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Rodney Brooks

Rodney Allen Brooks is an Australian roboticist, Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and robotics entrepreneur, most known for popularizing the actionist approach to robotics. He was a Panasonic Professor of Robotics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and former director of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, he is a founder and former Chief Technical Officer of iRobot and co-Founder and Chief Technical Officer of Rethink Robotics. Outside the scientific community Brooks is known for his appearance in a film featuring him and his work, Cheap & Out of Control. Brooks received a M. A. in pure mathematics from Flinders University of South Australia. In 1981, he received a PhD in Computer Science from Stanford University under the supervision of Thomas Binford, he has held research positions at Carnegie Mellon University and MIT and a faculty position at Stanford University. He joined the faculty of MIT in 1984, he was Panasonic Professor of Robotics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

He was director of the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory the "Artificial Intelligence Laboratory". Brooks left MIT in 2008 to found a new company, Rethink Robotics, where he serves as chairman and Chief Technical Officer. Instead of computation as the ultimate conceptual metaphor that helped artificial intelligence become a separate discipline in the scientific community, he proposed that action or behavior are more appropriate to be used in robotics. Critical of applying the computational metaphor to the fields where the action metaphor is more appropriate, he wrote that: Some of my colleagues have managed to recast Pluto's orbital behavior as the body itself carrying out computations on forces that apply to it. I think we are better off using Newtonian mechanics to understand and predict the orbits of planets and others, it is so much simpler. In his 1990 paper, "Elephants Don't Play Chess", Brooks argued that in order for robots to accomplish everyday tasks in an environment shared by humans, their higher cognitive abilities, including abstract thinking emulated by symbolic reasoning, need to be based on the sensory-motor coupling with the environment, complemented by the proprioceptive sense, a key component in hand–eye coordination, pointing out that: Over time there's been a realization that vision, sound-processing, early language are maybe the keys to how our brain is organized.

Editor positionsBrooks was co-founding editor of the International Journal of Computer Vision and is on the editorial boards of various journals including: Adaptive behavior Artificial Life MIT Press Journal Applied Artificial Intelligence Autonomous Robots Journal New-generation computingMembershipsFounding fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Member of the National Academy of Engineering In 2005 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. Australian Academy of Science, Corresponding Member 2006 Brooks was an entrepreneur before leaving academia to found Rethink Robotics, he was one of ten founders of Lucid Inc. and worked with them until the company's closure in 1993. Before Lucid closed, Brooks had founded iRobot with former students Colin Helen Greiner, he experimented with off-the-shelf components, such as Fischertechnik and Lego, tried to make robots self-replicate by putting together clones of themselves using the components.

His robots include mini-robots used in oil wells explorations without cables, the robots that searched for survivors at Ground Zero in New York, the robots used in medicine doing robotic surgery. AllenIn the late 1980s, Brooks and his team introduced Allen, a robot using subsumption architecture; as of 2012 Brooks' work focuses on engineering intelligent robots to operate in unstructured environments, understanding human intelligence through building humanoid robots. Baxter Introduced in 2012 by Rethink Robotics, an industrial robot named Baxter was intended as the robotic analogue of the early personal computer designed to safely interact with neighboring human workers and be programmable for the performance of simple tasks; the robot stopped if it encountered a human in the way of its robotic arm and has a prominent off switch which its human partner can push if necessary. Costs were projected to be the equivalent of a worker making $4 an hour. Computers and Thought Award at the 1991 IJCAI IEEE Robotics and Automation Award in 2015Lectureships include: Cray lecturer at the University of Minnesota Mellon lecturer at Dartmouth College Hyland lecturer at Hughes Forsythe lecturer at Stanford University Being himself in the 1996 Errol Morris movie Fast, Cheap & Out of Control cyborg insects on FOXNews Rodney's Robot Revolution Brooks, Rodney.

"A robust layered control system for a mobile robot". IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation. 2: 14–23. Doi:10.1109/jra.1986.1087032. Rodney Brooks, "A Robot that Walks. Rodney Brooks, "Intelligence without representation", Artificial Intelligence, 47: 139–159, CiteSeerX 10.1.1.308.6537, doi:10.1016/0004-3702(91

John Nalbone

Johnathan Gregory Nalbone is a former American football tight end. He was drafted by the Miami Dolphins in the fifth round of the 2009 NFL Draft, he played college football at Monmouth. Nalbone was a member of the Minnesota Vikings, Denver Broncos, Philadelphia Eagles, Cincinnati Bengals, Seattle Seahawks and Dallas Cowboys. Nalbone was drafted by the Miami Dolphins in the fifth round of the 2009 NFL Draft, he was waived on October 31, 2009, but was re-signed to the team's practice squad on November 3. He spent the remainder of the 2009 season on the team's practice squad, was re-signed to a future contract on January 7, 2010. Nalbone was waived by the Dolphins on September 21. Nalbone was signed to the Minnesota Vikings' practice squad on September 28, 2010, he was released on October 13. Nalbone was signed to the Denver Broncos practice squad on October 20, his practice squad contract expired at the conclusion of the season. Nalbone was signed to a future contract by the Philadelphia Eagles on January 11, 2011.

He was waived on August 3. He was claimed off waivers by the Cincinnati Bengals on August 4, 2011, he was waived on September 3. The Denver Broncos signed him to their practice squad on September 20, 2011, only to be released on September 23; the Seattle Seahawks signed him to their practice squad on November 16, 2011, they waived him on June 16, 2012 The Dallas Cowboys acquired him from the Seahawks waivers on June 19, 2012 Philadelphia Eagles bio Miami Dolphins bio Monmouth Hawks bio

Santokh Singh

Datuk Santokh Singh s/o Gurdial Singh is a retired Malaysian football player. His wife has 3 children, Kiran Kaur, Sukhveer Singh and Rajveer Singh. Born in Setapak, Santokh played in the Selangor FA team from 1972 to 1985, winning 9 Malaysia Cups as captain of the team. Santokh was a player for Malaysia national football team in the 1970s and 1980s, played alongside the late Mokhtar Dahari, Soh Chin Aun and R. Arumugam, he participated in the team that qualified to the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games, though he never featured in the finals of the tournament due to the Games' boycott by Malaysia. Santokh played for Malaysia in the 1974 Asian Games in Tehran, capturing the bronze medal, winning the Southeast Asian Games gold medal in 1977 and 1979, his partnership with Soh Chin Aun was said to be the most solid defence in the much-feared Malaysian team. In 2011, Santokh was bestowed the honour of the Panglima Mahkota Wilayah by the Yang Dipertuan Agong of Malaysia, which bears the title Datuk. during the occasion of Federal Territory Day.

In the same year, the Sultan of Selangor honoured him with the Order of Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah, carrying the title Dato'. Santokh was inducted into the Olympic Council of Malaysia's Hall of Fame in 2004. In 2016, he was the reference for one of the members of Team Malaysia in "Ola Bola". Federal Territory: Knight Commander of the Order of the Territorial Crown - Datuk Selangor: Knight Companion of the Order of Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah - Dato' Profile at selangorfc.com Profile at Olympic Council of Malaysia Sports Museum and Hall of Fame

ISO 668

ISO 668 - Series 1 freight containers — Classification and ratings is an ISO international standard which classifies intermodal freight shipping containers and standardises their size and weight specifications. Introduced in 1968, ISO 668 regulates both external and internal dimensions of containers, as well as the minimum door opening size, where applicable, it specifies the associated gross weight ratings, requirements for load transfer areas in the base structures of containers, since amendment 1 of 2005. The current version of the standard is the sixth edition, which integrates version E from 1995 with its two amendments of 2005. ISO 1496-1 — Series 1 Freight Containers — Specification and Testing — Part 1, General Cargo Containers ISO 6346 — standard covering the coding and marking of intermodal containers ISO 668:1995 standard — introduced by amendments 1 and 2 ISO 668:2013 — ISO Technical committee TC104: Freight containers

Kim Igyo

Kim Igyo was a scholar-official and Uuijeong of the Joseon dynasty Korea. He was diplomat and ambassador, representing Joseon interests in the 12th Edo period diplomatic mission to the Tokugawa shogunate in Japan. Kim Igyo was the leader selected by Sunjo of Joseon to head a mission to Japan in 1811; this diplomatic mission functioned to the advantage of both the Japanese and the Koreans as a channel for maintainining a political foundation for trade. This delegation was explicitly identified by the Joseon court as a "Communication Envoy"; the mission was understood to signify that relations were "normalized". The Joseon monarch's ambassador and retinue traveled only as far as Tsushima; the representatives of shōgun Ienari met the mission on the island, located in the middle of the Korea Strait between the Korean Peninsula and Kyushu. Joseon diplomacy Joseon missions to Japan Joseon tongsinsa Joseon Tongsinsa Cultural Exchange Association.

Zongo settlements

Zongo settlements are areas in West African towns populated by settlers from Northern Sahel areas from Northern Nigeria. A common feature of the Zongo community is their predominant use of Hausa language as their lingua franca. Zango, wrongly spelt as Zongo itself as a word is derived from the Hausa language which means "a settlement of Hausa speaking traders". Collectively referred to as Zongos, Zongo communities are found in all 10 Regions of Ghana with much denser populations in Greater Accra and Ashanti regions; the earliest bustling Zongo communities in Ghana started in Salaga and by the first quarter of the 19th century similar communities were established in Tamale and Ejisu. The largest and one of the oldest Zongos close to the coastal belt started in 1836 in Nima. In the present day, Zongo communities in Ghana are a microcosm of people from the lower and middle classes of tribes from both northern and southern Ghana, as well as immigrants from neighboring countries including Burkina Faso, Mali, Ivory Coast, etc.

The Hausa's from Northern Nigeria are the pioneer settlers of the Zongo. The early settlers constructed makeshift houses with the intention to work hard, raise some capital and return to their locality; as it has been with immigration, many adopted their new found place as their permanent home. Ghanaian Zongo people Northerner Zongo Communities are common in Benin with large settlements found in Parakou and the port city of Cotonou