St. Cloud State University
St. Cloud State University is a public university founded in 1869 above the Beaver Islands on the Mississippi River in St. Cloud, United States; the university is one of the largest schools in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system, the largest provider of higher education in Minnesota. A regional comprehensive university, SCSU has nearly 110,000 alumni. St. Cloud State opened its doors under the name Third State Normal School; the school was one building, the Stearns House, a renovated hotel purchased by the state Legislature for $3,000. Classrooms were on the first floor, the model school was on the second floor and a women's dormitory was housed on the third floor; the five-member faculty was headed by Principal Ira Moore. Of the 53 original students, 43 were women; as the number of female students increased, Stearns House was transformed into a women's dormitory in 1874. In 1898, the school began offering a junior college curriculum. In 1914, the school dropped its secondary education program.
The Legislature authorized a name change in 1921 to St. Cloud State Teachers College. In 1957, the word "Teachers" was deleted; the first bachelor's degrees were awarded in 1925. Master's degree programs were first offered in 1953. In 1975, St. Cloud State became a university, comprising a graduate school; the Herberger Business School is one of only six nationally accredited business schools in Minnesota. Six bachelor's degree programs in the College of Science and Engineering are accredited through the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc. In 1987, men's hockey became an NCAA Division I program. Two years the team moved into a new two-rink arena called the National Hockey Center; the building, now called the Herb Brooks National Hockey Center, is undergoing a $30 million expansion and renovation. Applied doctoral degrees were first offered in 2007. Students can pursue an Ed. D. in Higher Education Administration or Educational Administration and Leadership. In 2010, the university teamed with the private sector to build a welcome center and student-housing complex at Coborn Plaza, adjacent to campus.
The university leases Coborn Plaza Apartments. The Integrated Science and Engineering Laboratory Facility, which broke ground in October 2011, went into service in fall 2013. ISELF is the final project of St. Cloud State's three-part Science Initiative; the $14.5 million addition to the Wick Science Building was completed in January 2009. The $15 million renovation of Brown Hall was finished in December 2009. St. Cloud Normal School 1869–1921 St. Cloud State Teachers College 1921–1957 St. Cloud State College 1957–1975 St. Cloud State University 1975–present Students can choose from more than 200 majors and pre-professional programs in six colleges and schools. Undergraduate programs of note include accounting, land surveying and mapping sciences and meteorology. SCSU offers 32 education-abroad programs, including a year-round program at Alnwick Castle in northern England. SCSU is the only Minnesota university that offers an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology accredited manufacturing engineering program.
It offers ABET-accredited electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and computer science programs. The Master of engineering management is the only Minnesota program certified by the American Society of Engineering Management; the School of Graduate Studies offers more than 60 graduate programs and certificates, including specialist, Master of Arts, Master of Business Administration, Master of Engineering Management, Master of Music and Master of Science. Ed. D. Doctoral degrees are offered in Higher Education Administration and Educational Administration and Leadership. Master's programs of note include Master of Business Administration, Regulatory Affairs & Services, Medical Technology Quality and Applied Clinical Research, they are among the programs offered at St. Cloud State at Plymouth in Plymouth, MN. St. Cloud State offers more than 200 undergraduate and more than 60 graduate programs of study through three colleges and five schools. On-campus students choose from among apartments.
Coborn Plaza Apartments, which can house 455 students, opened in 2010. Residence halls and apartments: A plan to revitalize student housing is under way. Shoemaker Hall was renovated in 2011 and 2014. A $12 million renovation of Case and Hill halls was completed in 2012. Benton Hall is still standing but does not house students. At the start of each academic year students are invited to "Mainstreet," a showcase for student organizations, campus services and community connections. Students are encouraged to participate in its more than 250 student organizations, including the Investment Club, which runs a student-managed investment portfolio. Students can join one of nine Greek houses; the newspaper, television station and radio station are among the most celebrated campus organizations. Their accomplished alumni include: Dick Bremer'78, television voice of the Minnesota Twins for more than three decades Jeff Passolt'81, Emmy-winning television sports and news anchor Tom Callinan'73, award-winning Gannett journalist and editor Tina Gust'97, vice president of business development, Minor League Baseball Clay Matvick'96, ABC and ESPN television play-by-play announcer Sven Sundgaard'02, Kare11 meteorologist Bryan Piatt'07, Kare11 anchorKVSC 88.1 FM is an educational public radio station licensed to SCSU.
The station started on May 10, 1967, expanded broadcasting times in September 1994. Among other things, KVSC is renowned for its 50-hour trivia c
A community college is a type of educational institution. The term can have different meanings in different countries: many community colleges have an “open enrollment” for students who have graduated from high school; the term refers to a higher educational institution that provides workforce education and college transfer academic programs. Some institutions maintain athletic dormitories similar to their university counterparts. In Australia, the term "community college" refers to small private businesses running short courses of a self-improvement or hobbyist nature. Equivalent to the American notion of community colleges are Tertiary and Further Education colleges or TAFEs. There are an increasing number of private providers, which are colloquially called "colleges". TAFEs and other providers carry on the tradition of adult education, established in Australia around the mid-19th century, when evening classes were held to help adults enhance their numeracy and literacy skills. Most Australian universities can be traced back to such forerunners, although obtaining a university charter has always changed their nature.
In TAFEs and colleges today, courses are designed for personal development of an individual and/or for employment outcomes. Educational programs cover a variety of topics such as arts, languages and lifestyle, they are scheduled to run two, three or four days of the week, depending on the level of the course undertaken. A Certificate I may only run for 4 hours twice a week for a term of 9 weeks. A full-time Diploma course might have classes 4 days per week for a year; some courses may be offered in the weekends to accommodate people working full-time. Funding for colleges may come from government grants and course fees. Many are not-for-profit organisations; such TAFES are located in metropolitan and rural locations of Australia. Education offered by TAFEs and colleges has changed over the years. By the 1980s many colleges had recognised a community need for computer training. Since thousands of people have increased skills through IT courses; the majority of colleges by the late 20th century had become Registered Training Organisations.
They offer individuals a nurturing, non-traditional education venue to gain skills that better prepare them for the workplace and potential job openings. TAFEs and colleges have not traditionally offered bachelor's degrees, instead providing pathway arrangements with universities to continue towards degrees; the American innovation of the associate degree is being developed at some institutions. Certificate courses I to IV, diplomas and advanced diplomas are offered, the latter deemed equivalent to an undergraduate qualification, albeit in more vocational areas; some TAFE institutes have become higher education providers in their own right and are now starting to offer bachelor's degree programs. In Canada, colleges are adult educational institutions that provide higher education and tertiary education, grant certificates and diplomas; as well, in Ontario, the 24 colleges of applied arts and technology have been mandated to offer their own stand-alone degrees as well as to offer joint degrees with universities through "articulation agreements" that result in students emerging with both a diploma and a degree.
Thus, for example, the University of Guelph "twins" with Humber College and York University does the same with Seneca College. More however, colleges have been offering a variety of their own degrees in business and technical fields; the academic and economic value of the college degree is still being tested in the marketplace. Each province has its own educational system, as prescribed by the Canadian federalism model of governance. In the mid-1960s and early 1970s, most Canadian colleges began to provide practical education and training for the emerging baby boom generation, for immigrants from around the world who were entering Canada in increasing numbers at that time. A formative trend was the merging of the separate vocational training and adult education institutions. Canadian colleges are either publicly funded or private post-secondary institutions. There are 150 institutions that are equivalent to the US community college in certain contexts, they are referred to as "colleges" since in common usage a degree-granting institution is exclusively a university.
In addition to graduate degrees, universities grant Associate's degrees and Bachelor's degrees, but in some regions and/or courses of study and universities collaborate so college students can earn transfer credits toward undergraduate university degrees. University degrees are attained through four years of study; the term associate degree is used in western Canada to refer to a two-year college arts or science degree, similar to how the term is used in the United States. In other parts of Canada the term advanced degree is used to indicate a 3- or 4-year college program. In the province of Quebec, three years is the norm for a university degree because a year of credit is earned in the CEGEP system; when speaking in English, people refer to all colleges as Cégeps, however the term is an acronym more applied to the French-language public system: Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel. The word College can refer to a private High School in Quebec. Canadian community college systemsList of colleges in Canada Colleges and Institutes Can
Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences
The Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences known as Mayo School of Health Sciences, is an accredited, nonprofit school of higher education specializing in allied health education. MCSHS operates within the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, the educational division of Mayo Clinic; as such, MCSHS is integrated with Mayo Clinic hospitals and clinics. More than 1800 students are enrolled in MCSHS annually; this includes 120 unique academic programs and clinical experiences in more than 55 different healthcare professions. MCSHS works in affiliation with many private universities. In this collaborative model, students complete liberal arts and basic science requirements at an affiliate, either concurrently or before enrolling in MCSHS; as such, MCSHS offers only the specialized curriculum that would complete a specified degree or program. MCSHS awards Doctor of Physical Therapy and Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice doctoral degrees. MCSHS does not award undergraduate degrees. However, the application of a collaborative model with private and public colleges and universities allows students to earn associate degrees, bachelor’s degrees, master's degrees in several professions, along with a certificate from MCSHS.
This collaborative model allows students to fulfill liberal arts and basic science prerequisites at affiliated schools prior to enrolling in professional courses at MCSHS. MCSHS provides educational programs that culminate in the student earning a certificate rather than a degree in entry-level health professions. In recent years, allied health education has trended toward residencies and fellowships for post professional students. In keeping with this trend, MCSHS offers a growing number of residency and fellowship programs in a variety of advanced practice professions, such as Nurse Practitioner, Physician Assistant, Physical Therapist, Occupational Therapist, Medical Physicist, Surgical First Assistant. Additionally, MCSHS offers a limited number of courses and programs for practicing professionals to enhance their clinical knowledge, similar to continuing education; the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission, with certain programs receiving accreditation from their specific professional organizations as shown below.
MCSHS is recognized in Minnesota by the Minnesota Office of Higher Education. The School is an active member of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions. Mayo Clinic was ranked the #1 hospital in the nation for 2017-2018 by U. S. News & World Report. In 2016, Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences was recognized by U. S. News & World Report for its Nurse Anesthesia and Physical Therapy programs, ranked 10th and 20th, respectively. Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences was founded in 1973 to provide essential education for a variety of clinical departments; the precursor to the school was the nurse anesthesia program. Mayo's first health sciences professional, Edith Graham Mayo, was trained as a nurse anesthetist in 1889. Today, this is the oldest continuously running nurse anesthesia program in the country. In 1906, Saint Mary’s Hospital Training School for Nurses was founded; the Colonial Hospital Training School for Nurses was established in 1918. While neither school exists today, Mayo Clinic offers many nursing education programs.
In 1936, the Mayo Physical Therapy Program was established, setting the standard for education in its field. Programs in clinical pastoral education and medical social service were created in order to address patient care needs. Between 1960 and 1980, healthcare underwent major transformations in clinical practice and technology, leading to the creation of Mayo Clinic programs in cytotechnology, nuclear medicine technology, occupational therapy, pharmacy services, recreational therapy, respiratory therapy and surgical technology. Between 1980 and 2000, changes in healthcare delivery led to new programs in medical laboratory technology, clinical neurophysiology, radiation therapy and diagnostic medical sonography; the Nurse Practitioner Program, offered in partnership with Winona State University, was launched in 1994. MCSHS marked its 25th anniversary in 1998 with the creation of the Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences Alumni Association. Mayo Clinic School of Health Sciences operates at the three campuses of Mayo Clinic, which are located in Rochester, MN.
Lake Superior College
Lake Superior College is a public community college in Duluth, Minnesota. The college offers pre-baccalaureate majors for students interested in transferring to 4-year educational institutions as well as more than 90 certificate and degree programs in career and technical fields. LSC's Continuing Education/Customized Training division collaborates with area businesses and industry to design specialized opportunities for entry-level and advanced education. While courses are offered in traditional classroom and lab settings, LSC offers over 150 courses via the internet, through its e-campus. Lake Superior College was created when the Duluth Technical College and Duluth Community College Center merged in 1995. At the time, Duluth Community College was housed in a wing of The Marshall School, Duluth Technical College was housed in LSC's current location; the community college programs were relocated on to the former Technical School campus, when it was expanded in 1996. Built in 1968, LSC's main campus is located on Trinity Road in Duluth on a 97-acre tract that overlooks the western portion of the Duluth/Superior harbor and the Saint Louis River.
The campus features an award-winning hiking trail, a trout stream and access to a city-run disc golf course. Facilities have been upgraded over the years. For example, in 2007 when the Academic and Student Services building was completed and an area of the campus was renovated to house a Student Life Center. On March 14, 2010, legislation approving funding for a new Health and Sciences Center addition was signed into law; the $12 million plus project broke ground June 11, 2010 and a grand opening was held on Friday, January 6, 2012. The building opened for classes on Monday, January 9. In addition to its main campus, LSC operates an Emergency Response Training Center on 105 acres in Gary/New Duluth and a Professional Pilot Training Center out of leased facilities at the Duluth International Airport. Lake Superior College opened a Duluth Downtown Center in August 2014 to house welding, computer-aided drafting, machining programs; this move increased the amount of teaching space in these fields from 3,000 square feet to 33,700 square feet and included new equipment for labs.
In September 2016, LSC opened a new Center for Advanced Aviation in Hangar 103 at the Duluth International Airport. LSC's aviation programs— professional pilot and aviation maintenance technician- are now under one roof; this 40,000-square-foot facility was remodeled to serve FAA teaching requirements. Lake Superior College is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. In 2008 and 2009, Lake Superior College was ranked among the nation’s most technically advanced community colleges, according to an annual survey conducted by the Center for Digital Education and Converge magazine, LSC was ranked tenth in 2008 and seventh in 2009 among the medium-sized community colleges in the annual Digital Community Colleges Survey; the survey identifies and spotlights colleges that provide a high level of service to their students and faculty through information technology. The president of Lake Superior College is Dr. Patrick M. Johns, he began his assignment on July 1, 2010, succeeding Dr. Kathleen Nelson, who had served as president for 13 years.
Johns had served as president of Anoka-Ramsey Community College in Coon Rapids and Cambridge, Minnesota. LSC's first president was Harold Erickson, he served from 1995 to 1997. Lake Superior College aligns its triple bottom line sustainability goals through academic planning, strategic planning, facilities planning and has developed strategies to achieve goals related to each. A part of the Lake Superior Watershed, Lake Superior College is committed to environmental stewardship and sustainable development. In 2010, the Academic and Student Services "S" building became the first LEED Certified project in the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System and continues to build and renovate to at least LEED Silver standards. LSC monitors energy and water consumption for its 15 buildings and 400,000 square feet of space, with a goal of reducing overall carbon emissions by 50% from its 2009 baseline by 2030. LSC reports its monthly electric, natural gas and water use to the Buildings and Beyond public reporting database, where it is benchmarked against peers and tracks its progress toward reduction goals.
In 2017, LSC was awarded a "Best of B3 Benchmarking" statewide award for its year-over-year energy efficiency improvement. Lake Superior College is a member of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education, is a 2008 signatory of the American Colleges and Universities Presidents' Climate Commitment, is a 2013 Sustainable Twin Ports Early Adopter, is a member of the Upper Midwest Association for Campus Sustainability. Lake Superior College is a member of the Minnesota State Universities System. Lake Superior College is immune to "Educational Malpractice" lawsuits. Official website
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
Dunwoody College of Technology
Dunwoody College of Technology is a private, non-profit technology school in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Dunwoody offers Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Architecture and Associate of Applied Science degrees. Dunwoody College was founded as a technical institute in 1914, when Minneapolis businessman William Hood Dunwoody left three million dollars in his will to "provide for all time a place where youth without distinction on account of race, color or religious prejudice, may learn the useful trades and crafts, thereby fit themselves for the better performance of life's duties." When his widow, Kate L. Dunwoody, died a year she left additional funds to keep the college moving forward. In the spring of 1916, the Dunwoody Trustees purchased six city blocks, 3 long and 2 deep, facing the parade grounds; the Minneapolis City Council closed the streets and alleys that traversed the area creating a site of 16 acres. Hewitt and Brown Architects and Engineers were contracted to design a school building.
Their draft included nine buildings which were composed of six shop buildings and a three-story administration facility with an auditorium on one side and a gymnasium building on the other. Three years from the school’s inception, the first two buildings were opened in August 1917 and have remained throughout the century. In issues of the Artisan from this period, the Minneapolis Public Library had one of its branches on the campus offering its services the campus’s students. Located across from St. Mary’s Basilica and Loring Park, just west of downtown, the new facility was dedicated on October 31, 1917 and the space at the Minneapolis Central High School facility was left empty. Dr. Marion L. Burton, president of the University of Minnesota, gave the address. Dr. Prosser’s commencement address in May 1918 contrasted the new facility with the old one used in cooperation with the Minneapolis school district, “Roughly four years ago we were quartered in an old, tumble-down building that, with the kindness of the board of education, served us well in time of need.”
When the University of Minnesota perceived its need for preparing instructors to teach in this new emerging area of vocational education, they began to look for partnerships. On April 22, 1920, Fred Snyder, President of the University of Minnesota, entered into a cooperative agreement with William Hood Dunwoody Institute allowing students who were enrolled at the University in teacher training courses to spend a portion of their class time at the institute to receive experiences related to observations and practice of all types of trade and industrial education; the reciprocity of this agreement allowed Dunwoody instructors to enroll and receive credit for any courses offered by the College of Education at the University that were a part of the teacher training authorized by the Smith Hughes Act. These matriculations were considered scholarships and did not encumber the University or the Institute in monetary exchanges, only the awarding of credits. There were no other recognizable post-secondary technical institutes or colleges at this time in the state of Minnesota.
In 1953, the era of the international perspective of Dunwoody Industrial Institute became manifest when Dunwoody was provided a grant by the Ford Foundation for the purpose of sending representatives to consult with the Indonesian Ministry of Education. Under the leadership of Dunwoody Industrial Institute’s second Director J. R. Kingman, an Indonesian Technical Teacher Training Institute was to be established in Ban dung, Java. An American, Dr. Milton G Towner was the director for the center, he was on leave as director of the Staff College of the Federal Civil Defense Administration in Washington, DC. Six American teachers from Dunwoody were sent with Dr. Towner to work with indigenous Indonesians in making training available to prospective and interested teachers in the Indonesian technical school system. Seven Indonesian teachers were sent to Dunwoody for training so they could return and support the efforts being directed by Dr. Towner. On November 27, 1953, Dr. K. Nagaraja Rao, a graduate of the University of Mysore, became the head of Dunwoody Industrial Institute’s new International Services Division.
He was a native of India who taught at the Illinois Institute of Technology and the Korean Technical Institute, where he opened a department of chemical engineering. His job was to be the liaison between the Ford Foundation. Since 1951, he had been a consultant to the Government of Indonesia for the development of indigenous industries. Mr. Phillip S. Van Wyck became the senior advisor of the Government Technical Institute in Insein, Burma; the development and operation of this government Technical Institute was funded by the Ford Foundation and assisted with staffing from Dunwoody. In 1956, Dunwoody Industrial Institute began its third technical assistance program in the Union of Burma, establishing the first technical high school in Rangoon. In a government-sponsored building, four Dunwoody employees assisted the local Burmese in developing shops and demonstration materials. Burmese instructors were delivered the curriculum; the Annual Report of the Ford Foundation noted Dunwoody Institute's efforts at Rangoon.
It it noted that a second Teacher’s Institute was started in Djakarta. The Central Training Institute in Bombay India was opened in March 1963 with the assistance of a five-member team from Dunwoody, the Indian Government and the US Department of Education. In the Dunwoody News March 29, 1963 issue, a facsimile of the formal invitation indicating that Prime Minister Nehru of India would be addressing the inauguration ceremony of the Institute is found; that year another project began in Khartoum, Sudan, to establish the K
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Minnesota State University, Mankato known as Minnesota State, is a public university in Mankato, Minnesota. Established as the Second State Normal School in 1858, it was designated in Mankato in 1866, opened as Mankato Normal School in 1868, it is the second oldest member of the Minnesota State Universities system. It is the second largest public university in the state, has over 123,000 living alumni worldwide, it is the most comprehensive of the seven state universities and is referred to as the flagship of the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities system. It is an important part of the economy of Southern Minnesota and the state as it adds more than $781 million to the economy of Minnesota annually. Minnesota State offers 130 undergraduate programs of study, 75 graduate programs and 4 doctoral programs, it hosts the only nationally and state accredited aviation program in Minnesota. Students are served by 750 full-time faculty members creating a 21:1 student to faculty ratio. In addition to the main campus, it operates two satellite campuses: one in the Twin Cities suburb of Edina and the other in Owatonna.
Through the College of Extended Learning it provides bachelor's degrees at the Normandale Partnership Center in Bloomington and programs online through an online campus. The State Legislature recognized the need for an education center in southern Minnesota by 1858. In 1860 the legislature chartered the development of state run normal schools to serve areas outside of Winona; the largest and fastest growing cities outside of Saint Paul, Saint Cloud and Mankato were selected for the sites dependent on local fundraising to establish the schools with seed money. Through the efforts of local attorney turned state legislator Daniel Buck, the newly formed City of Mankato donated $5,000 raised from the area community and sold $5,000 in bonds for the founding of the second state normal school, Mankato Normal School. Chartered in state law in 1860, the first classes were held in 1868 with an enrollment of 27 students; the institution's original mission was to train and educate teachers for rural schools throughout southern Minnesota.
Early course work included sciences, civil engineering, western classics, basic pedagoguery. During this early period, Mankato Normal School provided educational certificates that allowed for graduates to become school teachers and a majority of the students were women. In relation to this focus on women's education, Mankato Normal School is noted as the first public college in the United States to be headed by a woman, suffragette Julia Sears, in 1872. Controversially Julia Sears was hired subsequently demoted and she was fired by the School Board of Trustees. Students, city residents and some businesses were upset at the firing of Sears and a protest was held; this became known as the Sears Rebellion which lasted until Sears left the school for a professorship at Peabody Normal School. These events would come to be remembered as a new residence hall was dedicated in honor of Sears in 2008 and a commission on the status of women was founded to support the advancement of women's education at the institution in the 1990s.
By 1921, the school had grown to the point that it began to offer four-year bachelor's degrees. As a result, it was renamed the Mankato State Teachers College. Enrollment dipped during World War II and the college refocused its extension programs on providing education to members of the Works Progress Administration and Naval Corps. During the post World War II period, student enrollment expanded greatly; the original university buildings were located in what was known as the Valley Campus. It was located geographically down the hill in lower Mankato; the size and footprint of the Valley Campus could not sustain the space needed to handle the growing student body. By the late 1950s work began on constructing an new, modern campus atop the river valley bluff; this became the Highland Campus. A new experimental school called the Wilson School was built on the Highland Campus to research and apply new teaching methods for students in grades K-12; the intent of this school was to provide student teachers the opportunity to learn and experiment with new methods in a university environment.
By 1957, the mission of the institution had broadened to comprehensive 4-year college education, the state legislature changed the name of the college to Mankato State College. The following years saw additional enrollment growth; the Valley Campus was sold to a private developer and the Highland Campus grew in size. By the 1960s the institution had grown so fast and so large that there was a bill created in the State Legislature to designate it the University of Southern Minnesota by state Senator Val Imm and an amendment to the bill by state Representative Mike McGuire would have renamed it Minnesota State University; these were proposed. It was proposed to be a second and independent state university equal in stature to the University of Minnesota at a time when there was only one research institution. There was significant opposition from the University of Minnesota and from Governor Karl Rolvaag at the time. In 1975, the college made the case to transition to comprehensive status and was renamed to Mankato State University.
This change reflected a further 40% growth in the student body to 12,000 students by 1972. Following this period was a movement toward increasing the number of available programs including science, engineering, health sciences and others; the university became more comprehensive in its programmatic offerings. In 1995, the seven state universities were transferred to the newly cr