ČEZ Motor České Budějovice is a professional men's ice hockey club, based in České Budějovice, Czech Republic. It is a member of the Czech 1.liga after reforming when the original club, now known as Mountfield HK, moved to Hradec Králové over a sponsorship dispute. Home stadium of the team Čez Motor České Budějovice is Budvar Arena in České Budějovice; the long history started in 1911, when group of young gymnasium students devised a plan to start a bandy team. Their first hockey rinks were situated where the Malše river and Vltava river merge. Dr. Zdeněk Černý was manager, as well as a player of the team; the bandy club lasted until World War I. Some of the first victims of the war were players from České Budějovice such as Áda Schrabal, Karel Selinka, Jan Vrkoč, Leo Feigl. On December 3, 1921, SK České Budějovice played its first amateur ice hockey match in Strakonice. On January 10, 1928, a club known as AC Stadion České Budějovice was founded by the merging two clubs in České Budějovice - Viktoria and Slovan.
The club joined Czechoslovak First Ice Hockey League, the nation's top ice hockey league, in 1936. In their first season, they finished third behind AC Sparta Praha. In the 1950–51 season, the club, now called SKP České Budějovice, won its first and only championship in any top-tier league; the club has failed to finish higher than third place in the highest league since. After a disastrous 1962–63 season in which the team won none of the 32 games, the club was relegated to the Czechoslovak Second League until 1968. Overall, HC České Budějovice had been relegated to the second-tier league five other times since the 1958-59 season as of 2013. Although it lost in the semifinals of the 2007–08 Czech Extraliga season, HC České Budějovice qualified for the 2008–09 Champions Hockey League as the winner of the regular season. However, its success was short-lived, as it finished eleventh and survived a relegation round the following season. Following the 2012–13 season, the Czech Extraliga reached a sponsorship deal with Radegast to sell its beer in all Extraliga arenas.
This agreement conflicted with the deal České Budějovice had with Budweiser Budvar Brewery for their arena. Under the agreement, the club and the city of České Budějovice would face stiff penalties for selling any beer other than Radegast products. Unable to resolve the dispute, the club decided on June 18, 2013 that no new agreement could be reached between the parties involved and voted to relocate to Hradec Králové for the 2013-14 season. In July 2013, plans were unveiled to resume professional hockey in České Budějovice, with a club playing in the Czech First National League. Czechoslovak First Ice Hockey League Championship: 1951 Czechoslovak Second Ice Hockey League Championship: 1960, 1968, 1970, 1992, 2005, 2017 Czechoslovak First Ice Hockey League Championship: 1953 See Category:HC České Budějovice players for a list of HC České Budějovice players past and present. Official website
Jan Adrianus Herklots was a Dutch zoologist whose main areas of research were carcinology and the echinoderms. Herklots studied biology at the University of Leiden. In 1846 he was appointed as curator of invertebrates at the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie in Leiden, succeeding Wilhem de Haan, a position which he held until his death in 1872, his successor was Christiaan Karel Hoffmann. In June 1851 he graduated as a Doctor of Philosophy, his an dissertation was entitled Additamenta ad faunam carcinologicam Africa occidentalis on the crustaceans from the Guinea coast, based on samples brought to the Netherlands by Hendrik Pel. In 1861 he published a museum catalogue of crustaceans from the system of Wilhem de Haan, he was the author of important works on coelenterates sea pens, both modern and fossil taxa of echinoderms. In 1854 the Museum established its divided the Department of Invertebrates into a Department of Non-Articulata, of which Herklots remained the curator and a Department of Articulata where Samuel Constantinus Snellen van Vollenhoven was curator.
In July 1860, the Department of Invertebrates was reorganized and van Vollenhoven became head of the entomological department, while Herklots became head of Arthropoda Non-Insecta, the position he held until his death. Herklots provided important contributions on invertebrate animals, his work was somewhat overshadowed by that of de Haan. However, in contrast to De Haan, Herklots was interested in the Dutch invertebrate fauna; the Natural History Museum in Leiden has several invertebrate specimens collected by Herklots on Noordwijk beach. Herklots married Antoinetta Johanna Agatha Susanna, the daughter of the former museum director Joannes Andreas Susanna. Herklots was a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, the Dutch Society of Sciences in Haarlem, several other learned societies, he died in 1872 after a long illness tuberculosis. Herklots, J. A. 1853 Bouwstoffen voor eene fauna van Nederland, onder medewerking van onderscheidene geleerden en beoefenaars der dierkunde, bijeenverzameld door J. A. Herklots.
E. J. Brill, Leiden Herklots, J. A. 1858. Notices pour. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 7: 1-31 Herklots, J. A. 1863. Descriptions de deux espèces nouvelles de pennatulides des Mers de la Chine. Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde 1: 31-34 The slipper lobster Scyllarides herklotsii was described by Herklots in his doctoral thesis at the University of Leiden; the Indo-Pacific herring genus Herklotsichthys is named after Herklots