Brookfield, Wisconsin

Brookfield is a city located in Waukesha County, United States in the Milwaukee metropolitan area. It had a population of 37,920 in the 2010 census. Brookfield is the third largest city in Waukesha County; the city is adjacent to the Town of Brookfield. Brookfield is west of Milwaukee in Waukesha County in an area inhabited by Potawatomi Indians; the first white settler, William Howe, arrived in 1820 with a Presidential Land Grant giving him title to the area. Soon after, Robert Curren bought a claim in 1836, established a tavern and inn. In May 1838, Jacques View Jr. with a large party of white settlers, lead the local Potawatomi west. By 1839, the population needed a school house, as the 1840 census showed a population of 148. In these 1840's, George Gebhardt started trading with the surrounding Potawatomi and Menominee neighbors. 1843 is. 1848 was when telegraph lines were laid towards Waukesha. Communication was made easier due to this. In 1849, cholera reached Brookfield, one Laura Grover recalls, "The death-like stillness was appalling.

I believe there were fifty deaths from cholera that day." The same year, 64 Brookfield residents voted in favor of giving suffrage to black residents, 0 the other way. In 1850, cholera again went through Brookfield, according to one Earl Thayer, "The cholera returned... more terrible than the year before. People died walking along the streets. Official reports put the toll at over 300."In 1850, the Milwaukee and Mississippi Railroad built a railroad through the town, which in 1853 erected a depot, forming the Brookfield Junction. In the year 1850, the Town of Brookfield had 1,944 inhabitants and in land area covered 36 square miles; the town grew over following years, with the economy being agricultural, with Brookfield Junction serving as a commercial center for the surrounding farms. The Civil War, an important part of American history, had little affect to this town. In 1867, a second rail depot was constructed. In the 1900's, Brookfield gained a new reputation. Waukesha County was called Cow County, U.

S. A. as according to advertisers, they claimed. This was, of course, although there were cows; this did help cement Wisconsin's dairy reputation. WWI, one of the biggest wars in history didn't have too much of an effect on Brookfield and how we know it today; the Spanish flu, did kill many people, but not as many as cholera had in the past. On May 31, 1914, a tornado hit, devastating the rural area; this quiet, rural atmosphere attracted one notorious resident, Al Capone, as he established an area to live and a distillery on Brookfield Road. In 1928, the first suburban development, Kinsey's Garvendale, a residential subdivision, was created. Early subdivisions grew due to the Great Depression hitting a year affecting its growth and killing demand. Development in Brookfield began to increase after the Second World War. Suburban development was encouraged by a lack of housing, the baby boom, government sponsored building programs, which further grew the town, after several annexations of neighboring communities, an incorporation drive started.

The City of Brookfield was incorporated from the town of Brookfield, a portion of which still survives along the city's western edge, on August 14, 1954. The first mayor was Franklin Wirth, he oversaw the new city, which at the time had a population of 7,900 and covered an area of 17.5 square miles. Much of the land was still in agricultural use, so the city's founders encouraged orderly development of office and industrial areas to cause the community to function with strong industrial and commercial base. Today, Brookfield covers 27.66 square miles, numbers 37,920 residents. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.59 square miles, of which 27.29 square miles is land and 0.367 square miles is water. The sub-continental divide passes through Brookfield. There is a heron rookery on a site northwest of Brookfield Road; the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as humid continental. As of the census of 2010, there were 37,920 people, 14,576 households, 10,999 families residing in the city.

The population density was 1,399.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,317 housing units at an average density of 565.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 6.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. There were 14,576 households of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 24.5% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in the city was 46.7 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18.


The DFW C. IV, DFW C. V, DFW C. VI, DFW F37 were a family of German reconnaissance aircraft first used in 1916 in World War I, they were conventionally configured biplanes with unequal-span unstaggered wings and seating for the pilot and observer in tandem, open cockpits. Like the DFW C. II before them, these aircraft seated the gunner to the rear and armed him with a machine gun on a ring mount. Compared to preceding B- and C-class designs by DFW, the aerodynamics of the fuselage were more refined, when coupled with more powerful engines, resulted in a machine with excellent performance; the C. IV was powered by a 112 kW Benz Bz. III, it was soon replaced in production by the definitive C. V with a two-bay wing cellule and either a 185 hp C. III N. A. G. or 149 kW Benz Bz. IV. Predictably, the more powerful Benz engine gave better performance; the C. V's main designer was Heinrich Oelerich, it was produced in larger numbers than any other German aircraft during World War I. About 2000 were manufactured by DFW and about 1,250 licence manufactured by Aviatik, Halberstadt, LVG, Schütte-Lanz.

A further development was the C. VI, a sturdier aircraft with balances added to the ailerons. Only a single example of this was built, but it was followed by three aircraft designated F37 in the closing stages of the war, which may have received the Idflieg designation DFW C. VII, though this is not certain. Following the war, the DFW F37 was fitted with the 220 kW BMW IV engine, in this configuration broke the world altitude record in 1919, reaching a height of 7,700 m. However, since this flight was in breach of the Armistice, it was not recognised by the FAI. After this exploit, this F37 had its original Benz engine restored, was converted into a passenger "limousine" by the addition of a richly upholstered interior and a canopy to enclose it. Now designated the DFW P1 Limousine, it could carry three passengers and was demonstrated by DFW at the ELTA exhibition in Amsterdam in 1919, flying passengers; the C. V was a biplane of mixed wooden construction; the fuselage was a wooden frame, covered with plywood, with a tail consisting of a metal frame, covered with canvas.

The wings were of two-spar wooden construction, covered in canvas. The opper wing was fitted with ailerons; the conventional landing gear was fixed, with a rear skid. The straight-six engine was fitted with a long, chimney-like exhaust pipe and was covered with an aerodynamic cover, but these were left off; the engine drove a two-blade wooden propeller 2.8 metres in diameter. Engine cooling was inimically provided by radiators on each side of the fuselage aircraft used a radiator at the front of the upper wing; the C. V and its related designs were used as a multi role combat aircraft, for reconnaissance and bombing by Germany and Bulgaria during World War I. Six aircraft were delivered to Bulgaria in 1917. In the hands of a skilled pilot it could outmaneuver most allied fighters of the period, it remained in service until early 1918 though 600 were still in use by the Armistice of 11 November 1918. Most were thereafter scrapped according to the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Poland manufactured further 13 in 1920 from seized parts.

Several other C. Vs were bought in 1920, they were used by the Polish Air Force in Polish-Soviet war. Two were used post-war in Finland, four in the Netherlands, two in Switzerland and a number in Estonia. Eight aircraft were used by Deutsche Luft Rederei. Seven copies were built by the Darzhavna Aeroplanna Rabotilnitsa in 1925 as the DAR Uzunov-1 and used as a trainer for Bulgaria's secret air force. Only one fuselage of a C. V survives in the Polish Aviation Museum in Kraków. German EmpireLuftstreitkräfte Kaiserliche Marine Kingdom of BulgariaBulgarian Air ForcePost-War Operators: PolandPolish Air Force operated up to 34 aircraft. EstoniaEstonian Air Force operated four DFW C. V aircraft. FinlandFinnish Air Force 2 x DFW C. V LatviaLatvian Air Force LithuaniaLithuanian Air Force operated 7 DFW C. V aircraft UkraineUkrainian People's Republic Air Fleet DFW C. IV The first of a line of reconnaissance aircraft from DFW, powered by a 112 kW Benz Bz. III. DFW C. V The major production version with thousands built by DFW and many more by sub-contractors.

Power could be supplied by a 112 kW C. III N. A. G. or 149 kW Benz Bz. IV DFW C. V Service designation for aircraft built at Automobil und Aviatik A. G in Austria DFW C. VI A single prototype with aerodynamic aileron balances and strengthened structure, powered by a 164 kW Benz Bz. IVa. DFW F37 The company designation for further development of the C. VI, not ordered by Idflieg due to the Armistice, fitted with a 220 kW BMW IV engine. DFW P1 Limousine A single conversion of an F37 with an expensively upholstered limousine style cabin behind the cockpit. Aviatik C. VI An alternative designation for production at Aviatik in Austria DAR Uzunov-1 a.k.a. DAR U-1, C. V aircraft built in Bulgaria by DAR, for the Bulgarian Air Service Data from German Aircraft of the First World WarGeneral characteristics Crew: 2 Length: 7.875 m Wingspan: 13.27 m Height: 3.25 m Empty weight: 970 kg Gross weight: 1,430 kg Powerplant: 1 × Benz Bz. IV 6-cyl. Water-cooled in