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Romulus and Remus

In Roman mythology and Remus are twin brothers, whose story tells the events that led to the founding of the city of Rome and the Roman Kingdom by Romulus. The killing of Remus by his brother, other tales from their story, have inspired artists throughout the ages. Since ancient times, the image of the twins being suckled by a she-wolf has been a symbol of the city of Rome and the Roman people. Although the tale takes place before the founding of Rome around 750 BC, the earliest known written account of the myth is from the late 3rd century BC. Possible historical basis for the story, as well as whether the twins' myth was an original part of Roman myth or a development, is a subject of ongoing debate. Romulus and Remus were born in Alba Longa, one of the ancient Latin cities near the future site of Rome, their mother, Rhea Silvia was a vestal virgin and the daughter of the former king, displaced by his brother Amulius. In some sources, Rhea Silvia conceived them when their father, the god Mars, visited her in a sacred grove dedicated to him.

Seeing them as a possible threat to his rule, King Amulius ordered them to be killed and they were abandoned on the bank of the river Tiber to die. They were saved by the god Tiberinus, Father of the River, survived with the care of others, at the site of what would become Rome. In the most well-known episode, the twins were suckled by a she-wolf, in a cave now known as the Lupercal, they were adopted by Faustulus, a shepherd. They grew up tending flocks, unaware of their true identities. Over time, they attracted a company of supporters from the community; when they were young adults, they became involved in a dispute between supporters of Numitor and Amulius. As a result, Remus was brought to Alba Longa. Both his grandfather and the king suspected his true identity. Romulus, had organized an effort to free his brother and set out with help for the city. During this time they learned of their past and joined forces with their grandfather to restore him to the throne. Amulius was killed and Numitor was reinstated as king of Alba.

The twins set out to build a city of their own. After arriving back in the area of the seven hills, they disagreed about the hill upon which to build. Romulus preferred the Palatine Hill, above the Lupercal; when they could not resolve the dispute, they agreed to seek the gods' approval through a contest of augury. Remus first saw 6 auspicious birds but soon afterward, Romulus saw 12, claimed to have won divine approval; the new dispute furthered the contention between them. In the aftermath, Remus was killed either by one of his supporters. Romulus went on to found the city of Rome, its institutions, government and religious traditions, he reigned for many years as its first king. The origins of the different elements in Rome's foundation myth are a subject of ongoing debate, they may have come from the Romans' own indigenous origins, or from Hellenic influences that were included later. Definitively identifying those original elements has so far eluded the classical academic community. Although the tale takes place before the founding of Rome around 750 BC, the earliest known written account of the myth is from the late 3rd century BC.

There is an ongoing debate about when the "complete" fable came together. Some elements are attested to earlier than others, the storyline and the tone were variously influenced by the circumstances and tastes of the different sources as well as by contemporary Roman politics and concepts of propriety. Whether the twins' myth was an original part of Roman myth or a development is the subject of an ongoing debate. Sources contradict one another, they include the histories of Livy, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Tacitus as well as the work of Virgil and Ovid. Quintus Fabius Pictor's work became authoritative to the early books of Livy's Ab Urbe Condita, Dionysius of Halicarnassus's Roman Antiquities, Plutarch's Life of Romulus; these three works have been among the most read versions of the myth. In all three works, the tales of the lupercal and the fratricide are overshadowed by that of the twins' lineage and connections to Aeneas and the deposing of Amulius; the latter receives the most attention in the accounts.

Plutarch dedicates nearly half of his account to the overthrow of their uncle. Dionysius cites, among others, the histories of Pictor, Lucius Calpurnius Piso, Cato the Elder, Lucius Cincius Alimentus; the first book of Dionysius' twenty-volume history of Rome does not mention Remus until page 235. After spending another 8 chapters discussing the background of their birth in Alba, he dedicates a total of 9 chapters to the tale. Most of, spent discussing the conflict with Amulius, he goes on to discuss the various accounts of the city's founding by others, the lineage and parentage of the twins for another 8 chapters until arriving at the tale of their abandonment by the Tiber. He spends the better part of the chapter 79 discussing the survival in the wild; the end of 79 through 84 on the account of their struggle with Amulius. 84 with the non-fantastical account of their survival 294. 295 is the augury 85–86, 87–88 the fratricide.303 Livy discusses the myth in chapters 4, 5, 6 of his work's first book.

P. 7 parentage 4 p. 8 survival. P. 8 the youth. 5 9–10 the struggle with Amulius. 6 p. 11 the augury and fratricide. Plutarch relates the legend in chapters 2–10 of the Life of Romulus, he dedicates nearly half the entire account, to conflict with Amulius. Fasti, the epic Latin poem by Ovid from the early 1st century contains a complete account of the twins' tale

T. Siva

T. Siva is an Indian film producer and distributor in Chennai, India, he has produced 23 films including Kanimozhi. He owns Amma Creations, he is best known for Aravindhan and Aravaan. As producerAs actorThoondil - Vivek's assistant Vaazhthugal - Doctor Jeeva - Jenny's father Kadavul Irukaan Kumaru - Kumar's father Chennai 600028 II: Second Innings - Rajamanikkam Paayum Puli - road crossing guy 8 Thottakkal Gemini Ganeshanum Suruli Raajanum Gemini's Father Aramm - Minister Nenjil Thunivirundhal Charlie Chaplin 2 - Chidambaram, Thiru's father RK Nagar - Chairman Damodaran T. Siva on IMDb

Tosa Kuroshio Railway

The Tosa Kuroshio Railway is a third-sector railway company in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan. The name comes from the Kuroshio Current; the company was founded in 1986, operates three lines: a former Japanese National Railways line and two planned JNR lines on which construction had commenced but been suspended due to JNR construction funds being diverted to shinkansen projects in the 1980s. After its formation, the company recommenced construction and subsequently opened the lines and now operates them; as of January 2013, shares in the company are owned by Kōchi Prefecture, the city of Sukumo, the city of Aki, the city of Shimanto, Shikoku Bank. Tosa Kuroshio Railway operates the following three lines. Nakamura Line Kubokawa — Nakamura Sukumo Line Sukumo — Nakamura Asa Line The official nickname is Gomen-Nahari Line. Gomen — Nahari Each company station has a unique alpha-numeric label that complements the Shikoku Railway Company system, designed to assist passengers unfamiliar with the lines at transfer stations.

For example, Gomen JR station's label is "D40", with "GN40" being the label of the Tosa Gomen Station. As of April 2014, the company owned a fleet of 23 diesel multiple unit cars. 2000 series TKT-8000 series single-car units 9640 series single-car units The Tosa Kuroshio Railway was founded on 8 May 1986 for the purpose of resuming construction of the Sukumo and Asa lines, planned by JNR but abandoned. The company however first took over control of operations on the 43.0 km former JNR Nakamura Line from 1 April 1988, as its continued operation was a requisite for opening the Sukumo Line. The company opened the 23.6 km Sukumo Line on 1 October 1997, the 42.7 km Asa Line on 1 July 2002. List of railway companies in Japan Official website in English Official website in Japanese