Robert Stuart Fitzgerald was an American poet and translator whose renderings of the Greek classics "became standard works for a generation of scholars and students". He was best known as a translator of ancient Latin, he composed several books of his own poetry. Fitzgerald grew up in Springfield and graduated from The Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut, he entered Harvard in 1929, in 1931 a number of his poems were published in Poetry magazine. After graduating from Harvard in 1933 he became a reporter for The New York Herald Tribune for a year, he worked several years for TIME magazine. In 1940, William Saroyan lists him among "associate editors" at Time in the play, Love's Old Sweet Song. Whittaker Chambers mentions him as a colleague in Witness. In World War II, he served in the U. S. Navy in Guam and Pearl Harbor, he was an instructor at Sarah Lawrence and Princeton University, poetry editor of The New Republic. He succeeded Archibald MacLeish as Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard in 1965 and served until his retirement in 1981.
He was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. From 1984 to 1985 he was appointed Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, a position now known as Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry, the United States' equivalent of a national poet laureate, but did not serve due to illness. In 1984 Fitzgerald received a L. H. D. from Bates College. Fitzgerald is known as one of the most poetic translators into the English language, he served as literary executor to Flannery O'Connor, a boarder at his home in Redding, from 1949 to 1951. Fitzgerald's wife at the time, Sally Fitzgerald, compiled O'Connor's essays and letters after O'Connor's death. Benedict Fitzgerald, Barnaby Fitzgerald, Michael Fitzgerald are sons of Robert and Sally. Fitzgerald was married three times, he moved to Hamden, where he died at his home after a long illness. Euripides; the Alcestis of Euripides. Translators Dudley Fitts, Robert Fitzgerald. Harcourt and company. Sophocles.
Oedipus Rex. Translators Dudley Fitts, Robert Fitzgerald. Faber and Faber. Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Translators David Grene, Robert Fitzgerald, Elizabeth Wyckoff. University of Chicago press. Homer's The Odyssey. Farrar and Giroux. 1961. Homer; the Odyssey. Translator Robert Fitzgerald. Houghton Mifflin Company. Homer; the Odyssey. Translator Robert Fitzgerald. Farrar and Giroux. ISBN 978-0-374-22438-7. Homer; the Iliad. Translator Robert Fitzgerald. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-283405-8. Virgil; the Aeneid. Translator Robert Fitzgerald. Random House. ISBN 0-394-52827-1. Poems. Arrow Editions. 1935. A Wreath for the Sea. Arrow editions. 1943. In the Rose of Time: Poems, 1939-1956. W W Norton & Co Inc. 1956. ISBN 978-0-8112-0279-4. Spring Shade: Poems, 1931-1970. New Directions. 1971. ISBN 978-0-8112-0052-3. Robert Fitzgerald, ed.. The Collected Poems of James Agee. Calder and Boyars. ISBN 978-0-7145-0887-0. James Agee. Robert Fitzgerald, ed; the Collected Short Prose of James Agee. Cherokee Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-87797-302-7.
Flannery O'Connor. Sally Fitzgerald, Robert Fitzgerald, ed. Mystery and manners: occasional prose. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-374-50804-3. Flannery O'Connor. Sally Fitzgerald, Robert Fitzgerald, ed. Everything that rises must converge. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-374-50464-9. Robert Fitzgerald at the Database of Classical Scholars Edwin Frank, Andrew McCord. "Robert Fitzgerald, The Art of Translation No. 1". Paris Review. Interview from The Poet's Other Voice Robert Fitzgerald biography and example of poetry. Part of a series of poets
Stamford is a city in Fairfield County, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 122,643; as of 2017, according to the Census Bureau, the population of Stamford had risen to 131,000, making it the third-largest city in the state and the seventh-largest city in New England. 30 miles from Manhattan, Stamford is in the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk Metro area, a part of the Greater New York metropolitan area. Stamford is home to four Fortune 500 Companies, nine Fortune 1000 Companies, 13 current 100 Companies, as well as numerous divisions of large corporations; this gives Stamford the largest financial district in the New York metropolitan region outside New York City itself and one of the largest concentrations of corporations in the United States. Stamford was known as Rippowam by the Native American inhabitants to the region, the first European settlers to the area referred to it as such; the present name is after the town of Stamford, England. The deed to Stamford was signed on July 1, 1640 between Captain Turner of the New Haven Colony and Chief Ponus.
By the 18th century, one of the primary industries of the town was merchandising by water, possible due to Stamford's proximity to New York. In 1692, Stamford was home to a less famous witch trial than the well-known Salem witch trials, which occurred in 1692; the accusations were less fanatical and smaller-scale but grew to prominence through gossip and hysterics. New Canaan separated from Stamford when it incorporated as a town in 1801, followed by Darien in 1820. Starting in the late 19th century, New York residents built summer homes on the shoreline, back there were some who moved to Stamford permanently and started commuting to Manhattan by train, although the practice became more popular later. Stamford incorporated as a city in 1893. In 1950, the Census Bureau reported the city's population as 94.6 % 5.2 % black. In the 1960s and 1970s, Stamford's commercial real estate boomed as corporations relocated from New York City to peripheral areas. A massive urban redevelopment campaign during that time resulted in a downtown with many tall office buildings.
The F. D. Rich Co. was the city-designated urban renewal developer of the downtown in an ongoing redevelopment project, contentious, beginning in the 1960s and continuing through the 1970s. The company put up what was the city's tallest structure, One Landmark Square, at 21 floors high, the GTE building, along with the Marriott Hotel, the Stamford Town Center and many of the other downtown office buildings. One Landmark Square has since been dwarfed by the new 34-story Trump Parc Stamford condominium tower, again by the Atlantic Station development, another project by the Rich Company in partnership with Cappelli Enterprises. Over the years, other developers have joined in building up the downtown, a process that continued, with breaks during downturns in the economy, through the 1980s, 1990s and into the new century. Since 2008, an 80-acre mixed-use redevelopment project for the Stamford's Harbor Point neighborhood has added additional growth south of the city's Downtown area. Once complete, the redevelopment will include 6,000,000 square feet of new residential, retail and hotel space, a marina.
As of July 2012 900 of the projected 4,000 Harbor Point residential units had been constructed. New restaurants and recreational activities have come up in the Harbor Point area, considered as New Stamford. Stamford is situated on the Long Island Sound, it comprises a number of neighborhoods and villages including Cove, East Side, North Stamford, West Side, Turn Of River, Springdale, Ridgeway, South End, Shippan and Palmers Hill. North of the Merritt Parkway is considered the North Stamford section of the city. North Stamford encompasses the largest land mass in Stamford, however it is the least densely populated area of the city. North Stamford functionally and acts as one municipality with the City of Stamford. Towns surrounding Stamford include Pound Ridge, New York to the north, Greenwich to the west, both Darien and New Canaan to the east; the city has an area of 52.09 square miles, making it the largest city by area in the state. Under the Köppen climate classification, Stamford has a temperate climate, with long, hot summers, cool to cold winters.
Stamford, like the rest of coastal Connecticut, lies in the broad transition zone between the continental climates of New England and southeast Canada to the north, the milder temperate and subtropical climates to the south. The warm/hot season in Stamford is from mid-April through early November. Late day thundershowers are common in the hottest months, despite the sunny skies; the cool/cold season is from late November though mid March. Winter weather is far more variable than summer weather along the Connecticut coast, ranging from sunny days with higher temperatures to cold and blustery conditions with occasional snow. Like much of the Connecticut coast and nearby Long Island, NY, some of the winter precipitation is rain or a mix and rain and wet snow in Stamford. Stamford averages about 30 inches of snow annually, compared to inland areas like Hartford and Albany which average 45–60 inches of snow annually. Although infrequent, tropical cyclones have struck the Stamford metropolitan area.
Hurricane landfalls have occurred along the Connecticut coast in 1903, 1938, 1944, 1954, 1
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. In the organization of the Roman Empire, the subdivided provinces were administratively associated in a larger unit, the diocese. After Christianity was given legal status in 313, the Churches began to organize themselves into dioceses based on provinces, not on the larger regional imperial districts; the dioceses were smaller than the provinces since there were more bishops than governors. Christianity was declared the Empire's official religion by Theodosius I in 380. Constantine I in 318 gave litigants the right to have court cases transferred from the civil courts to the bishops; this situation must have hardly survived Julian, 361-363. Episcopal courts are not heard of again in the East until 398 and in the West in 408; the quality of these courts were low, not above suspicion as the bishop of Alexandria Troas found out that clergy were making a corrupt profit.
Nonetheless, these courts were popular. Bishops had no part in the civil administration until the town councils, in decline, lost much authority to a group of'notables' made up of the richest councilors and rich persons exempted from serving on the councils, retired military, bishops post-450 A. D; as the Western Empire collapsed in the 5th century, bishops in Western Europe assumed a larger part of the role of the former Roman governors. A similar, though less pronounced, development occurred in the East, where the Roman administrative apparatus was retained by the Byzantine Empire. In modern times, many dioceses, though subdivided, have preserved the boundaries of a long-vanished Roman administrative division. For Gaul, Bruce Eagles has observed that "it has long been an academic commonplace in France that the medieval dioceses, their constituent pagi, were the direct territorial successors of the Roman civitates."Modern usage of'diocese' tends to refer to the sphere of a bishop's jurisdiction.
This became commonplace during the self-conscious "classicizing" structural evolution of the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century, but this usage had itself been evolving from the much earlier parochia, dating from the formalized Christian authority structure in the 4th century. Most archdioceses are metropolitan sees. A few are suffragans of a metropolitan are directly subject to the Holy See. While the terms "diocese" and "episcopal see" are applicable to the area under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of any bishop, a bishop in charge of an archdiocese thereby holds the rank of archbishop. If the title of archbishop is granted on personal grounds to a diocesan bishop, his diocese does not thereby become an archdiocese; as of January 2019, in the Catholic Church there are 2,886 regular dioceses: 1 papal see, 645 archdioceses and 2,240 dioceses in the world. In the Eastern rites in communion with the Pope, the equivalent unit is called an eparchy; the Eastern Orthodox Church calls dioceses episkopē in the Greek tradition and eparchies in the Slavic tradition.
After the English Reformation, the Church of England retained the existing diocesan structure which remains throughout the Anglican Communion. The one change is that the areas administered under the Archbishop of Canterbury and Archbishop of York are properly referred to as dioceses, not archdioceses: they are the metropolitan bishops of their respective provinces and bishops of their own diocese and have the position of archbishop. Certain Lutheran denominations such as the Church of Sweden do have individual dioceses similar to Roman Catholics; these dioceses and archdioceses are under the government of a bishop. Other Lutheran bodies and synods that have dioceses and bishops include the Church of Denmark, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, the Evangelical Church in Germany, the Church of Norway. From about the 13th century until the German mediatization of 1803, the majority of the bishops of the Holy Roman Empire were prince-bishops, as such exercised political authority over a principality, their so-called Hochstift, distinct, considerably smaller than their diocese, over which they only exercised the usual authority of a bishop.
Some American Lutheran church bodies such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America have a bishop acting as the head of the synod, but the synod does not have dioceses and archdioceses as the churches listed above. Rather, it is divided into a middle judicatory; the Lutheran Church - International, based in Springfield, presently uses a traditional diocesan structure, with four dioceses in North America. Its current president is Archbishop Robert W. Hotes; the Church of God in Christ has dioceses throughout the United States. In the COGIC, most states are divided into at least three or more dioceses that are each led by a bishop; these dioceses are called "jurisdictions" within COGIC. In the Latter Day Saint movement, the term "bishopric" is used to describe the bishop himself, together with his two counselors, not the ward or congregation of which a bishop has charge. In the United Methodist Church, a bishop is given oversight over a geographical area called an episcopal area; each episcopal area contains one or more an
Lebanon is a town in New London County, United States. The population was 7,308 at the 2010 census; the town lies just to the northwest of Norwich, directly south of Willimantic, 20 miles north of New London, 20 miles east of Hartford. The farming town is best known for its role in the American Revolution, where it was a major base of American operations, for its historic town green, one of the largest in the nation and the only one still used for agriculture. Lebanon was settled by the Mohegan people, an Algonquian-speaking tribe that inhabited the upper Thames River Valley in eastern Connecticut; the area was known as Poquechaneed and was used for hunting. The town of Lebanon has its origins with the settlers of Norwich, who wanted to expand beyond the "nine miles square" they had bought from the Mohegan sachem Uncas. In 1663, the first grant in the area was given to Major John Mason, deputy governor of the Connecticut Colony; this area, known as "Pomakuck" or "Pomocook" by the Mohegans, is now the Goshen Hill area of Lebanon.
In 1666, Connecticut granted an additional 120 acres to the Rev. James Fitch, minister of Norwich, adjacent to Maj. Mason's land, now known as Cedar Swamp; the Mohegans conferred their blessing on the grants by giving an additional 7-mile strip to Maj. Mason's son in 1675, who split the land with the Rev. Fitch, his father-in-law; this area is now known as "Fitch and Mason's Mile", or just "The Mile". In 1692, Uncas' son, Sachem Oweneco, sold 25 square miles to four men from Norwich and Stonington, known as the "Five Mile Purchase" or "Five Mile Square". With the Purchase, most of the modern-day town of Lebanon was established; the town of Lebanon was incorporated by the General Assembly of the Connecticut Colony on October 10, 1700. The town's name was the idea of one of the Rev. Fitch's sons, because of "the height of the land, a large cedar forest." Lebanon was the first town in the Connecticut Colony to be given a Biblical name. In New London County, it was part of Windham County from 1726 to 1824.
Connecticut's war effort during the Revolutionary War was directed from the War Office on the Green and the adjacent home of Gov. Jonathan Trumbull Sr. One of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, William Williams, was a native of Lebanon, son-in-law to the governor, Jonathan Trumbull. Jonathan Trumbull was the only British colonial governor to side with the rebel forces during the Revolution. Trumbull served as one of George Washington's chief quartermasters, convening a Council of Safety to manage the affairs of the Continental Army; the council met over 1,100 times in Trumbull's own house on the Lebanon Green. Trumbull was paymaster general for the Northern Department of the Continental Army, the first comptroller of the young nation's treasury during the war. Trumbull's children were influential in the war effort: Joseph Trumbull was a colonel in the Continental Army, Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. was secretary to George Washington, John Trumbull served first as a soldier and as Washington's personal aide during the war.
In the winter and spring of 1781, the French duc de Lauzun's Legion of Horse, comprising 220 soldiers, encamped in Lebanon. Though the legion became infamous for disorderliness and pillaging, they were well behaved, Lebanon saw only two officers executed by firing squad for attempted desertion; the local economy benefited from the troops' extended stay, but not significantly. In June, the soldiers rode off toward New York. Lauzun remarked in his memoirs, "Siberia alone can furnish any idea of Lebanon, which consists of a few huts scattered among vast forests."The importance of the Trumbull family and of Lebanon itself to the war effort earned the town the nickname "Heartbeat of the Revolution." Joseph Trumbull, father of Jonathan Trumbull, Sr. brought livestock farming to the town in 1704, by 1730 Lebanon had the largest meat packing industry in Connecticut. Agriculture has since been the primary focus of the town. Lebanon entered a period of gentle decline after the Revolution. Nonetheless, as the towns around it commercialized and modernized, Lebanon maintained its focus on agriculture, remained a dedicated farming town.
It was this characteristic. After the expulsion of pacifist Mennonites from the Ukraine in the mid-19th century, German farmers settled in the areas they had vacated. Political troubles in Russia and the onset of the First World War encouraged many of these to flee to America. Karlswalde, a village near Ostrog, saw. One emigrant, Philip Krause, settled in the Village Hill area of Lebanon; the town offered similar terrain and fertile farming ground, by 1928, twelve families of Karlswalde had been moved to the Lebanon neighborhood. Many of these families are still present and active in Lebanon today, exhibited a major influence on the town's culture; the Liberty Hill neighborhood was the commercial center of town for most of the 19th century and into the 20th. Holding the town's post office, as well as two general stores, it was Lebanon's primary link to the larger Connecticut and New England communities; the area maintained its importance into the 1940s. The greater availability of telephones in private residences, the improvement of roads and the introduction of highway
Fairfield is a town in Fairfield County, United States. It borders the city of Bridgeport and towns of Trumbull, Easton and Westport along the Gold Coast of Connecticut; as of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 59,404. In September 2014, Money magazine ranked Fairfield the 44th best place to live in the United States, the best place to live in Connecticut. In 1635, Puritans and Congregationalists in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, were dissatisfied with the rate of Anglican reform, sought to establish an ecclesiastical society subject to their own rules and regulations; the Massachusetts General Court granted them permission to settle in the towns of Windsor and Hartford, an area now known as Connecticut. On January 14, 1639, a set of legal and administrative regulations called the Fundamental Orders was adopted, established Connecticut as a self-ruling entity. By 1639 these settlers had started new towns in the surrounding areas. Roger Ludlowe, framer of the Fundamental Orders, purchased the land presently called Fairfield, established the name.
The name "Fairfield" is commendatory. According to historian John M. Taylor: "Early in 1639 the General Court granted a commission to Ludlow to begin a plantation at Pequannocke, he was on that errand, with a few others from Windsor, afterwards joined by immigrants from Watertown and Concord. He stole a large tract of land from the Pequannocke sachems, - afterwards enlarged by other purchases to the westward,- and recalling the attractive region beyond, which he had seen on the second Pequot expedition, he “set down” there, having purchased the territory embraced in the present town of Fairfield, to which he gave its name." Fairfield was one of the two principal settlements of the Connecticut Colony in southwestern Connecticut. The town line with Stratford was set in May 1661 by John Banks, an early Fairfield settler, Richard Olmstead, Lt. Joseph Judson, who were both appointed as a committee by the Colony of Connecticut; the town line with Norwalk was not set until May 1685. Over time, it gave rise to several new towns that incorporated separately.
The following is a list of towns created from parts of Fairfield. Redding in 1767 Weston in 1787 Easton, created from Weston in 1845 Bridgeport in 1821 and again in 1895 when the Black Rock section left Fairfield Westport in 1835 When the American Revolutionary War began in the 1770s, Fairfielders were caught in the crisis as much as, if not more than, the rest of their neighbors in Connecticut. In a predominantly Tory section of the colony, the people of Fairfield were early supporters of the cause for independence. Throughout the war, a constant battle was being fought across Long Island Sound as men from British-controlled Long Island raided the coast in whaleboats and privateers. Gold Selleck Silliman, whose home still stands on Jennings Road, was put in charge of the coastal defenses. In the spring of 1779, he was kidnapped from his home by Tory forces in preparation for a British raid on Fairfield County, his wife, Mary Silliman watched from their home as, on the morning of July 7, 1779 2,000 enemy troops landed on Fairfield Beach near Pine Creek Point and proceeded to invade the town.
When they left the following evening, the entire town lay in ruins, burned to the ground as punishment for Fairfield's support of the rebel cause. 10 years President George Washington noted that after traveling through Fairfield that "the destructive evidences of British cruelty are yet visible both in Norwalk and Fairfield. World War I brought Fairfield out of its agrarian past by triggering an unprecedented economic boom in Bridgeport, the center of a large munitions industry at the time; the prosperity created a housing shortage in the city, many of the workers looked to Fairfield to build their homes. The trolley and the automobile made the countryside accessible to these newly rich members of the middle class, who brought with them new habits, new attitudes, new modes of dress; the prosperity lasted throughout the twenties. By the time of the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the population had increased to 17,000 from the 6,000 it had been just before the war. During the Depression, the town kept expanding.
The grounding of a barge with two crewmen on Penfield Reef in Fairfield during a gale led to the 1st civilian helicopter hoist rescue in history, on November 29, 1945. The helicopter flew from the nearby Sikorsky Aircraft plant in Connecticut. Fairfield became the home of the corporate headquarters of General Electric, one of the world's largest companies. On May 8, 2017, GE relocated to Massachusetts; the opening of the Connecticut Turnpike in the 1950s brought another wave of development to Fairfield, by the 1960s the town's residential, suburban character was established. The town is on the shore of Long Island Sound. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.3 square miles, of which 30.0 square miles is land and 3.4 square kilometres, or 4.15%, is water. The Mill River, the waters of which feed Lake Mohegan, flows through the town. Fairfield consists of many neighborhoods; the best known are wealthy Southport, where General Electric Chief Executive Officer Jack Welch lived for many years, Greenfield Hill, with its large areas, famous dogwood trees, picturesque green with its white-spired Congregational church.
Other well established neighborhood
St. Benedict's Church (Stamford, Connecticut)
Saint Benedict - Our Lady of Montserrat, or St. Benedict's Church, is a Catholic church in Stamford, Connecticut, in the Diocese of Bridgeport; the historic brick Neo-Tudor church at 1A St. Benedict's Circle was built in 1930 and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987; the architect was Henry F. Ludorf of Connecticut; the exterior uses a variety of building materials, including brick, ashlar stone and stucco. The church's main facade is asymmetrically arranged with its entrance on the left, under a handsome timber-frame porch, a stone tower to the right, topped by a bellpot roof. National Register of Historic Places listings in Stamford, Connecticut Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport
Ridgefield is a town in Fairfield County, United States. Situated in the foothills of the Berkshire Mountains, the 300-year-old community had a population of 24,638 at the 2010 census; the town center, a borough, is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as a census-designated place. Ridgefield was first settled by English colonists from Norwalk and Milford in 1708, when a group of settlers purchased land from Chief Catoonah of the Ramapo tribe; the town was incorporated under a royal charter from the Connecticut General Assembly issued in 1709. Ridgefield was descriptively named; the most notable 18th-century event was the Battle of Ridgefield on April 27, 1777. This American Revolutionary War skirmish involved a small colonial militia force, led by, among others, General David Wooster, who died in the engagement, Benedict Arnold, whose horse was shot from under him, they faced a larger British force that had landed at Westport and was returning from a raid on the colonial supply depot in Danbury.
The battle was a tactical victory for the British but a strategic one for the Colonials because the British would never again conduct inland operations in Connecticut, despite western Connecticut's strategic importance in securing the Hudson River Valley. Today, the dead from both sides are buried together in a small cemetery on Main Street on the right of the entrance to Casagmo condominiums: "...foes in arms, brothers in death...". The Keeler Tavern, a local inn and museum, features a British cannonball still lodged in the side of the building. There are many other landmarks from the Revolutionary War with most along Main Street. In the summer of 1781, the French army under the Comte de Rochambeau marched through Connecticut, encamping in the Ridgebury section of town, where the first Catholic mass in Ridgefield was offered. For much of its three centuries, Ridgefield was a farming community. Among the important families in the 19th century were the Rockwells and Lounsburys, which intermarried.
They produced George Lounsbury and Phineas Lounsbury. The Ridgefield Veterans Memorial Community Center on Main Street called the Lounsbury House, was built by Gov. Phineas Chapman Lounsbury around 1896 as his primary residence; the Lounsbury Farm near the Florida section of Ridgefield is one of the only remaining operational farms in Ridgefield. In the late 19th century, spurred by the new railroad connection to its lofty village and the fact that nearby countryside reaches 1,000 feet above sea level, Ridgefield began to be discovered by wealthy New York City residents, who assembled large estates and built huge "summer cottages" throughout the higher sections of town. Among the more noteworthy estates were Col. Louis D. Conley's "Outpost Farm", which at one point totalled nearly 2,000 acres, some of, now Bennett's Pond State Park; these and dozens of other estates became unaffordable and unwieldy during and after the Great Depression, most were broken up. Many mansions were razed. In their place came subdivisions of one- and 2-acre lots that turned the town into a suburban, bedroom community in the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s.
However, strong planning and zoning has maintained much of the 19th- and early 20th-century charm of the town along its famous mile-long Main Street. In 1946, Ridgefield was one of the locations considered for the United Nations secretariat building, but was not chosen due to its relative inaccessibility. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.0 square miles, of which 34.4 square miles is land and 0.5 square miles, or 1.52%, is water. The town is bordered by the towns of North Salem and Lewisboro in Westchester County, New York to the west, Danbury to the north, Wilton to the south and Redding to the east; the town has a Metro-North Railroad station called Branchville in the Branchville corner of town. The Census designated place corresponding to the town center covers a total area of 6.4 square miles, of which 0.16% is water. Other locales within the town include Titicus on Route 116 just north of the village. Ridgefield consists of hilly, rocky terrain, ranging from 1,060 feet above sea level to 342 feet at Branchville.
Its average village elevation is 725 feet above sea level. The landscape is strewn with countless rocks deposited by glaciers, among the town's bodies of water is Round Pond, formed in a kettle left by the last glacier 20,000 years ago. A interesting feature is Cameron's Line, named for Eugene N. Cameron, who discovered that rocks west of the line differed from those east of it; this fault line was formed some 250 million years ago by the collision of "Proto North America" and "Proto Africa", there are still occasional light earthquakes felt along its length. The line bisects the southern half of the town, running north of West Lane, across the north end of the village, past the south end of Great Swamp and easterly into Redding in the Topstone area. North of Cameron's