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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tours

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tours is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The archdiocese has roots that go back to the 3rd century, while the formal erection of the diocese dates from the 5th century; the ecclesiastical province of Tours corresponds with the late Roman province of Tertia Lugdunensis. During Breton independence the see of Dol exercised metropolitical functions. In 1859 the Breton dioceses. Tours kept its historic suffragans of Le Mans, Angers together with Nantes and a newly constituted Diocese of Laval. In 2002 Tours lost all connection with its historic province, all its previous suffragans depending henceforth on an expanded province of Rennes. Tours since 2002 has become the ecclesiastical metropolis of the Centre administrative region. According to Louis Duchesne, the See of Tours was founded in the time of Constantine; as the city, was important as a crossing point of the Loire, it became a stop on the route to Santiago de Compostela.

The fourth bishop was Brice of Tours. Stories about his tenure suggest tensions between the regular clergy and the secular priests in Tours at that time. Saint Perpetuus was bishop from 460 to 490. During his administration Christianity was further developed and consolidated in the province of Touraine, he was followed by Volusianus of a relative of Ruricius of Limoges. The first cathedral, dedicated to Saint Maurice, was built by Bishop Lidoire, sometime in the fourth century. Bishop Chrotbert is mentioned in the earliest grant of privileges to the Monastery of St. Martin in Tours, made by Pope Adeodatus; the document survives only in two copies which differ between them. In May 858, the third year of his pontificate, Archbishop Herardus held a diocesan synod, in which a codification was issued of the capitula of the diocese; the document contained 140 chapters. On 21 January 1216, Pope Innocent III confirmed an agreement entered into between the Archbishop of Tours and the Chapter of the Cathedral on the election of a Dean and Provosts.

After the death of Archbishop Jean de la Faye in April 1228, there appears to have been considerable difficulty in finding a new archbishop. Jean Maan, Dean of Mans, was brought to Tours, but he refused the chair, or was unable to muster sufficient votes; the chair was offered to Master Pierre de Collomedio of Champagne, a Canon of Thérouanne and Papal Legate, though the election was canonically carried out, he refused the offer. The leaders of the French Revolution, as part of their program, planned to bring the religions in France under their control; the Roman Church was rich, therefore powerful. The Revolution needed to acquire that wealth to finance their own projects. One device was to transfer old loyalties by breaking up the traditional units of political and religious organization; the property of the religious organizations was to be confiscated for the benefit of the people of France, all clergy would become state employees, with their salaries fixed and paid by the government. The new political unit was to be the "département".

It was determined by the Constituent Assembly. The Diocese of Tours was therefore abolished and subsumed into a new diocese, coterminous with the new'Departement d'Indre-et-Loire', to be a suffragan of the'Metropole du Centre' in the "Constitutional Church"; the clergy were required to swear and oath to the Constitution, under the terms of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy a new bishop was to be elected by all the voters of the département, who did not need to be Catholics. This placed them in schism with the Pope. Archbishop de Conzié of Tours refused to take the oath, his bishopric was therefore declared to be vacant. On 13 March 1791 the electors of Indre-et-Loire met in Tours in the cathedral, they were harangued by members of the Société des Amis de la Constitution, who pressed for the election of their President, a former Oratorian by the name of Ysabeau, however, could not muster a majority. Instead on the next day the electors chose Pierre Suzor, the curate of Ecueillé, he proceeded to Paris, where he was consecrated a bishop on 10 April by Constitutional Bishops Massieu and Sibille.

His consecration was valid, but uncanonical and schismatic, brought him excommunication. As bishop, he was at first conservative and somewhat rigorous, refusing to sanction the marriage of clergy, but he succumbed to pressure. At the end of 1793, when Religion was abolished and replaced by Reason and the churches closed, most of the 360 clergy of Indre-et-Loire abdicated or apostasized. Religion was restored in 1795, but Suzor did not regain possession of the cathedral until 13 May 1797. Suzor suffered a stroke in 1797. On 1 February 1801 Hyacinthe Tardiveau accepted the position, Suzor died on 13 April 1801, having approved of his successor. T

She Builds Quick Machines

"She Builds Quick Machines" is a rock song by Velvet Revolver, was released as the first single from the album Libertad on May 21, 2007. The song was made available for digital download on May 16, 2007. Besides being featured on Libertad, "She Builds Quick Machines" was featured on the EP Melody and the Tyranny; the music video premiered on Fuse TV's The Sauce on May 23. The song was featured in the video game NASCAR 08. Directed by Dean Karr, the band is a group of modern cowboys standing on what appears to be a desert in the Texas/Mexico Border region. Something is seen falling from the sky and Scott Weiland holds up a telescope, in which they see a female angel called "Libertad" played by Fernanda Romero. After crashing to Earth, she is kidnapped by the people of a Mexican village. Various members of the band lip sync the lyrics of the song as if they were the dialogue of the "film"; the band tries to track her down on various vehicles equipped with radios, distributed in the following way: Weiland and Duff McKagan in a car, Matt Sorum on a motorcycle and Slash with Dave Kushner in a van.

They arrive at the village and have a big fight that involves explosions, molotov cocktails and gun shooting. After the fight is over, the band releases her. "She Builds Quick Machines" - 4:02 "She Builds Quick Machines" Official music video on YouTube


Iseki & Co. Ltd. based in Matsuyama and Tokyo, Japan, is the third largest Japanese agricultural machinery manufacturing company. Its products include tractors and harvesting machinery and engines, it was founded in 1926 as Iseki Farm Implement Trading Co. in Matsuyama, Japan. It was incorporated in 1936 as Co.. Iseki began building tractors in 1961, its tractors have been and are sold worldwide under various brands: AGCO, Challenger, Massey Ferguson and White. Some models sold in Japan have been built by Massey Ferguson in France. Early Tong Yang or TYM tractors were used Iseki's expertise. Iseki has joint ventures with other companies, among them Donfeng Motor. Iseki have changed the way. Unlike most machines where the grass is forced up over the transmission and other elements, the Iseki tractor has a system where the transmission is passed to the wheels by a series of chains, much like a rice paddy tractor. Iseki global website

Centrum Lake

Centrum Lake, is a lake in King Frederick VIII Land, near Greenland's northeastern coast. The lake and its surroundings are part of the Northeast Greenland National Park zone; the Danish military base/weather station Nord —the only inhabited place in the area— lies about 200 km to the NNE. The lake was first observed by Lauge Koch in 1938 during an aerial survey, it was named in 1952-53 when it was chosen as a center for geological research in which Catalina planes could land. Huts were built and scientific personnel used the location as a base for research in the area, as well as to launch expeditions further north. In 1955 it was considered as a possible site for a military base in Greenland. There is a STOL airstrip near the lake. Centrum Lake is a land-locked freshwater lake with a fjord structure, it is located at the southern end of Crown Prince Christian Land peninsula. The Sæfaxi Elv, a short river, discharges its waters eastwards in the Marmorvigen, a small branch in the western shore of the Hekla Sound, a little to the north of the confluence with the Dijmphna Sound.

There are caves in the area of the lake. Sydhøjen is a small peninsula on the northern side of the lake which has Inuit archaeological remains. Needleman, S. M. 1962: Arctic earth science investigations, Centrum Sø, northeast Greenland, 1960. Air Force Surveys Geo physics 132 pp. List of fjords of Greenland List of research stations in the Arctic Can You Dig It? Arctic Explorers Find Buried Stash of 60 Year-Old Jam Report on the findings of the Northeast Greenland Caves Project 2015 Investigations of ice-free sites for aircraft landings in east Greenland

Erich Mückenberger

Erich Mückenberger was a German socialist politician. He began his political career in the Social Democratic Party of Germany, he became a member of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany when the East German branches of SPD and the Communist Party of Germany merged after the Second World War. Mückenberger was one of the most high-ranking former Social Democrats in the German Democratic Republic and held several positions in the SED. Mückenberger spent his childhood in Chemnitz, he worked there as a machine-fitter apprentice. In 1924 he joined the Social Democratic youth organization. In 1927 he became a SPD member. Mückenberger became an activist of Reichsbanner. After the National Socialist takeover, he engaged in underground resistance against the new regime. In 1935 he was sent to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, he was released after several months. In 1938 he was put in jail for ten months. In 1942 he was sent to the frontline. After returning home in 1945, Mückenberger again became active in the SPD.

Through the merger of SPD and KPD in the Soviet Occupation Zone, Mückenberger became a SED member. He became First Secretary of the SED Party District Organization in Saxony in 1948. Mückenberger served as First Secretary of the Thuringia Party District Organization of SED 1949–1952; as the Thuringia District was divided along the geographic reorganization of the German Democratic Republic, Mückenberger became First Secretary of the Erfurt Party District Organization. He remained as the First Secretary of the Erfurt SED District until 1953. Mückenberger became a candidate member of the politburo of SED in 1950, he was one of four former SPD members. In July 1953 he was included in the Central Committee secretariat, he remained in the CC secretariat until January 1963. He became a full politburo member in July 1958. Mückenberger became First Secretary of the Frankfurt/Oder Party District Organization of SED in 1961, he stepped down in 1971 and was replaced by the Second Secretary Hans-Joachim Hertwig.

In the same year, he was appointed as the Chairman of the influential SED Central Control Commission, the party organ regulating party memberships. In 1978, he was elected chairman of the German-Soviet Friendship Society. In 1980, he was elected as the head of the SED parliamentary group in the Volkskammer. Mückenberger remained in the SED politburo until November 1989. Mückenberger was expelled from the Socialist Unity Party of Germany/Party of Democratic Socialism on November 21, 1990. Following the German reunification, Mückenberger was put on trial for shootings at the Berlin Wall, a process that Mückenberger himself dubbed as'victors' justice'. Mückenberger was allowed to withdraw from the trial in 1996, due to ill health

Seán Munsanje

Seán Munsanje is an Irish television presenter from Dublin. He has presented shows for several channels in his native country, including Raidió Teilifís Éireann, Channel 6 and, most TV3. On 11 August 2009, he won the TV3 reality television programme, Total Xposure, thus becoming the new presenter of the channel's prime time entertainment magazine programme Xposé. A public vote saw him beat Simon Atkins and Ruth O'Neill in the final on 11 August 2009. Munsanje thus became the first non-female presenter of Xposé. Munsanje was born in Dublin to Zambian father, he spent his early years in Zambia and England, before his family returned to Ireland in 1993. Munsanje attended St. Flannan's College in Ennis, Waterford Institute of Technology, the National University of Ireland, where he earned a degree in Media Studies, he has presented for both RTÉ Two and Channel 6. On TTV he presented a ‘gig guide' each week for the former, while he presented the film show Take Six for the latter, he is the resident movie critic on Dublin radio station FM104.

Musanje was one of ten hopefuls who took part in Total Xposure aiming to win a prize of a presenting contract with TV3. He has said he rang his parents, who were holidaying in France, throughout the show and they flew in to attend the final, he was named the new host of Xposé live on television after the final results show of Total Xposure on 11 August 2009. He had been the "hot favourite" to win the show, with one bookmaker paying out early to those who had gambled on him, he was awarded a six-month contract in television presenting worth €20,000 and was welcomed by his fellow Xposé presenters afterwards. Producer Debbie O'Donnell spoke of her delight to have a male working on Xposé. Munsanje was soon being offered free items of clothing. Following the show, he stated. On 5 July 2010 it was announced that Munsanje would leave the show at the end of August, a year after he won Total Xposure. Gay, Munsanje married his partner, Chris Doyle, in 2013. In 2015, he and Doyle had a daughter