Sheboygan County, Wisconsin
Sheboygan County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It is named after the Sheboygan River; as of the 2010 census, the population was 115,507. Its county seat is Sheboygan; the county was created in 1836 and organized in 1846. At the time, it was located in the Wisconsin Territory. Sheboygan County comprises WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. Part of the Holyland region is located in northwestern Sheboygan County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,271 square miles, of which 511 square miles is land and 760 square miles is water. Interstate 43 Highway 23 Highway 28 Highway 32 Highway 42 Highway 57 Highway 67 Highway 144 Sheboygan County Memorial Airport, serves the county and surrounding communities. Manitowoc County - north Ozaukee County - south Washington County - southwest Fond du Lac County - west Calumet County - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 112,646 people, 43,545 households, 29,915 families residing in the county; the population density was 219 people per square mile.
There were 45,947 housing units at an average density of 90 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.71% White, 1.09% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 3.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.46% from other races, 1.07% from two or more races. There is beer in Sheboygan County. 3.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 54.9 % were of 5.4 % American ancestry. 91.9% spoke English, 3.0% Spanish, 2.5% Hmong and 1.7% German as their first language. There were 43,545 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.30% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males. Gibbsville Greenbush Hingham Kennedys Corners National Register of Historic Places listings in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin Buchen, Gustave W. Historic Sheboygan County. Sheboygan, Wis. 1944. Hildebrand, Janice. Sheboygan County, 150 Years of Progress: An Illustrated History. Northridge, Calif: Windsor Publications, 1988. Portrait and Biographical Record of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Excelsior Publishing Company, 1894. Zillier, Carl. History of Sheboygan County, Wisconsin: Past and Present. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1912. Sheboygan County Government Sheboygan County Chamber of Commerce
John Martin Henni was a Swiss-born prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the first Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee, Wisconsin from 1843 until his death in 1881. John Henni was born in the village of Misanenga, municipality of Obersaxen, in the canton of Graubünden, in Switzerland, he received his early education in St. Gallen and Lucerne, was sent to study philosophy and theology in Rome in 1824, he accepted an invitation from Bishop Edward Fenwick to join the Diocese of Cincinnati in the United States. He arrived at Baltimore, Maryland, in 1829, completed his studies at the seminary in Bardstown, Kentucky. Henni was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Fenwick on February 2, 1829, he was assigned to the spiritual care of the German Catholics of Cincinnati, served as professor of philosophy at The Athenaeum in the same city. Shortly afterwards, he was transferred to Canton and was charged with several surrounding missions in Northern Ohio. From 1830 to 1834, Fr. Henni was in charge of St. John's Catholic church in Canton.
In 1834, he returned to Cincinnati and was named pastor of Holy Trinity Church as well as vicar general of the diocese. He founded the Wahrheits-Freund in 1837, the first German Catholic newspaper in the United States, served as its editor until 1843. Henni organized the St. Aloysius' Orphans Aid Society in the Bond Hill section of Cincinnati. In May 1843, he accompanied Bishop John Baptist Purcell to the Fifth Provincial Council of Baltimore, where he proposed a seminary for the education of priests to minister among German Catholics. On November 28, 1843, Henni was appointed the first Bishop of the newly erected Diocese of Milwaukee in Wisconsin by Pope Gregory XVI, he received his episcopal consecration on March 19, 1844 from Bishop Purcell, with Bishops Michael O'Connor and Richard Pius Miles serving as co-consecrators. Henni was instrumental in the establishment of Marquette University, opened two days before his death, he founded the St. Francis Seminary in St. Francis, Wisconsin out of his residence, brought various orders of nuns and priests to Milwaukee.
The main building at St. Francis Seminary, Henni Hall, is named in his honor and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; because of his work expanding the Catholic presence in Wisconsin, Pope Pius IX created the Roman Catholic Province of Milwaukee on February 12, 1875. Catholic Church hierarchy Catholic Church in the United States Historical list of the Catholic bishops of the United States List of Catholic bishops of the United States Lists of patriarchs and bishops Archbishop Henni biography by Archdiocese of Milwaukee John Martin Henni, 1805 – 1881 at Dictionary of Wisconsin History
In Christian churches with episcopal polity, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop of a metropolis. The term referred to the bishop of the chief city of a historical Roman province, whose authority in relation to the other bishops of the province was recognized by the First Council of Nicaea; the bishop of the provincial capital, the metropolitan, enjoyed certain rights over other bishops in the province called suffragan bishops. The term is applied in a similar sense to the bishop of the chief episcopal see of an ecclesiastical province; the head of such a metropolitan see has the rank of archbishop and is therefore called the metropolitan archbishop of the ecclesiastical province. Metropolitan bishops preside over synods of the bishops of their ecclesiastical province, are granted special privileges by canon law and tradition. In some churches, such as the Church of Greece, a metropolis is a rank granted to all episcopal sees, their bishops are all called the title of archbishop being reserved for the primate.
See also: Catholic Church hierarchy and Diocesan bishop In the Latin Church, an ecclesiastical province, composed of several neighbouring dioceses, is headed by a metropolitan, the archbishop of the diocese designated by the Pope. The other bishops are known as suffragan bishops; the metropolitan's powers over dioceses other than his own are limited to supervising observance of faith and ecclesiastical discipline and notifying the Supreme Pontiff of any abuses. The metropolitan has the liturgical privilege of celebrating sacred functions throughout the province, as if he were a bishop in his own diocese, provided only that, if he celebrates in a cathedral church, the diocesan bishop has been informed beforehand; the metropolitan is obliged to request the pallium, a symbol of the power that, in communion with the Church of Rome, he possesses over his ecclesiastical province. This holds if he had the pallium in another metropolitan see, it is the responsibility of the metropolitan, with the consent of the majority of the suffragan bishops, to call a provincial council, decide where to convene it, determine the agenda.
It is his prerogative to preside over the provincial council. No provincial council can be called. All Latin Rite metropolitans are archbishops. Titular archbishops are never metropolitans; as of April 2006, 508 archdioceses were headed by metropolitan archbishops, 27 archbishops lead an extant archdiocese, but were not metropolitans, there were 89 titular archbishops. See Catholic Church hierarchy for the distinctions. In those Eastern Catholic Churches that are headed by a patriarch, metropolitans in charge of ecclesiastical provinces hold a position similar to that of metropolitans in the Latin Church. Among the differences is that Eastern Catholic metropolitans within the territory of the patriarchate are to be ordained and enthroned by the patriarch, who may ordain and enthrone metropolitans of sees outside that territory that are part of his Church. A metropolitan has the right to ordain and enthrone the bishops of his province; the metropolitan is to be commemorated in the liturgies celebrated within his province.
A major archbishop is defined as the metropolitan of a certain see who heads an autonomous Eastern Church not of patriarchal rank. The canon law of such a Church differs only from that regarding a patriarchal Church. Within major archiepiscopal churches, there may be ecclesiastical provinces headed by metropolitan bishops. There are autonomous Eastern Catholic Churches consisting of a single province and headed by a metropolitan. Metropolitans of this kind are to obtain the pallium from the Pope as a sign of his metropolitan authority and of his Church's full communion with the Pope, only after his investment with it can he convoke the Council of Hierarchs and ordain the bishops of his autonomous Church. In his autonomous Church it is for him to ordain and enthrone bishops and his name is to be mentioned after that of the Pope in the liturgy. In the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the title of metropolitan is used variously, in terms of rank and jurisdiction. In terms of rank, in some Eastern Orthodox Churches metropolitans are ranked above archbishops in precedence, while in others that order is reversed.
Primates of autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Churches below patriarchal rank are designated as archbishops. In the Greek Orthodox Churches, archbishops are ranked above metropolitans in precedence; the reverse is true for some Slavic Orthodox Churches and for Romanian Orthodox Church, where metropolitans rank above archbishops and the title can be used for important regional or historical sees. In terms of jurisdiction, there are two basic types of metropolitans in Eastern Orthodox Church: real metropolitans, with actual jurisdiction over their ecclesiastical provinces, honorary metropolitans who
John the Evangelist
John the Evangelist is the name traditionally given to the author of the Gospel of John. Christians have traditionally identified him with John the Apostle, John of Patmos, or John the Presbyter, although this has been disputed by modern scholars; the Gospel of John refers to an otherwise unnamed "disciple whom Jesus loved", who "bore witness to and wrote" the Gospel's message. The author of the Gospel of John seemed interested in maintaining the internal anonymity of the author's identity, although interpreting the Gospel in the light of the Synoptic Gospels and considering that the author names Peter, that James was martyred as early as 44 AD it has been believed that the author was the Apostle John Christian tradition says that John the Evangelist was John the Apostle; the Apostle John was a historical figure, one of the "pillars" of the Jerusalem church after Jesus' death. He was one of the original twelve apostles and is thought to be the only one to have lived into old age and not be killed for his faith.
It is believed that he was exiled to the Aegean island of Patmos, where he wrote the Book of Revelation. However, some attribute the authorship of Revelation to another man, called John of Patmos or to John the Presbyter. Orthodox Roman Catholic scholarship, most Protestant churches, the entire Eastern Orthodox Church attribute all of the Johannine literature to the same individual, the "Holy Apostle and Evangelist, John the Theologian", whom it identifies with the "Beloved Disciple" in the Gospel of John; the authorship of the Johannine works has been debated by scholars since at least the 2nd century AD. The main debate centers on who authored the writings, which of the writings, if any, can be ascribed to a common author. Orthodox tradition attributes all the books to John the Apostle. In the 6th century, the Decretum Gelasianum argued that Second and Third John have a separate author known as "John, a priest". Historical criticssometimes reject the view. Most modern scholars believe that the apostle John wrote none of these works, although some, such as J.
A. T. Robinson, F. F. Bruce, Leon Morris, Martin Hengel, hold the apostle to be behind at least some, in particular the gospel. There may have been a single author for the three epistles; some scholars conclude the author of the epistles was different from that of the gospel, although all four works originated from the same community. The gospel and epistles traditionally and plausibly came from Ephesus, c. 90–110, although some scholars argue for an origin in Syria. In the case of Revelation, most modern scholars agree that it was written by a separate author, John of Patmos, c. 95 with some parts dating to Nero's reign in the early 60s. The feast day of Saint John in the Catholic Church, which calls him "Saint John and Evangelist", in the Anglican Communion and Lutheran Calendars, which call him "John and Evangelist", is on 27 December, the third day of Christmastide. In the Tridentine Calendar he was commemorated on each of the following days up to and including 3 January, the Octave of the 27 December feast.
This Octave was abolished by Pope Pius XII in 1955. The traditional liturgical color is white. John is traditionally depicted in one of two distinct ways: either as an aged man with a white or gray beard, or alternatively as a beardless youth; the first way of depicting him was more common in Byzantine art, where it was influenced by antique depictions of Socrates. In Medieval works of painting and literature, Saint John is presented in an androgynous or femininized manner. Historians have related such portrayals to the circumstances of the believers for whom they were intended. For instance, John's feminine features are argued to have helped to make him more relatable to women. Sarah McNamer argues that because of John's androgynous status, he could function as an'image of a third or mixed gender' and'a crucial figure with whom to identify' for male believers who sought to cultivate an attitude of affective piety, a emotional style of devotion that, in late-medieval culture, was thought to be poorly compatible with masculinity.
Legends from the Acts of John contributed much to Medieval iconography. One of John's familiar attributes is the chalice with a snake emerging from it. According to one legend from the Acts of John, John was challenged to drink a cup of poison to demonstrate the power of his faith; the chalice can be interpreted with reference to the Last Supper, or to the words of Christ to John and James: "My chalice indeed you shall drink". According to the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia, some authorities believe that this symbol was not adopted until the 13th century. Another common attribute is a scroll, in reference to his writings. In France the saint is symbolically represented by an eagle, one of the creatures envisioned by Ezekiel and in the Book of Revelation. John the Evangelist Churches dedicated to St. John the Evangelist Eagle of St. John Luke the Evangelist Mark the Evangelist Matthew the Evangelist "Saint John the Apostle." Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Answers.com St. John the Evangelist at the Christian Iconography web site Caxton's translations of the Golden Legend's two chapters on St. John: Of St. John the Evangelist and The History of St. John Port Latin
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. In the organization of the Roman Empire, the subdivided provinces were administratively associated in a larger unit, the diocese. After Christianity was given legal status in 313, the Churches began to organize themselves into dioceses based on provinces, not on the larger regional imperial districts; the dioceses were smaller than the provinces since there were more bishops than governors. Christianity was declared the Empire's official religion by Theodosius I in 380. Constantine I in 318 gave litigants the right to have court cases transferred from the civil courts to the bishops; this situation must have hardly survived Julian, 361-363. Episcopal courts are not heard of again in the East until 398 and in the West in 408; the quality of these courts were low, not above suspicion as the bishop of Alexandria Troas found out that clergy were making a corrupt profit.
Nonetheless, these courts were popular. Bishops had no part in the civil administration until the town councils, in decline, lost much authority to a group of'notables' made up of the richest councilors and rich persons exempted from serving on the councils, retired military, bishops post-450 A. D; as the Western Empire collapsed in the 5th century, bishops in Western Europe assumed a larger part of the role of the former Roman governors. A similar, though less pronounced, development occurred in the East, where the Roman administrative apparatus was retained by the Byzantine Empire. In modern times, many dioceses, though subdivided, have preserved the boundaries of a long-vanished Roman administrative division. For Gaul, Bruce Eagles has observed that "it has long been an academic commonplace in France that the medieval dioceses, their constituent pagi, were the direct territorial successors of the Roman civitates."Modern usage of'diocese' tends to refer to the sphere of a bishop's jurisdiction.
This became commonplace during the self-conscious "classicizing" structural evolution of the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century, but this usage had itself been evolving from the much earlier parochia, dating from the formalized Christian authority structure in the 4th century. Most archdioceses are metropolitan sees. A few are suffragans of a metropolitan are directly subject to the Holy See. While the terms "diocese" and "episcopal see" are applicable to the area under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of any bishop, a bishop in charge of an archdiocese thereby holds the rank of archbishop. If the title of archbishop is granted on personal grounds to a diocesan bishop, his diocese does not thereby become an archdiocese; as of January 2019, in the Catholic Church there are 2,886 regular dioceses: 1 papal see, 645 archdioceses and 2,240 dioceses in the world. In the Eastern rites in communion with the Pope, the equivalent unit is called an eparchy; the Eastern Orthodox Church calls dioceses episkopē in the Greek tradition and eparchies in the Slavic tradition.
After the English Reformation, the Church of England retained the existing diocesan structure which remains throughout the Anglican Communion. The one change is that the areas administered under the Archbishop of Canterbury and Archbishop of York are properly referred to as dioceses, not archdioceses: they are the metropolitan bishops of their respective provinces and bishops of their own diocese and have the position of archbishop. Certain Lutheran denominations such as the Church of Sweden do have individual dioceses similar to Roman Catholics; these dioceses and archdioceses are under the government of a bishop. Other Lutheran bodies and synods that have dioceses and bishops include the Church of Denmark, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, the Evangelical Church in Germany, the Church of Norway. From about the 13th century until the German mediatization of 1803, the majority of the bishops of the Holy Roman Empire were prince-bishops, as such exercised political authority over a principality, their so-called Hochstift, distinct, considerably smaller than their diocese, over which they only exercised the usual authority of a bishop.
Some American Lutheran church bodies such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America have a bishop acting as the head of the synod, but the synod does not have dioceses and archdioceses as the churches listed above. Rather, it is divided into a middle judicatory; the Lutheran Church - International, based in Springfield, presently uses a traditional diocesan structure, with four dioceses in North America. Its current president is Archbishop Robert W. Hotes; the Church of God in Christ has dioceses throughout the United States. In the COGIC, most states are divided into at least three or more dioceses that are each led by a bishop; these dioceses are called "jurisdictions" within COGIC. In the Latter Day Saint movement, the term "bishopric" is used to describe the bishop himself, together with his two counselors, not the ward or congregation of which a bishop has charge. In the United Methodist Church, a bishop is given oversight over a geographical area called an episcopal area; each episcopal area contains one or more an
Washington County, Wisconsin
Washington County is a county in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,887, its county seat is West Bend. The county was created from Wisconsin Territory in 1836 and organized in 1845, it was named after President George Washington. Washington County is part of in WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles, of which 431 square miles is land and 5.0 square miles is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in Wisconsin by total area. Hartford Municipal Airport and West Bend Municipal Airport serve the county and surrounding communities. Fond du Lac County - northwest Sheboygan County - northeast Ozaukee County - east Milwaukee County - southeast Waukesha County - south Dodge County - west As of the census of 2000, there were 117,493 people, 43,842 households, 32,749 families residing in the county; the population density was 273 people per square mile. There were 45,808 housing units at an average density of 106 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 97.69% White, 0.40% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 0.66% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 59.9% were of German, 6.3% Polish and 5.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.5% spoke English, 2.0% German and 1.7% Spanish as their first language. There were 43,842 households out of which 36.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.20% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.30% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 11.20% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males. Hartford Milwaukee West Bend Germantown Jackson Kewaskum Newburg Richfield Slinger Allenton National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Wisconsin History of Washington and Ozaukee Counties, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1881. Quickert, Carl; the Story of Washington County. West Bend, Wis.: Author, 1923. Quickert, Carl. Washington County, Wisconsin: Past and Present. Chicago: S. J. Clarke, 1912. Washington County website Washington County map at the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Washington County Convention & Visitors Bureau
Walworth County, Wisconsin
Walworth County is a county located in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 102,228, its county seat is Elkhorn. The county was created in 1836 from Wisconsin Territory and organized in 1839, it is named for Reuben H. Walworth. Walworth County comprises the Whitewater-Elkhorn, WI Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Milwaukee-Racine-Waukesha, WI Combined Statistical Area Lake Geneva, the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Alpine Valley Resort, Music Theatre are located in Walworth County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles, of which 555 square miles is land and 21 square miles is water. East Troy Municipal Airport, serves the county and surrounding communities Waukesha County Racine County Kenosha County McHenry County, Illinois Boone County, Illinois Rock County Jefferson County As of the census of 2000, there were 93,759 people, 34,522 households, 23,267 families residing in the county; the population density was 169 people per square mile.
There were 43,783 housing units at an average density of 79 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.49% White, 0.84% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.62% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 6.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 34,522 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.60% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.20 males. Burlington Delavan Elkhorn Lake Geneva Whitewater Como Delavan Lake Lake Ivanhoe Lake Lorraine Lauderdale Lakes Potter Lake Springfield Turtle Lake Army Lake Mayhews Owing to its Yankee heritage, which contrasts with the German-American or Scandinavian-American character of most of Wisconsin, Walworth County was a stronghold of the Free Soil Party, it voted for Martin van Buren and John P. Hale in Wisconsin's first two presidential elections, its opposition to the spread of slavery meant it became rock-ribbed Republican in subsequent elections resisting the appeal of Wisconsin native Robert La Follette when he carried the state in 1924. Growth of conservative suburbs and resort towns has meant Walworth – unlike most free-soil Yankee counties – has failed to trend Democratic; the only Democrat to carry the county has been Woodrow Wilson in 1912 with only 36 percent of the vote, the best Democratic percentages have been by Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Barack Obama in 2008, both of whom received around 48 percent and narrowly lost the county while sweeping every antebellum free state.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Walworth County, Wisconsin Walworth County Fairgrounds History of Walworth County, Wisconsin. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1882. Walworth County Walworth County map from the Wisconsin Department of Transportation Travel Guide for Lake Geneva and Walworth County, WI Combination Atlas Map, 1873