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Robert Towne

Robert Towne is an American screenwriter, producer and actor. He was part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking, he is best known for his Academy Award-winning original screenplay for Roman Polanski's Chinatown, considered one of the greatest screenplays written. He said it was inspired by a chapter in Carey McWilliams's Southern California Country: An Island on the Land and a West magazine article on Raymond Chandler's Los Angeles. Towne wrote the sequel, The Two Jakes. Towne directed the sports dramas Personal Best and Without Limits, the crime thriller Tequila Sunrise, the romantic crime drama Ask the Dust. Towne was born in Los Angeles, where he grew up in the son of Helen and Lou Schwartz. Towne's parentage was Romanian on his father's side, he graduated from Pomona College in California. Towne sought work as a writer and actor, he did an acting class with Roger Corman taught by Jeff Corey where his classmates included Jack Nicholson, Irvin Kershner and Sally Kellerman. Corman was renowned for giving work to untested people of talent.

Towne wrote the screenplay for the Corman-financed Last Woman on Earth, in which Towne played one of the lead roles. The following year he starred in the Corman-financed Creature from the Haunted Sea. Towne started writing for television on such programs as The Lloyd Bridges Show, Breaking Point, The Outer Limits, The Man from U. N. C. L. E.. He wrote a screenplay for the Corman-directed The Tomb of Ligeia. In 1981 Towne said "I worked harder on... screenplay for him than on anything I think I have done."Towne went back to working in television when Corman hired him to write a script for a Western, which became A Time for Killing. Corman left the project during Towne took his name off the credits. Towne said he "hated" the film. Towne's script for A Time for Killing had been read and admired by Warren Beatty who asked Towne to help out on the script for Bonnie and Clyde. Towne claimed his main contributions were removing the menage a trois relationship between Bonnie, Clyde and WD, making some structural changes.

Towne was on continued to work during post production. The film was a huge success and although Towne's contribution was only "special consultant", he began to earn a reputation in Hollywood as a top "script doctor". Towne was credited on Villa Rides, which he said he did as a favor for Robert Evans head of Paramount, he hated the experience. Towne did uncredited work on the scripts for Drive, He Said, he did uncredited work for Francis Ford Coppola during the making of The Godfather the final scene between Michael and Vito, shortly before Vito dies. Coppola thanked Towne in his speech. Towne did some work on The Parallax View at the behest of star Warren Beatty. Towne received great acclaim for his film scripts The Last Detail and Shampoo, he was nominated for an Oscar for all three scripts. Towne was credited for his work on The Yakuza and did script doctoring on The Missouri Breaks and Heaven Can Wait. Towne turned to directing with Personal Best, he wrote the script for Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes, hoping to direct, but Personal Best was a financial failure, meaning he had to sell the Greystoke script.

He grew dissatisfied with the production and credited his dog, P. H. Vazak, with the script. Vazak became the first dog nominated for an Oscar for screenwriting. Towne did uncredited work on Deal of the Century, 8 Million Ways to Die, Tough Guys Don't Dance and Frantic, his second feature film as director was Tequila Sunrise. Towne told The New York Times that Tequila Sunrise is "a movie about the use and abuse of friendship." Robert Towne expressed his disappointment in The Two Jakes in many interviews. He told writer Alex Simon "In the interest of maintaining my friendships with Jack Nicholson and Robert Evans, I’d rather not go into it, but let’s just say The Two Jakes wasn’t a pleasant experience for any of us. But, we’re all still friends, that’s what matters most."In a November 5, 2007 interview with MTV, Jack Nicholson claimed that Towne had written the part of Gittes for him. In the same interview, Nicholson said that Towne had conceived Chinatown as a trilogy, with the third film set in 1968 and dealing in some way with Howard Hughes.

However, Towne says he "does not know how that got started" and denies there was any trilogy planned. Towne formed a close relationship with its star Tom Cruise, he was one of the writers on Cruise's The Firm Beatty's Love Affair. Cruise brought him on to Mission: Impossible and co produced Towne's third film as director, Without Limits, he co-wrote Mission Impossible II for Cruise. A project Towne had long sought to bring to the screen came to fruition in 2006 with Ask the Dust, a romantic period piece set in Los Angel


Shrishti Group of Schools is a group of 3 schools located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Shrishti is located in Brammapuram, a part of Katpadi in Vellore city in India's southern state, Tamil Nadu, between Chennai and Bangalore, it is 220 km east of Bengaluru. The nearest airport is Chennai; the Vellore- Katpadi junction railway station is 3.5 km from the school and accessible by train and road both from Chennai and Bengaluru. The school neighbors the VIT University. Shrishti started its Hostel on June 2010, it accommodates over 1100 students from ages 10 to 18. Http:// Official website


Simianus is a genus of beetles in the family Callirhipidae. It was described by Blanchard in 1853. Simianus basalis Simianus bicolor Simianus bicoloripes Pic, 1922 Simianus bituberculatus Simianus brevior Pic, 1927 Simianus confusus Simianus croceosellatus Simianus cyaneicollis Simianus dichrous Lewis Simianus diversicornis Pic, 1925 Simianus globicollis Simianus inapicalis Pic, 1925 Simianus incisus Simianus laetus Simianus lateapicalis Pic, 1928 Simianus latepunctatus Simianus maculaticeps Simianus malaccanus Simianus melanocephalus Simianus mesomelaenus Simianus nigripennis Simianus nigriventralis Simianus obscurus Simianus palawanicus Simianus pascoei Simianus pasteuri Pic, 1928 Simianus philippinensis Schaeffer Simianus reductus Pic, 1925 Simianus ruber Simianus separatus Simianus terminatus Fairmaire, 1887 Simianus thoracicus Simianus ustus Simianus variabilis van Emden

John Tait (physiologist)

John Tait was a 20th-century Scottish physician and medical author. He was Emeritus Professor of Medicine at McGill University in Canada, he was born at St Ola in Orkney in 1878. He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, graduating M. D. in 1906, winning the Gold Medal for best in class that same year. In 1907 John Tait gained a D. Sc, he undertook postgraduate studies at Göttingen and Berlin and began lecturing in Experimental Physiology at Edinburgh in 1910. His essay on “Yohimbine: a contribution to the study of narcotic agents” was awarded the Edinburgh University Milner Fothergill Medal in Therapeutics, 1911. In the First World War he served in the Royal Army Medical Corps in Italy. In 1917 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, James Cossar Ewart, James Lorrain Smith and Cargill Gilston Knott. He won the Society's Neill Prize for 1917–1919, resigned in 1936. From 1919 to 1940 he was Joseph Morley Drake Professor of Physiology at McGill University.

This followed a 4-year interregnum during the First World War following the premature death of Prof George Mines. He was joined in his work by W. J. Boris Babkin. In 1938 he had a heart attack, he retired in 1940 and had a return trip to Scotland. His position as Professor of Physiology was filled by Babkin, he died in Montreal on 21 October 1944


CourseInfo LLC, one of the two companies forming Blackboard Inc. was founded in 1997 by Daniel Cane and Stephen Gilfus while at Cornell University. They joined together to form the partnership known as CourseInfo and developed the company into a small course management software provider; the product at the time was called the Teachers Toolbox. In 1998 the CourseInfo team met two principals of Blackboard LLC while pursuing a grant for adaptive testing. Shortly after the two companies joined together to form what is now known as Blackboard Inc. CourseInfo was formed in late 1996 - early 1997 via a partnership agreement between Gilfus. Early on Cane had begun developing web based scripts for professor Cindy van Es at Cornell for her statistics class; this activity was driven by Dr. van Es's desire for bringing technology in the classroom and Cane's experience with new technologies. As one of the five supercomputer centers holding up ARPANET—the precursor underpinnings of the internet—Cornell was an early implementation of email and technology usage.

Cornell had been using computer based course technology such as PLATO since the early 1970s. In 1996 Cane wrote simple automated scripts for websites for instructors using the Perl programming language and Netscape 2.0. In 1997 after the founding of CourseInfo, version 1.0 of the "Teachers Toolbox" was launched including a series of named "Generator" tools including the coursesite generator, announcement generator, quiz generator, survey generator and other tools. Gilfus designed the features and functions and web design of the product through personal experience and instructor feedback while Cane developed the core technology of the product. Gilfus led sales and product management for the company. Much of the company's initial communication was on educational listservs and web boards. In mid-1997, the "Interactive Learning Network" ILN 1.5, was released and installed at several academic institutions including Cornell University, Yale Medical School and University of Pittsburgh. The ILN was the first e-learning system of its kind to leverage and install on top of a relational database MySQL.

Access control was added to provide security around course content. Guest access was provided for course shopping. In 1998 the CourseInfo product line became the foundation for Blackboard's e-learning product line as Blackboard's CourseInfo. In April 29, 1998 the CourseInfo was among the first to implement emerging industry standards. On November 2, 1998 the company released CourseInfo 2.0, on July 26, 1999 they released CourseInfo 3.0 CourseInfo 4.0. was released on October 26, 1999 On January 19, 2000 the company released CourseInfo Enterprise Edition. Prior to the Blackboard–CourseInfo merger, Blackboard was focused on developing a prototype for IMS. Blackboard Inc. was formed by the joining of CourseInfo LLC, founded by Cane and Gilfus, Blackboard LLC, founded by Michael Chasen and Matthew Pittinsky. The Blackboard company began as a consulting firm contracting to the non-profit IMS Global Learning Consortium. In 1998, it merged with CourseInfo LLC, a small course management software provider that originated at Cornell University.

The combined company became known as Blackboard Inc. The first line of e-learning products was branded Blackboard CourseInfo, but the CourseInfo brand was dropped in 2000. Blackboard went public in June 2004, it operated publicly until Providence Equity Partners purchased the company in 2011. As of January 2014, its software and services are used by 17,000 schools and organizations in 100 countries. History of virtual learning environments History of virtual learning environments 1990s

Pine Creek, Wisconsin

Pine Creek is an unincorporated community located in the town of Dodge, Trempealeau County, United States. Pine Creek is located on County Highway G 9.6 miles west-northwest of Galesville. Early in the 1860s, Kaszubian Polish and Bohemian immigrants living in Winona, Minnesota began buying land across the Mississippi River in Trempealeau County; the Pine Creek area was ideal because of its thick black soil and its advantageous proximity to Winona's markets and services. The precise date of Pine Creek's establishment remains problematic but most accounts give 1862, the year that Sacred Heart-Saint Wenceslaus Church was founded. Once the parish was formally established as part of the then-Roman Catholic Diocese of Milwaukee, a small community grew up around the church, including two or three taverns, a dance hall, a general store. Although important in the history of the Kashubian diaspora, Pine Creek never became more than a small community due to the growth of the nearby town of Dodge, Wisconsin.

Martin D. Brom, Wisconsin State Assemblyman, was born in Pine Creek