Sir Roger Gilbert Bannister was a British middle-distance athlete and neurologist who ran the first sub-4-minute mile. At the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki, Bannister set a British record in the 1500 metres and finished in fourth place; this achievement strengthened his resolve to become the first athlete to finish the mile run in under four minutes. He accomplished this feat on 6 May 1954 at Iffley Road track in Oxford, with Chris Chataway and Chris Brasher providing the pacing; when the announcer, Norris McWhirter, declared "The time was three...", the cheers of the crowd drowned out Bannister's exact time, 3 minutes and 59.4 seconds. He had attained this record while practising as a junior doctor. Bannister's record lasted just 46 days. Bannister went on to become a neurologist and Master of Pembroke College, before retiring in 1993; as Master of Pembroke, he was on the governing body of Abingdon School from 1986 to 1993. When asked whether the 4-minute mile was his proudest achievement, he said he felt prouder of his contribution to academic medicine through research into the responses of the nervous system.
Bannister was patron of the MSA Trust. He was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in 2011. Bannister was born in England, he attended Vaughan Road Primary School in Harrow and continued his education at City of Bath Boys' School and University College School, London. He studied medicine at St Mary's Hospital Medical School. Bannister was inspired by miler Sydney Wooderson's comeback in 1945. Eight years after setting the mile record and seeing it surpassed during the war years by the Swedish runners Arne Andersson and Gunder Hägg, Wooderson regained his old form and challenged Andersson over the distance in several races. Wooderson set a British record of 4:04.2 in Gothenburg on 9 September. Like Wooderson, Bannister would set a mile record, see it broken, set a new personal best slower than the new record. Bannister started his running career at Oxford in the autumn of 1946 at the age of 17, he had never worn running spikes or run on a track. His training was light compared to the standards of the day, but he showed promise in running a mile in 1947 in 4:24.6 on only three weekly half-hour training sessions.
He was selected as an Olympic "possible" in 1948 but declined as he felt he was not ready to compete at that level. However, he was further inspired to become a great miler by watching the 1948 Olympics, he set his training goals on the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki. In 1949, he improved in the 880-yard run to 1:52.7 and won several mile races in 4:11. After a period of six weeks with no training, he came in third at White City in 4:14.2. The year 1950 saw more improvements as he finished a slow 4:13 mile on 1 July with an impressive 57.5 last quarter. He ran the AAA 880 in 1:52.1, losing to Arthur Wint, ran 1:50.7 for the 800 m at the European Championships on 26 August, placing third. Chastened by this lack of success, Bannister started to train more seriously, his increased attention to training paid quick dividends, as he won a mile race in 4:09.9 on 30 December. In 1951 at the Penn Relays, Bannister broke away from the pack with a 56.7 final lap, finishing in 4:08.3. In his biggest test to date, he won a mile race on 14 July in 4:07.8 at the AAA Championships at White City before 47,000 people.
The time set a he defeated defending champion Bill Nankeville in the process. Bannister suffered defeat, when Yugoslavia's Andrija Otenhajmer, aware of Bannister's final-lap kick, took a 1500 m race in Belgrade 25 August out at near-record pace, forcing Bannister to close the gap by the bell lap. Otenhajmer won in 3:47.0, though Bannister set a personal best finishing second in 3:48.4. Bannister was no longer seen as invincible, his training was a modern individualised mixture of interval training influenced by coach Franz Stampfl with elements of block periodisation, fell running and anaerobic elements of training which were perfected by Arthur Lydiard. From 1951 to 1954, Bannister trained at the track at Paddington Recreation Ground in Maida Vale while he was a medical student at the nearby St Mary's Hospital. There are two Bannister plaques at the pavilion, both unveiled by him on 10 September 2000. According to the latter, Bannister was able to train for just an hour each day due to his medical studies.
Bannister avoided racing after the 1951 season until late in the spring of 1952, saving his energy for Helsinki and the Olympics. He ran an 880-yard run on 28 May 1952 in 1:53.00, followed by a 4:10.6-mile time-trial on 7 June, proclaiming himself satisfied with the results. At the AAA championships, he skipped the mile and won the 880 in 1:51.5. 10 days before the Olympic final, he ran a 3⁄4 mile time trial in 2:52.9, which gave him confidence that he was ready for the Olympics as he considered the time to be the equivalent of a four-minute mile. His confidence soon dissipated, however, as it was announced there would be semi-finals for the 1500 m at the Olympics, which he felt favoured runners who had much deeper training regimens than he did; when he ran his semi-final, Bannister finished fifth and thereby qualified for the final, but he felt "blown and unhappy". The 1500 m final on 26 July 1952 would prove to be one of the more dramatic in Olympic history; the race was not decided until the final metres, Josy Barthel of Luxembourg prevailing in an Olympic-record 3:45.28 with the next
"The Ocean Full of Bowling Balls" is an unpublished work by J. D. Salinger, it is about the death of Kenneth Caulfield, who became the character Allie in The Catcher in the Rye. The story was going to appear in Harper's Bazaar, but Salinger withdrew the story before publication; this story is available in the Princeton University Library. Per the terms of Salinger's donation of the manuscript to Princeton University, it cannot be published until 50 years after his death. In November 2013, the manuscript of "The Ocean Full of Bowling Balls" was leaked to the general public, made available online on the website what.cd. According to Jack Sublette in his 1984 annotated bibliography of J. D. Salinger, Collier's fiction editor Knox Burger stated in 1948 that "Ocean Full of Bowling Balls" "contains the greatest letter home from camp composed by man or boy." The letter referred to is sent from Holden Caulfield to his younger brother in Kenneth. "The Ocean Full of Bowling Balls", along with the short stories "Birthday Boy" and "Paula", was printed in a small edition titled Three Stories in 1999, a copy of, sold on eBay and posted on internet file sharing sites in late November 2013
The by-election for the British House of Commons seat of Oldham West took place on 13 June 1968, at a time when the Labour government of Harold Wilson was unpopular. The election was caused by the resignation of Labour Member of Parliament Charles Leslie Hale for reasons of ill health. Hale had been an MP in the town since the 1945 general election; this election took place in a two-year period during which Labour lost ten seats in by-elections, never with a swing of less than ten percent against them. Oldham West was convincingly gained for the Conservatives with a 17.7% swing by Bruce Campbell with a majority of 3,311 over the Labour candidate Michael Meacher. Meacher, a future minister both under Wilson and in the Blair government, would go on to recover the seat from Campbell in the 1970 general election: 1968-1970 was the only time in the post-World War II era that this division of Oldham was not represented by Labour; the Liberal Party, contesting the seat for the first time since 1951, finished in fourth place, while a creditable third place was gained by the former Liberal and celebrated novelist John Creasey.
Creasey two years had formed his own party of national unity, the short-lived All Party Alliance. He was joined on the campaign trail by the well-known actor Robert Beatty, made effective use of local newspapers to promote his campaign; this was the third in a series of by-elections which he fought, though his best result to date, it was to be his last. He stated after the election that he intended to stand in the constituency again in the next general election.
Željko "Struja" Lukajić is a Serbian professional basketball coach. Lukajić began his long coaching career back in 1986 when he was the head coach of KK Famos Hrasnica for the 1986–1987 season. Over two decades he worked with many Bosnian and Serbian clubs, most notably Partizan Belgrade in 1993–94 season and Hemofarm Vršac from 1998 until 2005. In January 2010, he became the head coach of his former team Hemofarm Vršac, he parted ways with the team in January 2012. That 2011–12 season would be the last season in prominent era of Vršac-based team under Hemofarm's sponsorship. Month he took the coaching position in the Ukrainian team Politekhnika-Halychyna, he stayed there for a half season. On November 26, 2014, he returned to Igokea to be the team's new head coach. On December 8, 2017, he became a head coach of Macedonian basketball team MZT Skopje, he left MZT on April 3, 2018. Željko Lukajić at eurobasket.com Željko Lukajić at euroleague.net
The Texarkana and Fort Smith Railway Depot is a historic railroad station on Texarkana Avenue in Wilton, Arkansas. Built c. 1893, this single-story wood frame structure is the only surviving station built by the Texarkana and Fort Smith Railway, which only existed as an independent entity from 1885 to 1892. It was located closer to the tracks, housing facilities for both passengers and freight, but was moved about 400 feet after its sale into private hands; the building has architecturally distinctive Stick-style bracing in its eaves. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little River County, Arkansas
Ånge Municipality is a municipality in Västernorrland County, northern Sweden. Its seat is located in Ånge; the railway junction Ånge was in 1947 made a market town and detached from Borgsjö. In 1971 they were reunited and together with Haverö and Torp the present municipality was formed; the municipal most known slogan is Sweden's geographical center. It was in 1947 measured by the Royal Institute of Technology to be situated by the lake Munkbysjön, in the municipality's eastern parts. In 2002 the slogan was changed to Wonderful byways. 13 kilometers east of the town Ånge lies the town Borgsjö. It has a acclaimed rococo church from the 18th century. Alby Fränsta Ljungaverk Torpshammar Ånge Östavall Ånge's sister cities: Malvik, Norway; the Nordic sister cities were established in the 1940s, the others not before 1990. Ånge - Official site