The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Medford is a city in, the county seat of, Jackson County, Oregon, in the United States. As of July 1, 2017, the city had a total population of 81,780 and a metropolitan area population of 217,479, making the Medford MSA the fourth largest metro area in Oregon; the city was named in 1883 by David Loring, civil engineer and right-of-way agent for the Oregon and California Railroad, after Medford, near Loring’s home town of Concord, Massachusetts. Medford is near the middle ford of Bear Creek. In 1883, a group of railroad surveyors headed by S. L. Dolson and David Loring arrived in Rock Point, near present-day Gold Hill, they were charged with finding the best route through the Rogue Valley for the Oregon and California Railroad. Citizens of neighboring Jacksonville hoped that it would pass between their town and Hanley Butte, near the present day Claire Hanley Arboretum; such a move would have all but guaranteed prosperous growth for Jacksonville, but Dolson decided instead to stake the railroad closer to Bear Creek.
The response from Jacksonville was mixed. By November 1883, a depot site had been chosen and a surveying team led by Charles J. Howard was hard at work platting the new town, they completed their work in early December 1883. James Sullivan Howard, a merchant and surveyor, claimed to have built the town's first building in January 1884, though blacksmith Emil Piel was advertising for business at the "central depot" in the middle of December 1883. Others point out the farms of town founders Iradell Judson Phipps and Charles Wesley Broback, which were present before the town was platted. Regardless, on February 6, 1884, J. S. Howard's store became Medford's first post office, with Howard serving as postmaster; the establishment of the post office led to the incorporation of Medford as a town by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on February 24, 1885, again as a city in 1905. Howard held the position of postmaster for Medford's first ten years, again held the post upon his death on November 13, 1919.
The beginning of the 20th century was a transitional period for the area. Medford built a new steel bridge over Bear Creek to replace an earlier one which washed away three years before. Without a bridge, those wanting to cross had to ford the stream using a horse-drawn wagon. Pharmacist George H. Haskins had opened a drugstore just after the town was platted, in 1903 he allowed the Medford Library Association to open a small library in that store. Five years the library moved to Medford's new city hall, in another four years, Andrew Carnegie's donation allowed a dedicated library to be built. Construction on the Medford Carnegie Library was completed in 1912. In 1927, Medford took the title of county seat of Jackson County away from nearby Jacksonville; until the 1960s, Medford was a sundown town where African Americans and other nonwhites were not allowed to live or stay at night. In 1967, Interstate 5 was completed adjacent to downtown Medford to replace the Oregon Pacific Highway, it has been blamed for the decline of small businesses in downtown Medford since its completion, but remains an important route for commuters wishing to travel across the city.
In fact, a study completed in 1999 found that 45% of vehicles entering I-5 from north Medford heading south exited in south Medford, just three miles away. The high volume of traffic on Interstate 5 led to the completion of a new north Medford interchange in 2006; the project, which cost about $36 million, improved traffic flow between I-5 and Crater Lake Highway. Further traffic problems identified in south Medford prompted the construction of another new interchange, costing $72 million; the project began in 2006 and was completed in 2010. Since the 1990s, Medford has dedicated an appreciable amount of resources to urban renewal in an attempt to revitalize the downtown area. Several old buildings have been restored, including the Craterian Ginger Rogers Theater and the Prohibition era Cooley-Neff Warehouse, now operating as Pallet Wine Company, an urban winery. Streets have been realigned, new sidewalks, traffic signals, bicycle lanes were installed, two new parking garages have been built.
Downtown Medford received a new library building to replace the historic Medford Carnegie Library and now boasts satellite campuses for both Rogue Community College and Southern Oregon University. Economic problems in 2008 and 2009 put a hold on The Commons project, a collaboration between the city of Medford and Lithia Motors; the project, one of the largest undertaken in downtown in recent years, aims to provide more parking and commerce to the area. Before the work stopped, the Greyhound Bus depot was moved and $850,000 was spent replacing water lines; the Commons is anchored by the new corporate headquarters of Lithia Motors, Inc.. Included in The Commons are two public park blocks slated to be informal public gathering areas as well as an area for special events such as the farmer's market. Ground breaking for the project was April 22, 2011, with a Phase 1 completion date of 2012. Medford is located 27 miles north of the northern California border at 42.3°N. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.74 square miles, of which, 25.73 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water.
The Pacific Ocean is about 75 miles west of the city, is the nearest coast. The nearest river is the Rogue River, the nearest lake is Agate Lake. Nearby cities include Grants Pass, Klamath Falls, Roseburg, Redding, a
Cave Junction, Oregon
Cave Junction, incorporated in 1948, is a city in Josephine County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,883, its motto is the "Gateway to the Oregon Caves", the city got its name by virtue of its location at the junction of Redwood Highway and Caves Highway. Cave Junction is located in the Illinois Valley, starting in the 1850s, the non-native economy depended on gold mining. After World War II, timber became the main source of income for residents; as timber income has since declined, Cave Junction is attempting to compensate with tourism and as a haven for retirees. Tourists visit the Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve, which includes the Oregon Caves Chateau, as well as the Out'n'About treehouse resort and the Great Cats World Park zoo. For thousands of years, the Takelma Indians inhabited the Illinois Valley, their culture was destroyed when gold was discovered in the early 1850s, causing the subsequent Rogue River Wars. After an 1853 treaty, most of the Takelmas lived on the Table Rock Reservation.
In 1856, after the wars ended, they were moved to the Grand Ronde Reservation and the Siletz Reservation. The first gold in Oregon history was found in the Illinois Valley, as well as the largest gold nugget. In 1904, more than 50 years after prospectors had started combing the valley for gold, an 18-year-old named Ray Briggs discovered what newspapers at the time called "the most wonderful gold discovery reported in Oregon history." While hunting along Sucker Creek, he discovered gold lying on the ground. He called it the "Wounded Buck Mine," which produced 1,777 ounces of gold; the "mine" was a small vein of gold 12 feet long and 7 feet deep. As gold mining in the Illinois Valley became exhausted in the 1860s and 1870s, the residents diversified into ranching, logging and agriculture. In 1874, Elijah Davidson found a cave while on a hunting trip, is now credited with discovering the Oregon Caves. In 1884, Walter C. Burch heard about the cave from Davidson, staked a squatter's claim at the mouth of the caves.
He and his brothers-in-law charged one dollar for a guided tour. According to their advertisement in the Grants Pass Courier, this included camping, plentiful pasture land and "medicinal" cave waters, they attempted to acquire title to the land, but as the land was unsurveyed, they abandoned the idea a few years later. President William Howard Taft established the 480-acre Oregon Caves National Monument on July 12, 1909, to be administered by the U. S. Forest Service. In 1923, the Forest Service subcontracted the building of a hotel and guide services to a group of Grants Pass businessmen. By 1926, the monument had seven two-bedroom cabins. Traffic into the caves led to a community developing at the junction of the Redwood Highway and the branch highway to the caves. Cave Junction known as Cave City, was established in 1926 on land donated by Elwood Hussey. In 1935, a post office was applied for and was named "Caves City", however postal authorities disapproved of the name because "City" implied the place was incorporated.
Among the other names suggested was "Cave Junction", adopted by the United States Board on Geographic Names in 1936 with the post office being renamed the same year. The locality was incorporated as Cave Junction in 1948, is the only incorporated area in the Illinois Valley. In 1950 Cave Junction had a population of 283, which decreased to 248 in 1960 and increased to 415 in 1970, its growth was fast in the 1960s, increasing at an average of 6.8 percent annually. The city population's primary growth period occurred in the 1970s, with an average annual increase of 9.9 percent. Growth slowed in the 1980s; the rate fell further between 1990 and 1998, averaging 1.6 percent, less than the state and county averages. A number of wildfires have threatened Cave Junction over the years; the Longwood Fire in 1987, part of the 150,000-acre Silver Fire complex, was ignited by lightning strikes following a three-year drought. Numerous residents of Cave Junction evacuated. In 2002, the Florence and Sour Biscuit fires converged.
This fire threatened Cave Junction, Selma and a number of Northern California communities. The Biscuit Fire lasted 120 days, burned 499,965 acres in southern Oregon and northern California, destroyed four homes and nine outbuildings in the Cave Junction area. In 2003, a wildfire destroyed a home in Cave Junction. In 2004, a downed power line caused a fire that threatened over 100 homes and forced 200 people to evacuate. One person died of stress related to the fire. Cave Junction is located on U. S. Route 199 at its junction with Oregon Route 46, it is about 30 miles or 48 kilometres southwest of Grants Pass, Oregon and 53 miles or 85 kilometres northeast of Crescent City, California. The city lies in the Illinois Valley, on the northwest slope of the Siskiyou Range, at an elevation of about 480 metres above MSL. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.82 square miles, of which, 1.81 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Cave Junction has a Mediterranean climate with summers featuring cool mornings and hot afternoons, chilly, rainy winters.
Cave Junction has an average low of 32.5 °F or 0.3 °C in January and high of 90.5 °F or 32.5 °C in July. The record hottest temperature is 114 °F on August 14, 2008.
Illinois River (Oregon)
The Illinois River is a tributary, about 56 miles long, of the Rogue River in the U. S. state of Oregon. It drains part of the Klamath Mountains in northern southwestern Oregon; the river's main stem begins at the confluence of its east and west forks near Cave Junction in southern Josephine County. Its drainage basin includes Sucker Creek, which rises in the Red Buttes Wilderness, near Whiskey Peak on the California state line; the main stem flows northwest in a winding course past Kerby and through the Siskiyou National Forest and Kalmiopsis Wilderness. It joins the Rogue River from the south at Agness on the Curry–Josephine county line, 27 miles from the Pacific Ocean; the river's lower 50.4 miles, from where it enters the Rogue River–Siskiyou National Forest downstream from Kerby to its confluence with the Rogue River, were designated Wild and Scenic in 1984. Of this, 28.7 miles is protected as wild, 17.9 miles as scenic, 3.8 miles as recreational. Sucker Creek is named after the state of Illinois.
Miners from Illinois named the creek. In 2011, the United States Forest Service worked on a project to improve the creek; the project is a fishery rehabilitation project. The Illinois River is "a wilderness river that tests both the skill and strength of boaters". For the 31-mile run along the Wild and Scenic part of the river between upper Oak Flat near Kerby and lower Oak Flat, boaters are far from trails and roads. In fact, it is "the most inaccessible river canyon in the lower 48 states..." with sections that are inaccessible by trail. Depending on the water flow, this stretch of the river has eight class IV to IV+ rapids. Green Wall, a class V, "is more difficult and longer than the others" and below it lie 3 miles of difficult rapids; the river is run by raft or kayak during the rainy season, October through April. At flows below 800 cubic feet per second, boating is difficult because of exposed rocks, flows above 3,000 cubic feet per second "turn the river into boiling holes and rapids."
A heavy rain can turn an ordinary trip into a high-water nightmare. Permits from the U. S. Forest Service are required for river trips on the Wild Section of the river and groups are limited to no more than twelve. However, the permits for non-commercial groups are free and are self issued 24/7, but the permit must be deposited at Oak Flat to verify the safe completion of the trip. Since there is no dam on the Illinois River, river flows are dependent upon weather conditions. Changing weather can result in water levels being too high or too low for safe and successful navigation. Furthermore, since water levels can rise potential bad weather can be the cause for cancelled or postponed trips. Under acceptable conditions, the Illinois River can still cause casualties. List of longest streams of Oregon List of rivers of Oregon Media related to Illinois River at Wikimedia Commons The coordinates for the Illinois River source are 42.159835°N 123.659235°W / 42.159835.
Klamath National Forest
Klamath National Forest is a 1,737,774-acre national forest, in the Klamath Mountains, located in Siskiyou County in northern California, but with a tiny extension into southern Jackson County in Oregon. The forest contains continuous stands of ponderosa pine, Jeffrey pine, Douglas fir, red fir, white fir and incense cedar. Old growth forest is estimated to cover some 168,000 acres of the forest land. Forest headquarters are located in California. There are local ranger district offices located in Fort Jones, Happy Camp, Macdoel, all in California. Klamath was established on May 6, 1905; this park includes the Kangaroo Lake and the Sawyers Bar Catholic Church is located within the boundaries of the Forest. There are four designated wilderness areas in Klamath National Forest that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Two of them extend into neighboring national forests, one of those into land managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Marble Mountain Wilderness Russian Wilderness Red Buttes Wilderness Siskiyou Wilderness Trinity Alps Wilderness Media related to Klamath National Forest at Wikimedia Commons Klamath National Forest official website Mid Klamath Watershed Council website Salmon River Restoration Council website Pictures: Wilderness in the Klamath Mountains Panoramic Video: Outskirts of Klamath National Forest
Jackson County, Oregon
Jackson County is a county in the U. S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 203,206; the county seat is Medford. The county is named for the seventh president of the United States. Jackson County comprises OR Metropolitan Statistical Area. There are 34 unincorporated communities in Jackson County. Modoc, Takelma and Umpqua Indian tribes are all native to the region of present Jackson County. Prior to the 1850s, the Klickitats from the north raided the area; the Territorial Legislature created Jackson County on January 12, 1852, from the southwestern portion of Lane County and the unorganized area south of Douglas and Umpqua Counties. It included lands which now lie in Coos, Josephine and Lake Counties. Gold discoveries in the Illinois River valley and the Rogue River valley near Jacksonville in 1852, the completion of a wagon road connecting the county with California to the south and Douglas County to the north led to an influx of non-native settlers. Conflict between the miners and Native Americans led to war in 1853, which continued intermittently until the final defeat of the last band under chiefs John and George by a combined force of regular army and civilians May 29, 1856 at Big Bend on the Illinois River.
The Native Americans had received the worse of the fighting throughout this conflict, as they began to surrender, they were herded to existing reservations, beginning in January 1856 when one group was marched to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation west of Salem. Over the following months, other groups were forced to leave until by May 1857 all of the Shasta and Latgawas tribes had been relocated to the Siletz Reservation, where they remained. Jacksonville was designated as the first county seat in 1853. However, Jacksonville declined due to diminishing returns in the local goldfields and the construction in the 1880s of the Oregon and California Railroad; this railroad bypassed Jacksonville and instead went through Medford, located five miles east of Jacksonville. Medford's prospects improved because of the location of the railroad and the accompanying commerce and development as Jacksonville continued its steady decline. Jacksonville fended off suggestions to move the county seat until 1927 when Medford was selected as the county seat.
In March 2004, Jackson County became the first of an eventual 35 counties in Oregon to implement a voluntary plan of fireproofing homes situated on properties zoned as part of the forestland-urban interface. This requires homeowners to maintain a 30' or greater firebreak around their structures, affects 12,000 homeowners. In 2007, this plan becomes mandatory for many landowners, under threat of liability if their property is involved in a fire. On May 15, 2007, residents voted not to reopen the county's 15 libraries, closed since April 6 due to a shortage of funds; this was the largest library closure in the history of the United States. The libraries were reopened, with reduced hours, on October 24, 2007. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,802 square miles, of which 2,784 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. A portion of the Umpqua National Forest is in Jackson County. Located within Jackson County is Bear Creek and its watershed, a tributary of the Rogue River.
The population centers of Medford, Phoenix and Central Point are located along the stream. It connects with the Rogue River near the Lower Table Rock lava formations. Josephine County Klamath County Douglas County Siskiyou County, California Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument Crater Lake National Park Klamath National Forest Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest Umpqua National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 181,269 people, 71,532 households, 48,427 families residing in the county; the population density was 65 people per square mile. There were 75,737 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.65% White, 0.40% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 2.88% from other races, 2.91% from two or more races. 6.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.4 % were of 10.2 % Irish and 8.8 % United States or American ancestry. 92.7 % spoke only English at home. Of the 71,532 households, 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families.
25.10% of all households were made up of one individual, 11.00% being a person, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.95. The age distribution of the county's population was 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 16.00% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,461, the median income for a family was $43,675. Males had a median income of $32,720 compared to $23,690 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,498. 8.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 203,206 people, 83,076 households, 53,460 families residing in the county; the popul
Lookout Air Raids
The Lookout Air Raids were minor but historic Japanese air raids that occurred in the mountains of Oregon, several miles outside Brookings during World War II. On September 9, 1942, a Japanese Yokosuka E14Y Glen floatplane, launched from a Japanese submarine, dropped two incendiary bombs with the intention of starting a forest fire. However, with the efforts of a patrol of fire lookouts and weather conditions not amenable to a fire, the damage done by the attack was minor; the attack was the first time the contiguous United States was bombed by an enemy aircraft and the second time that the mainland U. S. was bombed by someone working for a foreign power, the first being the bombing of Naco, Arizona by Patrick Murphy, although the Murphy bombing inside the U. S. was an accident. It was the second time the continental United States was attacked by enemy aircraft during World War II, the first being the bombing of Dutch Harbor three months earlier. On Wednesday morning, September 9, 1942, the I-25, under the command of Lieutenant Commander Meiji Tagami, surfaced west of Cape Blanco.
The submarine launched a "Glen" Yokosuka E14Y floatplane, flown by Warrant Officer Nobuo Fujita and Petty Officer Okuda Shoji, with a load of two incendiary bombs of 76 kilograms each. Howard "Razz" Gardner spotted and reported the incoming "Glen" from his fire lookout tower on Mount Emily in the Siskiyou National Forest. Although Razz did not see the bombing, he saw the smoke plume and reported the fire to the dispatch office, he was instructed to hike to the fire to see what suppression. Dispatch sent USFS Fire Lookout Keith V. Johnson from the nearby Bear Wallow Lookout Tower; the two men were able to keep the fire under control. Only a few small scattered fires were started because the bombs were not dropped from the correct height; the men worked through the night keeping the fires contained. In the morning, a fire crew arrived to help. A recent rain storm had kept the area wet. A full investigation was launched by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which resulted in locating several bomb fragments.
The story was reported in several newspapers on September 10, 1942. Lieut. Gen. John L. DeWitt, the area commander announced, The Western Defense Command is investigating the circumstances surrounding the discovery on Sept. 9 of fragments of what appears to have been an incendiary bomb. These fragments were found by personnel of the United States Forestry Service near Mt. Emily nine miles northeast of Brookings, Or. Markings of the bomb fragments indicated; the floatplane carried two bombs. Both were dropped, according to the Japanese records, but no trace has yet been found of the second bomb. One of the bombs left a foot-deep crater. Fujita and his observer made a second attack on September 29. Twenty years the floatplane's pilot, Nobuo Fujita, was invited back to Brookings. Before he made the trip the Japanese government was assured. In Brookings, Fujita served as Grand Marshal for the local Azalea Festival. At the festival, Fujita presented his family's 400-year-old samurai sword to the city as a symbol of regret.
Fujita made a number of additional visits to Brookings, serving as an "informal ambassador of peace and friendship". Impressed by his welcome in the United States, in 1985 Fujita invited three students from Brookings to Japan. During the visit of the Brookings-Harbor High School students to Japan, Fujita received a dedicatory letter from an aide of President Ronald Reagan "with admiration for your kindness and generosity". Fujita returned to Brookings in 1990, 1992, 1995. In 1992 he planted a tree at the bomb site as a gesture of peace. In 1995, he moved the samurai sword from the Brookings City Hall into the new library's display case, he was made an honorary citizen of Brookings several days before his death on September 30, 1997, at the age of 85. In October 1998, his daughter, Yoriko Asakura, buried some of Fujita's ashes at the bomb site. Amerika Bomber Bombardment of Fort Stevens Fire balloon Operation K Los Angeles Times news story of September 15, 1942 Trail Dedication at Japanese Bombing Site Set - U.
S. Forest Service