Romulus was the legendary founder and first king of Rome. Various traditions attribute the establishment of many of Rome's oldest legal, political and social institutions to Romulus and his contemporaries. Although many of these traditions incorporate elements of folklore, it is not clear to what extent a historical figure underlies the mythical Romulus, the events and institutions ascribed to him were central to the myths surrounding Rome's origins and cultural traditions; the myths concerning Romulus involve several distinct episodes and figures: the miraculous birth and youth of Romulus and Remus, his twin brother. Romulus and his twin brother, were the sons of Rhea Silvia, herself the daughter of Numitor, the former king of Alba Longa. Through them, the twins are descended from the Trojan hero Aeneas and Latinus, the mythical founder of the kingdom of Latium. Before the twins' birth, Numitor had been usurped by Amulius. After seizing the throne, Amulius murdered Numitor's son, condemned Rhea to perpetual virginity by consecrating her a Vestal.
Rhea, became pregnant, ostensibly by the god Mars. Amulius had her imprisoned, upon the twins' birth, ordered that they be thrown into the rain-swollen Tiber. Instead of carrying out the king's orders, his servants left the twins along the riverbank at the foot of Palatine Hill. In the traditional telling of the legend, a she-wolf happened upon the twins, who were at the foot of a fig tree, she suckled and tended them by a cave until they were found by the herdsman Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia. The brothers grew to manhood among hill-folk. After becoming involved in a conflict between the followers of Amulius and those of their grandfather Numitor, they learned the truth of their origin, they restored Numitor to the throne. The princes set out to establish a city of their own, they returned to the hills overlooking the site where they had been exposed as infants. They could not agree on; when an omen to resolve the controversy failed to provide a clear indication, the conflict escalated and Remus was killed by his brother or by his brother's follower.
In a variant of the legend, the augurs favoured Romulus, who proceeded to plough a square furrow around the Palatine Hill to demarcate the walls of the future city. When Remus derisively leapt over the "walls" to show how inadequate they were against invaders, he was struck down by Romulus in anger. In another variant, Remus died during a melée, along with Faustulus; the founding of the city by Romulus was commemorated annually on April 21, with the festival of the Parilia. His first act was to fortify the Palatine, in the course, he laid out the city's boundaries with a furrow that he ploughed, performed another sacrifice, with his followers set to work building the city itself. Romulus sought the assent of the people to become their king. With Numitor's help, he received their approval. Romulus accepted the crown after he sacrificed and prayed to Jupiter, after receiving favourable omens. Romulus divided the populace into three tribes, known as the Ramnes and Luceres, for taxation and military purposes.
Each tribe was presided over by an official known as a tribune, was further divided into ten curia, or wards, each presided over by an official known as a curio. Romulus allotted a portion of land to each ward, for the benefit of the people. Nothing is known of the manner in which the tribes and curiae were taxed, but for the military levy, each curia was responsible for providing one hundred foot soldiers, a unit known as a century, ten cavalry; each Romulean tribe thus provided about one thousand infantry, one century of cavalry. Choosing one hundred men from the leading families, Romulus established the Roman senate; these men he called the city fathers. The other class, known as the "plebs" or "plebeians", consisted of the servants, fugitives who sought asylum at Rome, those captured in war, others who were granted Roman citizenship over time. To encourage the growth of the city, Romulus outlawed infanticide, established an asylum for fugitives on the Capitoline Hill, where freemen and slaves alike could claim protection and seek Roman citizenship.
The new city was filled with colonists, most of whom were unmarried men. With no intermarriage between Rome and neighboring communities, the new city would fail. Romulus sent envoys to neighboring towns, appealing to them to allow intermarriage with Roman citizens, but his overtures were rebuffed. Romulus formulated a plan to acquire women from other settlements, he announced a momentous festival and games, invited the people of the neighboring cities to attend. Many did, in particular the Sabines. At a prearranged signal, the Romans began to snatch and carry off the marriageable women among their guests; the aggrieved cities prepared for war with Rome, might have defeated Romulus had they been united. But impatient with the preparations of the Sabines, the Latin towns of Caenina and Antemnae took action without their allies. Caenina was the first to attack.
Imre: A Memorandum is a 1906 novel by the expatriate American-born author Edward Prime-Stevenson about the homosexual relationship between two men. Written in Europe, it was published under the pseudonym "Xavier Mayne" in a limited-edition imprint of 500 copies in Naples, Italy. Described by the author as "a little psychological romance", the narrative follows two men who by chance meet at a cafe in Budapest, Hungary. Both Oswald, a 30-something British aristocrat, Imre, a 25-year-old Hungarian military officer, are "insistently masculine types tempered by a love of art". Over the course of several months they forge a friendship that leads to a series of cautious revelations and disclosures, love. Although Imre: A Memorandum is not the first American gay novel, its ending is "unprecedented" in that the homosexual couple is happy and united when the novel concludes. James J. Gifford called Imre a "cerebral but fascinating novel that owes a great deal to the style of Henry James." Joseph Cady praised the novel as "the frankest and most affirmative gay male American work in the century's first decade," noting that it "reflects an interest in gay history as well—the two men have a long conversation about great earlier homosexuals."The novel was republished on January 1, 2003, by Broadview Press, in a new edition, which includes a discussion of the life of Edward Prime-Stevenson, about whom little is known, as well as extensive annotations by the editor, James J. Gifford.
Gay literature Imre: A Memorandum
Guillermo "Memo" Valencia is a Colombian football coach and former player who serves as the goalkeeping coach for the Portland Timbers in Major League Soccer. Valencia spent 11 years playing soccer professionally in the Colombian Categoría Primera A as a goalkeeper for América de Cali and Deportivo Pereira. In 2000, he was a key member of the Deportivo Pereira team that won the Categoría Primera B. Valencia continued his career in Mexico with Club Deportivo Marte before moving to the United States where he played with the Westchester Flames and the Long Island Rough Riders; as a youth he was a member of the Colombia U-20 national team. Since retiring as a player, Valencia has worked as a goalkeeper coach for clubs and organizations at all different levels of the sport. Colleges he has coached at include Columbia University, New York University, Seton Hall University, Iona College, Manhattanville College. Valencia joined the New York Cosmos Academy in 2007. In 2013, Valencia joined the coaching staff of the New York Cosmos first team as goalkeeper coach, ahead of the team's relaunch season.
During his first season with the team, the Cosmos captured the 2013 NASL Soccer Bowl title and Valencia helped guide starting goalkeeper Kyle Reynish to the 2013 NASL Golden Glove Award, given to the goalkeeper with the lowest Goals Against Average during the regular season. Reynish posted an 8-4-1 record during the 2013 season. During the 2014 Spring season, Valencia coached goalkeeper Jimmy Maurer to a record of 6-1-2 and a league-leading GAA of 0.33. Maurer recorded a league-high 11 shutouts in 24 appearances for the Cosmos in the 2014 regular season, his 0.91 goals against average was second highest in the league, he finished tied for second in the league in saves and he was named to the NASL Best XI as the best goalkeeper in the 2014 season. Valencia serves as goalkeeper coach for the U-18 U. S. national team and as assistant goalkeeper coach for the U-20 U. S. national team. Empireofsoccer.com New York Cosmos profile