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Rocket 88

"Rocket 88" is a rhythm and blues song, first recorded in Memphis, Tennessee, on March 3 or 5, 1951. The recording was credited to "Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats"; the single reached number-one on the Billboard R&B chart. Many music writers acknowledge its importance in the development of rock and roll music, with several considering it to be the first rock and roll record. In 2017, the Mississippi Blues Trail dedicated it's 200th marker to "Rocket 88" as an influential record; the song was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1991, the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Singles in 2018. The original version of the twelve-bar blues song was credited to Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats, which hit number one on the R&B charts; the band was 19-year-old Ike Turner and his Kings of Rhythm band, who rehearsed at the Riverside Hotel in Clarksdale, Mississippi. Brenston sang the lead vocal and was credited with writing "Rocket 88." The song was a hymn of praise to the joys of the Oldsmobile "Rocket 88" automobile, introduced, was based on the 1947 song "Cadillac Boogie" by Jimmy Liggins.

It was preceded and influenced by Pete Johnson's "Rocket 88 Boogie" Parts 1 and 2, an instrumental recorded for the Los Angeles-based Swing Time Records label in 1949. Drawing on the template of jump blues and swing combo music, Turner made the style rawer, superimposing Brenston's enthusiastic vocals, his own piano, tenor saxophone solos by 17-year-old Raymond Hill. Willie Sims played drums for the recording; the song features one of the first examples of distortion, or fuzz guitar recorded, played by the band's guitarist Willie Kizart. The song was recorded in the Memphis studio of producer Sam Phillips in March 1951, licensed to Chess Records for release; the record was supposed to be credited to Ike Turner and his Kings of Rhythm featuring Jackie Brenston, but Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats was printed instead. Turner blamed Phillips for this error; the legend of how the sound came about says that Kizart's amplifier was damaged on Highway 61 when the band was driving from Mississippi to Memphis, Tennessee.

An attempt was made to hold the cone in place by stuffing the amplifier with wadded newspapers, which unintentionally created a distorted sound. Peter Guralnick, in his biography of Sam Phillips has the amplifier being dropped from the car's trunk when the band got a flat tire and was digging out the spare. Link Wray explains the development of his fuzz tone with a similar story. "Rocket 88" was the third-biggest rhythm and blues single in jukebox plays of 1951, according to Billboard magazine, ninth in record sales. The single reached the top of the Best Selling R&B Records chart on June 9, 1951 and stayed there for three weeks, it spent two weeks at the top of the Most Played Juke Box R&B Records chart. Turner and the band were only paid $20 each for the record, with the exception of Brenston who sold the rights to Phillips for $910. Ike Turner's piano intro on "Rocket 88" influenced Little Richard who used it for his hit song "Good Golly, Miss Molly."Many writers have suggested that "Rocket 88" has strong claims to be called the first rock'n'roll record, but others take a more nuanced view.

Charlie Gillett, writing in 1970 in The Sound of the City, said that it was "one of several records that people in the music business cite as'the first rock'n'roll record.'" It has been suggested by Larry Birnbaum that the idea that "Rocket 88" could be called "the first rock'n'roll record" first arose in the late 1960s. Music historian Robert Palmer, writing in The Rolling Stone History of Rock & Roll in 1980, described it as an important and influential record, he noted that Hill's saxophone playing was "wilder and rougher" than on many jump blues records, emphasized the record's "fuzzed-out, overamplified electric guitar". Writing in 1984, Nick Tosches, though rejecting the idea that it could be described as the first rock'n'roll record "any more than there is any first modern novel – the fact remains that the record in question was possessed of a sound and a fury the sheer, utter newness of which set it apart from what had come before." Echoing this view, Bill Dahl at AllMusic wrote:Determining the first actual rock & roll record is a impossible task.

But you can't go too far wrong citing Jackie Brenston's 1951 Chess waxing of "Rocket 88, "is a seminal piece of rock's fascinating history with all the prerequisite elements in place: indecipherable lyrics about cars and women. Rock art historian Paul Grushkin wrote:Working from the raw material of post-big band jump blues, Turner had cooked up a mellow, cruising boogie with a steady-as-she-goes back beat now married to Brenston's enthusiastic, sexually suggestive vocals that spoke of opportunity and conquest; this all combined to create "THE mother of all R&B songs for an evolutionary white audience". Michael Campbell wrote, in Popular Music in America: And The Beat Goes On:Both the distortion and the relative prominence of the guitar were novel features of this recording – these are the elements th

Thamarai (film)

Thamarai is a 1994 Tamil drama film directed and produced by K. K. Rajsirpy; the film features Napoleon and Rohini in lead roles. The film had musical score by Deva and was released on 19 August 1994. According to the prophecy, Kali temple has to be shifted in Madurai Veeran temple's place; this prophecy creates troubles between the two communities of the village. In the meantime, Thamarai comes back from jail to help the "Madurai Veeran" community against the vicious village chief Subbarayan. Five years back, a brute Thamarai came to Subbarayan's village. Being short-tempered, he clashed against the ruthless Subbarayan many times. Thamarai and Poogodai fell in love with each other but the poor palm wine seller Sarasu developed a soft corner for Thamarai. Poogodai got married with a rich groom and Thamarai went to jail for cutting the hand of the groom's father; the next day, the groom committed suicide. During the Madurai Veeran temple festival, Subbarayan plans to demolish the Madurai Veeran temple but Thamarai prevents it.

In the confrontation, Sarasu died by saving Thamarai. What transpires next forms the rest of the story. Actor Napoleon, who played villains and character roles until signed up to play for the first time the hero role, but the film that first got released in which he had played the hero role was Seevalaperi Pandi. The film score and the soundtrack were composed by film composer Deva; the soundtrack, released in 1994, features 6 tracks with lyrics written by Vairamuthu and Deva

Zdravko Zdravkov

Zdravko Stoyanov Zdravkov is a former Bulgarian football goalkeeper. He ended his career at the end of 2006–07 season. On the club level, Zdravkov has played for Levski Sofia, Adanaspor, Cherno More, Litex Lovech and Çaykur Rizespor. December 2002 until January 2003, Zdravkov spent a trial period with Arsenal F. C. but did not sign with the then-reigning FA Premier League champions. For Bulgaria, Zdravkov has been capped 70 times, he made his debut on 24 April 1996, against Slovakia in Trnava. He was the starting goalkeeper for his country at the Euro 1996, 1998 World Cup and Euro 2004. Halfway through the France World Cup in 1998, with Bulgaria having played two games, Zdravkov was ranked as the 2nd best goalkeeper in form. Although he went on to concede 6 goals in Bulgaria's loss to Spain in the next game, Zdravkov was an exceptional performer at the World Cup. Six years at UEFA Euro 2004, Zdravkov's age began to show, as he was outclassed by Swedish and Italian attackers. Bulgaria lost 0–5 to Sweden, 0–2 to Denmark and 1–2 to Italy, this was to be Zdravkov's final tournament as national team goalkeeper.

Zdravkov participated in the third season of Survivor BG, in Panama, but was evacuated due to serious health problems. He is married to Irena and they have three sons - Ivan and Pavel. Levski SofiaA Group: 1992–93, 1994–95 Bulgarian Cup: 1990–91, 1991–92Slavia SofiaA Group: 1995–96 Bulgarian Cup: 1995–96Litex LovechBulgarian Cup: 2003–04 Profile at Zdravko Zdravkov at


RosettaNet is a non-profit consortium aimed at establishing standard processes for the sharing of business information. RosettaNet is a consortium of major Computer and Consumer Electronics, Electronic Components, Semiconductor Manufacturing, Telecommunications and Logistics companies working to create and implement industry-wide, open e-business process standards; these standards form a common e-business language, aligning processes between supply chain partners on a global basis. RosettaNet is a subsidiary of GS1 US the Uniform Code Council, Inc.. It was formed through the efforts of Fadi Chehade, its first CEO. RosettaNet's 500 members come from companies around the world; the consortium has a presence in USA, Europe, Taiwan, Singapore and Australia. RosettaNet has several local user groups; the European User Group is called EDIFICE. The RosettaNet standard defines both e-commerce document and exchange protocols, as part of the Electronic data interchange; the RosettaNet standard is based on XML and defines message guidelines, interfaces for business processes, implementation frameworks for interactions between companies.

Addressed is the supply chain area, but manufacturing and material data and service processes are in scope. The standard is spread in the global semiconductor industry, but in electronic components, consumer electronics, telecommunication and logistics. RosettaNet originated in the USA and is used there, but it is well accepted and supported by governments in Asia. Due to the widespread use of EDIFACT in Europe, RosettaNet is used less; the RosettaNet Automated Enablement standard uses the Office Open XML document standard. The RosettaNet Technical Dictionary is the reference model for the classification and characterization of the products in the supply chains that use RosettaNet for their interactions. ECl@ss ETIM UNSPSC eOTD SWIFT RosettaNet Electronic Data Interchange ebXML Office Open XML software RosettaNet Website Introductory article on RosettaNet EDIFICE - European RosettaNet User Group

Niels Nielsen (Australian politician)

Niels Rasmus Wilson Nielsen was a Danish-born Australian politician. He was born in Copenhagen to Niel P. Susan Wilson, he arrived in Australia around 1874, becoming a carpenter and farmer near Young and a local officer of the Australian Workers' Union. Around 1888 he married Marie Booth in Yass. In 1899 he was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as the Labor member for Boorowa, he transferred to Yass in 1904. In 1910 he was appointed Secretary for Lands in the first state Labor government, but he was removed from the ministry in 1911 after his controversial attempt to prohibit the conversion of leasehold lands to freehold created extensive division in the Labor Party. Unable to regain ministerial office, he resigned his seat in 1913, he spent some time in the United States as a commercial agent of the government, in 1916 as a conscriptionist left the Labor Party for the Nationalist Party. He was chairman of the Taronga Park Trust from 1927 until his death at Gladesville in 1930

MaliVai Washington

MaliVai "Mal" Washington is an American former professional tennis player. He reached the men's singles final at Wimbledon in 1996, won four ATP titles and achieved a career-high singles ranking of world No. 11 in October 1992. Washington's younger sister, Mashona, is an accomplished professional tennis player, she was a member of the 1992 U. S. National Team, his younger brother, received All-America honors at Michigan State University, before joining the men's professional tour. MaliVai's older sister Michaela played professionally; as a high school senior, at Carman – Ainsworth High School in Flint Township, Washington was coached by former ATP Tour participant Victor Amaya. For two seasons, Washington played tennis for the University of Michigan and was the top ranked college player in the United States at the end of his sophomore season. Washington turned professional in 1989 and won his first ATP singles title at the 1992 indoor tournament in Memphis after defeating seventh-seeded Wayne Ferreira in the final in straight sets.

He followed up with a second singles title in May that year at the U. S. Men's Clay Court Championships in Charlotte, North Carolina, winning the final against Claudio Mezzadri. Washington made his debut at a Grand Slam event at the 1989 US Open where he reached the second round, he reached his first Grand Slam quarterfinal at the 1994 Australian Open after a win over second-seeded Michael Stich in the first round and a five-set victory against Mats Wilander in the fourth round. In the quarterfinal he lost to ninth-seeded Todd Martin in straight sets. Washington's biggest success at a Grand Slam event came in 1996 when he was a runner-up at the Wimbledon Championships. On his way to the final he defeated ninth-seeded Thomas Enqvist in the second round, came back from a 1–5 deficit in the fifth set of the semifinal to beat Todd Martin, he lost the final in three straight sets to Richard Krajicek. He was twice runner-up in ATP Masters Series events:- 1993 Miami Masters and 1995 Essen Masters. Washington reached a career-high singles ranking of No. 11 on October 26, 1992.

In 2009 Washington won the ATP Arthur Ashe Humanitarian of the Year award, for his positive work through the MaliVai Washington Youth Foundation. In 2015 Washington won the NJTL Founders' Service Award, for his continued contribution since retirement to support education and tennis among children and young people. Singles * Washington withdrew prior to his second-round match at the 1998 Australian Open MaliVai Washington at the Association of Tennis Professionals MaliVai Washington at the International Tennis Federation MaliVai Washington at the Davis Cup MaliVai Washington Kids Foundation website