The Halifax Peninsula is a community and planning area located in the urban core of municipal Halifax, Nova Scotia. Halifax Peninsula is home to Downtown Halifax, the financial and economic heart of the municipality, the site of the original settlement and town of Halifax; the town of Halifax was founded by the British government under the direction of the Board of Trade and Plantations under the command of Governor Edward Cornwallis in 1749. Geographically, the Halifax Peninsula is a Canadian peninsula in central Nova Scotia. Although now located within HRM, the peninsula was the original host to the town and now former City of Halifax; the founding of the town sparked Father Le Loutre's War. The original settlement was clustered in the southeastern part of the peninsula along The Narrows, between a series of forts and the harbour; the settlement expanded beyond its walls and encroached over the entire peninsula, creating residential neighbourhoods defined by the peninsula's geography and referred to by Haligonians as: North End South End, including Point Pleasant Park at the southernmost part of the peninsula West EndThe streets are set in a grid pattern the way town officials planned in the 18th century.
After a protracted struggle between residents and the Executive Council, the city was incorporated to in 1841. The former city of Halifax was contained within the Halifax Peninsula. During this time, Rudyard Kipling paid homage to Halifax in his poem The Song of Cities: At this time the Halifax Public Gardens and Victoria Park, Halifax were created, with many Victorian Era monuments. Builders such as George Lang created many landmark buildings. During 1916–1919 a mega construction project was undertaken by Canadian Government Railways along the peninsula's Northwest Arm shoreline which saw a 4 km long rock cut blasted up to 30 m deep for a railway line running from Fairview Cove to serve the new Halifax Ocean Terminals which were built at the southeastern end. On 1 April 1996, the government of Nova Scotia formed Halifax Regional Municipality, a single-tier regional government governing all of Halifax County; the City of Halifax became a provincial metropolitan area, the HRM divided the former city into two separate community planning areas, Halifax Peninsula and Mainland Halifax, at that time with separate community councils inside of the regional government.
Extending from the western shore of Halifax Harbour, the peninsula is connected to the much larger Chebucto Peninsula by an isthmus measuring 2.6 km, defined by Fairview Cove and the Bedford Basin to the north and the Northwest Arm to the southwest. Down the length of this isthmus is Joseph Howe Drive considered to be the boundary between the Halifax Peninsula and Mainland Halifax; the Halifax Peninsula creates a constriction of Halifax Harbour to its east. Measuring 3.3 km at its widest and 7.5 km at its longest, the peninsula's topography is flat near the isthmus where Chebucto Field, an aerodrome that preceded Halifax Stanfield International Airport was located. The northern end of the peninsula rises to a glacial drumlin at Fort Needham, with the central area of the peninsula being a plateau 40–50 m. in elevation. Another drumlin approx. 60 m above sea level is located at Citadel Hill and offshore to the east at Georges Island. The bedrock of this peninsula is Precambrian slate. Glaciers during the Pleistocene era converted the rock surface to an olive-colored loamy till.
Glaciation removed reddish till from sedimentary rock to the north and redeposited it as a drumlin to form Citadel Hill. The stony loam to sandy loam soils are mapped as Bridgewater series on olive till and Wolfville series on the Citadel Hill drumlin. Downtown Halifax North End Halifax West End, Halifax Quinpool district South End Halifax Spring Garden Convoy Place Hydrostone Mulgrave Park Westmount Africville Richmond
South End, Halifax
The South End is a neighbourhood of Halifax Regional Municipality, located on the southern half of the Halifax Peninsula in Halifax's urban centre. Quinpool Road is considered to be an arbitrary border between the South and North Ends, though Quinpool Road is a part of the West End, is home, for example, to the West End Baptist Church; the historic South End of colonial Halifax was bounded on the south by "South Street", that being the few blocks located south of Citadel Hill, just as the North End comprised the area bounded on the north by "North Street". The areas south of South Street and west of the South Common was farmland and mixed forest which led to the development of large estates to take advantage of their proximity to the city and garrison. Over time, neighbourhoods began to develop outside the original city boundary and were amalgamated into the city proper. One of Halifax's largest megaprojects in history saw the completion in 1918 of a major railway line through a deep rock cut for several kilometres parallelling the shore of the Northwest Arm to serve a new railway station at the south end of the city's business district.
The new railway line had been under construction by the Intercolonial Railway and Canadian Government Railways at the time of the Halifax Explosion, which blocked and badly damaged the city's North Street station. One result of the building of this railway line has been to geographically isolate parts of the peninsula, creating opportunities for wealthy and exclusive neighbourhoods to develop. Another legacy of the blasting work created during the construction of the South End railway cut was the infilling of parts of Halifax Harbour and Bedford Basin to create railway yards and freight and passenger ship docks; the South End has become the most prosperous region of Halifax, with a middle class demographic. There is a high student population, owing to the presence of Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, University of King's College, the Atlantic School of Theology. Areas of the South End include the Gorsebrook Park, Point Pleasant Park, the Halifax Ocean Terminal and South End Container Terminal.
It borders the eastern shore of the Northwest Arm
The median strip or central reservation is the reserved area that separates opposing lanes of traffic on divided roadways, such as divided highways, dual carriageways and motorways. The term applies to divided roadways other than highways, such as some major streets in urban or suburban areas; the reserved area may be paved, but it is adapted to other functions. There is no international English standard for the term. Median, median strip, median divider island are common in North American and Antipodean English. Variants in North American English include regional terms such as neutral ground in New Orleans usage. In British English central reservation is the preferred usage. Among other coinages, central nature strip occurs in Australian English. Additionally, different terminology is used to identify traffic lanes in a multi-lane roadway. North American usage calls the lanes located closest to the roadway centerline the "inner" lanes, while British usage calls these lanes the "outer" lanes. Thus, it is less confusing to call these central lanes the "passing", "fast", or "overtaking" lanes in international contexts, instead of using the ambiguous inner/outer distinction.
Regional differences between right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic can cause further confusion. Some medians function secondarily as green belts to beautify roadways. Jurisdictions can: plant lawn grasses with regular mowing. Where space is at a premium, dense hedges of shrubs filter the headlights of oncoming traffic and provide a resilient barrier. In other areas, the median may be occupied by a right-of-way for a public transportation system, such as a light rail or rapid transit line. In contrast to the median of a major road, those in urban areas take the form of central traffic islands that rise above the roadway; these are found on urban arterial roads. In their simplest form, these are just raised concrete curbs, but can be landscaped with grass or trees or decorated with bricks or stones; such medians are sometimes found on more minor or residential streets, where they serve as a traffic-calming or landscaping element rather than a safety enhancement to restrict turns and separate opposite directions of high-volume traffic flow.
In some areas, such as California, highway medians are sometimes no more than a demarcated section of the paved roadway, indicated by a space between two sets of double yellow lines. Such a double-double yellow line or painted median is similar to an island median: vehicles are not permitted to cross it, unlike a single set of double yellow lines which may in some cases permit turns across the line; this arrangement has been used to reduce costs, including narrower medians than are feasible with a planted strip, but research indicates that such narrow medians may have minimal safety benefit compared to no median at all. The medians of United States Interstate Highways break only for emergency service lanes, with no such restrictions on lower classification roads. On British motorways, the median is never broken, but there are no such restrictions on other dual carriageways; the median strip in the United Kingdom and other densely populated European countries is no wider than a single lane of traffic.
In some cases, however, it is extended. For instance, if the road is running through hilly terrain, the carriageways may have to be built on different levels of the slope. An example of this is on the M5 motorway as it climbs up the side of the Gordano Valley south of Bristol. Two examples on the UK road network where the carriageways are several hundred yards/meters apart, are on a section of the M6 between Shap and Tebay, which allows a local road to run between them, on the M62 where the highest section through the Pennines famously splits wide enough to contain a farm; the other major exception is the A38 Aston Expressway, a single carriageway of seven lanes, where the median lane moves to account for traffic flow. With effect from January 2005 and based on safety grounds, the UK's Highways Agency's policy is that all new motorway schemes are to use high containment concrete step barriers in the median. All existing motorways will introduce concrete barriers as part of ongoing upgrades and through replacement as and when the current systems have reached the end of their useful life.
This change of policy applies only to barriers in the median of high speed roads and not to verge side barriers. Other routes will continue to use steel barriers. In North America, some other countries with large sparsely populated areas, opposing lanes of traffic may be separated by several hundred meters of fields or forests outside of populated areas, but converge to a lan
Barrington Street is a major street in Halifax, Nova Scotia, running from the MacKay bridge in the North End seven kilometres south, through Downtown Halifax to Inglis Street in the South End. The civic numbers range from 950 to 4756 on the Halifax Peninsula street grid numbering system. Barrington Street is centrally located within the original Halifax street grid laid out in the 18th century, it remains one of the main streets of the city, home to numerous shops, office buildings, as well as Halifax City Hall. Barrington Street is part of the original street grid laid out by engineer John Bruce and surveyor Charles Morris when Halifax was established as a British fortress; the streets were named after leading British statesmen, but the origin of the name Barrington Street is unclear. One account suggests the street is named after William Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington, who served as a Secretary of War but was an "unknown" in 1749 when Halifax was founded. Others say the street name is derived from a misspelling of the Earl of Harrington, the Secretary of State.
Barrington Street sits halfway up the slope to Citadel Hill and has long been a main street of Halifax. After the town's founding it became a fashionable street for promenading. In 1766 the eastern sidewalk was planked and became known as the "mall" until it fell into disrepair in the 1820s and was dismantled. By the 19th century, Barrington Street was the main commercial district in Halifax. Horse-drawn streetcars began operating on Barrington Street in 1866; these were replaced by electric streetcars by 1896. The street saw big changes in the mid-20th century, with massive demolition under the banner of urban renewal. A huge swath of the downtown area, north of Duke Street, was cleared for the development of Scotia Square and the Cogswell Interchange; the Birk's Building at the George Street intersection, along with several adjacent smaller structures, were demolished in the early 1990s. This site is now under the ownership of the provincial government and remains one of the most prominent surface parking lots in the downtown core.
Today, Barrington Street stretches the length of the Halifax peninsula. However, the Barrington Street name only applied to the length of the street within downtown proper. South of Spring Garden Road, the street was called Pleasant Street. North of downtown, it was called Lockman Street; the remainder was once called Campbell Road. The area between downtown and the Angus L. Macdonald Bridge changed drastically in the 20th century. In order to serve the bridge, hundreds of properties were demolished in this area and this section of Barrington Street was converted into a limited-access highway. No shops front on this section of the street anymore; as the area is separated from downtown by the Cogswell Interchange, few people walk along the road here. The construction of the multi-level Cogswell Interchange in 1970 separated Barrington Street into two discontinuous sections; that is, a driver heading south toward downtown who exits Barrington at the Cogswell Interchange will wind up on the south section of Barrington Street.
Continuing straight through the interchange, Barrington splits into Hollis Street and Lower Water Street. The Cogswell Interchange is slated to be demolished in the near future. In the current redevelopment plans, Barrington Street would form a continuous street once again. Cogswell Interchange Devonshire Avenue Duke Street Inglis Street Morris Street North Street Sackville Street South Street Spring Garden Road Windsor Street Interchange CFB Halifax Cogswell Interchange Halifax Shipyard Mulgrave Park Richmond Terminals and railyard Bank of Commerce Building Barrington Place Shops The Book Room Dalhousie University Sexton Campus Delta Hotel Barrington Government House Grand Parade Granville Mall Halifax City Hall The Khyber Maritime Centre Province House Scotia Square St. Mary's Basilica St. Paul's Church TD Centre
Truro, Nova Scotia
Truro is a town in central Nova Scotia, Canada. Truro is the shire town of Colchester County and is located on the south side of the Salmon River floodplain, close to the river's mouth at the eastern end of Cobequid Bay; the area has been home to the Mi'kmaq people for several centuries. The Mi'kmaq name for the Truro area, "Wagobagitik" means "end of the water's flow". Mi'kmaq people continue to live in the area at the Millbrook and Truro reserves of the Millbrook – We’kopekwitk band. Acadian settlers came to this area in the early 1700s; the Mi'kmaq name for the Truro area was shortened by the settlers to "Cobequid", the bay to the west of the town is still named Cobequid Bay. By 1727, the settlers had established a small village near the present downtown site of Truro known as "Vil Bois Brule". Many Acadians in this region left in the Acadian Exodus which preceded the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755. In 1761, the British settled the area with Presbyterians of predominantly Ulster Scottish origin who came from Ireland via New England.
They named the new settlement after the city of Truro in United Kingdom. A small farming community, the construction of the Nova Scotia Railway between Halifax, Pictou in 1858 caused the municipality to experience a fast rate of growth which increased more when the railway connected to central Canada in 1872 and became the Intercolonial Railway; the Intercolonial, which became the Canadian National Railway built a large roundhouse and rail yard in Truro. Further rail links to Cape Breton and to the Annapolis Valley through the Dominion Atlantic Railway in 1905 increased the town's importance as a transportation hub for Nova Scotia; the railway attracted industries such as the Truro Woolen Mills in 1870 and provincial institutions like the provincial Normal School and the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. The town incorporated in 1875. Many figures from the town's past are featured in over 40 tree sculptures which were carved in tree trunks after Truro lost most of its Elm trees to Dutch Elm Disease in the 1990s.
The history of the town and surrounding county is preserved at the Colchester Historical Museum, designated under the provincial Heritage Property Act. Truro is known as the Hub of Nova Scotia as it is located at the junction between the Canadian National Railway, running between Halifax and Montreal, the Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway, running between Truro and Sydney; until the 1980s, Truro hosted a junction between the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific Railway's former Dominion Atlantic Railway line running through Windsor and down the Annapolis Valley to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. An important highway interchange is located just north of Truro in the rural community of Onslow where Highway 102 ends at Highway 104 - both four lane expressways. Secondary roads Trunk Trunk 4 intersect in the town. Important tertiary roads Route 236 and Route 311 end in the nearby communities of Lower Truro and Onslow respectively; some of these roads form part of the Glooscap Trail, a scenic drive for tourists.
Truro railway station is served by Via Rail's Ocean line. Nova Scotia Power has several transmission line corridors near Truro. Six large sections of the Berlin Wall are located along the Cobequid Trail, on the Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University. Truro has two public high schools, Cobequid Educational Centre and the francophone École acadienne de Truro. Post-secondary options include a campus of the Nova Scotia Community College, The Institute of Human Services Education, as well as the Agricultural Campus of Dalhousie University in the neighboring village of Bible Hill. Truro has three ice hockey rinks: Deuvilles Rink, Rath Eastlink Community Centre, the Colchester Legion Stadium. Truro is home to a Junior "A" ice hockey team who are four time MJAHL Champions. Football is a popular sport in the town with all games being played on Friday night at the Truro Amateur Athletic Club grounds. Truro Raceway conducts harness races every Sunday. Truro is home to a rugby club, which hosts the World Indoor Sevens Rugby Championships.
Truro has a senior baseball team, the Truro Senior Bearcats, that play in the Nova Scotia Senior Baseball League. Their home field is at the Truro Amateur Athletic Club. Lacrosse has become a popular sport in Truro over the recent years. There is a minor lacrosse association, the Truro Bearcats Lacrosse Association, which allows youth to take part in organized lacrosse teams and games; as well, there is a junior A lacrosse team, the Mi'Kmaq Warriors, that plays in the East Coast Junior Lacrosse League. They play in the summer months out of the Colchester Legion Stadium. Truro enjoys a vibrant soccer scene centered about the local "CC Riders" soccer club which serves "Tier 2" soccer for both genders and all ages. Outdoor soccer takes place between May and October and indoor 7-a-side and pickup games run through the winter months. There is curling, swimming, baseball, golfing, martial arts, snowshoeing, volleyball and most everything else either at school and/or local club level. Truro has a humid continental climate similar to the vast majority of The Maritimes.
The highest temperature recorded in Truro was 35.6 °C on 19 August 1935 and 15 August 1944. The coldest temperature recorded was −38.3 °C on 22 January 1934. In the
Nova Scotia Trunk 2
Trunk 2 is part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia's system of Trunk Highways. The route runs from Halifax to Fort Lawrence on the New Brunswick border; until the 1960s, Trunk 2 was the Halifax area's most important highway link to other provinces, was part of a longer Highway 2 which ended in Windsor, Ontario. The controlled access Highways 102 and 104 now carry most arterial traffic in the area, while Trunk 2 serves regional and local traffic; this highway forms part of the Glooscap Trail signed tourist route. Trunk 2 begins at intersection of Lady Hammond Road and Windsor Street on the Halifax Peninsula in the Halifax Regional Municipality; the route heads north, following the Bedford Highway, which runs along the western shore of the Bedford Basin, to the former town of Bedford. At the north end of Bedford, Trunk 2 takes the Rocky Lake Drive northeast to Waverley where it turns north along the eastern shore of Lake Thomas, it passes through Fall River and continues along the eastern shore of Fletchers Lake as it passes through Fletchers Lake.
It continues along the eastern shore of Shubenacadie Grand Lake and passes through Wellington Station, Grand Lake Station and Oakfield before turning northeast to enter the Shubenacadie Valley. It enters Hants County at Enfield; the highway follows the west side of the Shubenacadie Valley through Elmsdale and Milford Station to the village of Shubenacadie where it crosses to the east bank of the Shubenacadie River and enters Colchester County. It climbs out of the Shubenacadie Valley and passes by the town of Stewiacke and the rural community of Brookfield, the suburb of Hilden and the Millbrook First Nation before entering the town of Truro. In Truro, Trunk 2 follows Willow Street and Prince Street West Juniper Street and Robie Street to the interchange with Highway 102 in Lower Truro. Trunk 2/4 follows Highway 102 for 1 kilometre to the north, crossing the Salmon River between exits 14 and 14A to Onslow and continues as a local road heading west from Onslow along the north shore of Cobequid Bay through Masstown and Glenholme, where Trunk 2 and 4 separate.
From Glenholme, Trunk 2 continues west along the north shore of the Minas Basin through Great Village, Bass River and Five Islands forming parts of the Glooscap Trail and Fundy Shore Ecotour. At the town of Parrsboro, Trunk 2 turns north through the Cobequid Hills to Newville Lake before turning northeast to reach the Southampton River, which Trunk 2 follows to the town of Springhill. Trunk 2 turns northwest from Springhill and runs a further 30 km to the town of Amherst which it passes through until it reaches the rural community of Fort Lawrence on the interprovincial boundary with New Brunswick; the section of Trunk 2 between Springhill and Little Forks was once Trunk 26 prior to 1938. Trunk 26 turns left on Little Forks Rd and ends in Athol. At this time, Trunk 2 took a more westerly route, running through Nappan; this old alignment of Trunk 2 is Collector Highway 302. Before the 1960s, Trunk 4 was co-signed with Trunk 2 from Amherst to Springhill. Map of Nova Scotia