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Tai Shue Wan

Tai Shue Wan is a bay to the south of Nam Long Shan, Wong Chuk Hang, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It comprises the Waterfront section of Ocean Park; the Ocean Park Corporation will develop the Tai Shue Wan area into a new integrated theme zone with the main focus on an all-weather indoor cum outdoor waterpark. A Government loan of $2,290 million was approved by the Finance Committee of the Legislative Council in May 2013 to facilitate the early commencement of the project; the project is scheduled for completion in 2019. Ocean Park, Hong Kong Hair Raiser Ocean Park Station South Island Line Ocean Park Halloween Bash

PL-4 (missile)

PL-4 is the first Chinese Semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile, it has an anti-radar derivative, the first Chinese anti-radiation missile. However, neither entered Chinese service en masse, both programs were cancelled after limited numbers had been built for evaluation purposes. PL-4 program began in March 1966, as the primary weapon that would be used by the proposed Chengdu J-9; the primary contractor was the 612th Research Institute of Chinese Aeronautical Ministry, more known as the Luoyang Electro-Optics Technology Development Center nowadays, which became the China Air-to-Air Guided Missile Research Institute in 2002. The primary subcontractor for the propulsion was the 331st Factory, which would become Zhuzhou Aero-engine Factory. PL-4 is based on the American AIM-7D Sparrow IIIa AAM North Vietnam provided to China, after obtaining samples from downed American fighters during Vietnam War; however two month after the program begun, Cultural Revolution started and due to this political turmoil, PL-4 program was disrupted to a complete stop, it would not be until more than a decade well after the end of Cultural Revolution, would the program restart again.

The rocket motor of PL-4 is designated as FG101, is shared by another anti-radar derivative named Fenglei-7. The revival of PL-4 was due to the decision to develop the anti-radar derivative in January 1979; the designer of the rocket motor was Harbin Ship Engineering Academy, the predecessor of Harbin Engineering University, 349th Factory was tasked to manufacture the propellant, 845th Factory was tasked for ground test, 331st Factory was tasked for final integration. During the propulsion development, the contractor and subcontractors developed new manufacturing techniques, including improvements in installation, new rivet pins, graphite exhaust nozzle, tolerance. A brand new heat processing method for integrated spin forming was adopted to achieve the high precision engine components, this was achieved via the use of a special spin forming machinery set specially developed by the Beijing Nonferrous Metal Research Academy. Once the bottleneck of propulsion has been overcame, both programs went forward with ease, but the conclusion of political turmoil, the end of Cultural Revolution was an more crucial contribution in the development.

With the development of the engine completed, all ground tests were subsequently completed in November 1980. The program proceeded to the second stage, starting in July 1981. Borrowing from the former-Soviet practice of developing two seekers for the same missile, which China considered a good idea, it was decided to develop two versions of PL-4, the SARH guided PL-4A, the IR guided PL-4B. In addition to the original Chengdu J-9, PL-4 was planned to equip other Chinese aircraft as well. By 1984, the first batch produced and ground maintenance equipment were sent to Chinese military for evaluation. Although the missile met its original requirement, th performance was not satisfactory because the requirement itself dating two decades ago was obsolete itself. Another factor that led to the eventual cancellation of PL-4 was that during the Sino-USA cooperation in the 1980s, China and US made a deal named project Peace Pearl, where Chinese Shenyang J-8 would be upgraded with American radars. Part of the deal included Chinese purchase of advanced version of AIM-7 Sparrow, making the PL-4 unnecessary.

Additionally and Italy were negotiating a deal on the Chinese purchase of Italian Aspide missile, another advanced version of AIM-7, which completed in 1986, this had further strengthened the Chinese decision to cancel the PL-4 program, finalized in 1985, terminating both PL-4A and PL-4B. IR guided PL-4B is the second member of PL-4 series, developed soon after PL-4A, but it entered Chinese service for evaluations earlier than the SARH guided PL-4A; the IR seeker borrowed directly and from PL-2 series AAM, adaptation of matured technology was the primary reason why its initial completion was faster than its SARH guided counterpart. Another advantage of PL-4B was that due to its IR guidance, the logistic was much simpler than PL-4A, which meant that the cost was reduced accordingly. Furthermore, unlike PL-4A, most of the ground maintenance equipment of PL-4B was same or similar to that of other IR guided AAM in Chinese inventory, thus further simplifying logistics and reducing costs. Despite its advantage, it was revealed during evaluation that the performance of PL-4B was not satisfactory.

One of the primary drawback was that the 8 km range of PL-8B was too short, offers no obvious advantage to other IR guided AAM China had. Coupled with factors listed above for PL-4A, PL-4B met with the same fate, ending being cancelled in 1985 along with PL-4A. Fenglei-7 missile is first Chinese anti-radar missile, with Fenglei meaning Wind Storm; the abbreviated form of Fenglei-7 is FL-7, which should not be confused with the Chinese supersonic anti-ship missile FL-7, abbreviation for Feilong meaning Flying Dragon. Fenglei-7 is an anti-radiation missile derivative of PL-4 missile, sharing the same rocket motor, just like the way AGM-45 Shrike sharing the same rocket motor with AIM-7 Sparrow. In fact, PL-4 was based on AIM-7 while Fenglei was based on AGM-45. Just like AIM-7, complete samples of AGM-45 and AGM-78 Standard ARM missiles were provided to China by North Vietnam during the Vietnam War from downed American aircraft, but some were unexplode

Andy Hunt (author)

Andy Hunt is a writer of books on software development. Hunt co-authored The Pragmatic Programmer, ten other books and many articles, was one of the 17 original authors of the Agile Manifesto and founders of the Agile Alliance, he and partner Dave Thomas founded the Pragmatic Bookshelf series of books for software developers. He plays the trumpet, flugel horn, keyboards; the Pragmatic Programmer, 20th Anniversary Edition, David Thomas and Andrew Hunt, 2019, Addison Wesley, ISBN 978-0135957059. Conglommora Found, Andy Hunt, 2018, Cyclotron Press, ISBN 978-0999256022. Conglommora, Andy Hunt, 2017, Cyclotron Press, ISBN 978-0-9992560-1-5; the Pragmatic Programmer, Andrew Hunt and David Thomas, 1999, Addison Wesley, ISBN 0-201-61622-X. Programming Ruby: A Pragmatic Programmer's Guide, David Thomas and Andrew Hunt, 2000, Addison Wesley, ISBN 0-201-71089-7 Pragmatic Version Control Using CVS, David Thomas and Andy Hunt, 2003, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 0-9745140-0-4 Pragmatic Unit Testing in Java with JUnit, Andy Hunt and David Thomas, 2003, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 0-9745140-1-2 Programming Ruby, Dave Thomas, Chad Fowler, Andrew Hunt, 2004, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 0-9745140-5-5 Pragmatic Unit Testing in C# with Nunit, Andy Hunt and David Thomas, 2004, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 0-9745140-2-0 Pragmatic Unit Testing in C# with Nunit, 2nd Edition, Andy Hunt and David Thomas with Matt Hargett, 2007, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 978-0-9776166-7-1 Practices of an Agile Developer, Venkat Subramaniam and Andy Hunt, 2006, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 0-9745140-8-X Pragmatic Thinking and Learning: Refactor Your Wetware, Andy Hunt, 2008, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 978-1-934356-05-0 "Learn to Program using Minecraft Plugins with Bukkit", Andy Hunt, 2014, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 978-1-93778-578-9 "Learn to Program using Minecraft Plugins, 2nd Ed with CanaryMod", Andy Hunt, 2014, The Pragmatic Bookshelf, ISBN 978-1-94122-294-2 Official website Biography and bibliography at, website for Pragmatic Programmers


A cecogram known as literature for the blind, is a letter or a parcel that contains documents or items intended for visually impaired persons. Cecograms can be sent or received by such persons, as well as by organisations that provide assistance to the visually impaired. Cecograms are either or exempt from postage; the word'cecogram' derives from the French'cécogramme'. The word originates from the Latin'caecus' and the Greek'grámma'. In English, other designations exist; the Universal Postal Union uses the term'items for the blind', Royal Mail uses'articles for the blind', the United States Postal Service uses'free matter for the blind'. In the 1800s, the advent of tactile writing systems, like braille and moon type, saw the visually impaired gain greater access to literature. In these writing systems, characters are represented by embossed symbols, known as tactile characters, that are read by passing the fingertips over the paper. Printing tactile characters requires paper formats larger and heavier than those used in ink printing.

Posting books that use tactile characters is therefore more expensive. To offset the burden of this cost from visually impaired persons, many national postal services have established measures to allow books for the visually impaired to be posted free of charge. In 1898, Canada became one of the first nations to implement such measures through legislation. In 1952, the Universal Postal Union moved to exempt post containing documents printed in tactile characters for the visually impaired from postage. Henceforth, all member states of the United Nations have been bound to honour this exemption; the term'cécogramme' has been used by the UPU to designate such post since 1964. The Universal Postal Union defines what constitutes a cecogram on behalf of the international community. Modern cecograms may contain documents in paper and digital formats; these include texts printed with tactile characters, tactile graphics, audio CDs, flash drives and hard drives. Other items designed to assist persons dealing with challenges inherent to visual impairment, such as white canes and braille watches, may be included in cecograms.

Unlike ordinary letters and parcels, cecograms should be easy to close. The contents of cecograms are inspected by postal workers in order to ensure that senders are not abusing the cecogram's exemption from postage. Including items in cecograms other than those expressly created for the visually impaired is prohibited. Cecograms may weigh up to 7 kilograms; the international cecogram symbol, a white-on-black pictogram depicting a person using a white cane, should be placed on the exterior of any cecogram. It should measure 52 by 65 millimetres. Furthermore, it should be indicated in writing on the exterior that the letter or parcel is indeed a cecogram. In order to enable communication between sighted and visually impaired persons, it is now possible to send cecograms online. Through a web form, the sender enters the address of a message; the message is printed in braille and posted. This service, like any other cecogram service, is free of charge. Air mail Franchise stamp Free Frank Freepost Postal censorship Semi-postal stamp Braille Post, a Belgian non-profit organisation which sends cecograms for free at the request of its users Canada Post — Literature for the Blind Japan Post — Postal items for the blind Swiss Post — Items for the blind

Wilfred D. Turner

Wilfred Dent Turner was a lawyer, legislator and the ninth Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina from 1901 to 1905, serving under Governor Charles B. Aycock. Wilfred Dent Turner was born in Iredell County, North Carolina on January 30, 1855, his grandfather, Samuel Turner moved to Iredell County from Port Tobacco, Maryland in 1818. Wilfred's parents were Dorcas Turner; the Turner family was the namesake of both the present day town of Turnersburg and Turnersburg township. Wilfred attended Duke University, Class of 1876, was a member of the Chi Phi Fraternity, he was buried in the Oakwood Cemetery in Statesville, North Carolina. Wilfred was married three times: Ida Lanier, married in 1878. Julie Harllee McCall, married in 1897. Sarah F. Goff, married in 1927 A Democrat, Turner was elected to the North Carolina Senate in 1886, 1888 and 1890 from Iredell County, he was President pro tempore of the North Carolina Senate in 1891. Turner served as the president of the Monbo Cotton Manufacturing Company.

Turner was a delegate to the 1896 Democratic National Convention. He died at the age of 78 in 1933 after a short illness. Ashe, Samuel A. Ashe. Biographical History of North Carolina, vol. 6. Cheney, John L. Jr.. North Carolina Government, 1585–1974. Proceedings of the Thirty-sixth Annual Session of the North Carolina Bar Association, vol. 36. 1934. Who Was Who in America, vol. 1. 1943. "History of the Hitching Post Home". The 1812 Hitching Post. 2018. Retrieved July 30, 2019; the Political Graveyard NC Manual of 1913