Sir Roderick David Stewart is a British rock singer and songwriter. Born and raised in London, he is of English ancestry. Stewart is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold over 120 million records worldwide, he has had nine number-one albums in the UK Albums Chart and his tally of 62 UK hit singles includes 31 that reached the top ten, six of which gained the #1 position. Stewart has had 16 top ten singles in the US, with four reaching #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, he was knighted in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to charity. With his distinctive raspy singing voice, Stewart came to prominence in the late 1960s and the early 1970s with The Jeff Beck Group, with Faces, though his music career had begun in 1962 when he took up busking with a harmonica. In October 1963, he joined The Dimensions as part-time vocalist. In 1964, Stewart joined Long John Baldry and the All Stars, in August, Stewart signed a solo contract, releasing his first single, "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl", in October.
He maintained a solo career alongside a group career, releasing his debut solo album, An Old Raincoat Won't Ever Let You Down in 1969. Stewart's early albums were a fusion of rock, folk music, soul music, R&B. From the late 1970s through the 1990s, Stewart's music took on a new wave or soft rock/middle-of-the-road quality, in the early 2000s, he released a series of successful albums interpreting the Great American Songbook. In 1994, Stewart staged the largest free rock concert in history when he performed in front of 3.5 million people in Rio de Janeiro. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked him the 17th most successful artist on the "Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists". A Grammy and Brit Award recipient, he was voted at #33 in Q Magazine's list of the Top 100 Greatest Singers of all time, #59 on Rolling Stone 100 Greatest Singers of all time; as a solo artist, Stewart was inducted into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994, the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2006, was inducted a second time into the US Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2012 as a member of Faces.
Roderick David Stewart was born at 507 Archway Road, North London, on 10 January 1945, the youngest of five children of Robert Joseph Stewart and Elsie Rebecca Gilbart. His father was Scottish and had been a master builder in Leith, while Elsie was English and had grown up in Upper Holloway in North London. Married in 1928, the couple had two sons and two daughters while living in Scotland, they moved to Highgate. Stewart came after an eight-year gap following his youngest sibling; the family was neither poor. He failed the eleven plus exam, he attended the William Grimshaw Secondary Modern School, Muswell Hill. When his father retired from the building trade he bought a newsagent's shop on the Archway Road and the family lived over the shop. Stewart's main hobby was railway modelling; the family was focused on football. Stewart was the most talented footballer in the family and was a supporter of Arsenal F. C. at the time. Combining natural athleticism with near-reckless aggression, he became captain of the school football team and played for Middlesex Schoolboys as centre-half.
The family were great fans of the singer Al Jolson and would sing and play his hits. Stewart collected his records and saw his films, read books about him, was influenced by his performing style and attitude towards his audience, his introduction to rock and roll was hearing Little Richard's 1956 hit "The Girl Can't Help It", seeing Bill Haley & His Comets in concert. His father bought him a guitar in January 1959. In 1960, he joined a skiffle group with schoolfriends called the Kool Kats, playing Lonnie Donegan and Chas McDevitt hits. Stewart left school at age 15 and worked as a silk screen printer. Spurred on by his father, his ambition was to become a professional footballer. In summer 1960, he went for trials at Brentford F. C. a Third Division club at the time. Contrary to some longstanding accounts, Stewart states in his 2012 autobiography that he was never signed to the club and that the club never called him back after his trials. In any case, regarding possible career options, Stewart concluded, "Well, a musician's life is a lot easier and I can get drunk and make music, I can't do that and play football.
I plumped for music... They're the only two things I can do actually: play football and sing." Stewart worked as a newspaper delivery boy. He worked as a labourer for Highgate Cemetery, which became another part of his biographical lore, he worked as a fence erector and sign writer. In 1961 he went to Denmark Street with The Raiders and got a singing audition with well-known record producer Joe Meek, but Meek stopped the session with a rude sound. Stewart began listening to British and American topical folk artists such as Ewan MacColl, Alex Campbell, Woody Guthrie, Ramblin' Jack Elliott, Derroll Adams and the debut album of Bob Dylan. Stewart became attracted to beatnik attitudes and left-wing politics, living for
Iris reticulata var. bakeriana is a species in the genus Iris It is sometimes named'Iris bakerana'. It was verified by Sir Michael Foster as Iris bakeriana in Curtis's Botanical Magazine, Tab. 7084. Nov. 1st 1889. In Flora Iranica it was thought to be a variety of Iris reticulata by Wendelbo; this now is accepted by most botanists. Iris bakeriana as now become a synonym. Iris reticulata var. bakeriana is now an accepted name by the RHS. It has bluish lilac styles. Falls are white with deep blue tips and blotches; this species of iris has nearly cylindrical leaves unlike other reticulata species. It flowers in early spring February, it grows with a 5 -- 6 cm tall flower. The bulbs are more slender in shape than other reticulata irises in the genus. Iris bakeriana is native to the temperate areas of Asia Iran and Turkey, it was found in Armenia near the city of Mardin. It is found on rocky hillsides, it is suitable for a rock or gravel garden or front of border.'Pauline"Purple Gem' Iris bakeriana crosses'Gordon"Clairette"Melaina"Spring Time' Mathew, B. 1981.
The Iris. 173 Data related to Iris reticulata var. bakeriana at Wikispecies
The Sakhalin-2 project is an oil and gas development in Sakhalin Island, Russia. It includes development of the Piltun-Astokhskoye oil field and the Lunskoye natural gas field offshore Sakhalin Island in the Okhotsk Sea, associated infrastructure onshore; the project is managed and operated by Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd.. Sakhalin-2 includes the first liquefied natural gas plant in Russia; the development is situated in areas little touched by human activity, causing various groups to criticize the development activities and the impact they have on the local environment. The original consortium, was a joint venture between Marathon Oil, Mc Dermott, Mitsubishi, they won a tender from the Russian Government in 1992. That year Royal Dutch Shell and Mitsubishi joined the joint venture. In 1994 the JV incorporated in Bermuda to form Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd. Sakhalin Energy, led by Marathon, negotiated the first PSA directly with representatives of the Russian government; the Russian Party maintained budget approval.
The initial investment decision was to proceed with the oil field development led by Marathon. McDermott sold its share to the other partners in 1997 and Marathon traded its shares to Shell for an interest in other properties in 2000; the decision to proceed with the gas project investment was made in 2003. The expected budget increased by 2005–2006; the pipeline portion of the gas project was criticized due to environmental issues. Legal proceeding on perceived violation of the Russian environmental regulations were initiated. In the result, The Russian government ordered to terminate the project on September 2006. Under legal and political pressure, the consortium was forced to sell a majority stake to Gazprom. On 21 December, Gazprom took control over a 50%-plus-one-share stake in the project by signing an agreement with Royal Dutch Shell. Russian President Vladimir Putin attended the signing ceremony in Moscow and indicated that environmental issues had been resolved; the LNG plant was inaugurated on 18 February 2009.
The first cargo was loaded to the LNG carrier Grand Aniva at the end of March 2009. The two fields contain an estimated 1,200 million barrels of crude oil and 500 billion cubic meters of natural gas; the total project cost until 2014 was estimated by Royal Dutch Shell to be between US$9 and $11 billion. However, the costs turned out to be underestimated and in July 2005 Shell revised the estimate upwards to $20 billion. Sakhalin-2 project includes: Piltun-Astokhskoye-A platform Lunskoye-A platform Piltun-Astokhskoye-B platform Onshore processing facility TransSakhalin pipelines Oil export terminal LNG plant Plans for an additional platform The Molikpaq drilling and oil production platform is an ice-resistant structure built to explore for oil in the Canadian Beaufort Sea, it had been mothballed in 1990, was installed in the Astokh area of the Piltun-Astokhskoye field, 16 kilometres offshore, on September 1998. The Molikpaq has production capacity of 90,000 barrels per day of oil and 1.7 million cubic meters of associated gas.
The Lunskoye field platform was installed in June 2006 at the Lunskoye gas field 15 kilometres offshore. It has production capacity over 50 million cubic meters of natural gas, around 50,000 barrels per day of peak liquids, 16,000 barrels per day of oil; the PA-B platform was installed in July 2007 in the Piltun area of the Piltun-Astokhskoye oil field, 12 kilometres offshore. The PA-B has production capacity of 70,000 barrels per day of oil and 2.8 million cubic meters of associated gas. The onshore processing facility is located in the north-east of Sakhalin Island, 7 kilometres inland in Nogliki district, it is designed to process natural gas and oil from the Lunskoye and the Piltun-Astokhskoye fields prior to pipeline transportation to the oil export terminal and the liquefied natural gas plant in Aniva Bay in the south of Sakhalin Island. The TransSakhalin pipeline system is designed for transportation of hydrocarbons from the Piltun-Astokhskoye and Lunskoye fields in the North of Sakhalin Island to the onshore processing facility in the Nogliki district and to the LNG plant and the oil export terminal in Aniva Bay.
The oil export terminal is located in Aniva Bay to the east of the LNG plant. It includes the export pipeline and the tanker loading unit, where oil-loading to tankers is performed; the Sakhalin-2 LNG plant is the first of its kind in Russia. It is located in Prigorodnoye in Aniva Bay, 13 kilometres east of Korsakov. Construction of the LNG plant was carried out by OAO Nipigaspererabothka and the KhimEnergo consortium, together with two Japanese companies Chiyoda Corporation and Toyo Engineering Corporation; the plant has been designed to prevent major loss of containment in the event of an earthquake and to ensure the structural integrity of critical elements such as emergency shut down valves and the control room of the plant. The LNG plant includes: Two 100,000 cubic metres LNG storage tanks An LNG jetty Two LNG processing trains, each with capacity of 4.8 million tons of LNG per year Two refrigerant storage spheres, 1,600 cubic metres each for propane