Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toledo

This is a list of Bishops and Archbishops of Toledo. They are the Primates of Spain, it was, according to tradition established in the 1st century by James the Great and was elevated to an archdiocese in 313 after the Edict of Milan. The incumbent Archbishop bears the title Primate of Spain and since 1937 the title General Vicar of the Armies. 1 Eugenius Unknown 2 Melantius Unknown 3 Patruinus 4 Toribius 5 Quintus 6 Vincent 7 Paulatus 8 Natallus 9 Audentius 10 Asturius 11 Isicius 12 Martin I 13 Castinus 14 Campeius 15 Sinticius 16 Praumatus 17 Petrus I 18 Celsus 19 Montanus 20 Julian I 21 Bacauda 22 Petrus II 23 Euphemius 24 Exuperius 25 Adelphus 26 Conancius 27 Aurasius 28 Eladius 29 Justus 30 Eugenius I 31 Eugenius II 32 Ildefonso 33 Quiricus 34 Julian II 35 Sisbert 36 Felix 37 Gunderic 38 Sindered 39 Sunirend 40 Concordius 41 Cixila 42 Elipandus 43 Gumesind 44 Wistremir 45 Bonitus 46 Juan I 47 Ubayd Allah ben QasimSee vacant due to Muslim rule 48 Pascual I Vacant 49 Bernard de Sedirac 50 Raymond de Sauvetât 51 Juan II 52 Cerebruno 53 Pedro III de Cardona 54 Gonzalo I Petrez 55 Martín II López de Pisuerga 56 Rodrigo Jimenez de Rada 57 Juan III Medina de Pomar 58 Gutierre I Ruiz Dolea 59 Infante Sancho of Castile 60 Domingo Pascual 61 Infante Sancho of Aragon 62 Fernando I Rodriguez de Covarubias 63 Gonzalo II Pérez Gudiel 64 Gonzalo III Diaz Palomeque 65 Gutierre II Gomez de Toledo 66 Juan III, Infante of Aragon.

Ciriaco María Sancha y Hervás 109 Gregorio Maria Aguirre y Garcia 110 Victoriano Guisasola y Menendez 111 Enrique Almaraz y Santos 112 Enrique Reig y Casanova 113 Pedro Segura y Sáenz Vacant 114 Isidro Goma y Tomas 115 Enrique Pla y Deniel 116 Vicente Enrique y Tarancón 117 Marcelo Gonzalez Martin 118 Francisco Alvarez Martínez 119 Antonio Cañizares Llovera 120 Braulio Rodríguez Plaza Diocese of Albacete. Diocese of Ciudad Real. Diocese of Cuenca. Diocese of Sigüenza-Guadalajara. Council of Elvira Councils of Toledo Patriarch of the West Indies Grand Inquisitor Mozarabic Rite Roman Catholicism in Spain Archdiocese of Toledo New Advent

Savosavo language

Savosavo is an endangered language spoken on Savo, a small volcanic island north of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. Savosavo is one of the Central Solomon languages, which are Papuan languages, unlike most of the languages in the vicinity, which are members of the Oceanic branch of the Austronesian language family. There are close to 3,000 speakers of Savosavo, it is the easternmost Papuan language in the Pacific. Savosavo is the main language of nine of the twelve districts in the Solomon Islands; the closest Papuan language to Savosavo is the Central Solomon Lavukaleve, spoken in the Russell Islands to the west. Other neighbor languages are Bughotu and Lengo, Bughotu is to the north, while Ghari and Lengo are to the south, are spoken on Guadalcanal. Speakers on Savo are known as agriculturalists. Vegetables and fruit are the main source of food while fish and rice round out the overall diet. Rice is an important commodity, but it has to be bought and is not grown on Savo. A large number of people on Savo are without paid work.

To earn income, they sell commodities such as cocoa beans or garden produce at local markets or in the capital Honiara. Clan lineages are important to the people of Savo. A clan leader is known as ‘chief’ and there is one for each of the six clans on Savo; these leaders are all part of the Savo Ghizi Kato House of Chiefs and are important on the local levels. The six clans are Ghaubata, Lakuili, Kiki and Zoqo. Land in Savo is owned by not the individuals; each member of the clan has the rights to a portion of land, but it must be connected to his/her mother's ancestors. The Central Province is known to have the lowest literacy rates of the Solomon Islands; as a result, literacy of languages such as Savosavo are small. The language is used in writing, since most people only go through a few years of schooling. Savosavo is used in minor situations such as letters and notices to the public. Savosavo has 17 consonants. In total there are six manners of articulation for consonants. There are three voiceless stops: /p/, /t/, /k/ and four voiced stops: /b/, /d/, /ɟ/ and /g/.

The vowels have no length contrast, the vowels /e/, /i/, /o/ and /u/ vary between different allophones. Sequences of identical vowels are not allowed in Savosavo. All other sequences are allowed. A and e - ae e and a - onea i and o - pio o and e - dodoe u and i - koi The Savosavo language has 5 vowels and 17 consonants; this is the Anglican orthography. In the Catholic orthography, G is written Q, Gh is written G. In other orthographies, Gn is written Ñ, Ng is written N̄. Verbs mark tense and mood, they are by the far the largest word class in Savosavo. There are three types of verbs in Savosavo. Transitive verb stems have object marking; these verbs agree with their object in person and in the third person singular using suffixes and stem modification. Stems taking prefixes only: l-agha'to marry' l-aka'to help' l-au'to take' l-eghe'to see' l-ogha'to weave' l-ogo'to collect'Stems taking both prefixes and suffixes: l-ave-li'to kill' l-ogho-li'to fill' l-ova-li'to bite' l-ogha-li'to own' l-ame-li'to give' l-esgangi-li'to spoil' Stems showing stem modification sala'to follow' solo'to throw' pala'to make' bola'to shoot' Stems taking suffixes only: aghi-li'to pull' jurake-li'to shatter' rami-li'to shoot' Intransitive verb stems are without object marking.

The suffix -vi can only be used on four intransitive verbs. When the suffix is added, there has to be an object marking suffix. Sogha + -vi = sogha-vi-li raghe + -vi = raghe-vi li sara + -vi = sara-vi-li tete + -vi = tete-vi-liThere are transitive verbs that cannot be transitivized. Examples are ngori'to snore', bo'to go', vige'to dry'. Ambitransitive verb stems can occur without object marking; these verbs use suffixes to mark their object. Ghavi'to paddle' = ghavi-li'to paddle a canoe' ale'to enter' = ale-li'to enter something' sali'to wash away' = sali-li'to wash something away' kasanga'to be angry' = kasanga-li'to be angry about' Nouns are the second largest word class in Savosavo, making up around 40% of the overall word class. Nouns can be derived from verbs by the suffix -ghu. Another way to differentiate nouns from verbs in the concept of reduplication; this occurs. Elu'Ngali nut' = élu~elu'to gather Ngali nuts' kumara'sweet potato' = kuma~kumara'to harvest sweet potatoes' kosu'bird' = kosu~kosu'to hunt for birds' itoro'walking stick' = ito~itoro'to walk with a walking stick'Many of the language names were made by duplicating the place where the language was spoken.

This is. Overall, nouns are required to be verbalized using the suffix -sa in order to function as the head of the verb phrase: Lo mavutu=na ka molumolu-sa-zu Savosavo's number system is based on the decimal counting system. What is interesting about this counting system is that there are two different words for'one'; these words are pade. Ela is used either in counting or to denote the numeral'first'; as a modifier it means'some'. Moka ela mapa=gha=na ata tetegha=la.'Maybe some people here at the mountain.' Pade as a modifier is shortened to pa. No pa kibo=e loa=na.'That is one of your sins' Besides numerals, there are other quantifiers: alea'how many, however many' elave'some more' padeng

List of Czech literary awards

A list of Czech literary awards. Magnesia Litera: Annual book award held in the Czech Republic. Jiří Orten Award: a Czech literary prize given to the author of a work of prose or poetry, no older than 30 at the time of the work's completion. Named after Jiří Orten Josef Škvorecký Award: Prize for the best Czech prose of the past year. Named after Josef Škvorecký The Czech Book: literary prize with the objective of promoting contemporary Czech literature. Franz Kafka Prize: an international literary award named after Franz Kafka. Karel Čapek Prize: for significant literary contributions in support of reinforcing or maintaining democratic and humanist values in society. Named after Karel Čapek. Karel Čapek Prize: awarded to authors of works of science fiction, fantasy or horror written in Czech or Slovak. Named after Karel Čapek. Czech State Award for Literature: State national award for an original literary work in Czech published during the preceding year or in recognition of a lifetime’s work of excellence.

Czech State Award for Translation: State national award for the translation of a literary work from a foreign language into Czech. Lidové Noviny Book of the Year: The book of the year according to Lidové Noviny newspapers. Jaroslav Seifert Prize: prestigious Czech literary prize awarded for an excellent work of poetry or fiction published in the past three years in the Czech Republic or abroad. Named after the Nobel Prize–winning Czechoslovak writer and journalist, Jaroslav Seifert. Golden Ribbon Award: An annual award to creators of the best books for children and young people in the Czech language, it is only prize in the Czech Republic dedicated to children's literature