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William Earl Rowe

William Earl Rowe, was a politician in Ontario, Canada. He served as the 20th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1963 to 1968. Rowe was born in Hull, Iowa of Canadian parents in 1894, he moved to Ontario with his family at the age of two and grew up to become a farmer and cattle breeder. In 1917, he married Treva Alda Lillian Lennox. Together they had four children, he was reeve of the township of West Gwillimbury from 1919 to 1923. Rowe served as a Member of Provincial Parliament from 1923 to 1925, was elected to the House of Commons, where he served until 1935. From 1936 to 1938, he was leader of Conservative Party of Ontario though, as he did not have a seat in the legislature George S. Henry remained Leader of the Opposition. In the public mind, the cause of labour was identified with the American Congress of Industrial Organizations and communism. During the 1937 provincial election when Liberal premier Mitchell Hepburn was railing against the C. I. O's attempt to unionize General Motors and the supposed threat posed by organized labour, Rowe refused to take a stand against the C.

I. O. and asserted that: "the issue was not law and order but the right of free association." At the time the Conservatives were associated with the Orange Order which had long held a pro-labour position. Rowe's stance resulted in George A. Drew breaking with the party in order to run as an "Independent Conservative" in the 1937 election in opposition to Rowe's position. Rowe failed to win his seat in the 1937 provincial election and ran in a by-election held in November 1937 to regain the seat in the federal House of Commons he had resigned from two months earlier to run in the provincial election, he was succeeded as leader by former rival Drew. Drew went on to serve as Premier of Ontario in the 1940s before moving to federal politics. Rowe served in the House of Commons until 1962. On two occasions when George Drew, who had by this point become federal PC leader, was unable to perform his duties due to ill health, Rowe served as acting leader of the official opposition. From 1958 to 1962, he and his daughter, Jean Casselman Wadds, were the only father and daughter to sit together in Parliament.

Rowe was lieutenant governor of Ontario from 1963 to 1968. A champion and supporter of agriculture and rural affairs harness horse racing, he died in 1984 at Newton Robinson, Ontario; the Honourable Earl Rowe Public School in Bradford and Earl Rowe Provincial Park, near Alliston are named in his honour. William Earl Rowe – Parliament of Canada biography Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history William Earl Rowe-Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame

2002 Asian Games

The 2002 Asian Games known as the XIV Asian Games, were an international multi-sport event held in Busan, South Korea from September 29 to October 14, 2002 with the football event commenced 2 days before the opening ceremony. Busan is the second city in South Korea; this was the second time. A total of 419 events in 38 sports were contested by 7,711 athletes from 44 countries; the Games were co-hosted by its four neighbouring cities: Ulsan, Changwon and Yangsan. It was opened by President of Kim Dae-jung, at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium; the final medal tally was led followed by host South Korea and Japan. South Korea set a new record with 95 gold medals. 22 world records, 43 Asian records were broken during the Games. In addition, Japanese Swimming Kosuke Kitajima was announced as the most valuable player of the Games. Busan was selected over Kaohsiung at the 14th Olympic Council of Asia General Assembly in Seoul, South Korea on 23 May 1995. After the major upset, Chinese Taipei expressed its disappointment and staged a protest, claimed that the selection of Busan was due to pressure from China, which the OCA officials denied.

A total of US$2.9 billion was spent for the games. The emblem of the Games is a motif of East sea blue waves in the shape of Taegeuk, symbolising Busan and Korea, it expresses the image of development and unity of the Asian people and the two dynamic powers that are intertwined. The wave's shape in the emblem indicates the first character of Busan; the mascot of the 2002 Asian Games is a Sea gull, the city bird of Busan named "Duria", whose name is a combination of the two words'Durative' and'Asia', which means "You and Me Together" or Everlasting Asia in the Korean language, which expresses the ideal of the Games: to promote harmony and prosperity among Asian countries. Its thick black ink and free line expression, symbolize Korean traditional culture, while its white colour shade representing the image of a powerful spirit and the great hopes for Asia in the 21st century; the medal of the games featured the Korean traditional octagonal building, Palgagjeong top view design with the old Olympic Council of Asia logo on the obverse and Busan Asia Games Flame and Oryukdo scenery on the reverse.

The design represents solidarity of membership and eternity of OCA, Busan as host of the games and youth and friendship of the athletes. In conjunction with the Games, eight songs were released as the official music for the Games: "The Dream of Asia" – Lee Moon-se "Frontier!-Voices from the East" – Yang Bang-ean & Furee "We are..." – Baby box "Theme from Duria" – Hong Jong-myung, Shin Hyo-bum "The Fanfare" – Busan city Orchestra "Welcome to Busan Korea" – Kim Hyo-soo "Let's Go!!" – Gang Hyun-soo "Love to All of Us" – CAN The relay itself started at 11 a.m on 5 September 2002 when two flames were lit at Hallasan in South Korea and Paektu Mountain, the Korean peninsula’s highest mountain, in North Korea. 42 flames in other participating nations were lit at the same time. The two Korean flames were unified into one at Imjingak Pavilion near the truce village of Panmunjeom on 7 September 2002 and was dubbed the Unification flame. After that, a nationwide torch relay totaled; the relay passed through 904 districts in 16 cities within the country.

The Unification flame joined with the flames of 42 other participating nations during the opening ceremony on 29 September 2002 and became the Asian Games flame. The torch design was based on a Korean traditional music instrument called Taepyeongso. 42 competition venues were used in the Games with twelve of them are newly built, including the Asiad Sports Complex, completed on 31 July 2000. Other venues included a main press centre. Asiad Sports ComplexGangseo Sports ParkGeumjeong Sports ParkGudeok Sports ComplexOthersSouth Gyeongsang Changwon Sports ParkMasan Sports ComplexOthersUlsanThe athletes' village in Property Development Area, Haeundae District, Busan had 2,290 apartments in 20 buildings which can accommodate 14,000 people; the host city Busan had existing bus services prior to the games. The opening ceremony with the theme “A Beautiful meeting,” was held on 29 September 2002 at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium. Participating nations marched into the stadium in Korean alphabetical order began with Nepal.

North Korea and South Korea jointly entered the stadium under one flag for the first time in Asian Games history and the second time after the 2000 Summer Olympics. South Korean president Kim Dae-Jung declared the Games open, Two Korean athletes - Mun Dae-Sung and Ryu Ji -Hye took the oath on behalf of all the participating athletes while South Korea's retired judoist Ha Hyung-joo and North Korean female judoist Kye Sun-hui lit the games' cauldron. A 40-minute 6-part show about the union between King Kim Suro and Hur Hwangok Busan of Gaya was presented, featuring soprano Sumi Jo. All 44 members of Olympic Council of Asia with 7,711 athletes took part in the Games. East Timor participated for the first time since its independence and Afghanistan returned to the action since Taliban had come to power. Below is a list of all the participating NOCs. A total of 419 events in 38 sports was contested in the Games for 16 days of competition. Football and basketball was kickoff two and one day prior to the opening ceremony.

Bodybuilding was the debutant sport in Games. All times are in Korea


Erythrobacter is a Gram-negative and rod-shaped bacteria genus from the family of Sphingomonadaceae. Hu, Youcai. "Erythrazoles A–B, Cytotoxic Benzothiazoles from a Marine-Derived Erythrobacter sp". Organic Letters. 13: 6580–6583. Doi:10.1021/ol202944g. PMC 3237914. PMID 22106936. Koblízek, M. "Genome sequence of the marine photoheterotrophic bacterium Erythrobacter sp. strain NAP1". Journal of Bacteriology. 193: 5881–2. Doi:10.1128/JB.05845-11. PMC 3187229. PMID 21952547. Beatty, volume editor, J. Thomas. Genome Evolution of Photosynthetic Bacteria. San Diego: Elsevier Science. ISBN 978-0-12-398479-1. Editors, Larry L. Barton, Martin Mandl, Alexander Loy. Geomicrobiology molecular and environmental perspective. Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 978-90-481-9204-5. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list DOI, Michio. "Two types of cytochrome cd1 in the aerobic photosynthetic bacterium, Erythrobacter sp. OCh 114". European Journal of Biochemistry. 184: 521–527. Doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1989.tb15045.x. PMID 2553395. Erythrobacter at MicrobeWiki


AMN082 is a selective metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 allosteric agonist. It mimics the effect of glutamate. AMN082 is the first selective mGluR7 agonist and has expanded the potential array of research opportunities on the effects of mGluR7 in the CNS; the two main types of glutamate receptors are metabotropic receptors. Ionotropic receptors are fast-acting ligand-gated ion channels and include AMPA, Kainate and NMDA. Metabotropic receptors are G-protein coupled receptors that mediate slower, longer-lasting effects through second messenger systems and are responsible for other neuronal functions that are not controlled by iGluRs. MGluRs are split into 3 separate groups based on pharmacological profile, sequence homology, preferred signal transduction pathway. MGlur7 is a member of the least studied of the groups; the discovery of AMN082 will serve as a useful pharmacological tool to expand research on Group III mGluRs

Citizen Koch

Citizen Koch is a 2013 film produced and directed by Tia Lessin and Carl Deal, concerning the political influence of American plutocrats on the political process following the US Supreme Court decision in Citizens United v. FEC which granted corporations the ability to anonymously spend unlimited money to influence public policy and elections; the film focuses on the eponymous Koch brothers, in particular, their political and financial support for Wisconsin governor Scott Walker, who represents the Citizen Koch in the title. The film chronicles the rise of the Tea Party movement in response to the election of the first African-American President in 2008, the strategic attacks on organized labor by Gov. Walker and Koch political operatives in other states as a strategy to eliminate liberal opposition. Citizen Koch was completed using funds from a successful Kickstarter campaign, after public television's Independent Television Service pulled funding it had committed; the filmmakers were told by ITVS staff that the title, which referenced conservative billionaire David Koch, would be "extremely problematic" as Koch served on the boards of flagship public broadcasters WNET and WGBH.

The filmmakers were told directly by ITVS staff that the financial support would be restored after it premiered at the Sundance Film Festival, if they removed references to David Koch from the film. Regarding the allegations of censorship and The New Yorker article which helped bring the case to public attention, the PBS ombudsman has stated: Although some of Mayer's reporting about "Citizen Koch" is based on unnamed sources, the strength of the article does reflect the internal concerns that can or did, as the thrust of her article suggests, lead to intense internal pressures that come to equal self-censorship; the reporting and quotes throughout appear convincing. One unnamed public television official, referring to the "Citizen Koch" proposal, is quoted as saying that, "because of the Koch brothers, ITVS knew WNET would never air it. Never." The film premiered at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival and was named to the shortlist by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for best documentary feature.

Dark Money Koch Brothers Exposed Company Town Mayer, Jane. "Stephen Colbert on David Koch and PBS". The New Yorker. Rehm, Diane. "The Intersection Of Political Influence And Journalism". The Diane Rehm Show. WAMU. Robbins, Christopher. "How Billionaire David Koch Gets PBS To Dance, Dance". Gothamist. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Stelter, Brian. "The Documentary'Citizen Koch' Regains Money". The New York Times. Thomas, Rob. "Citizen Koch filmmakers Claim PBS Killed Their Doc to Please Koch Brothers". The Capital Times. Macauley, Scott. "The Power of the Purse". Filmmaker Magazine; the Reid Report. "Does'free speech' mean'dark money?" MSNBC. Citizen Koch on IMDb Official website