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Robin Milner

Arthur John Robin Gorell Milner, known as Robin Milner or A. J. R. G. Milner, was a British computer scientist, a Turing Award winner. Milner was born in Yealmpton, near Plymouth, England into a military family, he was awarded a scholarship to Eton College in 1947, subsequently served in the Royal Engineers, attaining the rank of Second Lieutenant. He enrolled at King's College, graduating in 1957. Milner first worked as a schoolteacher as a programmer at Ferranti, before entering academia at City University, London Swansea University, Stanford University, from 1973 at the University of Edinburgh, where he was a co-founder of the Laboratory for Foundations of Computer Science, he returned to Cambridge as the head of the Computer Laboratory in 1995 from which he stepped down, although he was still at the laboratory. From 2009, Milner was a Scottish Informatics & Computer Science Alliance Advanced Research Fellow and held the Chair of Computer Science at the University of Edinburgh. Milner died of a heart attack on 20 March 2010 in Cambridge.

His wife, died shortly before him. Milner is regarded as having made three major contributions to computer science, he developed Logic for one of the first tools for automated theorem proving. The language he developed for LCF, ML, was the first language with polymorphic type inference and type-safe exception handling. In a different area, Milner developed a theoretical framework for analyzing concurrent systems, the calculus of communicating systems, its successor, the π-calculus. At the time of his death, he was working on bigraphs, a formalism for ubiquitous computing subsuming CCS and the π-calculus, he is credited for rediscovering the Hindley–Milner type system. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society in 1988. Milner received the ACM Turing Award in 1991. In 1994 he was inducted as a Fellow of the ACM. In 2004, the Royal Society of Edinburgh awarded Milner with a Royal Medal for his "bringing about public benefits on a global scale".

In 2008, he was elected a Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Engineering for "fundamental contributions to computer science, including the development of LCF, ML, CCS, the π-calculus." A Calculus of Communicating Systems, Robin Milner. Springer-Verlag, 1980. ISBN 3-540-10235-3 Communication and Concurrency, Robin Milner. Prentice Hall International Series in Computer Science, 1989. ISBN 0-13-115007-3 The Definition of Standard ML, Robin Milner, Mads Tofte, Robert Harper, MIT Press 1990 Commentary on Standard ML, Robin Milner, Mads Tofte, MIT Press 1991. ISBN 0-262-63137-7 The Definition of Standard ML, Robin Milner, Mads Tofte, Robert Harper, David MacQueen, MIT Press 1997. ISBN 0-262-63181-4 Communicating and Mobile Systems: the π-Calculus, Robin Milner. Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-521-65869-1 The Space and Motion of Communicating Agents, Robin Milner, Cambridge University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-521-73833-0See also: Publications by Robin Milner in DBLP An interview with Robin Milner, January 2010.

Proof and Interaction: Essays in Honour of Robin Milner, edited by Gordon Plotkin, Colin Stirling and Mads Tofte. The MIT Press, 2000. ISBN 0-262-16188-5; the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Royal Gold Medals for Outstanding Achievement. Http:// A brief biography of and speech by Robin Milner A Brief Scientific Biography of Robin Milner Address in Bologna, a short address by Milner on receiving Laurea Honoris Causa in Computer Science from the University of Bologna, summarising some of his main works, 9 July 1997 Is informatics a science?, conference at ENS, 10 December 2007

Pittsburg High School (California)

Pittsburg High School in Pittsburg, Contra Costa County, United States, is a suburban school serving Pittsburg. It has been in operation since 1924. Over 3,000 students attend the school, it is a part of the Pittsburg Unified School District. Pittsburg High School teaches grades 9–12. Lionel Aldridge, NFL defensive end with the Green Bay Packers and San Diego Chargers Eddie Hart, Olympic gold medalist in 4 × 100 m relay at the 1972 Summer Olympics Shaunard Harts, Kansas City Chiefs The Jacka, Bay Area hip hop artist John Henry Johnson, NFL fullback.

Nikkole Salter

Nikkole Salter is an American actress and advocate known for her work on the Obie Award-winning and Pulitzer Prize nominated play In the Continuum. Salter co-wrote and co-starred in In the Continuum with Danai Gurira; the success of In the Continuum prompted Salter to co-launch The Continuum Project with Glenn Gordon NSangou. The Continuum Project is a non-profit organization that "provides innovative cultural programming for the unification and empowerment of the global African Diaspora." As a playwright, Salter has written seven full-length plays. Salter's plays have been produced Off-Broadway and in five countries around the world; as an actress, Salter has performed Off-Broadway and at many regional theaters including Arena Stage, Huntington Theater, Berkley Repertory Theater, the Shakespeare Theater Company. Salter was started acting around the time she was 8 years old, she discovered her talent for writing. Salter graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts. Salter continued her theater education at New York University's Graduate Acting Program, where she graduated with a Master in Fine Arts.

Salter co-wrote In the Continuum with Danai Gurira in February 2004 as part of New York University's FREEPLAY program. Both Salter and Gurira were third year students in NYU's Graduate Acting Program when they created In the Continuum. In the Continuum is a play about the parallel experiences of an African Woman and an African American woman who are diagnosed with HIV/Aids. Gurira and Salter developed In the Continuum because "with black woman being the population with the highest rate of new infections both in the US and Africa- the co-creators of this piece... felt the need to have a story told from the black woman’s perspective. The original production was performed with only two actors and a minimal set consisting of two chairs. In the Continuum was workshopped at the Mud/Bone Theater Collective and the Ojai Playwright's Festival in 2004. On September 11, 2005, In the Continuum premiered at Primary Stages in New York City; the premiere production was directed by Robert O'Hara and featured Salter and Danai Gurira as the original cast members.

In November 2005, the production, including the original cast, was transferred to the Off-Broadway Perry Street Theatre. After a five-month Off- Broadway run, the original cast toured with the production nationally to Woolly Mammoth Theatre Company in Washington D. C; the original production toured internationally to Harare International Festival of the Arts in Harare, Zimbabwe. Carnaval is a play written by Salter that focuses on three men who embark on a sex tourism trip to Brazil Carnaval is performed by three African American male actors and explores the characters' motivations behind their decisions to participate in sex tourism. Salter first got the idea for Carnaval when she read an Essence Magazine article that connected sex tourism in Brazil to African American male tourists; the premiere production was directed by Cheryl Katz and was performed at Luna Stage from January 31, 2013, to March 17, 2013. Less than a year the production was remounted in New York City at Dr. Barbara Ann Teer's National Black Theatre.

The New York City production was directed by Awoye Timpo and ran from October 21, 2014, to November 16, 2014. After the success of In the Continuum, Salter partnered with Glenn Gordon Nsangou, a playwright with performance and teaching experience, to co-found the Continuum Project; the Continuum Project is a non profit organization that "provides innovative cultural programming for the enchantment and empowerment of the global African Diaspora. "The Continuum Project launched its first initiative, The Legacy Program: Residency, in 2009. The Residency initiative was brought about through a partnership with African Ancestry and Piper Theatre Production; the Residency initiative gives theater teachers residencies in Public Schools in New York. In 2010, the Continuum Project launched The Legacy Program: Reflection; the Reflection initiative commissions original plays from teachers who participate in the Residency initiative. The teachers are encouraged to write plays based on their experiences working with the public school children.

In addition to her work with The Continuum Project, Salter is an active advocate within the theater community. She is a member of the Board of Directors for the Theater Communications Group which "exists to strengthen and promote the professional not-for-profit American theatre." Salter is on the Council of The Dramatists Guild of America which "advances the interests of playwrights, composers and librettists writing for the living stage."Salter's advocacy work includes original theater pieces. Salter wrote Unknown Thousands as part of Every 28 Hours Plays, a "project that consists of over seventy short plays that reflect the current civil rights movement, tools to help your community address those issues." Salter wrote Peace Officer Privilege and Mahagony Corpo for UNTAMED: Hair, Attitude, a collection of "short plays that collectively dig deeper into the national conversation around Black womanhood and social perceptions of Black femininity." For her work as co-author of In the Continuum, Sa


A secutor was a class of gladiator in ancient Rome. Thought to have originated around 50 AD, the secutor was armed to the Murmillo gladiator and like the Murmillo, was protected by a heavy shield. A secutor carried a short sword, a gladius, or a dagger; the secutor was specially trained to fight a retiarius, a type of armoured gladiator armed with a trident and net. The secutor wore a subligaculum, a balteus. On his right arm, he wore a manica, on his left leg, he wore an ocrea, he carried a scutum to protect himself. The distinctive helmet of the secutor had only two small eye-holes, in order to prevent a retiarius' trident from being thrust through the face, as well as a rounded top, so as not to get caught in a net; the flanges protecting his neck were shaped like fish fins for this purpose. Because of the weight and lack of space in the helmet, the secutor had to win lest he fall to exhaustion or faint due to breath constrictions and heavy armor; the secutor was specially trained to fight a retiarius, a type of armoured gladiator armed with a trident and net.

This matchup was popular, as it pitted the secutor's heavy armor against the lightweight retiarius. On account of his heavy armor, a secutor was prone to exhaustion during longer matches, thus relied on concluding the battle to gain victory; the retiarius was equipped in order to evade the secutor's attacks, attempting to exhaust the secutor. The match-up dramatized an encounter between the "fisherman" and a "fish"; the retiarius used his net to catch the secutor, equipped with fish-themed armor bearing scaly patterns and smooth contours. Isidore of Seville noted an association between the retiarius with Neptune, the god of water, the secutor with Vulcan, the god of fire, he reasons that this is because fire is a pursuer, fire and water are always at odds. A Syrian, he died at the age of 30, after having fought 34 times—winning 21, drawing 9, needing missio only four times. Four times, Flamma received the highest reward, a rudi, which came with the opportunity to stop being a gladiator; each time he refused the offer, continued his career.

Roman Emperor Commodus fought as a secutor. His victories were welcomed by his bested opponents, as bearing scars dealt by the hand of an Emperor were considered a mark of fortitude. Commodus' opponents always surrendered. Commodus never killed his gladiatorial adversaries. Commodus' time as a gladiator was not well received by the Roman public. According to Herodian, spectators of Commodus thought it unbecoming of an emperor to take up arms in the amphitheater for sport when he could be campaigning against barbarians among other opponents of Rome; the consensus was. After Commodus' death in 192 AD, the Roman Senate imposed damnatio memoriae upon Commodus; as a result of his damnation, according to Cassius Dio, the Roman public no longer referred to Commodus by his name or as Emperor after his death. Instead, he was referred to as'the gladiator' or'the charioteer' as a means to demean his name. Lockyer, Adam. "Foreign intervention and warfare in civil wars". Review of International Studies. 37: 2337–2364.

Doi:10.1017/S0260210510001488. JSTOR 41308459. James Grout: Secutor, part of the Encyclopædia Romana Adam Lockyer PBS. ORG's Secutor Profile AncientHistory. About. Com's Gladiator Profiles

List of GMC vehicles

The American automobile manufacturer GM has sold a number of trucks and SUVs under its marque GMC, which began being applied in 1911. The vast majority of GMC vehicles are based upon the same platforms as, or rebadged from, vehicles sold in the Chevrolet division of GM. C/E Series "New Design" Series "Blue Chip" Series C/K Series Sprint Caballero S-15 Sonoma Syclone L-Series C-Series Forward W-Series T-Series TopKick 7500 9500 Astro General Brigadier Handi-Van Handi-Bus Rally Vandura Safari P-Series "Old Look" "New Look" RTS Classic B-Series S-Series Suburban Jimmy S-15 Jimmy Tracker Typhoon Envoy Chevette CCKW AFKWX DUKW 1950 Futurliner 1954 XP-21 Firebird I 1955 LaSalle II Roadster 1955 LaSalle II Sedan 1956 Firebird II 1959 Firebird III 1966 Electrovan Experimental 1970 Urban Concept 1992 Ultralite Experimental 1992 Impact Concept 2000 Terradyne 2001 Terracross 2002 Terra 4 2002 Hy-Wire 2002 Autonomy Concept 2005 Sequel 2005 Graphyte 2006 PAD 2008 Denali XT 2010 Granite 2010 Granite CPU GMC General Motors Chevrolet Badge engineering

Insula (Roman city)

The Latin word insula was used in Roman cities to mean either a city block in a city plan, i.e. a building area surrounded by four streets, or a type of apartment building that occupied such a city block.. A standard Roman city plan was based on a grid of orthogonal streets, it was founded on the ancient Greek model of Hippodamus and was used when new cities were established, e.g. in Roman coloniae. The streets of each city were designated the Cardo; the principal streets, the Decumanus Maximus and Cardo Maximus intersected at, or close to, the forum around which the most important public buildings were sited. The Insula IX Excavation: Pompeii Insula 9: