Roman Catholic Diocese of Sandhurst
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sandhurst is a suffragan Latin Rite diocese of the Archdiocese of Melbourne, erected in 1874, covering the central and north-east regions of Victoria, including Bendigo. Sacred Heart Cathedral, Bendigo is the seat of the Bishop of Sandhurst. On 3 February 2012, the Vatican announced the appointment of Les Tomlinson as the seventh Bishop of Sandhurst, he was installed in a liturgical ceremony on 1 March 2012. The Diocese of Sandhurst was established on 30 March 1874, from the Diocese of Melbourne; when the Diocese of Melbourne was made an archdiocese the Diocese of Sandhurst became one of its suffragans. Both dioceses are within the Ecclesiastical Province of Melbourne. By 1911, the diocese had Augustinian Fathers, Marist Brothers, Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of St. Brigid, Sisters of St. Joseph, Presentation Sisters, Faithful Companions of Jesus and Good Shepherd Sisters. Construction of the Sacred Heart Cathedral began in 1885 under Bishop Crane, its organ was installed under Stephen Reville.
The cathedral was completed in 1977 under Bernard Stewart. Sacred Heart Cathedral is one of the largest Neo-Gothic or Gothic Revival cathedrals in Australia and its construction was made possible by the estate of the Paderborn-born German pioneer priest Henry Backhaus, the first Roman Catholic priest on the goldfields of Bendigo; the following individuals have been appointed as Roman Catholic Bishops of Sandhurst: Following the death in office of Joseph Grech, Monsignor Frank Marriott, the administrator of Sacred Heart Cathedral, was appointed to serve as administrator of the diocese. On 3 February 2012, Monsignor Marriott announced that Pope Benedict XVI had appointed Les Tomlinson as the next bishop. Tomlinson's installation took place on 1 March 2012; the diocese comprises the area north of the Great Dividing Range, south of the Murray River and east of the Loddon River, an area of 45,178 km2. The diocese has 74 priests, 109 religious sisters and 5 brothers; the diocese had a Catholic population of about 86,000 in 2006.
There are 50 Catholic schools in the diocese – 40 primary, nine secondary and one P–10 school – catering for 7,700 primary and 5,850 secondary students. Bendigo's oldest Catholic church is St Kilian's. Saint Augustine's Church, Myers Flat is the oldest Roman Catholic church building in the Diocese of Sandhurst; this church was built by John O'Brien and consecrated by Monsignor Hayes in 1864. Roman Catholicism in Australia Anglican Diocese of Bendigo Ebsworth, Walter. Pioneer Catholic Victoria. Polding Press. ISBN 0-85884-096-0. O'Farrell, Patrick; the Catholic Church and Community in Australia. West Melbourne: Thomas Nelson; the Official Directory of the Catholic Church in Australia 2005/2006. Maryborough, Victoria: published with the authority of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference, by the National Council of Priests of Australia. 1977. ISSN 1321-4764. Arneil, Stan. Out Where the Dead Men Lie. Brookvale, Sydney: Augustinian Press. ISBN 0-949826-03-0. Catholic Diocese of Sandhurst The Cathedral - Catholic Diocese of Sandhurst
The Presentation Sisters the Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, are a religious institute of Roman Catholic women founded in Cork, Ireland, by Venerable Nano Nagle in 1775. The Sisters of the congregation use the postnominal initials P. B. V. M; the Presentation Sisters' mission is to help the needy around the world. The Sisters focused their energies on creating and staffing schools that would educate young people young ladies. Most of these schools can be found across the globe; the Presentation Sisters are located in 24 countries including Antigua, Bolivia, Chile, Commonwealth of Dominica, Great Britain, India, Israel, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, United States of America and Zimbabwe. Honora Nagle, was born in Ballygriffin, Ireland in 1718, into a wealthy, Catholic family and had the advantage of an education in France, at a time when the law precluded the less advantaged from education in Ireland. In 1775, Nagle entered with some companions on a novitiate for the religious life.
With them, she received the habit on 29 June 1776, taking the name of Mother Mary of St. John of God, they made their first annual vows 24 June 1777. The foundress had begun the erection of a convent close to that which she had built for the Ursulines, it was opened on Christmas Day, 1775, they adopted as their title the Society of Charitable Instruction of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, changed in 1791 to that of "Presentation Sisters". Their habit was similar to that of the Ursulines; as the schools of the Presentation Sisters developed, Nagle is quoted as having said of them: "I can assure you my schools are beginning to be of service to a great many parts of the world... I think they will not bring me to heaven as I only take delight and pleasure in them." The second superioress was Mother Mary Angela Collins. Soon after her succession a set of rules, adapted from that of St. Augustine, was drawn up by Bishop Moylan, approved by Pope Pius VI in September 1791; this congregation of teaching sisters itself was given formal approval by Pope Pius VII in 1800.
Communities from Cork were founded at Killarney in 1793. A second convent at Cork was established by Sister M. Patrick Fitzgerald; the schools, regulated at the time by a United Kingdom Government board, had for their first object the Catholic and moral training of the young, not interfered with by the government. The secular system followed was the "National", superseded, in many cases, by the "Intermediate", both of which ensured a sound education in English; the average attendance of children in each of the city convents of Dublin and Limerick was over 1,200. For girls who needed to support themselves by earning a living, work-rooms were established at Cork and other places, where Limerick lace, Irish points and crochet were taught. In 1802, the Sisters' example inspired the formation of the Presentation Brothers. In 1833 a house was founded by Mother Josephine Sargeant from Clonmel at Manchester, from which sprang two more, one at Buxton St Anne's and one at Matlock St Joseph's; the schools were well attended.
India received its first foundation in 1841, when Mother Xavier Kearney and some sisters from Rahan and Mullingar established themselves at Madras. Soon four more convents in the Madras presidency were founded from this, in 1891 one at Rawal Pindi; these schools comprised orphanages, day and boarding-schools, both for Europeans and local children. Foundations were established in Africa; the first of a new wave of foundations from Ireland in the USA began in Texas, followed by foundations in the Philippines, South America. Communities of Presentation Sisters exist throughout the world; however and legal factors caused these communities to develop and operate as autonomous groups. Each community is independent of the mother-house, subject only to its own superioress and the bishop of its respective diocese. A large proportion of these communities are today more united within the Union of the Sisters of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, created by papal decree on 19 July 1976. Today, more than 1,600 sisters pursue work in relief of the poor on every continent.
The International Presentation Association was established in 1988 as a network of the various congregations of PBVM women, including the Union of Presentation Sisters, the Conference of Presentation Sisters of North America, the Australian Society. The goal of the IPA is to enable collaboration for the sake of mission; the IPA has NGO consultant status with the UN Social Council. The Union of Presentation Sisters is a Congregation of 1,300 women working internationally in thirteen Provinces or Units; each Unit takes responsibility for its own life and mission in response to the direction of the congregation. Presentation Sisters in the Pakistan Province founded several notable schools, including Presentation Convent School, Jhelum.
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne is a Latin Rite metropolitan archdiocese, in Melbourne, Australia. Erected in 1847 as the Diocese of Melbourne, a suffragan diocese of Archdiocese of Sydney, the diocese was elevated in 1874 as an archdiocese of the Ecclesiastical Province of Melbourne and is responsible for the suffragan dioceses of Sale and Ballarat; the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Ss Peter and Paul and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hobart are attached to the archdiocese, for administrative purposes. St Patrick's Cathedral is the seat of the archbishop of Melbourne Peter Comensoli who succeeded Denis Hart on 1 August 2018. According to the 2006 Commonwealth Census figures, there were 4,932,423 people within the province. Of these, 1,349,828 were Catholic, about 28% of the population; when Melbourne called the Port Philip Settlement, the surrounding area was being settled by European settlers in the 1830s, the area was a part of the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Sydney in the Archdiocese of Sydney.
In 1839, John Polding, the Archbishop of Sydney, placed Patrick Bonaventure Geoghegan in charge of the Port Philip Settlement and the first Mass was celebrated in Melbourne on Pentecost Sunday, 15 May 1839. The entire population of Port Philip in 1841 was 11,738 and the Catholics numbered 2,411; the oldest surviving Catholic church in Victoria, St Francis Catholic Church, was built in 1841. The Diocese of Melbourne was created in 1848 out of territory of the Sydney archdiocese, with James Alipius Goold as its first bishop; the Catholic population of the colony was 18,000 in 1851 and had grown to 88,000 by 1857 as a result of the gold rush. James Goold was instrumental in setting up many Catholic schools in the diocese and in introducing to the diocese several religious orders devoted to education and works of charity, including the Society of Jesus, the Christian Brothers, the Sisters of Mercy, the Good Shepherd Nuns, the Presentation Sisters, the Faithful Companions of Jesus and the Little Sisters of the Poor.
When Goold was appointed Bishop of Melbourne in 1848, St Francis' Church became the cathedral church of the new diocese. Construction of a new church on Eastern Hill in East Melbourne commenced in 1858, to be called St Patrick's Cathedral. Construction of the cathedral was not completed until 1939. On 30 March 1874, the dioceses of Sandhurst and Ballarat were formed out of territory of the Diocese of Melbourne, with the Diocese of Melbourne becoming a metropolitan archdiocese of the Ecclesiastical Province of Melbourne and responsible for Sandhurst and Ballarat dioceses as suffragan dioceses; the suffragan Diocese of Sale was formed on 26 April 1887 out of the archdiocese. Under Goold's successor, Thomas Joseph Carr, additional teaching orders were introduced to the archdiocese, including the Marist Brothers, the Sisters of Charity, the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart, the Sisters of Loreto, the Sisters of St. Joseph and the Sisters of the Good Samaritan. In 1887, 11,661 pupils attended Catholic schools of the archdiocese and that number had grown to 25,369 by 1908.
The Catholic population of the archdiocese according to government census returns of 1901 was 145,333. Until the mid-20th century, the Catholics of the archdiocese were all Irish or of Irish origin, when expansion of the migration programs saw the arrival of non-Irish Catholics from continental Europe; the priesthood was Irish until the early part of the 20th century, when training of native born priests began. The following individuals were Archbishops of Melbourne, with one being a cardinal while in office as archbishop, as well as having civilian honours, their highest title is shown here: The archbishop of the archdiocese, Peter Comensoli, is assisted by several auxiliary bishops: Terence Curtin, Mark Stuart Edwards, OMI There are emeritus auxiliary bishops: Hilton Deakin Peter John Elliott Monsignor Greg Bennet was appointed vicar general and moderator of the curia of the archdiocese in February 2012. Bishop Les Tomlinson was the auxiliary bishop for the Eastern Region until he was installed as Bishop of Sandhurst in March 2012.
Bishop Tim Costelloe SDB was appointed as an auxiliary bishop in April 2007 with responsibility for the northern region of the archdiocese. On 20 February 2012 Pope Benedict XVI elevated him to Archbishop of Western Australia. Vincent Long Van Nguyen OFM Conv was the auxiliary bishop for the western region and former assistant superior general for the Conventual Franciscans for Asia and Oceania until he was appointed Bishop of Parramatta on 5 May 2016 and he was installed on 16 June 2016 as Bishop of Parramatta. There are 369 diocesan priests and 16 permanent deacons; the archdiocese has a total of 294 priests and one permanent deacon in religious orders, 199 religious brothers and 1,323 religious sisters. There is one seminary for diocesan clergy, Corpus Christi College, three seminaries for religious clergy. There are 331 Catholic schools in the archdiocese - 256 primary, 69 secondary and six special schools. According to the 1998 census, there were 136,387 students enrolled in Catholic schools in the archdiocese - 77,636 in primary schools and 58,751 in secondary schools.
Within the archdiocese, there are 10 Catholic hospitals, 18 homes for children, 27 for the elderly and 10 for other purposes. Cases of sexual abuse in the Catholic Church have come to light in recent years involving the Archdiocese of Melbourne as well as many regional Catholic jurisdictions, both in Australia and around the world. Archbishop Denis Hart was cross-examined for three hours at the Parliamentary Inquiry over documents sent to the inquiry by
Little Sisters of the Poor
The Little Sisters of the Poor is a Roman Catholic religious institute for women. It was founded in 1839 by Saint Jeanne Jugan. Jugan established the order to care for the elderly, having felt the need to care for the many impoverished elderly who lined the streets of French towns and cities; the motherhouse of the order is in France. Internationally, the letters following their name are PSDP. In the United States, they are LSP. Today the Little Sisters of the Poor serve in 31 countries around the world, continuing in their original purpose of caring for the elderly; as of January 1, 2014, they were one of the larger religious institutes of women in the Catholic Church, with 234 houses and 2,372 members. Members, per the evangelical counsels, make vows of chastity and obedience, but a fourth, hospitality, they believe hospitality perfects the other three by bringing their religious consecration into the realities of everyday life and giving a spiritual dimension to the many humble tasks of hospitality performed throughout the day.
The Sisters continue the tradition of begging, set forth by their foundress, Jugan. To provide for the needs of the aged poor, she traveled the roads of France on foot seeking alms, she was recognized by the begging basket. Knocking on doors, she asked for not only money but for gifts that were needed, such as food, clothing and wool. Zubik v. Burwell — a case before the U. S. Supreme Court on the contraceptive mandate, involving the Little Sisters of the Poor Video of the Motherhouse at La Tour Saint Joseph Little Sisters of the Poor, national U. S. site Little Sisters of the Poor, national UK site Thamel, Pete. "From a Gaffe, Some Good for Little Sisters of the Poor", New York Times, September 8, 2011 Leroy, Alexandre. History of the Little Sisters of the Poor
Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, thus making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south,New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea to the east, South Australia to the west; the area, now known as Victoria is the home of many Aboriginal people groups, including the Boon wurrung, the Bratauolung, the Djadjawurrung, the Gunai/Kurnai, the Gunditjmara, the Taungurong, the Wathaurong, the Wurundjeri, the Yorta Yorta. There were more than 30 Aboriginal languages spoken in the area prior to the European settlement of Australia; the Kulin nation is an alliance of five Aboriginal nations which makes up much of the central part of the state. With Great Britain having claimed the half of the Australian continent, east of the 135th meridian east in 1788, Victoria formed part of the wider colony of New South Wales.
The first European settlement in the area occurred in 1803 at Sullivan Bay, much of what is now Victoria was included in 1836 in the Port Phillip District, an administrative division of New South Wales. Named in honour of Queen Victoria, who signed the division's separation from New South Wales, the colony was established in 1851 and achieved self government in 1855; the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s and 1860s increased both the population and wealth of the colony, by the time of the Federation of Australia in 1901, Melbourne had become the largest city and leading financial centre in Australasia. Melbourne served as federal capital of Australia until the construction of Canberra in 1927, with the Federal Parliament meeting in Melbourne's Parliament House and all principal offices of the federal government being based in Melbourne. Politically, Victoria has 37 seats in the Australian House of Representatives and 12 seats in the Australian Senate. At state level, the Parliament of Victoria consists of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
The Labor Party led Daniel Andrews as premier has governed Victoria since 2014. The personal representative of the Queen of Australia in the state is the Governor of Victoria Linda Dessau. Victoria is divided into 79 municipal districts, including 33 cities, although a number of unincorporated areas still exist, which the state administers directly; the economy of Victoria is diversified, with service sectors including financial and property services, education, retail and manufacturing constitute the majority of employment. Victoria's total gross state product ranks second in Australia, although Victoria ranks fourth in terms of GSP per capita because of its limited mining activity. Culturally, Melbourne hosts a number of museums, art galleries, theatres, is described as the world's sporting capital; the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the largest stadium in Australia and the Southern Hemisphere, hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The ground is considered the "spiritual home" of Australian cricket and Australian rules football, hosts the grand final of the Australian Football League each year, drawing crowds of 100,000.
Nearby Melbourne Park has hosted the Australian Open, one of tennis' four Grand Slam events, annually since 1988. Victoria has eight public universities, with the oldest, the University of Melbourne, dating from 1853. Victoria, like Queensland, was named after Queen Victoria, on the British throne for 14 years when the colony was established in 1851. After the founding of the colony of New South Wales in 1788, Australia was divided into an eastern half named New South Wales and a western half named New Holland, under the administration of the colonial government in Sydney; the first British settlement in the area known as Victoria was established in October 1803 under Lieutenant-Governor David Collins at Sullivan Bay on Port Phillip. It consisted of 402 people, they had been sent from England in HMS Calcutta under the command of Captain Daniel Woodriff, principally out of fear that the French, exploring the area, might establish their own settlement and thereby challenge British rights to the continent.
In 1826, Colonel Stewart, Captain Samuel Wright, Lieutenant Burchell were sent in HMS Fly and the brigs Dragon and Amity, took a number of convicts and a small force composed of detachments of the 3rd and 93rd regiments. The expedition landed at Settlement Point, on the eastern side of Western Port Bay, the headquarters until the abandonment of Western Port at the insistence of Governor Darling about 12 months afterwards. Victoria's next settlement was on the south west coast of what is now Victoria. Edward Henty settled Portland Bay in 1834. Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman, who set up a base in Indented Head, John Pascoe Fawkner. From settlement, the region around Melbourne was known as the Port Phillip District, a separately administered part of New South Wales. Shortly after, the site now known as Geelong was surveyed by Assistant Surveyor W. H. Smythe, three weeks after Melbourne, and in 1838, Geelong was declared a town, despite earlier European settlements dating back to 1826
Order of Saint Augustine
The Order of Saint Augustine called Augustinians or Austin Friars, is a Catholic religious order. It was founded in 1254 by bringing together several eremetical orders in the Tuscany region who were following the Rule of St. Augustine, written by St. Augustine of Hippo in the 5th Century. In its establishment in its current form, it was shaped as a mendicant order, one of the four great orders which follow that way of life; the order has done much to extend the influence of the Church, to propagate the Roman Catholic Faith and to advance learning. The order has, in particular, spread internationally the veneration of the Virgin Mary under the title of Our Lady of Good Counsel. Augustine of Hippo, first with some friends and afterward as bishop with his clergy, led a monastic community life. Religious vows were not obligatory, their manner of life led others to imitate them. Instructions for their guidance were found in several writings of Augustine in De opere monachorum, mentioned in the ancient codices regularum of the eighth or ninth century as the "Rule of St. Augustine".
Epistola ccxi, otherwise cix, contains the early "Augustinian Rule for Nuns". Between 430 and 570 this life-style was carried to Europe by monks and clergy fleeing the persecution of the Vandals; this system of life for cathedral clergy continued in various locations throughout Europe for centuries. As the first millennium came to an end, the fervor of this life began to wane, the cathedral clergy began to live independently of one another. At the start of the second millennium, there was a revival in interest in the stricter form of clerical life. Several groups of canons were established under various disciplines, all with the Augustinian Rule as their basis. Examples of these were the Congregation of canons in Ravenna, founded by the Blessed Peter de Honestis about 1100, as well as the Norbertines; the instructions contained in Augustine's Rule formed the basis of the Rule that, in accordance with the decree of the Lateran Synod of 1059, was adopted by canons who desired to practice a common apostolic life, hence the title of Canons Regular of Saint Augustine.
Around the start of the 13th century, many eremetical communities in the vicinity of Siena, sprang up. These were small and composed of laymen, thus they lacked the clerical orientation of the canons, their foundational spirit was one of penance. With time, some of the communities adopted a more outward looking way of life; as the number of hermit-priests increased, assisting the local clergy in providing spiritual care for their neighbors became a larger part of their lives. In 1223 four of the communities around Siena joined in a loose association, which had increased to thirteen within five years; the Fourth Lateran Council of 1215 issued the decree Ne nimium to organise these small groups of religious people by requiring them to live in community, to hold elective chapters, to be under obedience to a major superior and to adopt one of the Rules of community life that were approved by the Church. The Augustinian friars came into being as part of the mendicant movement of the 13th century, a new form of religious life which sought to bring the religious ideals of the monastic life into an urban setting which allowed the religious to serve the needs of the People of God in an apostolic capacity.
At this time there were a number of eremitical groups living in such diverse places as Tuscany, Umbria, England, Switzerland and France. In 1243 the Tuscan hermits petitioned Pope Innocent IV to unite them all as one group. Innocent IV issued the Bull Incumbit Nobis on 16 December 1243, an pastoral letter which exhorted these hermits to adopt "the Rule and way of life of the Blessed Augustine," to profess this Augustinian manner of life in a way that they themselves would decide with regards to specific charism and apostolate, to elect a Prior General; the bull appointed Cardinal Riccardo Annibaldi as their supervisor and legal guide. The importance of this man in the foundation of the order cannot be overstated. On 15 July 1255, Pope Alexander IV issued the bull, Cum quaedam salubria, to command a number of religious groupings to gather for the purpose of being amalgamated into a new Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine; the delegates from other small religious communities met in Rome on 1 March 1256, which resulted in a union.
Lanfranc Septala of Milan, Prior of the Bonites, was appointed the first Prior General of the newly constituted Order. The belted, black tunic of the Tuscan hermits was adopted as the common religious habit, the walking sticks carried by the Bonites in keeping with eremetical tradition—and to distinguish themselves from those hermits who went around begging—ceased to be used. On 9 April 1256 Pope Alexander IV issued the bull Licet Ecclesiae catholicae which confirmed the integration of the Hermits of John the Good, the Hermits of St. William, the Hermits of Brettino, the Hermits of Monte Favale, other smaller congregations and the Tuscan Hermits into what was called the Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine. Special constitutions were drawn up for its government, on the same lines as the Dominicans and other mendi
John Bede Polding, OSB was the first Roman Catholic Bishop and Archbishop of Sydney, Australia. Polding was born in Liverpool, England on November 18, 1794, his father was of Dutch descent and his mother came from the Brewer family, recusants since the sixteenth century. His family name was spelled Poulden or Polten, his parents died and at age 8 he was placed in the care of his uncle, Father Bede Brewer, president-general of the English Benedictine Congregation. Polding was first taught by the Benedictine nuns of the Convent of Our Lady of Consolation of Cambray, who as refugees from revolutionary France were located at Much Woolton, near Liverpool. At 11, he was sent to St Gregory's Benedictine College, at Acton Burnell, near Shrewsbury, Shropshire. On 15 July 1810 Polding was admitted to the religious community, taking the name of Bede, in honor of the saint, of his uncle, he received minor orders in 1813 from Bishop Milner at Wolverhampton, was ordained priest by Bishop Poynter at Old Hall College on 4 March 1819, filled in turn the offices of parish priest, novice-master, sub-prior in his monastery.
In 1819 Polding's cousin, Bishop Edward Bede Slater, was appointed vicar-apostolic with jurisdiction over Mauritius, the Cape, New Holland and Van Diemen's Land. In 1834 Polding was appointed bishop of Hiero-Caesarea in partibus infidelium and vicar-apostolic of New Holland, Van Diemen's Land and the adjoining islands. Polding and party arrived first in Hobart on 6 August 1835 leaving a priest and a student there and arrived in Sydney on 13 September 1835; the authorities soon realized the good effect his influence was having, arranged that, on the arrival of every ship-load of convicts, all the Catholics should be placed at his disposal for some days, during which the bishop and his assistants saw each prisoner and did all they could for them before they were drafted off to their various destinations. Polding traveled throughout Australia and was regarded as hard-working, he traveled to Europe in November 1840. Polding was appointed the first bishop of Sydney on 5 April 1842, Archbishop on 22 April 1842.
As a result of a successful diplomatic mission to Malta, he was made a Count of the Holy Roman Empire and assistant at the pontifical throne. Despite his many successes as a founding bishop, Polding experienced a degree of resistance from his Irish Catholic church in Australia. After the English Catholic Emancipation Act of 1829, the Irish were resistant to non-Irish bishops; the British anti-clerical laws of the Reformation Parliament and the Act of Supremacy had bred deep resentment among the Irish of the English, the consequences of the dissolution of monasteries during the English Reformation had left Polding committed to the primary vision of restoring monasticism in English-speaking lands such as Australia. He helped establish the University College of St. John and Mary's College, Lyndhurst. Polding traveled again to Rome in 1846 hoping to obtain a coadjutor bishop and Benedictine nuns to help in his diocese, he was successful in these quests and gained approval for the establishment of Melbourne as a separate see.
With his support, the Religious Sisters of Charity began the House of the Good Shepherd. In 1857 Polding established the Sisters of the Good Samaritan, an Australian congregation of Religious women. In January 1874, he retired to Darlinghurst, he died on 16 March 1877 in Sydney, aged 82, was buried in Petersham Cemetery, before being reinterred St Mary's Cathedral. Apart from the many churches he founded, Polding began the construction of the second St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney in 1868, where he was re-buried. Polding founded the Sisters of the Good Samaritan in Sydney. Bede Polding College, South Windsor, in the state of New South Wales, Australia is named for him. Polding Street in Fairfield, New South Wales is named after him; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "John Bede Polding". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Bede Nairn,'Polding, John Bede', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 2, MUP, 1967, pp 340–347.
Serle, Percival. "Polding, John Bede". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson