Mercer County, Illinois
Mercer County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,434, its county seat is Aledo. Mercer County is included in IA-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Mercer County is named for Hugh Mercer, a physician and general during the American Revolution who died from wounds suffered at the Battle of Princeton. In May 1812, Congress passed an act which set aside lands in Arkansas and Illinois as payment to volunteer soldiers in the War of 1812. Mercer County was part of this "Military Tract." Seven years after Illinois became a state, Mercer County was founded. It was formed from unorganized territory near Pike County on January 13, 1825. Although the county had been created, its government was not organized for several years; the organization of the county government was completed in 1835, after a large influx of settlers following the Black Hawk War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 569 square miles, of which 561 square miles is land and 7.5 square miles is water.
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aledo have ranged from a low of 11 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −30 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.27 inches in January to 4.43 inches in June. U. S. Highway 67 Illinois Route 17 Illinois Route 94 Illinois Route 135 Rock Island County - north Henry County - east Knox County - southeast Henderson County - south Warren County - south Des Moines County, Iowa - southwest Louisa County, Iowa - west As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,434 people, 6,734 households, 4,724 families residing in the county; the population density was 29.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,358 housing units at an average density of 13.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, 0.7% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were German, 18.2% were Irish, 11.3% were English, 9.4% were Swedish, 7.4% were American. Of the 6,734 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families, 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 43.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,909 and the median income for a family was $62,025. Males had a median income of $46,136 versus $30,392 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,332. About 8.2% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Aledo Keithsburg New Boston Mercer County is divided into fifteen townships: Historically, Mercer County was a solidly Republican Yankee-influenced county, before the Republican Party existed a stronghold of the Whig Party.
The county never voted for a Democratic presidential candidate until Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide over Barry Goldwater – the solitary break in Whig and Republican dominance occurring in 1912 when the GOP was mortally split and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt carried the county over conservative incumbent President William Howard Taft. After Johnson’s victory in the county, Mercer voted to being Republican between 1968 and 1984, but Reagan’s landslide in that election saw a swing to the Democrats, capitalized upon by Michael Dukakis to carry the county in 1988. Between and 2012, Mercer was solidly Democratic, but concern over declining economic opportunities in the “Rust Belt” caused a dramatic swing to populist Republican Donald Trump in 2016. Trump’s performance was the best by a Republican since Richard Nixon’s 3,000-plus-county landslide in 1972. Mercer County is located in Illinois's 17th Congressional District and is represented by Democrat Cheri Bustos. Within the Illinois House of Representatives, the county is located in the 74th district and is represented by Republican Daniel Swanson.
The county is located in the 37th district of the Illinois Senate, is represented by Republican Chuck Weaver. National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, Illinois William C. Ives, "Abraham Lincoln in Mercer County, Illinois, 1832, 1834, 1858," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 101, pp. 329–347. History of Mercer and Henderson Counties, Together with Biographical Matter, Etc. Chicago: H. H. Hill and Company, 1882. Official website Illinois Ancestors Mercer County
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Jo Daviess County, Illinois
Jo Daviess County is a county located in the northwest corner of U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 22,678, its county seat is Galena. Jo Daviess County is part of the Tri-State Area and is located near Dubuque and Platteville, Wisconsin; as part of the Driftless Area, Jo Daviess County is known for its scenic stretches of road and valley views. Within Jo Daviess County lies Charles Mound, the highest natural point in Illinois. Jo Daviess County was formed in 1827 out of Putnam Counties, it is named for Maj. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss, United States District Attorney for Kentucky, killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Maj. Daveiss' name is universally misspelled, as in the name of other counties; the local pronunciation is "Davis". Jo Daviess County was founded by immigrants from New England; these were old stock "Yankee" immigrants, meaning they were descended from the English Puritans who settled New England in the 1600s. The completion of the Erie Canal caused a surge in New England immigration to what was the Northwest Territory.
The end of the Black Hawk War led to an additional surge of immigration, once again coming exclusively from the six New England states as a result of overpopulation combined with land shortages in that region. Some of these settlers were from upstate New York and had parents who had moved to that region from New England shortly after the Revolutionary War. New Englanders and New England transplants from upstate New York were the vast majority of Jo Daviess County's inhabitants during the first several decades of its history; these settlers were members of the Congregational Church though due to the Second Great Awakening many of them had converted to Methodism and some had become Baptists before coming to what is now Jo Daviess County. The Congregational Church subsequently has gone through many divisions and some factions, including those in Jo Daviess County are now known as the Church of Christ and the United Church of Christ; as a result of this heritage the vast majority of inhabitants in Jo Daviess County, much like antebellum New England were overwhelmingly in favor of the abolitionist movement during the decades leading up to the Civil War.
In the late 1880s and early 1890s Irish and German migrants began moving into Jo Daviess County, most of these immigrants did not move directly from Ireland and Germany, but rather from other areas in the Midwest where they had been living the state of Ohio. 1830- The northern border of Illinois and Wisconsin was formally established. Until that time, several Wisconsin towns were under the jurisdiction of Jo Daviess County. 1831- Rock Island County was formed from a part of the county, along with a new northern extension of Henry County and Putnam County. 1836- Whiteside and Winnebago counties were formed from the southern and eastern sections of the county. 1837- Stephenson County was formed from the eastern section of the county. 1839- Carroll County was formed from the southern section of the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 619 square miles, of which 601 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Galena have ranged from a low of 9 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −35 °F was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in August 1988.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.14 inches in January to 4.58 inches in June. U. S. Route 20 Illinois Route 35 Illinois Route 78 Illinois Route 84 Lafayette County, Wisconsin - north Stephenson County - east Carroll County - southeast Jackson County, Iowa - southwest Dubuque County, Iowa - west Grant County, Wisconsin - northwest Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Apple River Canyon State Park Several areas are protected by the charitable organization Jo Daviess Conservation Foundation: Buehler Preserve Casper Bluff Land & Water Reserve Horseshoe Mound Schurmeier Teaching Forest Valley of Eden Bird Sanctuary Wapello Land & Water Reserve As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,678 people, 9,753 households, 6,514 families residing in the county; the population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 13,574 housing units at an average density of 22.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.9% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 49.4% were German, 19.7% were Irish, 11.1% were English, 8.5% were American. Of the 9,753 households, 25.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families, 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 47.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $50,279 and the median income for a family was $60,381. Males had a median income of $38,372 versus $29,412 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,819. About 5.6% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. East Dubuque Galena Apple Canyon Lake The Galena Territory Jo Daviess County is divided into twenty-three townships: Jo Daviess County is typical of Yankee Northern Illinois in its political history, although it has voted more Democ
Illinois Route 84
Illinois Route 84 is a long state highway that runs along the Mississippi River in northwestern Illinois. Illinois 84 runs from south of Green Rock at U. S. Route 6 to the Wisconsin state line at Highway 80 by Wisconsin. Illinois 84 is 93.93 miles long. Illinois Route 84 begins at an intersection with U. S. Route 6 south of Colona in Henry County. From US 6, it heads north into the Green Rock neighborhood of Colona, crossing the Hennepin Canal on the south side of town. Colona and Green Rock were separate communities, but in 1997, became the first communities in Illinois to merge. Route 84 curves to the west, becomes a four-lane road, crosses the Rock River into Rock Island County. Near the TPC at Deere Run golf course, the route turns to the north towards Carbon Cliff, it curves to the northwest where it meets the Route 5 and Route 92 expressway at a partial cloverleaf interchange. Route 92 joins Route 84 and they travel together through Silvis for 1 1⁄2 miles before Route 84 splits off to the north in East Moline.
Continuing north, IL 84 is now following the Great River Road. It passes through Hampton. Southeast of Rapids City is the interchange with Interstate 80. Due to the proximity of the Mississippi River, the interchange is a partial cloverleaf, as a diamond interchange would extend over the river; the route follows the bend in the river north through Port Byron. North of Port Byron, IL 84 travels to the north-northeast towards Cordova. Three miles north of Cordova, the highway separates the Cordova Dragway Park to the east and the Quad Cities Nuclear Generating Station, operated by Exelon, to the west. Between the nuclear plant and Albany lies a small industrial area bordered by the Mississippi River. Across the road lies irrigated crop land of Rock Island and Whiteside Counties. In 1924, SBI Route 84 was what is now Illinois Route 92, Illinois Route 192 and Illinois Route 94 from near Muscatine, Iowa to U. S. Route 67; this was dropped in 1939. In 1955, Illinois 84 was applied on a former alignment of U.
S. Route 6. In 1964, Illinois 84 arrived at its current terminus, replacing Illinois Route 80 north to Galena due to construction of Interstate 80 through the Quad Cities
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product, the sixth largest population, the 25th largest land area of all U. S. states. Illinois is noted as a microcosm of the entire United States. With Chicago in northeastern Illinois, small industrial cities and immense agricultural productivity in the north and center of the state, natural resources such as coal and petroleum in the south, Illinois has a diverse economic base, is a major transportation hub. Chicagoland, Chicago's metropolitan area, encompasses over 65% of the state's population; the Port of Chicago connects the state to international ports via two main routes: from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River, via the Illinois Waterway to the Illinois River. The Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Wabash River form parts of the boundaries of Illinois. For decades, Chicago's O'Hare International Airport has been ranked as one of the world's busiest airports.
Illinois has long had a reputation as a bellwether both in social and cultural terms and, through the 1980s, in politics. The capital of Illinois is Springfield, located in the central part of the state. Although today's Illinois' largest population center is in its northeast, the state's European population grew first in the west as the French settled the vast Mississippi of the Illinois Country of New France. Following the American Revolutionary War, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky in the 1780s via the Ohio River, the population grew from south to north. In 1818, Illinois achieved statehood. Following increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes after the construction of the Erie Canal, Chicago was founded in the 1830s on the banks of the Chicago River at one of the few natural harbors on the southern section of Lake Michigan. John Deere's invention of the self-scouring steel plow turned Illinois's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal made transportation between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River valley faster and cheaper, new railroads carried immigrants to new homes in the country's west and shipped commodity crops to the nation's east. The state became a transportation hub for the nation. By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois was an important manufacturing center during both world wars; the Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans in the state, including Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago, the center of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is now recognized as a global alpha-level city. Three U. S. presidents have been elected while living in Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Barack Obama. Additionally, Ronald Reagan, whose political career was based in California, was born and raised in the state.
Today, Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan Land of Lincoln, displayed on its license plates since 1954. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. "Illinois" is the modern spelling for the early French Catholic missionaries and explorers' name for the Illinois Native Americans, a name, spelled in many different ways in the early records. American scholars thought the name "Illinois" meant "man" or "men" in the Miami-Illinois language, with the original iliniwek transformed via French into Illinois; this etymology is not supported by the Illinois language, as the word for "man" is ireniwa, plural of "man" is ireniwaki. The name Illiniwek has been said to mean "tribe of superior men", a false etymology; the name "Illinois" derives from the Miami-Illinois verb irenwe·wa - "he speaks the regular way". This was taken into the Ojibwe language in the Ottawa dialect, modified into ilinwe·.
The French borrowed these forms, changing the /we/ ending to spell it as -ois, a transliteration for its pronunciation in French of that time. The current spelling form, began to appear in the early 1670s, when French colonists had settled in the western area; the Illinois's name for themselves, as attested in all three of the French missionary-period dictionaries of Illinois, was Inoka, of unknown meaning and unrelated to the other terms. American Indians of successive cultures lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans; the Koster Site demonstrates 7,000 years of continuous habitation. Cahokia, the largest regional chiefdom and urban center of the Pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois, they built an urban complex of more than 100 platform and burial mounds, a 50-acre plaza larger than 35 football fields, a woodhenge of sacred cedar, all in a planned design expressing the culture's cosmology.
Monks Mound, the center of the site, is the largest Pre-Columbian structure north of the Valley of Mexico. It is 100 feet high, 951 feet long, 836 feet wide, covers 13.8 acres. It contains about 814,000 cubic yards of earth, it was topped by a structure thought to have measured about 105 feet in length and 48 feet in width, covered an area 5,000 square feet, been as much as 50 feet high, making its peak 150 feet above the level of the pl
Muscatine County, Iowa
Muscatine County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,745; the county seat is Muscatine. The southeastern border is formed by the Mississippi River. Muscatine County comprises the Muscatine, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area. Muscatine County was formed in December 1836 as a part of Wisconsin Territory, partitioned from Des Moines County, organized two years previous. One history suggests; the island lies opposite Muscatine County and was believed to be named after the Mascouten tribe, Algonquian-speaking Native Americans who lived in the area before being driven west by settler encroachment and other tribes. Colonel George Davenport of Illinois sent three representatives into the territory in 1833 to establish a trade post, they were the first European Americans to settle there. In the same year, James W. Casey and John Vanatta came to the area, they opened a supply depot for steamboats on June 1, 1833, named it Casey’s Woodpile.
Muscatine County became a part of Iowa Territory on July 4, 1836, when Iowa Territory was established by partitioning off this area from Wisconsin Territory. The first public land sale was held in November 1838. One year officials began construction of the first courthouse and associated jail. A second jail, known as the "Old Jail", was built in 1857; the first courthouse was destroyed by fire on December 23, 1864. By 1866 a new replacement stood at the same site; the present courthouse was built in the twentieth century, being first used on September 26, 1907. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 449 square miles, of which 437 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. Cedar County Johnson County Louisa County Rock Island County, across the Mississippi River Scott County US Highway 6 – enters from Cedar County, west of Wilton. Runs south 2 miles runs west and WNW to NW corner of county, exiting into Johnson County. US Highway 61 – enters from Louisa County SW of Fruitland.
Runs NE through county. Turns east to enter Scott County at Blue Grass. Iowa Highway 22 – begins at intersection with Iowa 70, three miles east of Nichols. Runs east and SE to intersection with US 61 west of Muscatine. Iowa Highway 38 – begins at intersection with US 6, three miles south of Wilton. Runs south to intersection with US 61 north of Muscatine. Iowa Highway 70 – enters from Louisa County at SW corner of Muscatine County. Runs north and east to Cedar County, passing Nichols and West Liberty. Iowa Highway 92 - enters Muscatine County running NW across historic Norbert F. Beckey Bridge into central Muscatine. Runs SW along river to intersection with US 61 southwest of Muscatine. Great River Road - system of roadways marking north–south routes across the conterminous US, passing through Iowa; the 2010 census recorded a population of 42,745 in the county, with a population density of 99.7154/sq mi. There were 17,910 housing units, of which 16,412 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 41,722 people, 15,847 households, 11,283 families residing in the county.
The population density was 95 people per square mile. There were 16,786 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.72% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.05% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. 11.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,847 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,803, the median income for a family was $48,373. Males had a median income of $36,329 versus $24,793 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,625. About 6.30% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. The population ranking of the table is based on the 2010 census of Muscatine County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Muscatine County, Iowa Muscatine County website
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c