Robert Earl Wise was an American film director and editor. He won Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture for both West Side Story and The Sound of Music, he was nominated for Best Film Editing for Citizen Kane and directed and produced The Sand Pebbles, nominated for Best Picture. Among his other films are The Body Snatcher, Born to Kill, The Set-Up, The Day the Earth Stood Still, Destination Gobi, This Could Be The Night, Run Silent, Run Deep, I Want to Live!, The Haunting, The Andromeda Strain, The Hindenburg and Star Trek: The Motion Picture. Wise was the president of the Directors Guild of America from 1971 to 1975 and the president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences from 1985 through 1988. Robert Wise has been viewed as a craftsman, inclined to let the story concept set the style. Cineastes, such as Martin Scorsese, insist that despite Wise's legendary workaday concentration on stylistic perfection within the confines of genre and budget, his choice of subject matter and approach still functioned to identify Wise as an artist and not an artisan.
Wise achieved critical success as a director in a striking variety of film genres: horror, western, science fiction and drama, with many repeat successes within each genre. Wise's meticulous preparation may have been motivated by studio budget constraints, but advanced the moviemaking art. Robert Wise received the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1998. Wise was born in Winchester, the youngest son of Olive R. and Earl W. Wise, a meat packer; the family moved to Connersville, Fayette County, where Wise attended public schools. As a youth Wise's favorite pastime was going to the movies; as a student at Connersville High School, Wise wrote humor and sports columns for the school's newspaper and was a member of the yearbook staff and poetry club. Wise sought a career in journalism and following graduation from high school attended Franklin College, a small liberal arts college south of Indianapolis, Indiana, on a scholarship. In 1933, due to the family's poor financial situation during the Great Depression, Wise was unable to return to college for his second year and moved to Hollywood to begin a lifelong career in the film industry.
Wise's older brother, who had gone to Hollywood several years earlier and worked at RKO Pictures, found his younger brother a job in the shipping department at RKO. Wise worked odd jobs at the studio before moving into editing. Wise began his movie career at RKO as a music editor. In the 1930s, RKO was a budget-minded studio with "a strong work ethic" and "willingness to take artistic risks", fortunate for a newcomer to Hollywood such as Wise. At RKO, Wise became an assistant to T. K. Wood, the studio's head sound-effects editor. Wise's first screen credit was a ten-minute short subject called A Trip through Fijiland, made from RKO footage salvaged from an abandoned feature film; as Wise gained experience, he became more interested in editing film content, rather than sound, went to work for RKO film editor William "Billy" Hamilton. Wise's first film as Hamilton's assistant was Alfred Santell's Winterset. Wise continued to work with Hamilton on other films, including Stage Door, Having Wonderful Time and The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle.
In The Hunchback of Notre Dame and 5th Ave Girl and Wise, as assistant film editor, shared screen credit. Wise's first solo film editing work was on My Favorite Wife. At RKO, Wise worked with Orson Welles on Citizen Kane and was nominated for the Academy Award for Film Editing. Wise was the film's last living crew member. Although Wise worked as an editor on Citizen Kane, it is that while working on the film he became familiar with the optical printer techniques employed by Linwood Dunn, inventor of the practical optical printer, to produce effects for Citizen Kane such as the image projected in the broken snowglobe which falls from Kane's hand as he dies. In Citizen Kane, Welles used a deep-focus technique, in which heavy lighting is employed to achieve sharp focus for both foreground and background in the frame. Wise used the technique in films that he directed. Welles' Citizen Kane influenced Wise's innovations in the use of sound in films such as The Set-Up, where Wise limited music to in-film sources, in Executive Suite, which used no music.
In addition, biographical films or biographical profiles of fictionalized characters such as Charles Foster Kane were the subjects of Wise's work, including Somebody Up There Likes Me, I Want to Live!, The Sound of Music, So Big, Run Silent, Run Deep and The Sand Pebbles, among others. Wise worked as editor on Welles' next film for RKO, The Magnificent Ambersons. While working as a film editor, Wise was called on to shoot additional scenes for the film. After Welles was dismissed from the studio, Wise continued editing films such as Seven Days Leave and The Fallen Sparrow, before he received his first directing assignment. For Wise, connecting to the viewer was the "most important part of making a film." Wise had a reputation for a strong work ethic and budget-minded frugality. In addition, he was known for his attention to detail and well-researched preparation for a film. For example, before directing Until They Sail, set in New Zealand during World War II, Wise traveled to New Zealand to intervie
NASCAR'15 is a NASCAR video game, the fourth installment in the NASCAR The Game series and an update to the preceding NASCAR'14. Developed by Eutechnyx, published by new NASCAR video game licensee Dusenberry Martin Racing, it is available on the seventh generation PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 consoles as well as Microsoft Windows. Physical copies of the console version are available at GameStop stores, with digital downloads available on the PlayStation Network and Xbox Live. Steam is selling the game for Windows PC. On January 1, 2015, HC2 Holdings, Inc. subsidiary Dusenberry Martin Racing acquired the NASCAR video game licence as well as "certain NASCAR-related assets" from Eutechnyx. Dusenberry Martin Racing announced that a 2015 update to NASCAR'14 would be released in May for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Windows PC, in development by Eutechnyx; because it is an update, many features from previous NASCAR The Game installments are present. A 2016 version, NASCAR Heat Evolution, was developed by Dusenberry Martin Racing for the eighth generation consoles.
To promote the game, DMR signed several NASCAR drivers as "Game Ambassadors," including Erik Jones, Joey Logano, Ryan Blaney, Darrell Wallace Jr. and Matt Tifft. In September 2015, DMR announced an updated version of the game called NASCAR'15: Victory Edition, which included all paint schemes and DLC and all patches, for release in October, it was released at no additional cost for those. The 2015 cover features four-time Sprint Cup Series champion Jeff Gordon, in his 23rd and final year running a full-time Sprint Cup schedule, he replaced Tony Stewart from the 2014 cover. The "Victory Edition" features 2015 Daytona 500 winner Joey Logano on the cover. In addition to several patches to fix issues within the game, three DLC packs were announced in May to add more paint schemes to the game; the DLCs were intended to be released worldwide on the week of July 13, 2015. However, the release was delayed until mid to late-August. NASCAR'15 Victory Edition is a NASCAR video game and a free update to the preceding NASCAR'15.
Developed and published by new NASCAR video game licensee Dusenberry Martin Racing, it is available on the seventh generation PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 consoles as well as Microsoft Windows. Physical copies of the console version are available at multiple retailers, with digital downloads available on the PlayStation Network and Xbox Live. Steam sold the game for the Windows PC; the Victory Edition cover features 2015 Daytona 500 winner Joey Logano on the cover. Victory Edition is the first NASCAR game to feature alcohol sponsorship, with Brad Keselowski's Miller Lite branding appearing in the game for users verified to be over 21 years of age; the game featured an update for the 2016 season. NASCAR'15 Official Website Dusenberry Martin Racing Website
William McPherson was a Scottish American soccer wing half. He began his career in Scotland before moving to the American Soccer League, he spent time in the St. Louis Soccer League, winning a total of five league titles and seven National Challenge Cups during his career, his record of 370 matches in the U. S. top-flight league stood until being broken by Steve Ralston in 2007. Born in Greenock, McPherson signed with Greenock Morton of the Scottish Football League in 1919. In 1922, he began the season with Beith F. C. before leaving Scotland for the United States. When he arrived, he signed with the Fall River Marksmen of the American Soccer League seeing time in only four games at the end of the 1922-1923 season, he spent most of ten seasons with the Marksmen, winning six league titles and three National Challenge Cups. In 1931, the Marksmen merged with the New York Soccer Club to form the New York Yankees, he remained with the renamed team for the spring 1931 season. That summer, McPherson won his fourth Challenge Cup with the Yankees.
In the summer of 1931, the Yankees merged with the Fall River F. C. to form the New Bedford Whalers. Once again McPherson remained with the renamed club, winning the 1932 National Challenge Cup over Stix and Fuller F. C. of the St. Louis Soccer League. By this time the ASL was on its last legs and Alex McNab left the team to sign with SBF; when he arrived in St. Louis, he induced several of his ex-teammates, including McPherson, to join him, they did so and took SBF to two league and two National Cup championships. In 1934, McPherson moved back east to sign with the Pawtucket Rangers who were now competing in the second American Soccer League, the first having collapsed in 1933. In 1935, McPherson went to yet another National Cup final, but this time his team failed to take home the title; the Rangers were defeated in three games by the St. Louis Central Breweries F. C. who featured several of his former teammates from Stix and Fuller F. C. National Soccer Hall of Fame eligibility