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Robert Musil

Robert Musil was an Austrian philosophical writer. His unfinished novel, The Man Without Qualities, is considered to be one of the most important and influential modernist novels. Musil was born in Klagenfurt, the son of engineer Alfred Edler von Musil and his wife Hermine Bergauer; the orientalist Alois Musil was his second cousin. Soon after his birth, the family moved to Chomutov in Bohemia, in 1891 Musil's father was appointed to the chair of Mechanical Engineering at the German Technical University in Brno and he was raised to hereditary nobility in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, he was baptized Robert Mathias Musil and his name was Robert Mathias Edler von Musil from 22 October 1917, when his father was ennobled, until 3 April 1919, when the use of noble titles was forbidden in Austria. Musil was short in stature, but strong and skilled at wrestling, by his early teens, he proved to be more than his parents could handle, they sent him to a military boarding school at Eisenstadt and Hranice.

The school experiences are reflected in his first novel Die Verwirrungen des Zöglings Törless. After graduation Musil studied at a military academy in Vienna during the fall of 1897, but switched to mechanical engineering, joining his father's department at the Technical University in Brno. During his university studies, he studied engineering by day, at night, read literature and philosophy and went to the theatre and art exhibitions. Friedrich Nietzsche, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Ernst Mach were particular interests of his university years. Musil finished his studies in three years and, in 1902–1903, served as an unpaid assistant to Professor of Mechanical Engineering Julius Carl von Bach, in Stuttgart. During that time, he began work on Young Törless, he invented Musilscher Farbkreisel, the Musil color top, a motorised device for producing mixed colours by additive colour-mixing with two differently colored, rotating discs. This was an improvement over earlier models, allowing a user to vary the proportions of the two colors during rotation and to read off those proportions precisely.

Musil's sexual life around the turn of the century, according to his own records, was with a prostitute, which he treated as an experimental self-experience. But he was infatuated with the pianist and mountaineer Valerie Hilpert, who assumed mystical features. In March 1902, Musil underwent treatment for syphilis with mercurial ointment. During this time, his several years of relationship began with Hermine Dietz, the'Tonka' of his own novel, published in 1923. Hermine's syphilitic miscarriage in 1906 and her death in 1907 may have been due to infection from Musil. Musil grew tired of engineering, he launched a new round of doctoral studies in psychology and philosophy at the University of Berlin under Professor Carl Stumpf. In 1905, Musil met Martha Marcovaldi, she had been widowed and remarried, with two children, was seven years older than Musil. His first novel, Young Törless, was published in 1906. In 1909, Musil completed his doctorate and Professor Alexius Meinong offered him a position at the University of Graz, which he turned down to concentrate on writing of novels.

Over the next two years, he wrote and published two stories, collected in Vereinigungen published in 1911. During the same year, Martha's divorce was completed, Musil married her; as she was Jewish and Musil Roman Catholic, they both converted to Protestantism as a sign of their union. Until Musil had been supported by his family, but he now found employment first as a librarian in the Technical University of Vienna and in an editorial role with the Berlin literary journal Die neue Rundschau, he worked on a play entitled Die Schwärmer, published in 1921. When World War I began, Musil joined the army and was stationed first in Tirol and at Austria's Supreme Army Command in Bolzano. In 1916, Musil met Franz Kafka, whose work he held in high esteem. After the end of the war and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Musil returned to his literary career in Vienna, he published a collection of short stories, Drei Frauen, in 1924. He admired the Bohemian poet Rainer Maria Rilke, whom Musil called "great and not always understood" at his memorial service in 1927 in Berlin.

According to Musil, Rilke "did nothing but perfect the German poem for the first time", but by the time of his death, Rilke had turned into "a delicate, well-matured liqueur suitable for grown-up ladies". However, his work is "too demanding" to be "considered relaxing". In 1930 and 1933, his masterpiece, The Man Without Qualities was published in two volumes consisting of three parts, from Berlin, running into 1,074 pages. Volume 1 and 605-page unfinished Volume 2. Part III did not include 20 chapters withdrawn from Volume 2 of 1933 in printer's galley proofs; the novel deals with the moral and intellectual decline of the Austro-Hungarian Empire through the eyes of the book's protagonist, Ulrich, an ex-mathematician who has failed to engage with the world around him in a manner that would allow him to possess qualities. It is set in Vienna on the eve of World

Chasing Lights

Chasing Lights is the debut album by British-Irish girl group The Saturdays. It was released in the United Kingdom through Fascination Records on 27 October 2008; the album was re-issued on 16 March 2009 to include their cover of Depeche Mode's 1981 song "Just Can't Get Enough". The Saturdays started production of their debut album in May 2008 while supporting Girls Aloud—with whom they shared the same record label—on their Tangled Up Tour; the Saturdays were reportedly offered the chance to record songs rejected by Girls Aloud. Band member Mollie King told the Daily Star, "We all thought. Why would we want their rejects? It's bad enough with all the comparisons being made." The last track of Chasing Lights, "Why Me, Why Now", was a demo written and recorded by Alex Cartana, but picked up by The Saturdays. Unlike on their subsequent albums, the members of The Saturdays have no writing credits on the record. Chasing Lights received a remarkably positive reception from music critics. Being compared to other British female acts such as the Sugababes and Girls Aloud, they have been praised for their debut album.

Some critics referred to Chasing Lights as "A definite contender for pop album of the year." Most appreciated the fact that The Saturdays were able to be in the same league as their fellow UK pop acts after less than a year of being together. The album was number four on Popjustice's 2008 year-end chart of the best albums. In the UK, Chasing Lights debuted at number eleven. By April 2009, the album reached a new peak of number thirty-four in Ireland; the album climbed from number fourteen to number nine on 25 January 2009, marking the album's first time inside the UK top ten. The album was certified Platinum in the UK on 6 November 2009. "If This Is Love", released digitally on 27 July 2008, is the album's lead single. It was released commercially in the UK on 28 July, through physical distribution; the song became their first top ten hit. "Up", released digitally on 12 October 2008, is the album's second single. It was released commercially in the UK on 13 October, through physical distribution.

The song hit number five on the UK Singles Chart, becoming their second consecutive top ten hit, debuted at number eleven on the Irish Singles Chart. "Up" is the group's debut single in Brazil. "Issues", released on 5 January 2009, is the album's third single. It was released commercially in the UK on 5 January after spending a few weeks in the top forty; the song became their third consecutive top ten hit. The following week it climbed to number four. "Just Can't Get Enough", a Comic Relief single not on the album, was released on 2 March 2009. The song entered the UK Singles Chart at number two on 8 March 2009, it was kept off the number-one spot by Flo Rida's "Right Round". On the Irish Singles Chart, the song debuted at number seventeen; the following week, it climbed to number nine and peaked at number six becoming their first top ten and highest-charting single yet in Ireland. "Work" was announced in January 2009 as the fifth single to be released from the album. It was a fan-favourite since the release of the album, was released in the UK on 29 June 2009 but only peaked on the UK Singles Chart at number twenty-two.

This remained their lowest charting single until "What Are You Waiting For" charted at number thirty-eight in 2014. "What Am I Gonna Do" B-side to "If This Is Love". "Crashing Down" B-side to "Up", cover of The Nolans' track. "Golden Rules" B-side to "Just Can't Get Enough". "Unofficial" B-side to "Work". "Beggin'" B-side to "Issues". "Not Good Enough" Other recorded track. Leaked in late 2008 prior to the release of the album. A remixed version was included on the second album Wordshaker. "Believe in Me" Other recorded track for the Chasing Lights album sessions. "Hell Yeah" Other recorded track for the Chasing Lights album sessions

Paenarthrobacter aurescens

Paenarthrobacter aurescens known as Arthrobacter aurescens, is a bacterium species from the genus of Paenarthrobacter. Paenarthrobacter aurescens produces L-N-carbamoylase. Paenarthrobacter aurescens has the ability to utilize anethole. Before the year 2016, this bacterium species was said to be a species of Arthrobacter genus; the bacterium species is reclassified in 2016 to be a member of Paenarthrobacter. Therefore it had a new name as Paenarthrobacter aurescens. Strong, LC. "Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 metabolizes diverse s-triazine ring compounds". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 68: 5973–80. Doi:10.1128/aem.68.12.5973-5980.2002. PMC 134431. PMID 12450818. Sajjaphan, K.. "Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 Atrazine Catabolism Genes trzN, atzB, atzC Are Linked on a 160-Kilobase Region and Are Functional in Escherichia coli". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 70: 4402–4407. Doi:10.1128/AEM.70.7.4402-4407.2004. PMC 444770. PMID 15240330. Mongodin, Emmanuel F.. "Secrets of Soil Survival Revealed by the Genome Sequence of Arthrobacter aurescens TC1".

PLoS Genetics. 2: e214. Doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0020214. PMC 1713258. PMID 17194220. Ed.-in-chief, George M. Garrity. Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology. New York: Springer Science + Business Media. ISBN 978-0-387-68233-4. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Fendrik, edited by F. A. Skinner, R. M. Boddey, I.. Nitrogen Fixation with Non-Legumes the Fourth International Symposium on'Nitrogen Fixation with Non-Legumes', Rio de Janeiro, 23-28 August 1987. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. ISBN 978-94-009-0889-5. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Santos, edited by Dana M.. Recent advances in microbiology. Toronto: Apple Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-926692-71-5. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Se-Kwon, Kim. Springer Handbook of Marine Biotechnology. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-53971-8. Vineet Bafna, S. Cenk Sahinalp. Research in computational molecular biology 15th annual International Conference, RECOMB 2011, Vancouver, BC, March 28-31, 2011: proceedings. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-20036-6. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Buchholz, Klaus.

Biocatalysts and Enzyme Technology. Weinheim: Wiley. ISBN 978-3-527-67200-4. Knackmuss, edited by Jim C. Spain, Joseph B. Hughes, Hans-Joachim. Biodegradation of Nitroaromatic Compounds and Explosives. Hoboken: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-3267-3. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Francino, edited by M. Pilar. Horizontal gene transfer in microorganisms. Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-908230-10-2. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Type strain of Arthrobacter aurescens at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase