Romanticism was an artistic, literary and intellectual movement that originated in Europe towards the end of the 18th century, in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical, it was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, the scientific rationalization of nature—all components of modernity. It was embodied most in the visual arts and literature, but had a major impact on historiography, the social sciences, the natural sciences, it had a significant and complex effect on politics, with romantic thinkers influencing liberalism, radicalism and nationalism. The movement emphasized intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as apprehension and terror, awe—especially that experienced in confronting the new aesthetic categories of the sublimity and beauty of nature.
It elevated folk art and ancient custom to something noble, but spontaneity as a desirable characteristic. In contrast to the Rationalism and Classicism of the Enlightenment, Romanticism revived medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived as authentically medieval in an attempt to escape population growth, early urban sprawl, industrialism. Although the movement was rooted in the German Sturm und Drang movement, which preferred intuition and emotion to the rationalism of the Enlightenment, the events and ideologies of the French Revolution were proximate factors. Romanticism assigned a high value to the achievements of "heroic" individualists and artists, whose examples, it maintained, would raise the quality of society, it promoted the individual imagination as a critical authority allowed of freedom from classical notions of form in art. There was a strong recourse to historical and natural inevitability, a Zeitgeist, in the representation of its ideas. In the second half of the 19th century, Realism was offered as a polar opposite to Romanticism.
The decline of Romanticism during this time was associated with multiple processes, including social and political changes and the spread of nationalism. The nature of Romanticism may be approached from the primary importance of the free expression of the feelings of the artist; the importance the Romantics placed on emotion is summed up in the remark of the German painter Caspar David Friedrich, "the artist's feeling is his law". For William Wordsworth, poetry should begin as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings", which the poet "recollect in tranquility", evoking a new but corresponding emotion the poet can mold into art. To express these feelings, it was considered the content of art had to come from the imagination of the artist, with as little interference as possible from "artificial" rules dictating what a work should consist of. Samuel Taylor Coleridge and others believed there were natural laws the imagination—at least of a good creative artist—would unconsciously follow through artistic inspiration if left alone.
As well as rules, the influence of models from other works was considered to impede the creator's own imagination, so that originality was essential. The concept of the genius, or artist, able to produce his own original work through this process of creation from nothingness, is key to Romanticism, to be derivative was the worst sin; this idea is called "romantic originality". Translator and prominent Romantic August Wilhelm Schlegel argued in his Lectures on Dramatic Arts and Letters that the most phenomenal power of human nature is its capacity to divide and diverge into opposite directions. Not essential to Romanticism, but so widespread as to be normative, was a strong belief and interest in the importance of nature; this in the effect of nature upon the artist when he is surrounded by it, preferably alone. In contrast to the very social art of the Enlightenment, Romantics were distrustful of the human world, tended to believe a close connection with nature was mentally and morally healthy.
Romantic art addressed its audiences with what was intended to be felt as the personal voice of the artist. So, in literature, "much of romantic poetry invited the reader to identify the protagonists with the poets themselves". According to Isaiah Berlin, Romanticism embodied "a new and restless spirit, seeking violently to burst through old and cramping forms, a nervous preoccupation with perpetually changing inner states of consciousness, a longing for the unbounded and the indefinable, for perpetual movement and change, an effort to return to the forgotten sources of life, a passionate effort at self-assertion both individual and collective, a search after means of expressing an unappeasable yearning for unattainable goals"; the group of words with the root "Roman" in the various European languages, such as "romance" and "Romanesque", has a complicated history, but by the middle of the 18th century "romantic" in English and romantique in French were both in common use as adjectives of praise for natural phenomena such as views and sunsets, in a sense close to modern English usage but without the amorous connotation.
The application of the term to literature first became common in Germany, where the circle around the Schlegel brothers, critics August and Friedrich, began to speak of romantische Poesie in the 1790s, contrasting it with "classic" but in terms of spirit rather than dating. Friedrich Schlegel wrote in his Dialogue on Poetry, "I seek and find the romantic among
Marriottsville is an unincorporated community in Howard and Baltimore counties, United States. Marriottsville is located along Marriottsville Road near the Carroll County line, 10.3 miles north-northwest of Columbia. Marriottsville is named after General Richard Marriott's estate. Marriott was an heir of John Marriott of Severn who settled in Anne Arundel County in 1664; the land was part of a large section of land patented by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Waverley slave plantation occupied a significant portion of the land, known as the Howard District of Anne Arundel County; the village was home to a magnesium limestone quarry, was known for farms such as "Prospect Hill", School Board member Henry O. Devries farm. On 22 March 1836, a railroad car derailed on a demonstration of the new railroad technology with 40 city leaders on board. In 1866, Reese's Mill was washed out by regional flooding. From 1965 to 1974, large tracts of Marriottsville once known as Alpha were purchased by land speculators anticipating development.
In 1977 County Executive Edward L. Cochran chose Marriottsville for a landfill site. Alpha Ridge Landfill opened in May 1980. An expansion plan proposed by Charles I. Ecker was suspended after contamination of groundwater was reported, which brought public water extensions, followed by density increases approved by the Howard County Department of Planning and Zoning for land development. Ivy Hill Frank J. Christensen, American labor leader George Howard the twenty-second Governor of Maryland and son of James Eager Howard lived at "Waverly" after receiving it from his father in 1811. John Eager Howard a Colonel in the Revolutionary War, U. S. Senator, namesake of Howard County and the fifth Governor of Maryland, owned the slave plantation "Waverly" which still stands in present-day Marriottsville
Piotr Lisiecki is a Polish singer and guitarist who rose to fame after placing third on the third series of Poland's Got Talent. In late 2010, he was signed to EMI Music Poland, his debut album, Rules Changed Up was released on 27 April 2011. One week it placed eighth in Polish official sales chart. At the age of eleven, Piotr started playing the piano, he started singing at the end of college. He studied at music school where he met Joanna Klejnow, they started making a duet. They performed in pubs, their duet was named Shyja after Szyjer's second name. In 2009 Lisiecki and Klejnow applied for an audition on popular television series, Poland's Got Talent. However, they failed to get through to filmed auditions, they auditioned in Gdańsk. This time, they made it through to judges' auditions where they performed "Black Horse and the Cherry Tree" by KT Tunstall, they were buzzed out by Agnieszka Chylińska and Małgorzata Foremniak. The former stated that Lisiecki was technically much better than Klejnow and asked him to perform alone.
He sang another song by KT Tunstall, "The Hidden Heart" and "Jolene" by Dolly Parton. After getting three yeses, he got through to the live semi-finals. Lisiecki performed on the third semi-final on 6 November 2010, he sang "Ain't No Sunshine". This performance gave him a place in the finale. In the show's finale, which took place on 27 November 2010, he sang "Lost" by Anouk, he placed third in viewers' votes. In late 2010 he signed a record deal with EMI Music, his debut album, Rules Changed Up was released on 27 April 2011. It consists of seven his own songs and three cover versions of songs that he performed on Poland's Got Talent. One week after being released, the album placed eighth in Polish official sales chart. 2011: WOW! Music Award