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Robin Cook (American novelist)

Robert Brian "Robin" Cook is an American physician and novelist who writes about medicine and topics affecting public health. He is best known for combining medical writing with the thriller genre. Many of his books have been bestsellers on The New York Times Best Seller List. Several of his books have been featured in Reader's Digest, his books have sold nearly 400 million copies worldwide. Cook grew up in Queens, New York City, moved to Leonia, New Jersey, when he was eight, where he could first have the "luxury" of having his own room, he graduated from Wesleyan University and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, finished his postgraduate medical training at Harvard. Cook ran the Cousteau Society's blood-gas lab in the south of France, he became an aquanaut with the U. S. Navy's SEALAB program when he was drafted in 1969. Cook served in the Navy from 1969 to 1971, he wrote Year of the Intern, while serving on the Polaris submarine USS Kamehameha. The Year of the Intern was a failure.

He said, "I studied. I came up with a list of techniques, and I used every one of them in Coma." He conceived the idea for Coma, about a shortage of transplant organs, in 1975. In March 1977, that novel's paperback rights sold for $800,000, it was followed by the Egyptology thriller Sphinx in 1979 and another medical thriller, Brain, in 1981. Cook decided he preferred writing over a career in medicine. Cook's novels combine medical fact with fantasy, his medical thrillers are designed, in part, to keep the public aware of both the technological possibilities of modern medicine and the ensuing socio-ethical problems which come along with it. Cook says he chose to write thrillers because the forum gives him "an opportunity to get the public interested in things about medicine that they didn't seem to know about. I believe my books are teaching people."The author admits he never thought that he would have such compelling material to work with when he began writing fiction in 1970. "If I tried to be the writer I am today a number of years ago, I wouldn't have much to write about.

But today, with the pace of change in biomedical research, there are any number of different issues, new ones to come," he says. Cook's novels have anticipated national controversy. In an interview with Stephen McDonald about the novel Shock, Cook admitted the book's timing was fortuitous: I suppose that you could say that it's the most like Coma in fact that it deals with an issue that everybody seems to be concerned about. I wrote this book to address the stem cell issue, which the public doesn't know anything about. Besides entertaining readers, my main goal is to get people interested in some of these issues, because it's the public that should be able to decide which way we ought to go in something as ethically questioning as stem cell research. To date, Cook has explored issues such as organ donation, fertility treatment, genetic engineering, in vitro fertilization, research funding, managed care, medical malpractice, medical tourism, drug research, organ transplantation. I joke that if my books stop selling, I can always fall back on brain surgery," he says.

"But I am still interested in it. If I had to do it over again, I would still study medicine. I think of myself more as a doctor who writes, rather than a writer who happens to be a doctor." He explained the popularity of his works thus: "The main reason is, we all realize we are at risk. We're all going to be patients sometime," he says. "You can write about great white sharks or haunted houses, you can say I'm not going into the ocean or I'm not going in haunted houses, but you can't say you're not going to go into a hospital. Many of his novels revolve around hospitals in Boston, which may have to do with the fact that he underwent his post-graduate training at Harvard and has a residence in Boston, or in New York. Year of the Intern, ISBN 978-0-451-16555-8 Coma, ISBN 978-0-451-20739-5 Sphinx, ISBN 978-0-451-15949-6 Brain, ISBN 978-0-399-12563-8 Fever, ISBN 978-0-425-17420-3 Godplayer, ISBN 978-0-425-17638-2 Mindbend, ISBN 978-0-451-14108-8 Outbreak, ISBN 978-0-425-10687-7 Mortal Fear, ISBN 978-0-425-11388-2 Mutation, ISBN 978-0-425-11965-5 Harmful Intent, ISBN 978-0-425-12546-5 Vital Signs, ISBN 978-0-425-13176-3 Terminal, ISBN 978-0-425-15506-6 Fatal Cure, ISBN 978-0-425-14563-0 Acceptable Risk, ISBN 978-0-425-15186-0 Invasion, ISBN 978-0-425-21957-7 Toxin, ISBN 978-0-425-16661-1 Abduction, ISBN 978-0-425-17736-5 Shock, ISBN 978-0-425-18286-4 Seizure, ISBN 978-0-425-19794-3 Death Benefit, ISBN 978-0-425-25036-5 Nano, ISBN 978-0-425-26134-7 Cell, ISBN 978-0-399-16630-3 Host, ISBN 978-0-399-17214-4 Charlatans, ISBN 978-0735212480 Jack Stapleton and Laurie Montgomery seriesBlindsight, ISBN 978-0-425-13619-5 Contagion, ISBN 978-0-425-15594-3 Chromosome 6, ISBN 978-0-425-16124-1 Vector, ISBN 978-0-425-17299-5 Marker, ISBN 978-0-425-20734-5 Crisis, ISBN 978-0-425-21657-6 Critical, ISBN 978-0-425-22288-1 Foreign Body, ISBN 978-0-425-22895-1 Intervention, ISBN 978-0-425-23538-6 Cure, ISBN 978-0-425-24260-5 Pandemic, ISBN 978-0-525-53534-8 Genesis, ISBN 978-0-525-54215-5 Coma has been adapted for both film and television: Coma, a feature film directed by author/doctor Michael Crichton and produced by Martin Erlichmann for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Coma

Lester D. Mallory

Lester DeWitt Mallory was an American diplomat. Mallory was born in Maine, he received a bachelor of science in agriculture in 1927 and a master of science in agriculture degree in 1929 from the University of British Columbia. Mallory earned a Ph. D. in agricultural economics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1935. The son of Enrique and May Mallory, Mallory spent his early years in Oregon and British Columbia, attended Naramota and Oak Bay High Schools in British Columbia from 1919 to 1922. From 1927 to 1928 Mallory was an assistant in horticulture at the University of British Columbia, in 1929 worked as secretary of the British Columbia Fruit Growers. Mallory began working for the United States federal government in 1931 for the Department of Agriculture as assistant agricultural commissioner in Marseille, to which position he was appointed June 15, 1931. Mallory was selected for this position on the basis of his expertise in analysis of horticultural products. From July 1933 to August 1934 Mallory was assigned to Washington as an associate agricultural economist in the Agricultural Adjustment Administration of USDA, working on farm credit issues.

In August 1934 he was assigned to Paris as assistant agricultural attaché. Effective June 2, 1938, he was designated acting agricultural attaché, as of June 1, 1939, he was appointed agricultural attaché at Paris. Mallory was evacuated to the United States with the outbreak of World War II in September 1939 and reassigned as the first U. S. agricultural attaché in Mexico City. At that time he was commissioned a Foreign Service Officer in the Department of State, as the Foreign Agricultural Service was abolished and agricultural attachés were transferred from USDA to State in that year. Mallory subsequently served in liberated Paris, from Christmas Eve 1944 until mid-1945. During his tour of duty in Paris, Mallory was granted permission by the Department of State to marry a foreign national, Eleanor Mercedes Struck y Bulnes, whom he had met in Mexico City, he returned to the U. S. where he was liaison officer between USDA's Office of Foreign Agricultural Relations and the U. S. Department of State.

Mallory was assigned to Havana as counselor of embassy in 1947 and in 1949 to Buenos Aires in the same capacity. On August 23, 1950, President Truman appointed Mallory to the personal rank of Minister. Mallory served as Ambassador to Jordan from 1953 to 1958 and to Guatemala in 1958 and 1959. During his tour of duty in Jordan, on July 20, 1955, Mallory was promoted to the then-highest Foreign Service rank, Career Minister. Mallory was a Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs in 1960 and retired from the State Department on October 31 of that year. Mallory joined the Inter-American Development Bank, working in Washington, D. C. Costa Rica, Panama, helped establish the anthropology department at the University of Guadalajara, Mexico. In 1961 the Guatemalan government presented him with the Order of the Quetzal, he lived in Lake Forest and died following a heart attack at Saddleback Hospital in Laguna Hills, California. The conference room of the Foreign Agricultural Service's office in the U.

S. Embassy in Mexico City is named in his honor, his oral history interview was published by the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training. As Deputy Assistant Secretary, he wrote an internal memo on April 6, 1960 to initiate the embargo against Cuba. Mallory proposed starving Cuba denying money and supplies to Cuba, decreasing their wages, bringing about hunger and desperation; that year, the Eisenhower administration instituted the embargo. In a memorandum, declassified in 1991, Mallory wrote "Most Cubans support Castro…There is no effective political opposition; the only possible way to make the government lose domestic support is by provoking disappointment and discouragement through economic dissatisfaction and hardships every possible means should be used to weaken the economic life denying Cuba funds and supplies to reduce nominal and real salaries with the objective of provoking hunger and the overthrow of the government". This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Archives and Records Administration.

"Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training Oral Histories". Retrieved 2009-03-23. "Direct Link to Oral History of Lester D. Mallory". Retrieved 2016-09-06. "Lester Mallory, 90, Former U. S. Envoy". New York Times. July 2, 1994. Lester D. Mallory at Find a Grave

Tree Council of Ireland

The Tree Council of Ireland is a voluntary non-governmental organisation. It was formed in 1985 as an umbrella body for organisations involved in the planting and conservation of trees in Ireland, through the promotion of a culture among Irish people, its mission statement is to "Foster a tree culture in Ireland through action and awareness" Its objectives are threefold: to educate the public about trees, to facilitate networking among members, to be a representative voice for tree culture and tree promotion. Its main activities are the organisation of the annual National Tree Week in March and Tetra Pak Tree Day in October; the Tree Register of Ireland is a database of Irish trees containing over 10,000 entries. Its compilation was initiated in 1999 by the Tree Council of the Irish Tree Society, it contains various details on select trees including their height and location. It was compiled on a Geographic Information System; the Tree Register may be viewed at the National Botanic Gardens. The Heritage Tree Register of Ireland is an extension of the Tree Register of Ireland.

It is funded by the Irish Heritage Council, the Tree Council of Ireland, the Irish Tree Society and Crann. To qualify for inclusion on the registry a tree must be considered to be of biological, ecological or historical interest because of its age, size or condition; the Heritage Tree Register may be viewed at online. The Tree Council of Ireland's homepage

Lovers and Friends

Lovers and Friends is an American soap opera that aired on NBC from January 3 to May 6, 1977. When the show didn't catch on NBC put the show on hiatus for seven months, brought it back as a retooled show, For Richer, For Poorer; the second version aired from December 6, 1977, to September 29, 1978. The show was created by Harding Lemay and Paul Rauch, who were both working for the daytime drama Another World. Lovers and Friends was considered to be an indirect spin-off of the former series, took the place of a direct spin-off on the NBC schedule upon its premiere; the show was set in the fictional Chicago suburb of Point Clair and focused on the trials and tribulations of two neighboring families, the wealthy Cushings and the more middle class Saxtons. Point Clair was a wealthy suburb modeled after the real life community of Lake Forest, the wealthiest of the North Shore suburbs in the Chicago Metropolitan area; the Cushings were Richard Cushing, a successful stockbroker who owned a brokerage house called Cushing and Sons, who had an affair with his secretary, Barbara Manners.

She was engaged to him, because she felt, what was prudent for her upbringing and she feared defying her mother. Living with and offering some sage, down-to-earth advice and a touch of humor to the stuffy Cushing home was Edith's mother, Sophia Slocum, it was Sophia, who wasn't constrained by wealth or societal pretensions, who counseled Megan to look into her heart and to marry for love, not for money or societal propriety, the way she and Edith had. These words of advice from Sophia helped Megan to break off her unhappy engagement; the Cushing's new neighbors were the Saxtons. The father, Lester was a former factory worker and alcoholic, who had acquired a higher paying job as a warehouse supervisor, thanks to the help of his married daughter, Eleanor Kimball and her husband, wealthy attorney, George Kimball, which allowed them to purchase the house next door to the Cushings in Point Clair, he was married to the compassionate Josie and was the father of four other children, besides Eleanor, the oldest daughter.

Rhett, the oldest son, a professional photographer, engaged to longtime girlfriend, Connie Ferguson until he fell in love with his neighbor Megan Cushing. Both Bentley and Tessa, who were in high school, felt out of place in wealthy Point Clair, longed to return to Hammond, their former neighborhood in Chicago. In fact, of the siblings, Rhett and Ellie were all in approval of the move. Living with the Saxtons was their cousin Amy Gifford, who had fallen in love with Austin Cushing; the Saxtons had moved to Point Clair on the same day that Edith had thrown an engagement party for Megan and Desmond. She was appalled at the fact that a new family had moved into the house that the Brewsters once owned, she was upset at Viola for selling it to the Saxtons in the first place, she made it her mission to keep the lower-class Saxtons out of her family, but her efforts were for naught. The only member of the Cushings, at first, who made them feel welcome, was Sophia, a lot more friendly than her snobbish daughter was.

After an initial bad impression and Megan became more friendly with their new neighbors and would spend more time at their house, because they felt more at ease with the Saxtons than at their own home. Sophia, who herself became a frequent visitor to the Saxton home and became friendly with all of them, became a grandmotherly figure to the youngest Saxton daughter, Tessa. Alcoholic Austin turned to his next-door neighbor, Lester Saxton, through the same situations that Austin was going through, for guidance. Richard had wanted Austin to go into a wealthy sanitarium to dry out, but he impressed his father by taking responsibility for his actions and remained in town to deal with his troubles, being helped along by Lester and Amy, who became his support system; this allowed Richard to become a lot more friendly with the Saxtons, although he knew that would anger his wife, Edith. Both families were astonished though, when Megan announced their engagement; the only one, besides Rhett and Megan, happy about the engagement was Sophia, enthused that Megan had followed her advice and fell for someone she loved and not married for money or society's approval.

When the show was retooled into For Richer, For Poorer, several major changes

Ángel María de Rosa

Ángel María de Rosa was an Argentine sculptor and philanthropist. Ángel María de Rosa was born in Junín, a pampas city in northern Buenos Aires Province, in 1888. His parents Vicente De Rosa and Maria Pernicola were Italian immigrants, he enrolled in the Society for the Stimulus of Fine Arts, in Buenos Aires, while in his teens, transferred to the Bon Marché Arts Academy, where his teachers were renowned local painters Ernesto de la Cárcova and Pío Collivadino. His training took him to Italy, where he studied in the Florentine Academy, until 1903, in the Institute of Fine Arts in Rome. Graduating in 1913, he received a First Prize from the Italian Ministry of Education before returning to Argentina, his work, La Visionaria, earned him the same recognition at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, in 1915. In 1920 he married Franca Pacini in Rome with. De Rosa and Pacini divorced in 1938, he exhibited his plaster and bronze sculptures in 1928 in both Rome and New York City, at the latter event, he sponsored fellow Argentine artist Benito Quinquela Martín, a landscape painter who would create Buenos Aires' well-known Caminito.

His 1943 gift of most of his own works, as well as of much of the art he had collected in Europe to his native Junín resulted in the 1944 creation of the Junín Municipal Museum of Fine Arts. Lacking its own facilities, the museum relocated to a series of temporary locations and was maintained by de Rosa and a fellow sculptor, Juan Donato Comuni. Comuni's death in 1962, was followed by de Rosa's own in 1970, at age 82; the museum languished after his death, though the city's allocation of an ornate, former market hall led to its re-establishment as the Ángel María de Rosa Municipal Museum of Art, in 1978

Giorgio Garuzzo

Giorgio Garuzzo, born in 1938 in Paesana, a small village in the Piedmont Alps near Cuneo, is an Italian electronics engineer and industrialist, who took a central part in some of the most important developments in Italian industry in the past 50 years. The Istituto Garuzzo per le Arti Visive is a non-profit organisation, established in 2005, funded and managed by his family with the object of supporting contemporary art and to help young emerging Italian artists to become known in the international arena. Garuzzo received a degree in Electronic Engineering after following the first graduation course in the than new discipline at the Politecnico di Torino in November 1961, joined the Laboratorio di Ricerche Elettroniche Olivetti in Borgolombardo, near Milan, where a host of researchers and engineers were developing the first family of Italian mainframe computers, a business idea of the visionary entrepreneur Adriano Olivetti, he worked on the Olivetti Elea 9003 and 6001 computers that allowed the first approach to informatics of more than 100 Italian large companies.

When Olivetti was forced by supporting financial institutions to sell its electronic division to General Electric, Giorgio Garuzzo followed, working at Pregnana Milanese laboratories of General Electric Information System Italia as chief of the engineering planning department on the new computer generations GE115 and GE130, to be sold in some 5.000 units across the world. In 1973 Garuzzo joined Gilardini, a listed holding company managed by a maverick entrepreneur, Carlo De Benedetti, who Gianni Agnelli, the charismatic Fiat chairman and unexpectedly hired in 1976 as “amministratore delegato” of the Fiat group, the largest Italian private enterprise that employed at the time more than 300.000 people. When De Benedetti stayed in Fiat a mere 100 days, Giorgio Garuzzo, who had followed him as his personal advisor, remained 20 years, orchestrating some of the most important achievements of the Group in the period. In a book published in 2006 he describes the events and realisations of his Fiat experience, in the context of the Italian social and economical environment of the period 1976-1996.

In 1977 he promoted the merging of seven machine tools firms to create Comau SpA, a company specialized in welding equipment, whose “robogate” computerized and flexible manufacturing system was to be used since the ‘80s to assemble cars by many makes all over the world. Between 1979 and 1984, heading the Fiat Component Sector, Giorgio Garuzzo re-organized and managed more than 50 companies in the field of components for automotive and industrial applications, including promoting the development of the multi-point electronic controlled gasoline fuel injection system of Magneti Marelli SpA, a product which substituted the Weber carburators, successful in the past, but were becoming obsolete because less apt to fuel saving and emission control. From 1984, as C. E. O, he managed the return to profitability of Iveco SA, the manufacturer of commercial vehicles and heavy trucks, developed it with the acquisition and incorporation of Ford Truck and Seddon Atkinson in the UK, Pegaso in Spain, Ashok Leyland and Astra in Italy.

The technology transfer and the joint venture for the production of diesel engines and the Iveco Daily light commercial vehicle that he signed in 1985 with the Nanjing Automobile Corporation was one of the first initiatives to be started under the new course of China towards a market economy inaugurated by Deng Xiaoping in the early ‘80s. The same year he signed a consortium with Oto Melara for the development of C1 Ariete battle tank and the B1 Centauro wheeled tank destroyer, he guided the program to re-design the full product range of Iveco products: vehicles from 3 tonne weight up to the 56 tonne maxi-code vehicle, engines from 56 to 1250 HP. The R&D effort and the rationalisation of 22 plants in 5 countries of Europe was a major task that took five years to complete and cost more than 5 trillion Italian lire. Given the full range of product offer, Iveco became one of the two leaders of the European market, with 22% of market share in 1990. In 1989, Garuzzo negotiated the acquisition of Ford New Holland, which had resulted from an earlier merging of Ford Tractor and New Holland Agriculture, a world leader in agricultural machinery.

The integration with Fiat Geotech, led to the creation of a world leader under the simplified logo New Holland. In 1991, a year of deep crisis for the car sector Fiat Automobile, he was nominated chief operating officer of the Fiat group and chairman of Fiat Auto SpA, IVECO N. V. and New Holland N. V, he was one of the founding members of ACEA, the European Automobile Manufacturers Association, which he chaired in 1994 and 1995. In 1993, he was questioned by prosecutor Antonio Di Pietro in connection with the investigation called “Tangentopoli” or “Mani Pulite” with allegations of some bribery for the sale of buses by an Iveco dealer to the Milan communality, but he suffered no adverse judiciary consequences, he was forced to leave Fiat in 1996, when the Group had recovered from the bottom of the crisis, after a disagreement with the incumbent Fiat C. E. O. Cesare Romiti, in whose regard he declared to hold "a different approach to life and business" After working ten years in the private equity industry, in 2007 Garuzzo co-founded Mid Industry Capital, a holding company listed at the Milan Stock Exchange with