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Rodrigo de Bastidas

Rodrigo de Bastidas was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who mapped the northern coast of South America, discovered Panama, founded the city of Santa Marta. Rodrigo de Bastidas was a well-to-do notary from the town of Seville, a suburb of Seville, he was born around 1465 and his father was named Rodrigo de la Bastidas y Ruiz. Rodrigo de Bastidas married the couple had eight children. After sailing with Christopher Columbus during his second voyage to the New World in 1493, De Bastidas petitioned the Spanish Crown to start his own quest to be financed with his own money. In exchange for granting De Bastidas the right to explore various territories in the New World, the Crown required him to give them one fourth of the net profits he would acquire; the King and Queen issued a charter, still preserved in the National Archives in Spain. He sailed to the New World from Cádiz in October? 1500 with two ships. He was accompanied on this voyage by Vasco Núñez de Balboa. At the South American coast he sailed westward from Cabo de la Vela, Colombia, in an attempt to explore the coastline of the Caribbean basin.

He discovered the mouth of a river he named the Magdalena River and the Gulf of Urabá on the Colombian coast. He reached La Punta de Manzanillo on Panama's upper Caribbean coast before having to abandon his effort, he is acknowledged to be the first European to have claimed that part of the isthmus, therefore is credited with the discovery of Panama which includes the San Blas region of the indigenous Kuna. However, the poor condition of his ships, caused by shipworm that ate the wooden hull, forced him to turn back and head to Santo Domingo to effect repairs. Despite repeated repairs, the ships sank in port at Jacaragua, leaving most of the indigenous slaves to drown, while some gold and pearls were saved. De Bastidas was forced to return overland to Santo Domingo, trading trinkets for food and supplies with Taino natives along the way. On arrival in Santo Domingo he was placed under arrest by Governor Francisco de Bobadilla, sent back to Spain for trading with the indigenous people without permission.

He was acquitted of these charges by the Spanish Crown, rewarded with a pension. He returned to Santo Domingo with his family, became "rich in cattle, at one time possessing 8000 head". In 1504 he undertook another expedition to raiding 600 slaves for sale in Hispaniola. In 1520 the governorship of Trinidad was granted to De Bastidas, but this was opposed by Diego Columbus, De Bastidas waived the grant, he received instead permission to exploit a region from Cabo de la Vela westward to the Magdalena River. In 1524 he returned to the New World and accompanied by Juan de Céspedes founded the city of Santa Marta on the Caribbean coast of Colombia, he named the city Santa Marta. De Bastidas has been called Spain's Noblest Conquistador because he had a policy of respect and friendship towards the native people; the following quote related to the founding of Santa Marta does not support this appellation: "I assure you that with the help of God I will enter powerfully against you, I will make war on you in every place and in every way that I can, I will subject you to the yoke and obedience of the church and their highnesses, I will take your persons and your women and your children, I will make them slaves, as such I will sell them, dispose of them as their highnesses command: I will take your goods, I will do you all the evils and harms which I can, just as to vassals who do not obey and do not want to receive their lord, resist him and contradict him.

And I declare that the deaths and harms which arise from this will be your fault, not that of their highnesses, nor mine, nor of the gentlemen who have come with me here." On a trip to the interior and the territories of Bonda and Bondigua in present-day Colombia, he traded a substantial amount of gold. De Bastidas had a policy prohibiting his troops from brutally using the indigenous people or robbing them of their goods, his troops, many of whom had gone adventuring in the hopes of obtaining gold, asked De Bastidas for a share. He refused to share it with his men, saying that he needed it to help defray the costs of the colony. De Bastidas' refusal to share the gold that he had acquired angered some of his men, among them his lieutenant Villafuerte, who led a conspiracy of some fifty men to murder De Bastidas. One night, while Bastidas was asleep, he was stabbed five times, he was able to cry out, his men rushed to his aid. Although wounded, he did not die immediately. Owing to a lack of adequate medical facilities in Santa Marta, Bastidas attempted to sail to Santo Domingo, but bad weather forced him to land in Cuba, where he died from his injuries.

His only son, Archbishop Rodrigo de Bastidas y Rodriguez de Romera, moved his remains to Santo Domingo where he is interred along with his wife and son at The Cathedral of Santa María la Menor in the Colonial Zone of Santo Domingo, the oldest cathedral in the Americas. List of conquistadors in Colombia Spanish conquest of the Muisca Taganga Spanish conquest of the Chibchan Nations, Juan de Césp

Sun Boy

Sun Boy is a fictional superhero in the 30th and 31st centuries of the DC Comics universe. Sun Boy is a Legion of Super-Heroes member with the ability to unleash internal solar energy to whatever degree he wishes, from enough to light a single candle to enough to melt nearly any obstacle. Sun Boy first appeared in 1961 during the Silver Age of Comic Books. Sun Boy first was created by Jerry Siegel and Jim Mooney. Dirk Morgna's father owns a nuclear power plant. While he is delivering supplies to one of the plant's scientists, Dr. Zaxton Regulus, the machine the scientist is working on explodes resulting in the death of fellow worker Zarl Hendricks. Dr. Regulus blames the accident, his subsequent dismissal, on the interruption, he tries to gain revenge on Dirk by throwing him in an atomic reactor. Dirk applies for the Legion, as Sun Boy, but is rejected as he has only demonstrated his ability to generate light, he is accepted when he shows his heat-generation ability. During the "Five Year Gap" following the Magic Wars, Sun Boy becomes leader of the Legion amidst a series of defections which results in his resignation.

Soon afterwards, Sun Boy is hired by Earthgov as a public relations liaison, using his good looks and popularity to spin public opinion. Earthgov is revealed to be under Dominator control and Dirk complies with their demands despite personal misgivings; when the truth is revealed, he is branded a traitor to the Earth. Dirk is exposed to a fatal dose of radiation when a powersphere explodes next to him during the destruction of the Moon, he is killed in an act of euthanasia. His corpse is animated for a short time by former teammate Wildfire. Shortly before Dirk's death, the members of the Dominators' classified "Batch SW6" escaped captivity. Batch SW6 appeared to be a group of teeange Legionnaire clones, created from samples taken just prior to Ferro Lad's death at the hands of the Sun-Eater, they were revealed to be time-paradox duplicates, every bit as legitimate as their older counterparts. After Earth was destroyed in a disaster reminiscent of the destruction of Krypton over a millennium earlier, a few dozen surviving cities and their inhabitants reconstituted their world as New Earth.

The SW6 Legionnaires remained, their version of Sun Boy assumed the code name Inferno. Inferno made an appearance in Final Crisis: Legion of 3 Worlds #5, among many Legionnaires from throughout the Multiverse. In post-Zero Hour continuity, Dirk Morgna is a supporting character, who gains "Sun Boy" powers, but is not a member of the Legion. Again blaming Dirk for his dismissal, Dr. Regulus attempts to kill Morgna by injecting him with radioactive gold; this instead causes him to glow white blinding Regulus. He has to wear a special suit to protect others from it. While helping the Legion battle Regulus, he returns to normal. Dirk returns in Legionnaires #71, in which he is possessed by an elemental spirit called Ph'yr, one of the four Elements of Disaster, turns into a living humanoid fireball; the elementals wish to gain Mordru's power. Dirk manages to regain control, helps the Legion and the stone elemental Brika/Roxx defeat the two who had given themselves over to the elemental spirits. In the 2004 revised Legion continuity, unlike the rest of his Legion comrades, Dirk Morgna's parents support the galactic movement the Legion represents.

Joining the Legion as Sun Boy, Cosmic Boy names him the group's field leader. Confused as to whether or not his Legion membership is his desire or that of his parents, Dirk opts to resign from the group, he decides to help the myriad of exiled descendants living in "otherspace" in the wake of the defeat of their leader, Praetor Lemnos. Ruefully, the Legion accedes to his request, but hope that Dirk will return to their ranks. Dirk and his associates are kidnapped by the Dominators, who wish to steal their powers, but they are rescued by the Legion and the Wanderers. Sun Boy returns to the Legion and reveals that he has had all remaining members of Terra Firma arrested, his return is put to a vote per his request. This version of Sun Boy was killed by Superboy-Prime in Legion of Three Worlds #3, his body is revived as part of the Black Lantern Corps in Adventure Comics #4. The events of the Infinite Crisis miniseries have restored a close analogue of the Pre-Crisis on Infinite Earths Legion to continuity, as seen in "The Lightning Saga" story arc in Justice League of America and Justice Society of America, in the "Superman and the Legion of Super-Heroes" story arc in Action Comics.

In the latter storyline, Sun Boy had been captured by Earth Man and plugged into a machine, which used his powers to turn many of the suns in the galaxy red. Sun Boy is rescued by his teammates. In the Final Crisis: Legion of Three Worlds storyline, which follows on from Superman and the Legion of Super-Heroes, Sun Boy is shown to have been weakened and traumatised by his imprisonment, to the point where he cannot use his powers anymore. To this end, Dirk hands in his Flight Ring resigning from the Legion. In the course of the adventure, the other two Legions are pulled in to battle the Legion of Super-Villains. During the fight, the "Threeboot" Sun Boy is frozen solid and crushed to pieces by Superboy-Prime, causing the elder Dirk pain. Soon after, Dirk decides to don his flight ring again, joins the fight, just in time to save Polar Boy fro

Jacques Ellul

Jacques Ellul was a French philosopher, lay theologian, professor, a noted Christian anarchist. Ellul was a longtime Professor of History and the Sociology of Institutions on the Faculty of Law and Economic Sciences at the University of Bordeaux. A prolific writer, he authored 58 books and more than a thousand articles over his lifetime, many of which discussed propaganda, the impact of technology on society, the interaction between religion and politics; the dominant theme of his work proved to be the threat to human freedom and religion created by modern technology. Among his most influential books are The Technological Society and Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes. Considered by many a philosopher, Ellul was by training a sociologist who approached the question of technology and human action from a dialectical viewpoint, his constant concern was the emergence of a technological tyranny over humanity. As a philosopher and theologian, he further explored the religiosity of the technological society.

In 2000 the International Jacques Ellul Society was founded by a group of former Ellul students. The society, which includes scholars from a variety of disciplines, is devoted to continuing Ellul's legacy and discussing the contemporary relevance and implications of his work. Jacques Ellul was born in France, on January 6, 1912, to Marthe Mendes and Joseph Ellul; as a teenager he wanted to be a naval officer but his father made him study law. He married Yvette Lensvelt in 1937. Ellul was educated at the universities of Paris. In World War II, he was a leader in the French resistance. For his efforts to save Jews he was awarded the title Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 2001, he was a layman in the Reformed Church of France and attained a high position within it as part of the National Council. Ellul was best friends with Bernard Charbonneau, a writer from the Aquitaine region and a protagonist of the French personalism movement, they met through the Protestant Student Federation during the academic school year of 1929–1930.

Both men acknowledged. By the early 1930s, Ellul's three primary sources of inspiration were Karl Marx, Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Barth. Ellul was first introduced to the ideas of Karl Marx during an economics lecture course taught by Joseph Benzacar in 1929–30. During this same period, he came across the Christian existentialism of Kierkegaard. According to Ellul and Kierkegaard were his two greatest influences, the only two authors whose work he read in its entirety, he considered Karl Barth, a leader of the resistance against the German state church in World War II, the greatest theologian of the 20th century. In addition to these intellectual influences, Ellul said that his father played a great role in his life and considered him his role model; these ideological influences earned him vicious enemies. In large measure, in those of his books concerned with theological matters, Ellul restates the viewpoints held by Barth, whose polar dialectic of the Word of God, in which the Gospel both judges and renews the world, shaped Ellul's theological perspective.

In Jacques Ellul: A Systemic Exposition Darrell J. Fasching claimed Ellul believed "That which desacralizes a given reality, itself in turn becomes the new sacred reality". In 1932, after what he describes as "a brutal and sudden conversion", Ellul professed himself a Christian. Ellul believes he was about spending the summer with some friends in Blanquefort, France. While translating Faust alone in the house, Ellul knew he was in the presence of a something so astounding, so overwhelming, which entered the center of his being, he jumped on a bike and fled, concluding that he had been in the presence of God. This experience started the conversion process which Ellul said continued over a period of years thereafter, he was prominent in the worldwide ecumenical movement, although he became critical of the movement for what he felt were indiscriminate endorsements of political establishments of the Left. However, he was no friendlier in his assessment of those of the Right. Ellul has been credited with coining the phrase, "Think globally, act locally."

He said that he was born in Bordeaux by chance, but that it was by choice that he spent all his academic career there. On 19 May 1994, after a long illness, he died in his house in Pessac, just a mile or two from the University of Bordeaux campus and surrounded by those closest to him, his wife had died a few years prior, on 16 April 1991. While Ellul is most noted for his sociological work his discussions of technology, he saw his theological work as an essential aspect of his career, began publishing theological discussions early, with such books as The Presence of the Kingdom. Although a son of the minority French Reformed tradition and thus a spiritual heir of thinkers like John Calvin and Ulrich Zwingli, Ellul departed from Reformed doctrinal traditions, but unlike other European Protestant thinkers, utterly rejected the influence of philosophical idealism or romanticism upon his beliefs about God and human faith. In articulating his theological ideas, he drew upon the corpus of works by the Swiss-German theologian Karl

1994 Wimbledon Championships

The 1994 Wimbledon Championships was a tennis tournament played on grass courts at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club in Wimbledon, London in England. It was the 108th edition of the Wimbledon Championships and were held from 20 June to 3 July 1994; the total prize money for 1994 championships was £5,682,170. The winner of the men's title earned £345,000 while the women's singles champion earned £310,000. * per team Pete Sampras defeated Goran Ivanišević, 7–6, 7–6, 6–0 It was Sampras' 5th career Grand Slam singles title and his 2nd title at Wimbledon. Conchita Martínez defeated Martina Navratilova, 6–4, 3–6, 6–3 It was Martínez's 1st and only career Grand Slam singles title, she became the 1st Spanish woman to win the Wimbledon singles title. Todd Woodbridge / Mark Woodforde defeated Grant Connell / Patrick Galbraith, 7–6, 6–3, 6–1 It was Woodbridge's 6th career Grand Slam title and his 2nd Wimbledon title, it was Woodforde's 7th career his 2nd Wimbledon title. Gigi Fernández / Natasha Zvereva defeated Jana Novotná / Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, 6–4, 6–1 It was Fernández's 12th career Grand Slam title and her 3rd Wimbledon title.

It was Zvereva's 13th career her 4th Wimbledon title. Todd Woodbridge / Helena Suková defeated T. J. Middleton / Lori McNeil, 3–6, 7–5, 6–3 It was Woodbridge's 7th career Grand Slam title and his 3rd Wimbledon title, it was Suková's 11th career her 4th Wimbledon title. Scott Humphries defeated Mark Philippoussis, 7–6, 3–6, 6–4 Martina Hingis defeated Jeon Mi-ra, 7–5, 6–4 Ben Ellwood / Mark Philippoussis defeated Vladimír Pláteník / Ricardo Schlachter, 6–2, 6–4 Nannie de Villiers / Lizzie Jelfs defeated Corina Morariu / Ludmila Varmužová, 6–3, 6–4 Official Wimbledon Championships website

Mat Sadler

Mathew John Sadler is an English professional footballer who plays for League Two club Walsall. He is a left-footed defender capable of playing either as a centre-back. Sadler has played in the Premier League and the Football League for Birmingham City, in the Football League for Northampton Town, Stockport County, Shrewsbury Town and Crawley Town. Sadler was born in West Midlands, he began his career as a junior with Birmingham City. He made his first team debut on 2 October 2002 in a League Cup second round tie away at Leyton Orient, starting in the 3–2 win at Brisbane Road. A month he made his Premier League debut in a 3–1 home win over Bolton Wanderers, again as a starter. On 21 November 2003, having not played for Birmingham that season, Sadler went on a two-month loan to Northampton Town, playing eight games, seven of which in the Third Division. In May 2004, signed a new contract to keep him at Birmingham. However, Sadler suffered football problems. On 7 February 2006, having not played for Birmingham since 28 December 2002 nor any team since 10 January 2004, Sadler made his return in a 2–1 home win over Reading in an FA Cup fourth round replay, coming on for Mathew Birley after 59 minutes.

This was his only appearance until 1 April when he was in the first team to play Chelsea at home, a goalless draw. He stayed as the season ended with relegation. At the end of the 2005–06 season, Sadler was awarded the Radio WM Breakthrough Award at the club's annual dinner. Not only that, Sadler signed a two–year contract with the club. In the 2006–07 season, Sadler began to be first team regular in the left-back position. However, Sadler suffered a groin injury in resulting him missing out for four matches. Sadler made his return to the first team on 30 September 2006, playing 90 minutes, in a 1–1 draw against Leicester City. Sadler played a role in a match against Coventry City on 31 October 2006 when he provided assist for Nicklas Bendtner to score the only goal of the game with a win. After this, Sadler continued to be a first team regular in the left-back position for the reminder of the season until he was dropped from the first team ahead of the match in favour of Stephen Kelly against Barnsley on 9 April 2007.

Manager Steve Bruce explained his decision to leave out Sadler of the squad. As a result, Sadler never played again for the remainder of 2006–07 season, as Birmingham City were promoted back to the Premier League. Despite this, Sadler made thirty–six appearance. Sadler signed a three–year contract with the club, keeping him until 2010. In the 2007 -- 08 season saw. After missing out the first two matches, Sadler made his first appearance of 2007–08 when he came on as a substitute for Fabrice Muamba in the 80th minutes, in a 1–0 loss against West Ham United on 18 August 2007. Sadler provided assist for Garry O'Connor in the 27th minutes, in the first round of League Cup, in a 2–1 win over Hereford United on 28 August 2007. However, Sadler struggled for the first team place after losing his left-back position to Franck Queudrue and Liam Ridgewell; as a result, Sadler was sent to play in the reserve. But in December, Sadler returned to the first team in the left-back position in his first league appearance since December, in a 2–1 loss against Newcastle United on 8 December 2007.

However, on his next appearance against Reading, Sadler came under criticism when his back-pass short led to goalkeeper Maik Taylor brought down Stephen Hunt in the penalty box, leading Hunt to take the penalty himself and converted the penalty successfully. After the match, Taylor defended Sadler. After appearing one more appearance, Sadler was left out of the squad once again and attracted interests from clubs around England. Upon joining Watford, Sadler said it was an honour to play for Birmingham City, the team he grew up supporting, regretted not playing enough games for the club. Sadler joined Watford on 24 January 2008 for an initial fee of £750,000, rising to £900,000 depending on appearances, he signed a three-and-a-half-year contract. Sadler made his Watford debut on 29 January 2008, making his first start for the club, in a 1–1 draw against Sheffield United. Despite the injury, Sadler was the regular in the first team for the remainder of 2007–08 season, making fifteen appearance. In the 2008–09 season, Sadler started well, appearing for the first three matches to the start of the season until he suffered a lateral knee ligament injury.

After missing out five matches, Sadler regained his first team place and provided assist for Tamás Priskin to score the first goal of the game, in a 3–0 win over Southampton on 18 October 2008. Sadler, once again, sidelined. Following his return, Sadler played against his former club, Birmingham City, on 6 December 2008, which saw Watford lost 3–2. Ahead of the match, Sadler stated. Sadler fell from grace at Vicarage Road and made his final appearance for Watford on 26 December 2008 in a 2–4 home defeat to Bristol City. During the match, Sadler came under criticism when he conceded two goals before being substituted at half–time; as a result, Sadler was sent to play for the reserve for the remainder of the season and made fifteen appearance. In 2009–10 season, Sadler remained on the sidelined. In October 2009, Sadler went on trial at Huddersfield Town Sadler played for the club's reserve on 14 October 2009 against Grimsby Town's reserve, where he provided assist on one of the goal, with a 3–1 win.

However, Huddersfield Town decided against signing Sadler. A

Anastasios II

Anastasius, known in English as Anastasius II or Anastasius II, was the Byzantine Emperor from 713 to 715. Anastasios was named Artemius and had served as a bureaucrat and Imperial secretary for his predecessors. After the Opsician army in Thrace had overthrown Emperor Philippikos Bardanes, they acclaimed Artemius as Emperor, he chose Anastasius as his regnal name. Soon after his accession, Anastasius II imposed discipline on the army and executed those officers, directly involved in the conspiracy against Philippikos. Anastasios upheld the decisions of the Sixth Ecumenical Council and deposed the Monothelete Patriarch John VI of Constantinople, replacing him with the orthodox Patriarch Germanus in 715; this put an end to the short-lived local schism with the Catholic Church. The advancing Umayyad Caliphate surrounded the Empire by land and sea, Anastasios attempted to restore peace by diplomatic means, his emissaries having failed in Damascus, he undertook the restoration of Constantinople's walls and the rebuilding of the Roman fleet.

However, the death of the Caliph al-Walid I in 715 gave Anastasius an opportunity to turn the tables on his rival. He dispatched an army under Leo the Isaurian, afterwards emperor, to invade Syria, he had his fleet concentrate on Rhodes with orders not only to resist the approach of the enemy but to destroy their naval stores; these troops of the Opsician theme, resenting the Emperor's strict measures, slew the admiral John, proclaimed as emperor Theodosius III, a tax-collector of low extraction. After a six-month siege, Constantinople was taken by Theodosius. In 719, Anastasios headed a revolt against Leo III, who had succeeded Theodosius, receiving considerable support, including auxiliaries provided by Tervel of Bulgaria; however the chronicler Theophanes the Confessor, who offers this information elsewhere, confuses Tervel with his eventual successor Kormesiy, so Anastasios was allied with the younger ruler. In any case, the rebel forces advanced on Constantinople; the enterprise failed, Anastasios fell into Leo's hands and was put to death by his orders.

List of Byzantine emperors Ostrogorsky, George. History of the Byzantine State. Oxford: Basil Blackwell; the Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991. Media related to Anastasius II at Wikimedia Commons