Rockford is a city in Winnebago County in the U. S. state of Illinois, in far northern Illinois. Located on the banks of the Rock River, Rockford is the county seat of Winnebago County; the largest city in Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan area, Rockford is the third-largest city in the state and the 171st most populous in the United States. According to 2010 U. S. Census data, the City of Rockford had a population of 152,871, with an outlying metropolitan area population of 348,360; the City of Rockford's population was 147,051 as of 2017, down 4.1% since 2010. Settled in the mid-1830s, the position of the city on the Rock River made its location strategic for industrial development. In the second half of the 19th century, Rockford was notable for its output of heavy machinery and tools. During the second half of the 20th century, Rockford struggled alongside many Rust Belt cities. Since the late 1990s, efforts in economic diversification have led to growth of automotive and healthcare industries, as well as the undertaking of various tourism and downtown revitalization efforts.
Nicknamed the Forest City, Rockford is presently known for various venues of cultural or historical significance, including Anderson Japanese Gardens, Klehm Arboretum, Tinker Swiss Cottage, the BMO Harris Bank Center, the Coronado Theatre, the Laurent House, the Burpee Museum of Natural History. Its contributions to music are noted in the Mendelssohn Club, the oldest music club in the nation, performers such as Phantom Regiment and Cheap Trick. Rockford traces its roots to 1834, as the combined settlements of Midway were founded on both banks of the Rock River. On the west bank, Germanicus Kent and Thatcher Blake founded Kentville. With the location of the Rock River equidistant between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River, the combined settlement derived the name "Midway". In 1836, Winnebago County was created, with Midway named as its county seat. In 1837, the village of Midway was renamed Rockford, highlighting a rocky river ford across the Rock River in the village; the same year, Rockford established its first post office.
In 1840, the first weekly newspaper began circulation. In 1847, Rockford Female Seminary was founded. In 1852, Rockford was chartered as a city. In 1852, the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad connected Rockford to Chicago by railroad. At the time of its founding, many of the village's residents were transplants from the Northeastern United States and upstate New York. Descended from English Puritans, the Midway/Rockford population was similar to much of the rest of northern Illinois and nearly all of Wisconsin during the mid-19th century. After the Black Hawk War, additional immigrants moved to northern Illinois. During the antebellum period, Rockford shared abolitionist leanings, lending considerable support to the Free Soil Party and the Republican Party. In 1848, 42 percent of voters in Winnebago County voted for Martin Van Buren. In 1852, Free Soil candidate John P. Hale became the first presidential candidate to visit Rockford, although he would only receive 28 percent of the vote. In 1860, Abraham Lincoln won 3,985 votes in Winnebago County to the 817 votes of Stephen A. Douglas.
The 1850s brought industry. In 1853, inventor John Henry Manny moved to Rockford to produce horse-drawn mechanical reapers for farmers and transport the finished products by rail. Chicago implement manufacturer Cyrus McCormick took Manny to court after he produced nearly 6,000 machines. Along with production of agricultural machines, Swedish furniture cooperatives established the city as a manufacturing base; the Rockford Union Furniture Company, under John Erlander, spearheaded these cooperatives. Today, Erlander's home is a Rockford museum that shows his efforts in elevating Rockford to second in furniture manufacturing in the nation, behind Grand Rapids. During the Civil War, one of the first Illinois regiments to be mobilized, the Zouaves, were from Rockford; the city served as the site for Camp Fuller, a training site for four other infantry regiments. In 1884, Rockford established its first city-wide public school district, constructing Rockford Central High School in 1885; the Rockford Female Seminary became the alma mater of Jane Addams in 1881.
This move accompanied the Seminary's transition into a more complete curriculum, represented by its renaming to Rockford College in 1892. Culture flourished with the founding of the Mendelssohn Club in 1884, which became the oldest operating music club in the United States; this was complemented by the construction of a Carnegie library in 1902, which became the first building of Rockford's public library system. 1903 saw the dedication of the Winnebago County Veterans Memorial Hall in the presence of sitting President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt returned to Rockford during his campaign in 1912 and again to address the soldiers at Camp Grant, a training site for World War I soldi
Hampton Lansden Fancher is an American actor and filmmaker, best known for co-writing the 1982 neo-noir science fiction film Blade Runner and its 2017 sequel Blade Runner 2049, based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick, his 1999 directorial debut, The Minus Man, won the Special Grand Prize of the Jury at the Montreal World Film Festival. He resides in the Brooklyn Heights district of New York City. Fancher was born to a Mexican-Danish mother and an American father, a physician, in East Los Angeles, California. At 15, he ran away to Spain to become a flamenco dancer and renamed himself "Mario Montejo". Following the breakup of his marriage to Joann McNabb, he was married to Sue Lyon from 1963 to 1965. In 1959, Fancher appeared in the episode "Misfits" of The Rebel. In the storyline, Fancher used the name "Bull" with Malcolm Cassell as Billy the Kid and Hal Stalmaster as "Skinny" plot to rob a bank so that they can live thereafter without working; the "Misfits" enlist the help of The Rebel in carrying out their doomed scheme.
Fancher played Deputy Lon Gillis in seven episodes of the ABC western, Black Saddle, with Peter Breck. He guest starred on other westerns, Have Gun, Will Travel, Stagecoach West, Maverick, Temple Houston and Bonanza. Fancher appeared in two Troy Donahue films: 1961's Parrish and 1962's Rome Adventure and was cast as Larry Wilson in the 1963 episode "Little Richard" of the CBS anthology series, GE True, hosted by Jack Webb. In 1965, he played the role of Hamp Fisher, in the Perry Mason episode "The Case of the Silent Six." All in all, Fancher played roles in over television shows. During this time, he had relationships with a variety of women, including Barbara Hershey and Teri Garr. Although he showed interest in screenwriting, it would take until 1977 for Fancher to transition into screenwriting, he continues to act occasionally. After trying to option Philip K. Dick's 1968 science fiction novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? in 1975, when the rights were not available, Fancher sent his friend Brian Kelly, a prospective film producer.
Dick agreed, Fancher was brought on to write a screenplay before Kelly enlisted the support of producer Michael Deeley. This made Fancher the executive producer, which led to disagreements with the eventual director Ridley Scott who brought in David Peoples to continue reworking the script. Scott and Fancher had clashed concerning the movie, as Scott felt the original script did not sufficiently explore the world of the movie, choosing instead to focus on the interior drama. Fancher's rewriting process was too slow for the production crew, which nicknamed him "Happen Faster"; the movie was filmed and released as Blade Runner. Fancher wrote two films following Blade Runner; the Mighty Quinn, starred Denzel Washington, The Minus Man, starred Owen Wilson. The latter he directed. More he wrote the story and co-wrote, with Michael Green, the screenplay for Blade Runner 2049, a sequel to the 1982 film. In the early 1980s, Fancher lived outside of Los Angeles in Topanga Canyon. Fancher appeared in a cameo role in the independent film Tonight at Noon, directed by Michael Almereyda and starring Rutger Hauer.
Fancher provided voiceover commentary for The Criterion Collection edition DVD extras of the film noir adaptations of Ernest Hemingway's short story "The Killers", which included the 1946, 1956 and 1964 versions. In 2019, Fancher will publish a screenwriting manual; the book draws from his extensive film experience. His life was the subject of Escapes, a documentary directed by Michael Almereyda and executive-produced by Wes Anderson. Hampton Fancher on IMDb Salon.com – The flamenco man: Hampton Fancher "Interview with Hampton Fancher". "Hampton as guest star on Adam 12"
The Eliot Indian Bible was the first Bible published in British North America. English Puritan missionary John Eliot produced a translation of the Geneva Bible into the indigenous Massachusett language; this is the reason that it is known as Eliot's Indian Bible. Mamusse Wunneetupanatamwe Up Biblum God and the cover page of the translated Bible means The Whole Holy His-Bible God, both Old Testament and New Testament; this turned by the-servant-of-Christ, called John Eliot. The history of Eliot's Indian Bible involves three historical events that came together to produce the Algonquian Bible. Stephen Daye of England contracted with Jose Glover, a wealthy minister who disagreed with the religious teachings of the Church of England, to transport a printing press to America in 1638. Jose Glover died at sea, his widow Elizabeth Glover, Stephen Daye, the press arrived at Cambridge, where Mrs. Glover opened her print shop with the assistance of Daye. Daye started the operations of the first American print shop, the forerunner of Harvard University Press.
The press was located in the house of the president of Harvard College where religious materials, such as the Bay Psalm Book, were published in the 1640s. Elizabeth Glover married president of Harvard College Henry Dunster on June 21, 1641. In 1649, Parliament enacted An Act for the Promoting and Propagating the Gospel of Jesus Christ in New England, which set up a Corporation in England consisting of a President, a Treasurer, fourteen people to help them; the name of the Corporation was "The President and Society for the propagation of the Gospel in New England," but it was known as the New England Company. The Corporation had the power to collect money in England for missionary purposes in New England; this money was received by the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England and dispersed for missionary purposes such as Eliot's Indian Bible. Eliot came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony from England in 1631. One of his missions was to convert the indigenous Massachusett to Christianity.
Eliot's instrument to do this was through the Christian scriptures. Eliot's feelings were that the Indians felt more comfortable hearing the scriptures in their own language than in English. Eliot thought it best to translate the English Christian Bible to an Algonquian Bible rather than teach the Massachusett Indians English, he went about learning the Algonquian Indian language of the Massachusett people so he could translate English to the Natick dialect of the Massachusett language. Eliot translated the entire 66 books of the English Bible in a little over fourteen years, it had taken 44 scholars seven years to produce the King James Version of the Christian Bible in 1611. Eliot had to become a grammarian and lexicographer to devise an Algonquian dictionary and book of grammar, he used the assistance of a few local Massachusett Indians in order to facilitate the translation, including Cockenoe, John Sassamon, Job Nesuton, James Printer. Eliot made his first text for the Corporation for the propagation of the Gospel in New England into the Massachusett language as a one volume textbook primer catechism in 1653 printed by Samuel Green.
He translated and had printed in 1655-56 the Gospel of Matthew, book of Genesis, Psalms into the Algonquian Indian language. It was printed as a sample run for the London Corporation to show what a complete finished Algonquian Bible might look like; the Corporation approved the sample and sent a professional printer, Marmaduke Johnson, to America in 1660 with 100 reams of paper and eighty pounds of new type for the printer involved to print the Bible. To accommodate the transcription of the Algonquian Indian language phonemes extra "O's" and "K's" had to be ordered for the printing press. Johnson had a three-year contract to help assist to print the entire Bible of 66 books. Eliot's Indian Bible was printed in Massachusetts, at Harvard College by Samuel Green. In 1661, with the assistance of the English printer Johnson and a Nipmuc named James Printer, Green printed 1500 copies of the New Testament. In 1663 they printed 1000 copies of the complete Bible of all 66 books in a 1,180 page volume.
The costs for this production was paid by the Corporation, authorized by the Parliament of England by donations collected in England and Wales. Eliot was determined to give the Christian Bible to them in their own Massachusett language, he learned the Natick dialect of its grammar. Eliot worked on the Indian Bible for over fourteen years before publication. England contributed about 16,000 pounds for its production by 1660; the money came from private donations in Wales. There was no donations or money from the New England colonies for Eliot's Indian Bible; the translation answered the question received many times by Eliot from the Massachusett was "How may I get faith in Christ?" The ecclesiastical answer was "Pray and read the Bible." After Eliot's translation, there was a Bible. Eliot translated the Bible from an unwritten American Indian language into a written alphabet that the Algonquian Indians could read and understand, he was the only missionary to make a new alphabet from an unwritten language for purposes of teaching scriptures, in over a thousand years since Ulfilas constructed the Gothic alphabet.
To show the difficulty of the Algonquian language used in Eliot's Indian Bible, Cotton Mather gives as an example the Algonquian word Nummatchekodtantamoonganunnonash which means "our lusts". He said that the Indian language did not have the lea