Roddy McDowall

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Roddy McDowall
RoddyMcDowall.jpg
McDowall at the 1988 Academy Awards
Born Roderick Andrew Anthony Jude McDowall
(1928-09-17)17 September 1928
Herne Hill, London, England, U.K.
Died 3 October 1998(1998-10-03) (aged 70)
Studio City, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death Lung cancer
Occupation Actor, voice artist, director, photographer
Years active 1938–1998

Roderick Andrew Anthony Jude McDowall (17 September 1928 – 3 October 1998) was an English-American actor, voice artist, film director and photographer. He is best known for portraying Cornelius and Caesar in the original Planet of the Apes film series, as well as Galen in the spin-off television series. He began his acting career as a child in England, and then in the United States, in How Green Was My Valley (1941), My Friend Flicka (1943) and Lassie Come Home (1943).

As an adult, McDowall appeared most frequently as a character actor on radio, stage, film, and television, for portraying Augustus in the historical drama Cleopatra (1963), he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award. Other titles include The Longest Day (1962), The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965), That Darn Cat! (1965), Inside Daisy Clover (1968), Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971), The Poseidon Adventure (1972), Funny Lady (1975), The Black Hole (1979), Class of 1984 (1982), Fright Night (1985), Overboard (1987), Fright Night Part 2 (1988) and A Bug's Life (1998). He also served in various positions on the Board of Governors for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the Selection Committee for the Kennedy Center Honors, further contributing to various charities related to the film industry and film preservation.

Early life and career[edit]

McDowall was born at 204 Herne Hill Road, Herne Hill, London, the son of Winifriede Lucinda (née Corcoran), an aspiring actress originally from Ireland, and Thomas Andrew McDowall, a merchant seaman of Scottish descent.[1] Both of his parents were enthusiastic about the theatre, he and his elder sister, Virginia, were raised in their mother's Catholic faith. He attended St. Joseph's College, Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, a Roman Catholic secondary school in London.[2]

Appearing as a child model as a baby, McDowall appeared in several British films as a boy, after winning an acting prize in a school play at age nine, he landed his first major movie role in Scruffy (1938).[3] He then appeared in films starring comedians George Formby and Will Hay, as well as in Walter Forde's thriller Saloon Bar.

His family moved to the United States in 1940 after the outbreak of World War II. McDowall became a naturalized United States citizen on 9 December 1949,[3] and lived in the United States for the rest of his life, he made his first well-known film appearance at the age of 12, playing Huw Morgan in How Green Was My Valley (1941), where he met and became lifelong friends with Maureen O'Hara. The film won the Academy Award for Best Picture, and made him a household name.[3]

He starred in Lassie Come Home (1943), a film that introduced an actress who would become another lifelong friend, Elizabeth Taylor, that same year, he appeared as Ken McLaughlin in My Friend Flicka, and went on to appear in such films as The Keys of the Kingdom (1944) and The White Cliffs of Dover (1944). In 1944, exhibitors voted him the number one "star of tomorrow".[4]

Adult career[edit]

McDowall in Lassie Come Home (1943)

McDowall continued his career successfully into adulthood. By the mid-1940s, released from his studio contract, McDowall turned to the theater, taking the title role of Young Woodley (1946) in a summer stock production in Westport, Connecticut. In 1947, he played Malcolm in Orson Welles's stage production of Macbeth in Salt Lake City, Utah, and played the same role in the actor-director's film version in 1948.[3]

He then appeared in several roles for Monogram Pictures, a low-budget studio that welcomed established stars. Apart from Kidnapped (1948), an adaptation of the Robert Louis Stevenson story, the McDowall Monograms were contemporary outdoor adventures; he made seven features for the studio until the series lapsed in 1952. McDowall left Hollywood to act on the Broadway stage, notably in The Fighting Cock, No Time For Sergeants and Camelot with Julie Andrews and Richard Burton, and on television through the 1950s and 1960s.[citation needed]

Having won both an Emmy Award (1961, for NBC Sunday Showcase) and a Tony Award (1961 in The Fighting Cock) he appeared on such television series as the original The Twilight Zone, The Eleventh Hour, Twelve O'Clock High, The Invaders, The Carol Burnett Show, Columbo (1972, "Short Fuse"), Night Gallery, The Love Boat, Fantasy Island, Mork & Mindy, Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Hart to Hart, Tales of the Gold Monkey, Hotel, Murder, She Wrote and Quantum Leap.[citation needed]

McDowall with co-stars Ron Harper and James Naughton in the Planet of the Apes TV series (1974)
McDowall as Mordred in the musical Camelot on Broadway (1960)

He performed in heavy makeup as various chimpanzee characters in four of the Planet of the Apes films (1968–73) and in the 1974 TV series that followed, during one guest appearance on The Carol Burnett Show, he came onstage in his Planet of the Apes makeup and performed a love duet with Burnett.[citation needed]

Film appearances included Cleopatra (1963) as Octavian (the young Emperor Augustus) and was intended to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor but was disqualified when the studio accidentally submitted him for Best Actor instead.[citation needed]

Other films in which he appeared include It! (1967), The Poseidon Adventure (1972), The Legend of Hell House (1973), Bedknobs and Broomsticks, That Darn Cat!, Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry, Scavenger Hunt (1979), Evil Under the Sun (1982), Funny Lady, Class of 1984 (1982), Fright Night (1985), in which he played Peter Vincent, a television host and moderator of telecast horror films, and Overboard (1987), of which he was executive producer.[citation needed]

McDowall appeared frequently on Hollywood Squares and occasionally came up with quips himself. McDowall played "The Bookworm" in the 1960s American TV series Batman and he had a recurring role as the Mad Hatter in Batman: The Animated Series, as well as providing his voice to the audiobook adaptation of the 1989 Batman film.[citation needed] He played the rebel scientist Dr. Jonathan Willoway in the 1970s science fiction TV series, The Fantastic Journey, he had a substantial role in the miniseries version of Ray Bradbury's The Martian Chronicles.[citation needed]

He also worked on Pinky and the Brain where he provided the voice for Brain's rival, Snowball, he also formed a friendship with Pinky and Brain's voices, Rob Paulsen and Maurice LaMarche while working on Pinky and the Brain, LaMarche even called McDowall "A delight as a human being". His final acting role in animation was for an episode of Godzilla: The Series in the episode "DeadLoch"; in A Bug's Life (1998), one of his final contributions to motion pictures, he provides the voice of the ant Mr. Soil.[citation needed]

In 1997, he hosted the MGM Musicals Tribute at Carnegie Hall. McDowall served for several years in various capacities on the Board of Governors of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the organisation that presents the Oscar Awards, and on the selection committee for the Kennedy Center Awards. He was Chairman of the Actors' Branch for five terms, he was elected President of the Academy Foundation the year that he died. He worked tirelessly to support the Motion Pictures Retirement Home, where a rose garden named in his honour was officially dedicated on 9 October 2001 and remains a part of the campus.[5]

McDowall received recognition as a photographer, working with LOOK, Vogue, Collier's and LIFE, including a cover story on Mae West for LIFE, and published five books of photographs, each featuring photos and profile interviews of his celebrity friends interviewing each other, such as Elizabeth Taylor, Judy Garland, Judy Holliday, Maureen O'Hara, Katharine Hepburn, Lauren Bacall, and others.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Although McDowall made no public statements about his sexual orientation during his lifetime, several authors have claimed that he was discreetly gay.[6][7]

In 1974, the FBI raided McDowall's home and seized his collection of films and television series in the course of an investigation into film piracy and copyright infringement, his collection consisted of 160 16-mm prints and more than 1,000 video cassettes, at a time before the era of commercial videotapes, when there was no legal aftermarket for films. McDowall had purchased Errol Flynn's home cinema films and transferred them all to tape for longer-lasting archival storage. No charges were filed.[8]

Death[edit]

On 3 October 1998, aged 70, McDowall died of lung cancer at his home in Studio City,[9] he was cremated and his ashes were scattered at sea on 7 October, off Los Angeles County.[10] Dennis Osborne, a screenwriter friend, had cared for the actor in his final months, the media quoted Osborne as having said, "It was very peaceful, it was just as he wanted it. It was exactly the way he planned."[11]

Filmography[edit]

Television[edit]

Stage[edit]

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1943 Lux Radio Theatre My Friend Flicka[12]
1947 Suspense (radio drama) One Way Street[13]
1952 Family Theater A Lullaby for Christmas[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vallance, Tom (5 October 1998). "Obituary: Roddy McDowall". The Independent. London, UK. 
  2. ^ Gussow, Mel (4 October 1998), "Roddy McDowall, 70, Dies; Child Star and Versatile Actor", New York Times, retrieved 16 March 2010 
  3. ^ a b c d Biography Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University
  4. ^ "SAGA OF THE HIGH SEAS". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas.: 1860–1954). Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 11 November 1944. p. 9. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "The Roddy McDowell Memorial Rose Garden". xmoppet.org. 19 September 2016. 
  6. ^ Smith, Patricia Juliana (2002), Claude J. Summers, ed., "McDowall, Roddy", glbtq.com, retrieved 15 March 2010 
  7. ^ Simpson, Mark (2002), Sex terror: erotic misadventures in pop culture, Routledge, p. 69, ISBN 1560233761 
  8. ^ "When Roddy McDowall Was Busted by the FBI for Pirating Films". Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Roddy McDowall, 70, Dies; Child Star and Versatile Actor". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  10. ^ Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Locations 31331-31332). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition.
  11. ^ "Actor Roddy McDowall dies of cancer", deseretnews.com, 4 October 1998.
  12. ^ "Lux Theatre Guest". Harrisburg Telegraph. 5 June 1943. p. 17. Retrieved 23 December 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  13. ^ Miller, Christine. "Suspense - One Way Street". Escape and Suspense!. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  14. ^ Kirby, Walter (14 December 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 54. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Best, Marc. Those Endearing Young Charms: Child Performers of the Screen (South Brunswick and New York: Barnes & Co., 1971), pp. 176–181.
  • Dye, David. Child and Youth Actors: Filmography of Their Entire Careers, 1914-1985. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1988, pp. 140–144.
  • Holmstrom, John. The Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995, Norwich, Michael Russell, 1996, pp. 158–159.

External links[edit]