Rock County, Wisconsin
Rock County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 160,331, its county seat is Janesville. Rock County comprises the Janesville-Beloit, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Madison-Janesville-Beloit, WI Combined Statistical Area. Rock County was created in 1836 as a territorial county on December 7, 1836 from Milwaukee County and organized February 19, 1839; the county is named for the Rock River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 726 square miles, of which 718 square miles is land and 8.0 square miles is water. Cook Memorial Arboretum, a natural area with birding and nature trails, is located northwest of Janesville, it is owned by the Janesville School District. Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport serves the surrounding communities. Green County – west Dane County – north Jefferson County – northeast Walworth County – east Boone County, Illinois – south Winnebago County, Illinois – south As of the census of 2000, there were 152,307 people, 58,617 households, 40,387 families residing in the county.
The population density was 211 people per square mile. There were 62,187 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.01% white, 4.63% black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, 1.50% from two or more races. 3.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.8% were of German, 13.0% Norwegian, 10.1% Irish, 7.5% English and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 58,617 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.50% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.10% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males. Beloit Brodhead Edgerton Evansville Janesville Milton Clinton Orfordville Footville Hanover Fellows Jefferson Prairie Settlement Hillary Clinton carried the county in 2016, but it was the smallest margin of victory since Michael Dukakis in 1988. Beloit Clinton Evansville Janesville National Register of Historic Places listings in Rock County, Wisconsin Brown, William F. Rock County, Wisconsin: A New History... Vol. 1, Chicago: Cooper, 1908. Brown, William F. Rock County, Wisconsin: A New History... Vol. 2, Chicago: Cooper, 1908. Commemorative Biographical Record of the Counties of Rock, Grant and Lafayette, Containing Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, of Many of the Early Settled Families. Chicago: J. H. Beers and Co. 1901. The History of Rock County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1879. Portrait and Biographical Album of Rock County, Wisconsin.
Chicago: Acme Publishing Company, 1889. Sayre, David F. "Early Life in Southern Wisconsin", Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 420–427. Smith, Isaac T. "Early Settlement of Rock County" in Wisconsin Historical Collections, vol. VI. Madison, Wis.: Atwood & Culver, 1872, pp. 416-425. Walterman, Thomas. There Stands "Old Rock": Rock County and the War to Preserve the Union. Friendship, Wis.: New Past Press, 2001. ISBN 0-938627-50-3 Rock County government website Rock County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Rock County 5.0 Rock County Historical Society Rock County Genealogical Society Beloit Janesville Symphony
The Ho-Chunk known as Hoocąągra or Winnebago, are a Siouan-speaking Native American people whose historic territory includes parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota and Illinois. Today, Ho-Chunk people are enrolled in two federally recognized tribes, the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin and the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska; the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska have an Indian reservation in Nebraska. While related, the two tribes are distinct federally recognized sovereign nations and peoples, each having its own constitutionally formed government, separate governing and business interests. Since the late 20th century, both tribal councils have authorized the development of casinos to generate revenue to support economic development, health care and education; the Ho-Chunk Nation has developed a Hoocąąk-language iOS app. Since 1988, it has pursued a claim to the Badger Army Ammunition Plant as traditional territory; the department supported the Ho-Chunk claim in 1998, but in 2011 refused to accept the property on their behalf.
In 1994, to build on its revenues from casinos, the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska created an economic development corporation. With a number of subsidiaries, it employs more than 1400 people, it has contributed to housing construction on the reservation. Like more than 60% of federally recognized tribes, the Winnebago Tribe has legalized alcohol sales on the reservation to secure revenues that went to the state in retail taxes; the Ho-Chunk was the dominant tribe in its territory in the 16th century, with a population estimated at several thousand. Their traditions hold. Ethnologists have speculated that, like some other Siouan peoples, the Ho-Chunk originated along the East Coast and migrated west in ancient times. Nicolas Perrot wrote that the names given to them by neighboring Algonquian peoples may have referred to their origin near a salt water sea; the Ho-Chunk suffered severe population losses in the 17th century, to a low of as few as 500 individuals. This has been attributed to the loss of hundreds of warriors in a lake storm, epidemics of infectious disease, competition for resources from migrating Algonquian tribes.
By the early 1800s, their population had increased to 2,900, but they suffered further losses in the smallpox epidemic of 1836. In 1990 they numbered 7,000; the Ho-Chunk are a matrilineal indigenous tribe who speak a Siouan language, which they believe to be given to them by their creator, Waxopini Xete. The Hoocąągra were called various names by other tribes inspired by their fierceness in battle. At one point, they were called "Stinkards" due to living by water sources with large algae blooms, including Green Bay and Lake Winnebago; the term "Winnebago" is a term used by the Potawatomi, pronounced as "Winnipego." Their native name is Ho-Chąąnk, meaning "sacred voice". They refer to themselves as Hoocąąk-waazija-haa-chi meaning "sacred voice people of the Pines"; the Jesuit Relations of 1659-1660 said: He started, in the month of June of the year one thousand six hundred and fifty-eight, from the lake of the Ouinipegouek, only a large bay in lake Huron. It is called by others, the lake of the stinkards, not because it is salt like the water of the Sea -- which the Savages call Ouinipeg, or stinking water -- but because it is surrounded by sulphurous soil, whence issue several springs which convey into this lake the impurities absorbed by their waters in the places of their origin.
Nicolas Perrot was a 17th century French trader who believed that the Algonquian terms referred to salt-water seas, as these have a distinctive aroma compared with fresh-water lakes. An early Jesuit record says that the name refers to the origin of Le Puans near the salt water seas to the north. Algonquins called the Winnebago, "the people of the sea." When the explorers Jean Nicolet and Samuel de Champlain learned of the "sea" connection to the tribe's name, they were optimistic that it meant Les puans were from or had lived near the Pacific Ocean. They hoped. In recent studies, ethnologists have concluded that the Hoocąągra, like the other Siouan-speaking peoples, originated on the east coast of North America and migrated west. Several Hoocąąk elders have claimed that they originated in the Midwest and that they predated the last ice age; the early 20th-century researcher H. R. Holand claimed they originated in Mexico, where they had contact with the Spanish and gained a knowledge of horses.
David Lee contends. His evidence derived from a culture based on corn growing, civilization type, mound building; this followed the receding ice shield. However, Holand cites the records of Jonathan Carver, who lived with the Hoocąągra in 1766–1768. But, contact with the Spanish could have occurred along the Gulf of Mexico or the south Atlantic coast, where other Hoocąąk type tribes originated and lived for centuries. Others suggested that the Hoocąągra originated near saltwater, to explain how mid-western tribes had a knowledge of the Pacific Ocean, which they described as being located where the earth ends and the sun sets into the sea; the Hoocąągra claim that their people have always lived in what is now the north central United States. Linguistic and e
U.S. Route 20
U. S. Highway 20 is an east–west United States highway that stretches from the Pacific Northwest all the way to New England; the "0" in its route number indicates. Spanning 3,365 miles, it is the longest road in the United States, from Newport, Oregon to Boston, the route is parallel to that of the newer Interstate 90, in turn the longest Interstate Highway in the U. S. There is a discontinuity in the official designation of US 20 through Yellowstone National Park, with unnumbered roads used to traverse the park, it and US 30 break the general U. S. Route numbering rules in Oregon, since US 30 starts north of US 20 and runs parallel to the north throughout the state; the two run continue in the correct positioning near Caldwell, Idaho. This is. US 20 ended at the eastern entrance of Yellowstone Park; the highway's eastern terminus is in Boston, Massachusetts, at Kenmore Square, where it meets Route 2. Its western terminus is in Newport, Oregon, at an intersection with US 101, within a mile of the Pacific Ocean.
The highway passes through the following states: US 20 begins at an intersection with US 101 in Newport and runs eastward towards Idaho. On the way it goes over the Central Oregon Coast Range, through several Willamette Valley cities including Corvallis and Albany, climbs the Cascade Mountains over Santiam Pass, goes through Bend, traverses the Oregon High Desert passing through Burns, it overlaps with US 26 in Vale, the two roads continue concurrently to the Idaho border. US 20 crosses into Idaho from Oregon northwest of Parma, it joins US 95 through Parma. US 20/US 26 leaves US 95 southeast of Parma and runs to Caldwell where US 20/US 26 joins with I-84 and US 30 for a short time; these four highways parallel each other to Boise where US 20/US 26 runs through downtown before joining with I-84 and US 30 again to Mountain Home, where it departs at exit 95 to head east, past Rattlesnake Station, Anderson Ranch Dam road, cresting at Cat Creek summit at 5,527 feet above mean sea level. It continues into and across Camas County through Fairfield to Timmerman Junction, the intersection in Blaine County with State Highway 75, the route to Sun Valley, Galena Summit, Stanley.
US 20 continues east through Picabo and Carey, joined with US 26 and US 93, to Craters of the Moon and Arco, where US 93 splits off and turns north-northwest to climb the Big Lost River valley. US 20/US 26 continues on through the Idaho National Laboratory, where the highways split just west of Atomic City. US 20 climbs through the communities of St. Anthony and Island Park, crosses the Continental Divide at Targhee Pass at 7,072 feet, entering Montana west of West Yellowstone. In the state of Montana, US 20 runs for less than 10 miles, it runs from the Idaho state line to West Yellowstone, the western entrance to Yellowstone National Park. US 20 is known as the Targhee Pass Highway in Montana. In the state of Wyoming, the eastern segment of US 20 starts at the eastern entrance to Yellowstone National Park along with the western termini of US 14 and US 16; these three routes run east to Greybull, where US 14 continues US 16/US 20 turns south. US 20 joins US 26 in Shoshoni. In Casper it joins I-25 and US 87.
These four routes stay combined to Orin. At its intersection with I-25, US 18 begins. US 18 and US 20 are concurrent from Orin to Lusk. US 18 separates US 20 runs east into Nebraska. In the state of Nebraska, US 20 runs from west of Harrison to South Sioux City on the Missouri River. Portions overlap US 385, US 83, US 183, US 275, I-129, US 75. US 20 enters Iowa at Sioux City via the Missouri River crossing with I-129 and US 75. After skirting the southeast side of Sioux City as a freeway with US 75, US 20 continues east as an expressway to Moville. From Moville through north of Early at the junction with U. S. Route 71 and Iowa Highway 471, US 20 was reconstructed from a rural two-lane highway to a four-lane road; this segment re-opened October 19, 2018 and made it so that US 20 is a continuous four-lane highway during its entire time in Iowa. Passing north of Early and Sac City, where it has another interchange with the realigned U. S. Route 71 passing to the south of Fort Dodge and Webster City before intersecting I-35 near Williams.
A new segment of freeway between US 65 south of Iowa Falls and Iowa Highway 14 opened in 2003 creating a continuous four-lane route from Moorland to Dubuque. The new segment shaved 16 miles off US 20's length in Iowa. In the Waterloo/Cedar Falls area, the segment of US 20 overlapped by the Avenue of the Saints, designated as Iowa Highway 27. US 20 passes Independence and Dyersville before reaching Dubuque. At Dubuque, US 20 crosses into Illinois over the Julien Dubuque Bridge. In the state of Illinois, US 20 begins in East Dubuque, following southeastward along the Mississippi River, continues into the hilly Driftless Area of northwest Illinois through Galena and Elizabeth; the highway transitions eastward from the Driftless Area to the Interior Plains near Stockton. The road continues as a bypass north of Freeport, runs as a freeway along the southern fringe of Rockford. From Rockford to Chicago, Illinois, US 20 is a mixture of four-lan
Ogle County, Illinois
Ogle County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 53,497, its county seat is Oregon, its largest city is Rochelle. Ogle County comprises Rochelle, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Rockford-Freeport-Rochelle, IL Combined Statistical Area. Ogle County was formed in 1836 out of Jo Daviess and LaSalle counties, named in honor of Captain Joseph Ogle, a veteran of the Revolutionary War who settled in Illinois in 1785. Ogle County government was organized in 1837. In 1839, a portion of Ogle County was partitioned off to form Lee County. Ogle County was a New England settlement; the founders of Oregon and Rochelle arrived from New England. They were part of a wave of farmers who migrated into the Northwest Territory in the early 1800s, their trek eased by completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, they found virgin forest and wild prairie, laid out farms, constructed roads, erected government buildings and established post routes.
They brought a passion for strong abolitionism. They were members of the Episcopalian Church. Culturally Ogle County, like much of northern Illinois would maintain values similar to those of New England. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 763 square miles, of which 759 square miles is land and 4.4 square miles is water. Winnebago County - north Boone County - northeast Stephenson County - northwest DeKalb County - east Carroll County - west Lee County - south Whiteside County - southwest In recent years, average temperatures in Oregon have ranged from a low of 10 °F in January to a high of 82 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 110 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.43 inches in February to 4.88 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 53,497 people, 20,856 households, 14,711 families residing in the county; the population density was 70.5 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 22,561 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.8% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.0% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 10.2% were English, 6.4% were American, 5.3% were Swedish, 5.3% were Norwegian. Of the 20,856 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families, 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 40.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $55,733 and the median income for a family was $64,927. Males had a median income of $49,996 versus $32,082 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,959.
About 6.6% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. By 2000, 65% of the county labor force was employed as white-collar workers with an increase of 20 points in comparison with 1990 statistics. Manufacturing remains the leading employment sector absorbing more than 21.7% of the labor force though there was a decrease from 30,4% in 1995. However it is expected that services would replace manufacturing starting 2015 as the leading activity. Agriculture remains important in Ogle county corn and soybeans. In 2003, the Illinois Department of Agriculture ranked Ogle County 17th in the State for crop cash receipts, 14th in the state for livestock cash receipts; as for livestock production and pigs are still leading though productions decreased from 57,000 units in 1998 to 48,900 in 2002. The county got some investment packages such as a $180 million truck-to-train cargo hub in 2006. In August 2006, it was announced that a new ethanol production facility would receive a package of $5.5 million Opportunity Returns grant from the State.
Along with its neighbor Lee County, Ogle County is one of the most Republican counties in the nation when it comes to presidential elections. In the last 150 years, a Republican candidate has carried the county in each presidential election. No Democratic candidate has won the county, which favored the Whig Party before the Republican Party was formed, it is represented by Republican Adam Kinzinger as a county in Illinois's 16th congressional district. The following public-use airports are located in the county: Ogle County Airport - Mount Morris, Illinois Rochelle Municipal Airport - Rochelle, Illinois Beach Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve Douglas E. Wade Prairie Nature Preserve Jarrett Prairie Nature Preserve Nachusa Grasslands Byron Oregon Polo Rochelle Grand Detour Lost Nation List of settlements in Ogle County, Illinois List of townships in Ogle County, Illinois List of cemeteries in Ogle County, Illinois National Register of Historic Places listings in Ogle County, Illinois Kauffman, Horace G..
Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Ogle County. 2. Chicago: Munsell Publishing Co. Retrieved November 23, 2010; the History of Ogle County, Illinois. Chicago: H. F. Kett & Co. 1878. Retrieved November 23, 2010. Offic
Stephenson County, Illinois
Stephenson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 47,711, its county seat is Freeport. Stephenson County is included in the Freeport, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Rockford-Freeport-Rochelle, IL Combined Statistical Area; the land that became Stephenson County was first settled by William Waddams in 1832, who founded Waddams Grove. By 1837, population was sufficient to form Stephenson County, taking land from Jo Daviess and Winnebago counties; the county was named for an official of the Illinois Territory. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 565 square miles, of which 565 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles is water. In recent years the average temperatures in the county seat of Freeport, have ranged from a low of 9 °F in January to a high of 82 °F in July, although a record low of −29 °F was recorded in January 2009 and a record high of 101 °F was recorded in July 1988.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.33 inches in January to 4.46 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,711 people, 19,845 households, 13,015 families residing in the county; the population density was 84.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 22,081 housing units at an average density of 39.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 86.5% white, 9.0% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.6% were German, 12.5% were Irish, 10.0% were English, 8.0% were American. Of the 19,845 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age was 43.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $43,304 and the median income for a family was $54,224. Males had a median income of $41,672 versus $29,510 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,608. About 12.3% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. There are five public high schools and one private high Schools in the county: Public high schools Freeport High 1,254 Lena-Winslow High 299 Dakota High 254 Pearl City High 150 Orangeville High 142Private high school Aquin Catholic High 93 Freeport Dakota Lake Summerset List of counties in Illinois List of Illinois county name etymologies National Register of Historic Places listings in Stephenson County, Illinois Stephenson County Benjamin Stephenson House Restoration Project Stephenson County Historical Society & Museum Freeport/Stephenson County Convention and Visitors Bureau Illinois Ancestors Stephenson Tombstone Project Genealogy Trails for Stephenson County Illinois High School Association – School Enrollments
Native Americans in the United States
Native Americans known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, except Hawaii. There are over 500 federally recognized tribes within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations; the term "American Indian" excludes Native Hawaiians and some Alaska Natives, while Native Americans are American Indians, plus Alaska Natives of all ethnicities. Native Hawaiians are not counted as Native Americans by the US Census, instead being included in the Census grouping of "Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander"; the ancestors of modern Native Americans arrived in what is now the United States at least 15,000 years ago much earlier, from Asia via Beringia. A vast variety of peoples and cultures subsequently developed. Native Americans were affected by the European colonization of the Americas, which began in 1492, their population declined precipitously due to introduced diseases as well as warfare, territorial confiscation and slavery.
After the founding of the United States, many Native American peoples were subjected to warfare and one-sided treaties, they continued to suffer from discriminatory government policies into the 20th century. Since the 1960s, Native American self-determination movements have resulted in changes to the lives of Native Americans, though there are still many contemporary issues faced by Native Americans. Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations; when the United States was created, established Native American tribes were considered semi-independent nations, as they lived in communities separate from British settlers. The federal government signed treaties at a government-to-government level until the Indian Appropriations Act of 1871 ended recognition of independent native nations, started treating them as "domestic dependent nations" subject to federal law; this law did preserve the rights and privileges agreed to under the treaties, including a large degree of tribal sovereignty.
For this reason, many Native American reservations are still independent of state law and actions of tribal citizens on these reservations are subject only to tribal courts and federal law. The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted U. S. citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States. This emptied the "Indians not taxed" category established by the United States Constitution, allowed natives to vote in state and federal elections, extended the Fourteenth Amendment protections granted to people "subject to the jurisdiction" of the United States. However, some states continued to deny Native Americans voting rights for several decades. Bill of Rights protections do not apply to tribal governments, except for those mandated by the Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968. Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange.
As most Native American groups had preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, the first written sources of the conflict were written by Europeans. Ethnographers classify the indigenous peoples of North America into ten geographical regions with shared cultural traits, called cultural areas; some scholars combine the Plateau and Great Basin regions into the Intermontane West, some separate Prairie peoples from Great Plains peoples, while some separate Great Lakes tribes from the Northeastern Woodlands. The ten cultural areas are as follows: Arctic, including Aleut and Yupik peoples Subarctic Northeastern Woodlands Southeastern Woodlands Great Plains Great Basin Northwest Plateau Northwest Coast California Southwest At the time of the first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and Christian immigrants; some Northeastern and Southwestern cultures, in particular, were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than that with which Europeans were familiar.
The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe. Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were different; the differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations in times of war, caused extensive political tension, ethnic violence, social disruption. Before the European settlement of what is now the United States, Native Americans suffered high fatalities from contact with new European diseases, to which they had not yet acquired immunity. Smallpox epidemics are thought to have caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations. William M Denevan, noted author and Professor Emeritus of Geography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, said on this subject in his essay "The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492".
Old World diseases were the primary killer. In many regions the tropical lowlands, populations fell by 90 percent or more in the first century after the contact. "Estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U. S. vary ranging from William M Denevan's 3.8 million in his 1992 w
DeKalb County, Illinois
DeKalb County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 105,160, its county seat is Sycamore. DeKalb County is part of the IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. DeKalb County was formed on 4 March 1837, out of Illinois; the County was named for a German hero of the American Revolutionary War. DeKalb County's area is 632.7 square miles, located 63 miles west of Chicago. There are 19 townships in the county with the county seat at Sycamore. Between 1834 and 1837, white men began to settle in DeKalb County along the streams and wooded areas because of the fertile soil, wild game, food and water opportunities. Major growth stemmed from the introduction of the railroad which brought easier methods of transportation and opportunities for industrial growth. Early industries based in DeKalb County included Sandwich Mfg. Co, Marsh Harvester Co, Barbed Wire, Gurler Bros Pure Milk Co; the county is noted for agriculture. In 1852, the DeKalb Agricultural Society produced the county's first Agricultural Fair, in Sycamore.
Farmers, businessmen and newspapermen organized to become the DeKalb County Soil Improvement Association, split into DeKalb County Farm Bureau and DeKalb Agricultural Association. DeKalb County is credited with being the birthplace of the Farm Bureau movement. DeKalb County is the 2nd largest hog producing county in Illinois and the 66th largest in the nation. Education has played an important role in the area with Northern Illinois University located in DeKalb and Kishwaukee Community College located in Malta. A major fair has been held each year since 1887 at the Sandwich Fairgrounds in Sandwich. Unlike spelled locations, such as DeKalb County, Georgia, DeKalb denizens from Illinois pronounce the county name di-KALB, with an L sound, as in German. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 635 square miles, of which 631 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Sycamore have ranged from a low of 10 °F in January to a high of 84 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in August 1988.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.40 inches in February to 4.49 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 105,160 people, 38,484 households, 23,781 families residing in the county; the population density was 166.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 41,079 housing units at an average density of 65.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 85.1% white, 6.4% black or African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 3.9% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.6% were German, 17.5% were Irish, 8.7% were English, 7.0% were Polish, 6.4% were Italian, 6.3% were Swedish, 3.8% were American. Of the 38,484 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.2% were non-families, 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.11.
The median age was 29.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $54,002 and the median income for a family was $70,713. Males had a median income of $50,192 versus $35,246 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,179. About 7.7% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 4.5% of those age 65 or over. Cortland As part of Northern Illinois, DeKalb County was a stronghold for the Free Soil Party in its early elections – being among nine Illinois counties to support Martin Van Buren in 1848 – and became overwhelmingly Republican for the century following that party’s formation; the only time it did not back the official GOP nominee between 1856 and 1988 was in 1912 when the Republican Party was mortally divided and Progressive Theodore Roosevelt won half the county’s vote. Republican candidate Alf Landon, who lost 46 of 48 states in 1936, won DeKalb County by double digits, whilst Barry Goldwater – renowned for his antagonism towards the establishment – won by seven percent despite losing sixteen percent of the vote compared to Richard Nixon in 1960.
Beginning in 1972, DeKalb County has shown a strong trend towards the Democratic Party owing to the growth of its powerfully Democratic student population. In that year’s election George McGovern, to lose all but 130 counties nationwide, managed to exceed his nationwide vote percentage in this county that had not voted Democratic since giving a plurality to Franklin Pierce in 1852. In 1980, Illinois native John B. Anderson won over fifteen percent of the county’s vote and this was to shift towards the Democratic Party in subsequent elections. In 1992 and 1996, Bill Clinton became the first Democrat to carry the county in 140 years, in 2008 another Illinois son, Barack Obama, became the first Democrat to win an absolute majority since Van Buren in the county’s first-ever Presidential election of 1840. Obama repeated this in 2012, but economic concerns in the rust belt caused a sizeable swing away from Hillary Clinton in 2016, although she still narrowly won the county. National Register of Historic Places listings in DeKalb County, Illinois Forstall, Richard L..
Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: fro