Roberta Cleopatra Flack is an American singer. She is known for her No. 1 singles "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face", "Killing Me Softly with His Song", "Feel Like Makin' Love". Flack is the only solo artist to win the Grammy Award for Record of the Year on two consecutive years: "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" won at the 1973 Grammys and "Killing Me Softly with His Song" won at the 1974 Grammys. Flack lived with a musical family, born in Black Mountain, North Carolina to parents Laron LeRoy, a Veterans Administration draftsman, Irene Council Flack a church organist, on February 10, 1937 and raised in Arlington, Virginia. Growing up she accompanied the choir of Lomax African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church by playing hymns and spirituals on piano, but she enjoyed going to the "Baptist church down the street" to listen to contemporary gospel music, such as that performed by Mahalia Jackson and Sam Cooke; when Flack was nine, she started taking an interest in playing the piano, during her early teens, Flack so excelled at classical piano that Howard University awarded her a full music scholarship.
By age 15, she entered Howard University, making her one of the youngest students to enroll there. She changed her major from piano to voice, became an assistant conductor of the university choir, her direction of a production of Aida received a standing ovation from the Howard University faculty. Flack is a member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority and was made an honorary member of Tau Beta Sigma by the Eta Delta Chapter at Howard University for her outstanding work in promoting music education. Roberta Flack became a student teacher at a school near Maryland, she graduated from Howard University at 19 and began graduate studies in music, but the sudden death of her father forced her to take a job teaching music and English in Farmville, North Carolina. Before becoming a professional singer-songwriter, Flack returned to Washington, D. C. and taught at Rabaut Junior High. She taught private piano lessons out of her home on Euclid St. NW. During this period, her music career began to take shape on evenings and weekends in Washington, D.
C. area night spots. At the Tivoli Club, she accompanied opera singers at the piano. During intermissions, she would sing blues and pop standards in a back room, accompanying herself on the piano, she performed several nights a week at the 1520 Club, again providing her own piano accompaniment. Around this time, her voice teacher, Frederick "Wilkie" Wilkerson, told her that he saw a brighter future for her in pop music than in the classics, she modified her repertoire accordingly and her reputation spread. Flack began singing professionally after being hired to perform at Mr. Henry's Restaurant, on Capitol Hill, Washington, DC in 1968; the atmosphere in Mr. Henry's was welcoming and the club turned into a showcase for the young music teacher, her voice mesmerized locals and word spread. A-list entertainers who were appearing in town would come in late at night to hear her sing; as restaurant owner Henry Yaffe recalled, "She told me if I could give her work there three nights a week, she would quit teaching."
He did and she did. To meet Roberta's exacting standards, Yaffe transformed the apartment above the bar into the Roberta Flack Room. "I got the oak paneling from the old Dodge Hotel near Union Station. I put in heavy upholstered chairs, sort of a conservative style from the 50s and an acoustical system designed for Roberta, she was demanding. She was a perfectionist." Les McCann discovered Flack playing jazz in a Washington nightclub. He said on the liner notes of what would be her first album First Take noted below, "Her voice touched, tapped and kicked every emotion I've known. I laughed and screamed for more...she alone had the voice." He arranged an audition for her with Atlantic Records, during which she played 42 songs in 3 hours for producer Joel Dorn. In November 1968, she recorded 39 song demos in less than 10 hours. Three months Atlantic recorded Roberta's debut album, First Take, in a mere 10 hours. Flack spoke of those studio sessions as a "very naive and beautiful approach... I was comfortable with the music because I had worked on all these songs for all the years I had worked at Mr. Henry's."
In 1971, Flack participated in the legendary Soul to Soul concert film by Denis Sanders, headlined by soul singer Wilson Pickett along with R&B duo Ike & Tina Turner, the Santana band featuring electric guitarist and Mexican-American Carlos Santana, soul, R&B group The Staple Singers, soul pianist/vocalist Les McCann and saxophonist Eddie Harris, The Voices of Harlem among others. The U. S. delegation of musical artists was invited to perform for 14th anniversary of African independence in Ghana. The film was digitally reissued as DVD and CD packet in 2004 but Roberta Flack declined permission for her image and recording to be included for unknown reasons, her captivating a cappella performance of the traditional spiritual "Oh Freedom" retitled "Freedom Song" on the original Soul to Soul LP soundtrack is only available in the VHS version of the film. Flack's cover version of "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" hit number 76 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1972, her Atlantic recordings did not sell well, until actor/director Clint Eastwood chose a song from First Take, "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" written by Ewan MacColl, for the sound track of his directorial debut Play Misty for Me.
Mark E. Ferguson III is a retired United States Navy admiral who last served as Commander, United States Naval Forces Europe, United States Naval Forces Africa and Allied Joint Force Command Naples. Ferguson served as the 37th Vice Chief of Naval Operations from August 22, 2011 to July 1, 2014. Prior to that, he served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, he served as chief of legislative affairs and assistant commander for distribution, Navy Personnel Command. He retired from active duty on July 1, 2016. Ferguson entered the United States Naval Academy from Glen Burnie, with the Class of 1978, he graduated tenth in his class, earning a bachelor's degree in systems engineering and the N* as a member of the lacrosse team. Following graduation, Ferguson attended nuclear power school at Orlando and nuclear prototype training in Idaho Falls, Idaho. Following completion of surface warfare officer's school in Newport, Rhode Island, he was assigned to the USS South Carolina, serving on board from 1980 to 1983.
Ferguson reported to the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey and completed his master's degree in computer science. Following department head school, he reported in 1985 to the USS Fife as operations officer. From 1987 to 1989, he was assigned to the Bureau of Personnel in Washington, D. C. as an assignment officer. From 1989 to 1992, he served as the reactor officer on board USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. During his tour, the ship participated in Operation Desert Storm and deployed to the United States European Command area of operations. Following this tour, he reported to the Department of the Navy Office of Legislative Affairs in Washington, D. C. as the officer responsible for readiness and surface warfare programs. Ferguson was designated the first commanding officer of USS Benfold and reported in 1995 to Pascagoula, with the pre-commissioning crew. On March 30, 1996 the USS Benfold was commissioned in California. During Ferguson's command tour, the ship was awarded multiple department awards, subsequently, the Battle'E' and the Spokane Trophy for the readiness cycle.
In his article "Retention Through Redemption" in Harvard Business Review and subsequent book It's Your Ship, author D. Michael Abrashoff criticized his predecessor in USS Benfold. Although his name was not explicitly mentioned, it was implied. In June 1997, Ferguson entered the Harvard Kennedy School in Cambridge, Massachusetts, as a National Security Fellow. In August 1998, he reported to the staff of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe in Mons, Belgium, as a special assistant to the SACEUR. During this tour, he participated in the NATO Air Campaign in the Balkans. Upon returning from overseas, Ferguson reported as the commander of Destroyer Squadron 18 based in Norfolk, Virginia, as part of the USS Enterprise Strike Group. On September 11, he was commander of Task Force 60 in the Mediterranean. In October, he returned to the navy's Office of Legislative Affairs as the director of the Senate Liaison Office. In 2003, he was selected for flag rank and reported as the assistant commander for distribution at the Navy Personnel Command in Millington, Tennessee.
In 2005, he was ordered to be the navy's chief of legislative affairs in Washington, D. C. and promoted to rear admiral. In April 2008, Ferguson was promoted to vice admiral and reported as the navy's Chief of Naval Personnel. During his tour, the navy was the first federal agency to receive the Optimas Award for General Excellence by Workforce Management Magazine for innovative personnel policies, he was recognized for the introduction of flexible work programs such as telework, professional sabbaticals, professional credentialing for navy work experience. He was the personnel policy team leader for the Report of the Comprehensive Review of the Issues Associated with the Repeal of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell", whose publication led to the repeal of the law, was instrumental in the return of NROTC to Ivy League campuses. On August 22, 2011, Ferguson was promoted to admiral and began his term as the 37th Vice Chief of Naval Operations. During this period, he testified before Congress on the impact of sequestration on the readiness of the force.
After assuming command of United States Naval Forces Europe in July 2014, Ferguson was quoted on Russian activity in Crimea and in Europe. He spoke at the Atlantic Council in October 2015 regarding Russia, was cited in the press regarding resurgent Russian Navy and their construction of an'arc of steel' from the Arctic to the Mediterranean. During his tenure in command, the navy completed the deployment of four Arleigh Burke-class destroyers to Rota and activated the AEGIS ballistic missile defense site at the former Devaselu Airbase in Romania, his tour was marked by a renewed focus on'high-end' naval operations in the European theater. Ferguson was recognized for his support of navy personnel and was designated an honorary chief petty officer, recognized by the SEALs as an'honorary frogman', named a distinguished graduate of the Naval Postgraduate School. In 2015, he received the Ellis Island Award in New York for his work in innovative personnel policies supporting service members and their families.
All-Star Superman is a twelve-issue American comic book series featuring Superman, published by DC Comics. The series ran from November 2005 to October 2008; the series was written by Grant Morrison, drawn by Frank Quitely, digitally inked by Jamie Grant. DC claimed that this series would "strip down the Man of Steel to his timeless, essential elements"; the series was the second to be launched in 2005 under DC's All-Star imprint, the first being All Star Batman & Robin, the Boy Wonder. These series were attempts by DC to allow major comics creators a chance to tell stories showcasing these characters without being restricted by DC Universe continuity. Grant Morrison's approach to writing this series was to make the reading as universal as possible, he stated that he was not interested in "re-doing origin stories or unpacking classic narratives" but instead wanted to do "a total update and refit". However, rather than just creating a "fresh and relevant" update for new readers, Morrison wanted to write a "collection of ‘timeless’ Superman issues".
The origins of this lie in a revamp of Superman, Superman Now, which began when Morrison and editor Dan Raspler were unsuccessfully brainstorming ideas for a new take on the character outside the San Diego Comic Con, when they had a "shamanic" encounter with a man dressed as Superman which helped spark the creative process and inspired the cover to the first issue. Morrison states in an interview: He was perched with one knee drawn up, chin resting on his arms, he looked relaxed... and I realized this was how Superman would sit. He wouldn't puff out his chest or posture heroically, he would be chilled. If nothing can hurt you, you can afford to be cool. A man like Superman would never have to tense against the cold, he would be laid back, un-tense. With this image of Superman relaxing on a cloud looking out for us all in my head, I rushed back to my hotel room and filled dozens of pages of my notebook with notes and drawings; the ideas generated by that meeting were refined and pitched to DC in 1998 by Morrison, Mark Millar, Mark Waid and Tom Peyer.
They picked up on the fifteen-year cycle of reboots to the character, the previous one being John Byrne's The Man of Steel, suggested a new approach: The Superman relaunch we’re selling bucks the trend of sweeping aside the work done by those who came before. Unlike the ‘cosmic reset’ revamps all too prevalent in current comics, our New Superman approach is an honest attempt to synthesize the best of all previous eras. Our intention is to honor each of Superman’s various interpretations and to use internal story logic as our launching pad for a re-imagined, streamlined 21st century Man of Steel; the ‘cosmic reset’ notion has been replaced by a policy of ‘include and transcend’ with regard to past continuity. Our intention is to restore Superman to his pre-eminent place as the greatest super-hero of all. Although greenlit, it was turned down and Morrison said "I didn’t expect to be doing any further work on Superman" but the chance came as he was finishing his run on New X-Men. In an interview with Matt Brady from Newsarama, Grant Morrison stated he was contacted by DC Vice President Dan DiDio and asked "if I'd like to come back to DC to work on a Superman project with an artist of my choice".
He mentioned it worked out well since he was planning to return to DC "to do the Seven Soldiers project and the Vertigo books". Morrison has confirmed that he made use of some of his Superman Now ideas for All-Star Superman, like "Luthor’s heart-stopping moment of understanding," as well as drawing on his original proposal for elements included in the "DC One Million" storyline. In his writing of the character Superman, Morrison identifies different aspects of his personality, stating "'Superman' is an act.'Clark Kent' in Metropolis is an act. There are two Kents, at least – one is a disguise, a bumbling, awkward mask for Superman; the other is the confident, good-hearted Clark Kent, raised by his surrogate Ma and Pa in Kansas and knows how to drive a tractor. I think he's the most'real' of all."As the series drew to a close, writer Grant Morrison conceived of a series of one-shot specials, loose in continuity from the original series, that would depict or pay tribute to the Golden Age Superman, the Super-Sons World's Finest Comics team, the Superman Squad, the Superman of the 853rd Century, the Superman dynasty.
Publisher Dan DiDio has stated. Morrison would become involved as writer on a 2011 relaunch of Action Comics where he used his ideas about the Golden Age Superman. Dr. Leo Quintum and his team from P. R. O. J. E. C. T. are exploring the Sun. Superman rescues them, acquires the ability to project his bio-electric aura. Luthor orchestrated this event to overwhelm Superman's cells with massive amounts of solar radiation. Luthor is arrested, thanks to a Daily Planet article by Clark Kent. Superman decides to keep his impending death secret from the public. However, Superman reveals his secret identity to Lois Lane, because he wants to spend his remaining time with her. Lois refuses to believe that Clark and Superman are the same person. For her birthday, Superman takes Lois to the Fortress of Solitude, where they have dinner in a stateroom of the RMS Titanic, which Superman has raised and restored. During this visit, he tells Lois that she can explore the Fortress save for one room he is checking. Superman's furtive behavior heightens Lois' suspicions and she becomes paranoid.
She attacks Superman w