Apollo Creed is a fictional character from the Rocky films. He was played by Carl Weathers, he is a tough but agile boxer, who is, as the series begins, the undisputed heavyweight world champion. The character was inspired by the real-life champion Muhammad Ali, having what one author remarked as the same "brash, theatrical" personality. Sylvester Stallone stated, " Johnson served as the inspiration for the character of Apollo Creed in the Rocky movies,". Protagonist Rocky Balboa, Creed's rival in Rocky and Rocky II, faces underdog odds and views Creed with respect, pointedly refusing the prodding of a reporter to "trash talk" against Creed by laconically remarking, "He's great."In Rocky, Creed cleans out his division of serious challengers and magnanimously decides to fight journeyman Balboa for the fan spectacle. In the film and its sequel and Creed find themselves evenly matched in the ring, ending up friends by the third movie. Creed had multiple nicknames, including most prominently "The Master of Disaster".
Others include "The King of Sting", "The Dancing Destroyer", "The Prince of Punch", "The Count of Monte Fisto". A 2013 poll of former heavyweight champions and boxing writers, including former WBA heavyweight star James "Bonecrusher" Smith, ranked Creed as the second-best boxer in the Rocky series. Apollo Creed first appeared in the 1976 Oscar-winning film Rocky as the charismatic and undefeated 33-year-old World Heavyweight Champion. A planned Bicentennial fight against number-one contender Mac Lee Green was scheduled for January 1, 1976, which Creed gladly hypes whenever someone places a microphone in front of him. However, Green hurts his left hand in training, when none of the other top-ranked contenders, such as Joe Czak and Buddy Shaw, step up to face the champion, Creed responds with a promotion that will generate huge publicity, he will offer an unknown local fighter an opportunity to battle for the title in a match in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Upon reviewing the local boxers in Philadelphia, Creed is drawn to a club fighter named Rocky Balboa because Balboa is Italian and has a catchy nickname, "The Italian Stallion".
Creed explains his choice by saying: "Who discovered America? An Italian, right? What better way to celebrate its 200th birthday than to get it on with one of his descendants?" Creed brushes off the idea of the left-handed Balboa giving him a fight, pledging to knock him out in three rounds. In spite of his trainer's concern when he sees Balboa in a television interview, training by punching sides of beef in a meat-packing plant, Creed puts more effort into giving everyone a good show rather than training for the bout; when the match takes place, Creed dresses up like both George Washington and Uncle Sam in the pre-fight festivities and is in a jovial mood until Balboa knocks him down in the first round with a single uppercut, the first time Creed has been knocked down in his career. He endures a gruelling 15-round fight with Balboa, who gets to his feet after Creed takes him down with an uppercut in the 14th round in what appears to be the end of the match; this was the first time anyone had taken the champion the full 15 rounds.
Both fighters are beaten and bruised by the end of the bout—Balboa with severe eye damage and Creed with internal bleeding. Creed gains a controversial split decision victory, neither fighter wants a rematch, at least at that moment. In the second film, Creed demands a rematch in the hospital ER, challenges Rocky to finish the fight from the climax of the first film. Creed's desire for a rematch with Balboa intensifies when it becomes clear that the prevailing public opinion is that Creed had been paid to intentionally carry Rocky for the 15-round distance instead of knocking him out early in the fight. Eager to change minds and ignoring the pleas of his staff, Creed challenges Balboa to a second fight on Thanksgiving Day, 1976, he uses various humiliation tactics to coax Balboa out of retirement. Rocky had married his girlfriend Adrian after getting out of the hospital after the first fight. Creed insists at the press conference that he would "drop him like a bad habit" and tells Rocky when he leaves, "Come November, you're mine!"
In a press interview during training, he insists that Rocky "cannot last five minutes in the ring with a superior athlete like me!" Creed plows through sparring partners and trains harder than before, with the intention of punishing Balboa for the embarrassment eleven months earlier. Mickey trains Rocky to become faster by catching a chicken. Unlike their first fight, Creed dominates Balboa throughout the second fight, thwarting Rocky's strategy of fighting right-handed. Despite this, he is unable to make good on his promise of an early knockout victory, as Rocky absorbs his punches. By the final round, Creed is well ahead on points. Not wanting a repeat of the first fight, he vows to knock Balboa out rather than taking the safer route by winning on points. At the beginning of the 15th round, he tells Rocky, "You're going down", to which Rocky replies, "No way". After going toe-to-toe for much of the final round, Creed is knocked down by a left from Balboa, with Balboa falling down in exhaustion as well.
Rocky gets up by the count of 9, but Creed is unable to pull himself up and is counted out, losing the match and the championship by knockout, his first p
Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone is an American actor, director and producer. He is well known for his Hollywood action roles, including boxer Rocky Balboa in the Rocky series, soldier John Rambo in the five Rambo films, mercenary Barney Ross in the three The Expendables films and structural engineer Ray Breslin in the three Escape Plan films, he wrote or co-wrote most of the 16 films in the first three popular franchises and directed many of them. Stallone's film Rocky was inducted into the National Film Registry, had its props placed in the Smithsonian Museum, his use of the front entrance to the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the Rocky series led the area to be nicknamed the Rocky Steps, Philadelphia has a statue of his Rocky character placed permanently near the museum. It was announced on December 7, 2010, that he was voted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in the non-participant category. In 1977, Stallone was nominated for two Academy Awards for Rocky, for Best Original Screenplay and Best Actor.
He became the third man in history to receive these two nominations for the same film, after Charlie Chaplin and Orson Welles. He received positive reviews, as well as his first Golden Globe Award win and a third Academy Award nomination, for reprising the role of Rocky Balboa in Ryan Coogler's 2015 film Creed. Michael Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone was born in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan, New York, on July 6, 1946, the elder son of Francesco "Frank" Stallone Sr. a hairdresser and beautician, Jacqueline "Jackie" Stallone, an astrologer and promoter of women's wrestling. His Italian father was born in Gioia del Colle and moved to the U. S. in the 1930s, while his American mother is of French and Ukrainian-Jewish descent. His younger brother is musician Frank Stallone. Complications suffered by Stallone's mother during labor forced her obstetricians to use two pairs of forceps during his birth; as a result, the lower left side of his face is paralyzed, an accident which gave him his signature snarling look and slurred speech.
He was baptized Catholic. His father moved the family to Washington, D. C. in the early 1950s to open a beauty school. In 1954, his mother opened a women's gym called Barbella's. Stallone attended Notre Dame Academy and Lincoln High School in Philadelphia, as well as Charlotte Hall Military Academy, prior to attending Miami Dade College and the University of Miami. While Stallone was in Switzerland, he played a restaurant patron, in a scene with Robert Redford and Camilla Sparv, in the sports drama, Downhill Racer. Stallone had his first starring role in the softcore pornography feature film The Party at Kitty and Stud's, he was paid US$200 for two days' work. Stallone explained that he had done the film out of desperation after being evicted from his apartment and finding himself homeless for several days, he has said that he slept three weeks in the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City prior to seeing a casting notice for the film. In the actor's words, "it was either do that movie or rob someone, because I was at the end – the end – of my rope".
The film was released several years as Italian Stallion, in order to cash in on Stallone's newfound fame. Stallone starred in the erotic off-Broadway stage play Score which ran for 23 performances at the Martinique Theatre from October 28 to November 15, 1971, was made into the 1974 film Score by Radley Metzger. In 1972, Stallone appeared in the film No Place to Hide, re-cut and retitled Rebel, the second version featuring Stallone as its star. After the style of Woody Allen's What's Up, Tiger Lily?, this film, in 1990, was re-edited from outtakes from the original movie and newly shot matching footage redubbed into an award-winning parody of itself titled A Man Called... Rainbo. Stallone's other first few film roles were minor, included brief uncredited appearances in Pigeons as a party guest, Woody Allen's Bananas as a subway thug, in the psychological thriller Klute as an extra dancing in a club, in the Jack Lemmon film The Prisoner of Second Avenue as a youth. In the Lemmon film, Jack Lemmon's character chases and mugs Stallone, thinking that Stallone's character is a pickpocket.
According to actor Elliott Gould, Stallone confessed to being in MASH as an extra. He had his second starring role in The Lords of Flatbush, in 1974. In 1975, he played supporting roles in Farewell, My Lovely, he made guest appearances on the TV series Police Kojak. Stallone gained worldwide fame with his starring role in the smash hit Rocky. On March 24, 1975, Stallone saw the Muhammad Ali–Chuck Wepner fight; that night Stallone went home, after three days and 20 straight hours, he had written the script, but Stallone subsequently denied that Wepner provided any inspiration for it. Other possible inspirations for the film may have included Rocky Graziano's autobiography Somebody Up There Likes Me, the movie of the same name. Wepner filed a lawsuit, settled with Stallone for an undisclosed amount. Stallone attempted to sell the script to multiple studios, with the intention of playing the lead role himself. Irwin Winkler and Robert Chartoff became interested and offered Stallone US$350,000 for the rights, but had their own casting ideas for the lead role, including Robert Redford and Burt Reynolds.
Stallone refused to sell unless he played the le
Robert "Rocky" Balboa is the title character of the Rocky film series. The character was created by Sylvester Stallone, who portrayed him in all eight Rocky films. Nicknamed The Italian Stallion, he is depicted as an everyman who started out by going the distance and overcoming obstacles that had occurred in his life and career as a professional boxer. While he is loosely based on Chuck Wepner, a one-time boxer who fought Muhammad Ali and lost on a TKO in the 15th round, the inspiration for the name and fighting style came from boxing legend Rocky Marciano; the character is considered to be Stallone's most iconic role and is considered the role that started his film career. He received critical acclaim for his performance in the first movie, earning Academy Award and Golden Globe Award nominations; when Stallone reprised his role once again in 2015 for Creed, his performance received wide acclaim and he received his first Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor, along with his third Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor, the National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor and several other accolades.
Robert "Rocky" Balboa was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on July 6, 1945. He was the only child in a Roman Catholic Italian-American family. However, the surname Balboa/Valboa originates from a Galician-speaking town in northwestern Spain; when Rocky is spoken to by his priest, Father Carmine, it is apparent that he understands Italian well, including a scene in which he translates for Tommy Gunn. It is undetermined how well he speaks the language, as his responses are always in English. During the scene in which Rocky takes Adrianna "Adrian" Pennino skating on Thanksgiving, he tells her, "Yeah – My ol' man, never the sharpest, told me – I weren't born with much brain, so I better use my body." This encouraged him to take up boxing. He trained hard so he could grow up to be like his idol Rocky Marciano. Unable to live on the small pay of club fights, being unable to find work anywhere else, Rocky got a job as a collector for Tony Gazzo, the local loan shark, just to make ends meet. By late 1975, Rocky had fought in 64 fights, winning 44 and losing 20.
Rocky was proud. His nickname is "The Italian Stallion", spawning from his Italian-American heritage; the film begins on November 1975, in the slums of the Kensington section of Philadelphia. Rocky Balboa is fighting Spider Rico in a local boxing ring called the Cambria Fight Club inside a chapel. In the second round, Rico hits Balboa with a headbutt. Rocky delivers a vicious barrage of punches, knocking Rico out; the next day, Rocky stops by the J&M Tropical Fish pet shop. Adrian is shy and scared of Rocky's tough appearance. Afterwards, Rocky goes to collect a loan for Tony Gazzo. Though the client, does not have all the money, Rocky does not break his thumb though Gazzo orders him to do so. Rocky stops by the local boxing gym and finds out that his locker has been replaced by another local contender. Unknown to him, the gym's owner and grizzled former boxer, Mickey Goldmill, doesn't dislike him, but instead, always considers Rocky's potential to be better than his effort; when Rocky leaves for home that night, he sees a young girl named Marie, hanging around a bad crowd and walks her home.
On the way, Rocky lectures her about staying away from the wrong people. However, once they get to her house, she tells Rocky "Screw you, creep'o". Rocky walks home, frustrated. Rocky gets his dream come true when the undisputed World Heavyweight Champion, Apollo Creed, decides that he wants to give an unknown fighter a chance to fight for the title after his intended challenger, Mac Lee Green, broke his hand while training. Apollo was told that no other contender was available for a fight on New Years Day, only a month away in commemoration for the United States Bicentennial, it was inferred by Apollo, with the accompanying worldwide audience. Apollo chooses Rocky, because he likes Balboa's nickname,'The Italian Stallion'. After getting picked by Apollo, Rocky reunites with his estranged trainer, Mickey Goldmill, who convinces Rocky that he can help prepare him for this match. Mickey reveals that his career never got anywhere either, because he did not have a manager and he does not want the same thing to happen to Rocky.
At the same time, Rocky begins dating Adrian. Rocky helps Adrian to stand up for herself. Rocky confides in Adrian before the fight that, although he figures that he may not win, he wants to at least "go the distance." On January 1, 1976, at the Philadelphia Spectrum, Rocky has his match with Apollo, who did not take the fight during training. In the first round, Rocky knocks Apollo down, the first time he had been knocked down in his career and Apollo breaks Rocky's nose for the first time in his career. Apollo soon realizes that, although Rocky does not have his skill, he could deliver crippling, sledge-hammer like punches and is stubbornly determined to keep fighting; the match becomes a grueling battle for both competitors. Up into the 14th round, Rocky is nearly knocked down, but manages to get back up and delivers some hard body shots, breaking Apollo's ribs just before the bell rings; the 15th round comes to naught and Rocky manages to pummel Apollo until the bell rings once more. Although Apollo wins the match by a split decision, it is the first time an opponent lasts the full 15 rounds against him.
Both combatants, battered beyond belief, agree. Rock
Richard Morea, better known by his stage name Burt Young, is an American actor and painter. He is best known for his role as Rocky Balboa's brother-in-law and best friend Paulie Pennino in the Rocky film series, he has been praised for his roles in Chinatown, The Gambler, Uncle Joe Shannon, Once Upon a Time in America, The Pope of Greenwich Village, Back to School, Last Exit to Brooklyn and Win Win. Young was born in New York, the son of Josephine and Michael, a high school shop teacher, he is of Italian descent. Young is a widower and has one daughter, Anne Morea, one grandson, he lives in New York. He was trained by Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio. Young served a tour of duty in the United States Marine Corps from 1957 to 1959. While in the Marine Corps, he won 32 of 34 boxing bouts, he turned pro and compiled a 17–0 record under three different aliases. His manager was Cus D'Amato. Young made his name playing rough-edged working class Italian-American characters, the best-known example being his signature role as Rocky Balboa's friend Paulie in Rocky, for which he received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor.
He is one of four actors. Young did not reprise his role in the 2015 film Creed, with the character described as having died in 2012, he has played similar roles in Chinatown, Back to School, The Pope of Greenwich Village, Once Upon a Time in America, Last Exit to Brooklyn, Downtown: A Street Tale, a brutal and darker role in Amityville II: The Possession. Young has appeared in many television programs, including The Rockford Files, Law & Order, Texas Ranger, M*A*S*H, he guest-starred in a Miami Vice episode, made an appearance on The Sopranos as Bobby Baccalieri's father, dying of cancer and comes out of retirement to execute a hit on his godson. In 2017, Burt Young returned to the stage as an aged mob boss in The Last Vig, a play written by Dave Varriale; the show ran from January 14 to February 2017, at The Zephyr Theatre in Los Angeles. Young is a painter; as an artist, he has collaborated with the writer Gabriele Tinti, for whom he designed the cover for the poetry collection All Over, as well as contributing the illustrations for the art book A Man.
Young is a published author whose works include two filmed screenplays and a 400-page historical novel called Endings. He has written two stage plays: SOS and A Letter to Alicia and the New York City Government from a Man With a Bullet in His Head. Young participated in the 1984 New York City Marathon. Burt Young on IMDb
Rocky IV is a 1985 American sports drama film written, directed by, starring Sylvester Stallone. The film co-stars Dolph Lundgren, Burt Young, Talia Shire, Carl Weathers, Tony Burton, Brigitte Nielsen and Michael Pataki. Rocky IV was the highest grossing sports movie for 24 years, before it was overtaken by The Blind Side, it is the most financially successful entry in the Rocky film series. In the film, the Soviet Union and its top boxer make an entrance into professional boxing with their best athlete Ivan Drago, who wants to take on World champion Rocky Balboa. Rocky's best friend Apollo Creed is fatally beaten in the ring. Enraged, Rocky decides to fight Drago in the Soviet Union to avenge the death of his friend and defend the honor of his country. Critical reception was mixed; this film marked Carl Weathers' final appearance in the series. Its success led to a fifth entry released on November 16, 1990; the events of this film serve as the backstory to the plot of Creed II, where Apollo Creed's son, Adonis, is challenged to fight Drago's son, Viktor.
Ivan Drago, a Soviet boxer, arrives in the United States with his wife, Ludmilla, a Soviet swimmer and a team of trainers from the Soviet Union and Cuba. His manager, Nicolai Koloff, takes every opportunity to promote Drago's athleticism as a hallmark of Soviet superiority. Motivated by patriotism and an innate desire to prove himself, Apollo Creed challenges Drago to an exhibition bout. Rocky agrees to train Apollo despite his misgivings about the match. During a press conference regarding the match, hostility sparks between Apollo's and Drago's respective camps; the boxing exhibition takes place at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas. Apollo enters the ring in an over-the-top patriotic entrance with James Brown performing "Living in America" complete with showgirls; the bout starts tamely with Apollo landing several punches that are ineffective against Drago, but Drago retaliates with devastating effects. By the end of the first round and Apollo's trainer, plead with him to give up, but a battered Apollo refuses to do so and tells Rocky to not stop the match "no matter what."
Drago continues to pummel him in Duke begs Rocky to throw in the towel. Rocky honors Apollo's wishes. In the aftermath, Drago displays no sense of contrition, commenting to the assembled media: "If he dies, he dies." Enraged by guilt and the Soviets' cold indifference, Rocky decides to challenge Drago himself. Drago's camp agrees to an unsanctioned 15-round fight in the Soviet Union on Christmas Day, an arrangement meant to protect Drago from the threats of violence he has been receiving in the U. S. Rocky travels to the Soviet Union without Adrian, setting up his training base in a remote cabin in Krasnogourbinsk with only Duke and brother-in-law Paulie to accompany him. Duke opens up to Rocky, stating that he raised Apollo and that his death felt like a father losing his son, expresses his faith in Rocky that he will do what needs to be done and prevail. To prepare for the match, Drago uses high-tech equipment, steroid enhancement, a team of trainers and doctors monitoring his every movement.
Rocky, on the other hand and throws heavy logs, chops down trees, pulls an overloaded snow sleigh with Paulie atop, jogs through heavy snow under treacherous icy conditions, climbs the largest icy mountain. Adrian arrives unexpectedly to give Rocky her support after refusing to travel to the Soviet Union, because of her worry that Rocky would be killed like Apollo. Before the match, Drago is introduced with an elaborate patriotic ceremony, inspired by Apollo Creed's intro; the home crowd is squarely on Drago's hostile to Rocky. In stark contrast to his match with Apollo, Drago goes on the offensive. Rocky takes a fierce pounding, is thrown and shoved across the ring in the first round, but comes back toward the end of the second round and lands a brutal right hook, cutting Drago's left eye and stunning both him and the crowd; this prompts Rocky to continue punching after the bell rings. Duke encourages Rocky by reminding him that he just showed that Drago is a man and not a machine as he’s been made out to be.
Drago comments to his trainers that Rocky "is not human, he is like a piece of iron," after his trainers reprimand him for his performance against the "weak" American. The two boxers continue their battle over the next dozen rounds, trading blows, with Rocky managing to continually hold his ground despite Drago's best efforts, his resilience and determination rallies the hostile Soviet crowd to his side, which unsettles Drago to the point that he picks Koloff up by the throat and throws him off the ring for berating his performance, declaring that he fights for only himself. In the final round, Rocky defeats Drago by driving him across the ring with vicious hooks to the midsection a series of blows to the head, with one final, tremendous punch dropping Drago to the canvas for a knockout, to the shock of the Soviet Politburo members watching the match. Rocky gives a victory speech, acknowledging that the local crowd's disdain of him had turned to respect during the fight, he compares it to the animosity between the U.
S. and the Soviets, says that seeing him and Drago fight was "better than 20 million", alluding to a possible war between the U. S. and the Soviets. Rocky declares, "If I can change, you can change everybody can change!" The Soviet general secretary stands up and reluctantly applauds Rocky, his aides follow suit. Rocky ends his speech by wishing his son watching the match on TV a Merry Christmas, rai
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Carl Weathers is an American actor and former professional football player. He is best known for portraying Apollo Creed in the Rocky series of films, Al Dillon in Predator, Chubbs Peterson in Happy Gilmore and Little Nicky, a fictionalized version of himself on the comedy series Arrested Development; as a football player, Weathers played for the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League and the B. C. Lions of the Canadian Football League. Weathers was born in Louisiana, his father was a day laborer. As an eighth-grade student, he earned an athletic scholarship to St. Augustine High School, a private high school. During high school, he was an all-around athlete, involved in boxing, gymnastics, judo and wrestling, he graduated in 1966. Weathers played football as a defensive end in college, he started his college career in 1966 at Long Beach City College, where he did not play in 1966 due to an ankle injury suffered when he tripped over a curb surrounding the running track while warming up for practice with another linebacker, Paul Snow.
He transferred and played for San Diego State University, becoming a letterman for the San Diego State Aztecs in 1968 and 1969, playing for head coach Don Coryell. After he went undrafted, Weathers signed with the Oakland Raiders as a free agent in 1970. Now playing as a linebacker, Weathers played seven games for the Raiders in 1970 and one in 1971; the Raiders released Weathers, he signed with the BC Lions of the Canadian Football League in 1971 and played until 1973, 18 games in total. During the off-seasons, Weathers attended San Francisco State University and earned a bachelor's degree in drama in 1974, he retired from football in 1974, began pursuing an acting career. Weathers narrated NFL Films' season recap of the 2000 and 2001 seasons. During the 2017 NFL Draft, he appeared on NFL Network's pre-draft coverage. Weathers began working as an extra while still playing football, he had his first significant roles in two blaxploitation films directed by his longtime friend Arthur Marks: Bucktown and Friday Foster.
Weathers appeared in an episode of the 1970s sitcom Good Times entitled "The Nude", portraying an angry husband who suspected his wife of cheating on him with J. J. In 1975, he guest starred in an episode of Kung Fu entitled "The Brothers Caine" appeared in episode of " Cannon" entitled "The Hero" in 1975. In 1976, he appeared as a loan shark in an episode of Hutch. While auditioning for the role of Apollo Creed alongside Sylvester Stallone in Rocky, Weathers criticized Stallone's acting, which led him to get the role, he reprised the role of Apollo Creed in the next three Rocky films in 1979, 1982, 1985. Weathers is seen as an Army MP in one of the three released versions of Close Encounters of the Third Kind. In 1978, Weathers portrayed Vince Sullivan in a TV movie, Not This Time. In the late 1970s and 1980s, Weathers starred in a number of action films for the small and big screen, including Force 10 from Navarone, Action Jackson, Hurricane Smith; as a member of the cast of Predator, Weathers worked with future California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and future Minnesota governor Jesse Ventura.
Many years he appeared in a spoof segment on Saturday Night Live, announcing that he was running for political office and urging viewers to vote for him on the basis that "he was the black guy in Predator". He appeared in Michael Jackson's "Liberian Girl" music video and co-starred in the Adam Sandler comedy Happy Gilmore, as Chubbs, a golf legend teaching Happy how to play golf, he reprised the role nearly four years in the Sandler comedy Little Nicky. During the final two seasons of In the Heat of the Night, his character, Hampton Forbes, replaced Bill Gillespie as the chief of police. Another noted TV role was Sgt. Adam Beaudreaux on the cop show Street Justice, he played as MACV-SOG Colonel Brewster in the CBS series Tour of Duty. In 2004, Weathers received a career revival as a comedic actor beginning with appearances in three episodes of the comedy series Arrested Development as a cheapskate caricature of himself, who serves as Tobias Fünke's acting coach, he was cast in the comedies The Sasquatch Gang and The Comebacks.
Weathers had a guest role in two episodes of The Shield as the former training officer of main character Vic Mackey. Weathers provided the voice for Colonel Samuel Garrett in the Pandemic Studios video game Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction. In 2005, he was a narrator on Conquest! The Price Of Victory - Witness The Journey of the Trojans!, an 18-part television show about USC athletics. Weathers is a principal of Red Tight Media, a film and video production company that specializes in tactical training films made for the United States armed forces, he appeared in one episode of ER as the father of an injured boxer during their 2008 finale season. For the sixth film in the Rocky series, Rocky Balboa, Stallone asked Weathers, Mr. T, Dolph Lundgren for permission to use footage from their appearances in the earlier Rocky films. Mr. T and Lundgren agreed, but Weathers wanted an actual part in the movie though his character had died in Rocky IV. Stallone refused, Weathers decided not to allow Stallone to use his image for flashbacks from the previous films.
They instead used footage of a fighter. Weathers portrayed the father of Michael Strahan and Daryl "Chill" Mitchell's characters on the short-lived 2009 Fox sitcom Brothers. Weathers is acting as Brian "Gebo" Fitzgerald in advertising for Old Spice's sponsorship of NASCAR driver Tony Stewart, he appears in an ongoing series of web-only advertisements for Credit Un