Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths reconcile their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and along with Hamlet, is one of his most performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal young lovers. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to antiquity; the plot is based on an Italian tale translated into verse as The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet by Arthur Brooke in 1562 and retold in prose in Palace of Pleasure by William Painter in 1567. Shakespeare borrowed from both but expanded the plot by developing a number of supporting characters Mercutio and Paris. Believed to have been written between 1591 and 1595, the play was first published in a quarto version in 1597; the text of the first quarto version was of poor quality and editions corrected the text to conform more with Shakespeare's original.
Shakespeare's use of his poetic dramatic structure has been praised as an early sign of his dramatic skill. The play ascribes different poetic forms to different characters, sometimes changing the form as the character develops. Romeo, for example, grows more adept at the sonnet over the course of the play. Romeo and Juliet has been adapted numerous times for stage, film and opera venues. During the English Restoration, it was revived and revised by William Davenant. David Garrick's 18th-century version modified several scenes, removing material considered indecent, Georg Benda's Romeo und Julie omitted much of the action and added a happy ending. Performances in the 19th century, including Charlotte Cushman's, restored the original text and focused on greater realism. John Gielgud's 1935 version kept close to Shakespeare's text and used Elizabethan costumes and staging to enhance the drama. In the 20th and into the 21st century, the play has been adapted in versions as diverse as George Cukor's 1936 film Romeo and Juliet, Franco Zeffirelli's 1968 version Romeo and Juliet, Baz Luhrmann's 1996 MTV-inspired Romeo + Juliet.
The play, set in Verona, begins with a street brawl between Montague and Capulet servants who, like their masters, are sworn enemies. Prince Escalus of Verona intervenes and declares that further breach of the peace will be punishable by death. Count Paris talks to Capulet about marrying his daughter Juliet, but Capulet asks Paris to wait another two years and invites him to attend a planned Capulet ball. Lady Capulet and Juliet's nurse try to persuade Juliet to accept Paris's courtship. Meanwhile, Benvolio talks with Montague's son, about Romeo's recent depression. Benvolio discovers that it stems from unrequited infatuation for a girl named Rosaline, one of Capulet's nieces. Persuaded by Benvolio and Mercutio, Romeo attends the ball at the Capulet house in hopes of meeting Rosaline. However, Romeo instead falls in love with Juliet. Juliet's cousin, Tybalt, is enraged at Romeo for sneaking into the ball but is only stopped from killing Romeo by Juliet's father, who does not wish to shed blood in his house.
After the ball, in what is now called the "balcony scene", Romeo sneaks into the Capulet orchard and overhears Juliet at her window vowing her love to him in spite of her family's hatred of the Montagues. Romeo makes himself known to her, they agree to be married. With the help of Friar Laurence, who hopes to reconcile the two families through their children's union, they are secretly married the next day. Tybalt, still incensed that Romeo had sneaked into the Capulet ball, challenges him to a duel. Romeo, now considering Tybalt his kinsman, refuses to fight. Mercutio is offended by Tybalt's insolence, as well as Romeo's "vile submission", accepts the duel on Romeo's behalf. Mercutio is fatally wounded. Grief-stricken and wracked with guilt, Romeo slays Tybalt. Benvolio argues; the Prince, now having lost a kinsman in the warring families' feud, exiles Romeo from Verona, under penalty of death if he returns. Romeo secretly spends the night in Juliet's chamber. Capulet, misinterpreting Juliet's grief, agrees to marry her to Count Paris and threatens to disown her when she refuses to become Paris's "joyful bride".
When she pleads for the marriage to be delayed, her mother rejects her. Juliet visits Friar Laurence for help, he offers her a potion that will put her into a deathlike coma for "two and forty hours"; the Friar promises to send a messenger to inform Romeo of the plan so that he can rejoin her when she awakens. On the night before the wedding, she takes the drug and, when discovered dead, she is laid in the family crypt; the messenger, does not reach Romeo and, Romeo learns of Juliet's apparent death from his servant, Balthasar. Heartbroken, Romeo goes to the Capulet crypt, he encounters Paris. Believing Romeo to be a vandal, Paris, in the ensuing battle, Romeo kills Paris. Still believing Juliet to be dead, he drinks the poison. Juliet awakens and, discovering that Romeo is dead, stabs herself with his dagger and joins him in death; the feuding families and the Prince meet at the tomb to find all three dead. Friar Laurence recounts the story of the two "star-cross'd lovers"; the families are reconciled by their children's deaths and agree
Edson Silva known by the nickname Dido, is a former Brazilian association football player who played for Campeonato Brasileiro Série A clubs Flamengo and Santos. He holds a Dutch passport. Dido played as a midfielder for Santos; as a Santos player, he played two Série A games in 1984. He has played in Israel, moving to the country to join Beitar Jerusalem, where he retired in 1996, started a coaching career, as Maccabi Lazarus Holon's head coach, he coached the national teams of Vietnam in 2001 and in 2002, Chinese Taipei in 2005, was hired on 31 December 2008 to coach Bangladesh until this contract was terminated on 10 November 2009 prior to the SAFF Cup. He went to coach other clubs
The South Fork Salmon River is an 86-mile tributary of the Salmon River in Idaho and Valley Counties in central Idaho. The river drains a rugged populated wilderness watershed in the Salmon River Mountains, it is the second-largest tributary of the Salmon River, after the Middle Fork. Beginning near 7,902-foot Monumental Peak in the Boise National Forest, the river flows north to its confluence with the Salmon near Mackay Bar, about 135 miles above the larger river's mouth on the Snake River. About midway along its course, it is joined by its two main tributaries – the East Fork South Fork Salmon River from the east, the Secesh River from the west; the river receives runoff from a total of 1,309 square miles of land, ranging in elevation from 9,322 feet at North Loon Mountain to 2,146 feet at the mouth of the river. The Native Americans living along the river were the Nez Perce, Shoshone and Paiute; the river and its valley were used as a place for fishing and gathering, while local hot springs provided camping sites during the winter.
The first recorded Europeans to see the South Fork may have been a group of mountain men working under the American Fur Company in 1831. They crossed the upper part of the river while reconnoitering the western part of the Salmon River system for good beaver streams. In the 1860s, prospectors discovered gold on the South Fork, leading to the initial settlement of the drainage by Westerners. After the gold rush faded, a few of the miners stayed on as ranchers; the drainage was logged from the 1940s to the mid-1960s, when an estimated 320 million board feet of timber was taken from the basin. More than 800 miles of logging roads were constructed across the drainage; the South Fork is an important habitat for Chinook salmon, Westslope cutthroat trout, bull trout and steelhead trout and has been designated a critical habitat for salmon. Although aquatic habitat in the South Fork drainage is considered good as a whole, some tributaries have been damaged by logging and road-building activities, which has increased the sediment load in the river.
About 340 miles of backcountry roads in the drainage have been decommissioned and are undergoing restoration by the U. S. Forest Service. Plant communities in the South Fork drainage range from grassland and shrubland, Ponderosa pine, Douglas fir and Grand fir forests at lower elevations, to subalpine fir, lodgepole pine, whitebark pine and aspen at mid to high elevations. Among large mammals, the watershed is home to Rocky Mountain elk, white-tailed deer, mule deer, black bear, mountain goat, bighorn sheep and gray wolf; the area has over 200 confirmed species of migratory birds. The United States Geological Survey operated a stream gage at the mouth of the South Fork between 1993 and 2003, recording an annual mean of 1,983 cu ft/s; the highest annual mean was 3,125 cu ft/s in 1997, the lowest was 869.9 cu ft/s in 2001. Mean monthly discharge rates for the South Fork are displayed in the below graph. Monthly discharges at Mackay Bar Although not as run as the Middle Fork, the South Fork is well known for challenging whitewater.
Boaters put in at the Secesh River, about 37 miles above the mouth of the South Fork on the main stem Salmon. Because of their pristine condition, the South Fork and its tributary the Secesh are being considered for inclusion in the National Wild and Scenic Rivers system. List of rivers of Idaho