Robert Michael Mapplethorpe was an American photographer, best known for his black-and-white photographs. His work featured an array of subjects, including celebrity portraits and female nudes, self-portraits, still-life images, his most controversial works documented and examined the homosexual male BDSM subculture of New York City in the late 1960s and early 1970s. A 1989 exhibition of Mapplethorpe's work, titled Robert Mapplethorpe: The Perfect Moment, sparked a debate in the United States concerning both use of public funds for "obscene" artwork and the Constitutional limits of free speech in the United States. Mapplethorpe was born in Floral Park, New York City, the son of Joan Dorothy and Harry Irving Mapplethorpe, an electrical engineer, he was of English and German descent, grew up as a Catholic in Our Lady of the Snows Parish. He had two sisters. One of his brothers, Edward worked for him as assistant and became a photographer as well, he studied for a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, where he majored in Graphic Arts, though he dropped out in 1969 before finishing his degree.
Mapplethorpe lived with his girlfriend Patti Smith from 1967 to 1972, she supported him by working in bookstores. They created art together, maintained a close friendship throughout Mapplethorpe's life. Mapplethorpe took his first early 1970s using a Polaroid camera. In 1972, he met art curator Sam Wagstaff, who would become his mentor, lover and lifetime companion. In the mid-1970s, Wagstaff acquired a Hasselblad medium-format camera and Mapplethorpe began taking photographs of a wide circle of friends and acquaintances, including artists and socialites. During this time, he became friends with New Orleans artist George Dureau, whose work had such a profound impact on Mapplethorpe that he restaged many of Dureau's early photographs. From 1977 until 1980, Mapplethorpe was the lover of writer and Drummer editor Jack Fritscher, who introduced him to the Mineshaft. Mapplethorpe took many pictures of the Mineshaft and was at one point its official photographer By the 1980s, Mapplethorpe's subject matter focused on statuesque male and female nudes, delicate flower still lifes, formal portraits of artists and celebrities.
Mapplethorpe's first studio was at 24 Bond Street in Manhattan. In the 1980s, Wagstaff bought a top-floor loft at 35 West 23rd Street for Robert, where he resided using it as a photo-shoot studio, he kept the Bond Street loft as his darkroom. In 1988, Mapplethorpe selected Patricia Morrisroe to write his biography, based on more than 300 interviews with celebrities, critics and Mapplethorpe himself. Mapplethorpe died on the morning of March 9, 1989 at the age of 42 due to complications from HIV/AIDS, in a Boston, Massachusetts hospital, his body was cremated. His ashes are interred at St. John's Cemetery, Queens in New York City, at his mother's grave-site, etched "Maxey". Nearly a year before his death, the ailing Mapplethorpe helped found the Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation, Inc, his vision for the Foundation was that it would be "the appropriate vehicle to protect his work, to advance his creative vision, to promote the causes he cared about". Since his death, the Foundation has not only functioned as his official estate and helped promote his work throughout the world, but has raised and donated millions of dollars to fund medical research in the fight against AIDS and HIV infection.
The Foundation donated $1 million towards the 1993 establishment of the Robert Mapplethorpe Residence, a six-story townhouse for long-term residential AIDS treatment on East 17th Street in New York City, in partnership with Beth Israel Medical Center. The Foundation promotes fine art photography at the institutional level; the Foundation helps. In 2011, the Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation donated the Robert Mapplethorpe Archive, spanning from 1970 to 1989, to the Getty Research Institute. Mapplethorpe worked in a studio, exclusively in black and white, with the exception of some of his work and his final exhibit "New Colors", his body of work features a wide range of subjects. He exhibited a great mastery on “how to appreciate a little difference between dark gray and the next brighter gray like a passionate listener can appreciate the difference between ppp, pp, p, mf f ff fff." Luis Alberto Mejia Clavijo. and the greater part of his work is on erotic imagery. He would refer to some of his own work as pornographic, with the aim of arousing the viewer, but which could be regarded as high art.
His erotic art explored a wide range of sexual subjects, depicting the BDSM subculture of New York in the 1970s, portrayals of black male nudes, classical nudes of female bodybuilders. Mapplethorpe was a participant observer for much of his erotic photography, participating in the sexual acts which he was photographing and engaging his models sexually. Other subjects included flowers orchids and calla lilies, children and celebrities and other artists, including Andy Warhol, Louise Bourgeois, Deborah Harry, Kathy Acker, Richard Gere, Peter Gabriel, Grace Jones, Amanda Lear, Laurie Anderson, Iggy Pop, Philip Glass, David Hockney, Cindy Sherman, Joan Armatrading, Patti Smith. Smith was a longtime roommate of Mapplethorpe and a frequent subject in his photography, including a stark, iconic photograph that appears on the cover of Smith's first album, Horses, his work made reference to religious or classica
Lyubov Andreyevna Ivanovskaya Polyanskaya, born 20 June 1989, is a Russian professional triathlete from Yaroslavl and a permanent member of the Russian National Elite Team. Lyubov Ivanovskaya's maiden name still appears in official ITU rankings, in official FTR documents, she is now referred to with her new surname Polyanskaya only. Lyubov Ivanovskaya attended a high performance sports school in Yaroslavl, the Специализированная детско-юношеская школа олимпийского резерва N. 7. In 2005, she was among the 60 excellent students who were granted 500 ruble a month by the governor of the Oblast Yaroslavl. According to the Russian Triathlon Federation's ranking of the year 2009, she was number 4 of all Russian female Elite triathletes, number 7 in the Russian Cup ranking. In the individual Elite ranking of the year 2010 Ivanovskaya is number 5. At the 2010 Youth Spartakiad she placed 4th. At the Russian Elite Aquathlon Championships 2011 Ivanovskaya won the bronze medal. Ivanovskaya took part in various non ITU events, e.g. in Cyprus on 12 April 2009 and in Brazil on 28 February 2010.
In March 2011 Ivanovskaya opened the new season with the sprint gold medal at the Volkswagen Aldiana Triathlon on Cyprus, where the Russian elite triathletes had their training camp. In 2010 Lyubov Ivanovskaya took part in the prestigious French Club Championship series Lyonnaise des Eaux representing the club Sainte-Geneviève Triathlon; the only triathlon of this circuit she attended, was the opening triathlon at Dunkirk. Though placing 44th, Ivanovskaya was among the three triathlètes classants l'équipe and the second best runner of her club behind Alexandra Razarenova. Sainte-Geneviève Triathlon relies exclusively on foreign elite stars. At the Grand Final in La Baule, Sainte-Geneviève Triathlon placed last in the club ranking and did not have three triathlètes classants l'équipe, i.e. not Razarenova, the best of her club, could manage to push her club to a better result. In 2011 Ivanovskaya represented Saint Raphaël Triathlon, like Igor Polyanski and Igor's brother Dmitry Polyanski and his wife Anastasiya Polyanskaya.
In the seven years from 2004 to 2010, Ivanovskaya took part in 25 ITU competitions and achieved 10 top ten positions. The following list is based upon the Athlete's Profile Page. Unless indicated otherwise, the events belong to the Elite category. BG = the sponsor British Gas · DNF = did not finish ITU Profile Page Russian Triathlon Federation in Russian
Winstanley Hall is a late 16th-century house in Winstanley, in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester. It is listed as a Grade II * listed building. Built for the Winstanley family, the building is one of only three Tudor buildings in the Borough; the hall was built in the 1560s for the Winstanley family of Winstanley. The Winstanleys owned the hall until 1596, when the estate was sold to James Bankes, a London goldsmith and banker. Winstanley Hall has three storeys and has a date stone with a date of 1584, but this is not in situ so may not provide an accurate date for the construction of the house. Extra blocks were added in the 18th centuries. Further and extensive alterations were made in 1811-19 by Lewis Wyatt in a Jacobean style, he moved the entrance to the left flank of the hall and replacing the original entrance with a window. The final additions to the hall were made in 1843. To the south, on lands belonging to the hall, is a small stone building, used to house bears that provided entertainment for the hall's guests.
The Winstanley Family owned the Braunstone Hall estate in Leicestershire. The Bankes family retained ownership of the hall until the 21st century when it was sold for private development; the hall had been kept in good condition until the 1960s. As the building decayed and the cost of maintaining Winstanley Hall was too much for the family, was sold on in 2000 with 10 acres of land, it has been reported that the new owner intended to develop the hall into private flats, that refurbishment was held up due to problems with planning permission, although it has been reported that no application for planning permission has been submitted. The interior is now in some disrepair. Historic England have the hall on the Heritage at Risk register listing it in 2019 as in bad condition and in the highest category of risk of further deterioration; the building is somewhat derelict. Rules for entry are stated on numerous sign posts on the path leading to the property. To gain access the property, people must book an appointment by telephoning to the owner of the surrounding land.
Grade II* listed buildings in Greater Manchester Scheduled Monuments in Greater Manchester Listed buildings in Billinge and Winstanley Winstanley Hall photos on Wigan World and single photo and more photos and discussion Heritage at Risk Register: Winstanley+Hall