Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro

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Archdiocese of Jaro
Archdiocesis Jarensis
Arkidiyosesis sang Jaro
Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Jaro.jpg
Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Jaro
Country  Philippines
Territory Iloilo, Guimaras, Antique and Negros Occidental
Ecclesiastical province Iloilo
Area 5,303 km2 (2,047 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
2,460,470 (85.8%)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established May 27, 1865 (Diocese), June 29, 1951 (Archdiocese)
Cathedral Cathedral of St Elizabeth of Hungary, Jaro, Iloilo City
Patron saint St Elizabeth of Hungary
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Jose Romeo Lazo
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
Jurisdiction of the metropolitan see within the Philippines.
Website of the Archdiocese

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Jaro is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. The cathedral for the archdiocese, the Parish of Our Lady of Candles, also known as the Jaro Cathedral is in Jaro, one of six districts of Iloilo City, Iloilo on Panay Island in the Western Visayas.

The Archdiocese of Jaro is one of the oldest sees in the country. It was created a diocese by virtue of a papal bull of Pope Pius IX on May 27, 1865, according to a document signed by Archbishop Gregorio Martinez, then Archbishop of Manila, under whole ecclesiastical province the new diocese belonged as suffragan. The Archdiocese of Jaro covers the provinces of Iloilo and Guimaras, an island off Iloilo. San Jose de Antique on Panay, Bacolod, San Carlos and Kabankalan in Negros Occidental, are suffragans.

The archdiocese has ninety-one parishes, eighty-five of which are under the direction of the diocesan clergy, and six under the direction of the priests from religious orders. Out of a population of 1,761,419, 89% are Catholic. In 2009, the report of the government shows that it has a total population of 2,333,141. The province is predominantly rural with 72.7 percent of the total population residing in rural areas and only 27.3 percent in urban area. Agriculture, forestry and fishing are the leading major industries.

Its titutar patron saint is St. Elizabeth of Hungary, whose feast is celebrated on November 17.


The front facade of Jaro Cathedral showing the stairs above the door leading to the statue of Our Lady of Candles.

The diocese of Jaro whose Patron Saint is St. Elizabeth of Hungary was officially erected by virtue of the Papal bull "Qui Ab Initio" of Pope Pius IX. The bull was issued in Rome on May 27, 1865. On October 10, 1867 the decree took effect and Jaro was made an Episcopal See, according to the document signed by Dr. D. Gregorio Meliton Martinez, then Archbishop of Manila and executor-delegate of the decree. It is worth noting that this "decretum executorium" was also signed by the Rev. Jose Burgos, Pro-Secretary, a secular priest who became one of the outstanding martyr-heroes of the country. Jaro was separated from the now Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cebu and became a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Manila. Its territories at creation comprised the islands of Panay, (now composed of the provinces of Iloilo, Capiz, Antique and Aklan), Guimaras, Negros (now the twin provinces of Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental), Romblon and Palawan, as well as the provinces of Cotabato, Zamboanga, Davao and Sulu of Mindanao. Sr. Dr. Fr. Mariano Cuartero, OP, became its first bishop on April 25, 1868.

In the 20th century the diocese was further divided to form new ecclesiastical jurisdictions. Zamboanga was made a separate diocese in 1910, while Palawan was made an apostolic prelature in the same year; then Bacolod in 1933, Capiz in 1951 and finally the Prelature of San Jose, Antique in 1962 as suffragans.

Concurrently with the elevation of Jaro to an archdiocese, the first Filipino bishop, the Most Rev. Jose Maria Cuenco, DD, PhD, LIB, was raised to the rank of metropolitan archbishop, thereby making him the first Archbishop of Jaro.

On January 17, 1976, Pope Paul VI elevated Capiz to the rank of archdiocese, with the dioceses of Romblon and Kalibo as its suffragans. The Archdiocese of Jaro was left with the dioceses of Bacolod (which eventually was divided into three (3) dioceses, to wit, Bacolod, San Carlos, and Kabankalan) and San Jose de Antique as its suffragans.

On 21 February 1981, Pope St. John Paul II visited the archdiocese and crowned the image of Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria at the facade of Jaro Cathedral.

Last 2012, the relics of Saint Clare and the pilgrim image of St. Pedro Calungsod visited the archdiocese.

Last March 15–17, 2013, the pilgrim relics of St. Therese of the Child Jesus visited the archdiocese a third time.

Parish Churches and Shrines[edit]


Suffragan dioceses[edit]

Congregations of Men and Women in the Archdiocese of Jaro[edit]




The current archbishop is the Most Reverend Jose Romeo Orquejo Lazo D.D. He was born on 23 January 1949 in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique He attended the St. Vincent Ferrer Major Seminary in Jaro, and was ordained a priest on 01 April 1975 in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique. After his ordination, he pursued higher studies at the East Asian Pastoral Institute, Quezon City in and the Institute of Pastoral Theology in Berkeley, California, USA.

In 2003, Bishop Lazo was appointed Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kalibo, and was ordained bishop on 29 December 2003. Pope Benedict XVI appointed him as bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Jose de Antique in 2009. On 14 February 2018, Pope Francis appointed him as the Archbishop of Jaro following the resignation of Archbishop Angel N. Lagdameo.[1] Archbishop Lagdameo served the Archdiocese for 17 years.

List of Bishops and Archbishops of Jaro[edit]

No. Picture Name From Until
1 Mariano Cuartero y Medina.jpg Mariano Cuartero y Medina, O. P. 20 September 1867 16 July 1884
2 Arrue.jpg Leandro Arrúe Agudo, O.A.R. 27 March 1885 24 October 1897
3 Ferrero A.jpg Andrés Ferrero y Malo de San José, O.A.R. 24 March 1898 27 October 1903
4 Rooker.jpg Frederick Zadok Rooker 12 June 1903 20 September 1907
5 Portrait of Dennis Joseph Dougherty.jpg Dennis Joseph Dougherty 19 April 1908 6 December 1915
6 Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Jaro.jpg Maurice Patrick Foley 6 September 1916 7 August 1919
7 Bishop Mccloskey.jpg James Paul McCloskey 8 March 1920 10 April 1945
8 Jose Maria Cuenco.jpg José María Cuenco 24 November 1945 8 October 1972
9 Cardinal Jaime Sin in 1988.jpg Jaime Lachica Sin 8 October 1972 21 Jan 1974
10 Artemio Casas.jpg Artemio G. Casas 11 May 1974 25 October 1985
11 Archbishop Alberto Jover Piamonte.jpg Alberto Jover Piamonte 2 April 1986 17 December 1998
12 Archbishop Angel Lagdameo.jpg Angel Lagdameo 11 March 2000 14 February 2018
13 Bishop Jose Romeo O. Lazo (2).jpg Jose Romeo O. Lazo 14 February 2018 incumbent

Affiliated Bishops[edit]


  • Jose Romeo O. Lazo (Archbishop: 14 February 2018 - present)
  • Fernando R. Capalla (Priest: 18 March 1961 to 2 April 1975)
  • Angel N. Lagdameo (Archbishop Emeritus: 11 March 2000 to 14 February 2018)
  • Jose Serofia Palma (Priest: 21 Aug 1976 to 28 Nov 1997)
  • Emmanuel Celeste Trance (Priest: 17 May 1978 to 14 May 2004)
  • Most Rev. Gerardo Alimane Alminaza, D.D. (Former Auxiliary Bishop:29 May 2008 to 14 Sep 2013)


  • Leandro Arrúe Agudo, O.A.R. † (Bishop: 27 Mar 1885 to 24 Oct 1897)
  • Teofilo Bastida Camomot † (Auxiliary Bishop: 23 Mar 1955 to 10 Jun 1958)
  • Artemio G. Casas † (Archbishop: 11 May 1974 to 25 Oct 1985)
  • Mariano Cuartero y Medina, O.P. † (Bishop: 20 Sep 1867 to 16 Jul 1884)
  • José María Cuenco † (Auxiliary Bishop: 22 Nov 1941; Bishop: 24 Nov 1945; Archbishop: 29 Jun 1951 to 8 Oct 1972)
  • Dennis Joseph Dougherty † (Bishop: 19 Apr 1908 to 6 Dec 1915)
  • Andrés Ferrero y Malo de San José, O.A.R. † (Bishop: 24 Mar 1898 to 27 Oct 1903)
  • Maurice Patrick Foley † (Bishop: 6 Sep 1916 to 7 Aug 1919)
  • James Paul McCloskey † (Bishop: 8 Mar 1920 to 10 Apr 1945)
  • Juan Nicolasora Nilmar † (Auxiliary Bishop: 20 Feb 1959 to 3 Jan 1967)
  • Alberto Jover Piamonte † (Priest: 22 Mar 1958; Auxiliary Bishop: 28 Dec 1974; Archbishop: 2 Apr 1986 to 17 Dec 1998)
  • Frederick Zadok Rooker † (Bishop: 12 Jun 1903 to 20 Sep 1907)
  • Jaime Lachica Sin † (Priest: 3 Apr 1954; Auxiliary Bishop: 10 Feb 1967; Coadjutor Archbishop: 15 Jan 1972; Archbishop: 8 Oct 1972 to 21 Jan 1974)

See also[edit]


External links[edit]