaters of the Orinoco River. Substantial portions of their homeland have been protected from any human access; the U'wa have been engaged in a major project of land recovery, expanding their recognized territory from 1,000 square kilometres to 2,200 square kilometres Unified Reserve in 1999. The U'wa inhabited western Arauca and Casanare; the U'wa speak. They have no written tradition and have passed down their knowledge and customs through song.

Their religious tradition includes an obligation to gather in the summer months and "sing the world into being" as well as to maintain equilibrium between the layers of the world: earth, oil and sky. Their identification of petroleum, which they call Ruiria, with the blood of Mother Earth, stiffened their resolve in their conflict with oil corporations in the 1990s; the U'wa consider non-U'wa to be impure, place high importance on purification rituals, which makes interaction with outsiders difficult. The U'wa organize their political life in a collection of institutions known to the outside world as the U'wa Traditional Authorities; this body is made up of Karekas from each of the U'wa clans. The system of Cabildos mandated by the Colombian state includes an upper and lower council or Cabildo Mayor and Cabildo Menor, as well as the positions of President, Vice President, Treasurer, Public Prosecutor and Speaker. Berito KuwarU'wa has served as president in recent years; the U'wa have affiliated with the Guahibo in the Association of Cabildos and Traditional Indigenous Authorities of the Department of Arauca founded in June 2003 to promote the local autonomy of the department's indigenous peoples.

The Association's president is a Guahibo leader. The U'wa were grouped into eight clans from time immemorial to the 20th century. Three clans survived their dramatic population loss in the last hundred years and structure their communal life today: Kubaruwa and Kaibaká, each of which includes multiple communities; the U'wa population includes some 822 families. Muisca Guane, Lache Stoddart, D. R.. "Myth and Ceremonial among the Tunebo Indians of Eastern Colombia". The Journal of American Folklore. American Folklore Society. 75. Doi:10.2307/538175. JSTOR 538175. Rainforest Action Network background Profile of the U'wa from Minority Rights Group International. Accessed Oct. 22, 2017