Angeles Crest Highway
The Angeles Crest Highway is a two-lane highway over the San Gabriel Mountains, in Los Angeles County, California. Its route is to/through the Angeles National Forest. With the exception of a 1,000 feet -long section in La Cañada Flintridge, the entire route is part of California State Route 2; the road is 66 miles in length, with its western terminus at the intersection at Foothill Boulevard in La Cañada Flintridge and its eastern terminus at the Pearblossom Highway northeast of Wrightwood. The majority of the route passes through the San Gabriel Mountains located north of the Greater Los Angeles Area. Segments of the road reach altitudes above 7,000 feet, with a summit of 7,903 feet at the Dawson Saddle, which makes this road one of the highest in Southern California; the route is best described as mountain-rural. Because the route passes through the protected San Gabriel Mountains National Monument and Angeles National Forest, development is limited. There are not many buildings between La Cañada Flintridge and Wrightwood save for Newcomb's Ranch, forest service campgrounds and visitor centers.
Other points of interest along the route include the Mountain Mt. Waterman ski areas. Mount Wilson and its Mount Wilson Observatory and various radio/television transmitters are about 4.5 miles from the junction of Mount Wilson Road and Angeles Crest Highway. Depending on visibility conditions, impressive views of the Los Angeles Basin are possible from the vicinity of Mount Wilson; the most frequent hindrances of what can be seen are the smog and/or a marine layer covering the basin below. The westernmost segment of the highway, combined with Angeles Forest Highway to/from State Route 14, is travelled by southbound traffic in the morning that comprises commuters who live in the Antelope Valley and work in the Greater Los Angeles Area; the route is a convenient alternative to the Antelope Valley Freeway and the Golden State Freeway, both located to the west, for reaching the Foothill Freeway and San Gabriel Valley. Because the road is a two-lane highway, its vehicle capacity is lower than either of the two freeways.
In contrast, the remainder of the Angeles Crest Highway is traveled. This traffic is composed of vacationers and locals; the three areas comprising Mountain High ski resort are just west of Wrightwood. Construction of Angeles Crest Highway began in 1929, it was intended to be a fire access road. In 1941 construction stopped because of World War II. In 1946, after the war, construction resumed; the road was constructed by prison labor from Camp 37. Division of Highways staff lived at a site called Cedar Springs; the staff is now located at Chilao Flats. Children of the staff attended a one-room school. Angeles Crest Highway was planned to be upgraded to a freeway in the 1950s, but was considered geographically improbable and the plans were abandoned. Roads in the San Gabriel Mountains have a high number of single-vehicle auto and motorcycle accidents; as an example, in the predawn hours of December 8, 2004, a van plunged off the side of Angeles Forest Highway at about 1-mile north of its junction with the Angeles Crest Highway, killing 3 of the 10 people in the van.
The van was a carpool carrying workers of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from the Antelope Valley to work in Pasadena. It was determined upon investigation by the CHP; the Angeles Crest Highway and Angeles Forest Highway have figured in various murders, not as scenes of the murders but as drop-off points for the bodies of the victims, including that of Linda Sobek, a model kidnapped and found dead in the area in 1995. The motion picture Donnie Darko, released in 2001, was filmed on Angeles Crest Highway. In the opening scene with Donnie waking up in the middle of the road, next to his bike, the camera zooms in on Donnie loops around and shows a view of the valley seen from Angeles Crest Highway; the highway is used in the movie for other scenes. The Angeles Crest Highway is used extensively in the motion picture The Love Bug for racing scenes, as well as in the sequel film Herbie Goes to Monte Carlo, where the highway doubles for "The French Alps". Intersections with other roads are few, which can be problematic in the event of road closures due to acts of nature such as landslides and fires.
At about the midpoint of the highway is the junction with the north terminus of State Route 39. However, access to State Route 39 is not possible as it is closed indefinitely to automobile traffic because of persistent landslides along its route. Therefore, travelers to the Angeles National Forest preferring the Angeles Crest Highway corridor should expect to be on the Angeles Crest Highway throughout much of its length, use available alternate routing where possible, or be willing to turn around and retrace their trip at any point along its route if necessary; the Angeles Crest Highway is closed in the wintertime from Islip Saddle to Vincent Gap due to rockfall and avalanche hazards. The winter storms of 2004/05 caused significant damage to the highway. Thus, the highway never reopened in the summer of 2005. Damage to the highway was estimated to be over 4 million dollars as of November 2005. Terri Kasinga, a spokeswoman for the California Department of Transportation, stated in November
The Mojave Desert is an arid rain-shadow desert and the driest desert in North America. It is in the southwestern United States within southeastern California and southern Nevada, it occupies 47,877 sq mi. Small areas extend into Utah and Arizona, its boundaries are noted by the presence of Joshua trees, which are native only to the Mojave Desert and are considered an indicator species, it is believed to support an additional 1,750 to 2,000 species of plants. The central part of the desert is sparsely populated, while its peripheries support large communities such as Las Vegas, Lancaster, Victorville, St. George; the Mojave Desert is bordered by the Great Basin Desert to its north and the Sonoran Desert to its south and east. Topographical boundaries include the Tehachapi Mountains to the west, the San Gabriel Mountains and San Bernardino Mountains to the south; the mountain boundaries are distinct because they are outlined by the two largest faults in California – the San Andreas and Garlock faults.
The Mojave Desert displays typical range topography. Higher elevations above 2,000 ft in the Mojave are referred to as the High Desert; the Mojave Desert occupies less than 50,000 sq mi, making it the smallest of the North American deserts. The Mojave Desert is referred to as the "high desert", in contrast to the "low desert", the Sonoran Desert to the south; the Mojave Desert, however, is lower than the Great Basin Desert to the north. The spelling Mojave originates from the Spanish language while the spelling Mohave comes from modern English. Both are used today, although the Mojave Tribal Nation uses the spelling Mojave; the Mojave Desert receives less than 2 inches of rain a year and is between 2,000 and 5,000 feet in elevation. The Mojave Desert contains the Mojave National Preserve, as well as the lowest and hottest place in North America: Death Valley at 282 ft below sea level, where the temperature surpasses 120 °F from late June to early August. Zion National Park in Utah lies at the junction of the Mojave, the Great Basin Desert, the Colorado Plateau.
Despite its aridity, the Mojave has long been a center of alfalfa production, fed by irrigation coming from groundwater and from the California Aqueduct. The Mojave is a desert of two distinct seasons. Winter months bring comfortable daytime temperatures, which drop to around 25 °F on valley floors, below 0 °F at the highest elevations. Storms moving from the Pacific Northwest can bring rain and in some places snow. More the rain shadow created by the Sierra Nevada as well as mountain ranges within the desert such as the Spring Mountains, bring only clouds and wind. In longer periods between storm systems, winter temperatures in valleys can approach 80 °F. Spring weather continues to be influenced by Pacific storms, but rainfall is more widespread and occurs less after April. By early June, it is rare for another Pacific storm to have a significant impact on the region's weather. Summer weather is dominated by heat. Temperatures on valley floors can soar above 130 °F at the lowest elevations. Low humidity, high temperatures, low pressure, draw in moisture from the Gulf of Mexico creating thunderstorms across the desert southwest known as the North American monsoon.
While the Mojave does not get nearly the amount of rainfall the Sonoran desert to the south receives, monsoonal moisture will create thunderstorms as far west as California's Central Valley from mid-June through early September. Autumn is pleasant, with one to two Pacific storm systems creating regional rain events. October is one of the sunniest months in the Mojave. After temperature, wind is the most significant weather phenomenon in the Mojave. Across the region windy days are common. During the June Gloom, cooler air can be pushed into the desert from Southern California. In Santa Ana wind events, hot air from the desert blows into the Los Angeles basin and other coastal areas. Wind farms in these areas generate power from these winds; the other major weather factor in the region is elevation. The highest peak within the Mojave is Charleston Peak at 11,918 feet, while the Badwater Basin in Death Valley is 279 feet below sea level. Accordingly and precipitation ranges wildly in all seasons across the region.
The Mojave Desert has not supported a fire regime because of low fuel loads and connectivity. However, in the last few decades, invasive annual plants such as some within the genera Bromus and Brassica have facilitated fire; this has altered many areas of the desert. At higher elevations, fire regimes are infrequent; the Mojave Desert is defined by numerous mountain ranges creating its xeric conditions. These ranges create valleys, endorheic basins, salt pans, seasonal saline lakes when precipitation is high enough. These
Edwards Air Force Base
Edwards Air Force Base is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 miles northeast of Lancaster and 15 miles east of Rosamond. It is the home of the Air Force Test Center, Air Force Test Pilot School, NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center, it is the Air Force Materiel Command center for conducting and supporting research and development of flight, as well as testing and evaluating aerospace systems from concept to combat. It hosts many test activities conducted by America's commercial aerospace industry. Known as Muroc Air Force Base, Edwards AFB is named in honor of Captain Glen Edwards. During World War II, he flew A-20 Havoc light attack bombers in the North African campaign on 50 hazardous, low-level missions against German tanks, troops, bridges and other tactical targets. Edwards became a test pilot in 1943 and spent much of his time at Muroc Army Air Field, on California's high desert, testing wide varieties of experimental prototype aircraft.
He died in the crash of a Northrop YB-49 flying wing near Muroc AFB on 5 June 1948. The base is next to Rogers Dry Lake, an endorheic desert salt pan whose hard dry lake surface provides a natural extension to Edwards' runways; this large landing area, combined with excellent year-round weather, makes the base good for flight testing. The lake is a National Historic Landmark; the base has helped develop every aircraft purchased by the Air Force since World War II. Every United States military aircraft since the 1950s has been at least tested at Edwards, it has been the site of many aviation breakthroughs. Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's flight that broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1, test flights of the North American X-15, the first landings of the Space Shuttle, the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager; the 412th Test Wing plans, conducts and reports on all flight and ground testing of aircraft, weapons and components as well as modeling and simulation for the U.
S. Air Force; the Wing oversees the base's day-to-day operations and provides support for military, federal civilian, contract personnel assigned to Edwards AFB. Planes assigned to the 412th carry the tail code: ED. U. S. Air Force Test Pilot School: Part of the 412th Test Wing, USAF TPS is where the Air Force's top pilots and engineers learn how to conduct flight tests and generate the data needed to carry out test missions; the comprehensive curriculum of Test Pilot School is fundamental to the success of flight test and evaluation. 412th Operations Group: The 412th OG flies an average of 90 aircraft with upwards of 30 aircraft designs. It performs an annual average including more than 1,900 test missions, its squadrons include: 411th Flight Test Squadron: 416th Flight Test Squadron: 419th Flight Test Squadron: 445th Flight Test Squadron: 461st Flight Test Squadron: 412th Flight Test Squadron: 418th Flight Test Squadron: 452d Flight Test Squadron: 412th Test Management Division 412th Test Management Group 412th Electronic Warfare Group 412th Engineering DivisionThe Engineering Division and the Electronic Warfare Group provide the central components in conducting the Test and Evaluation mission of the 412 TW.
They provide the tools and equipment for the core disciplines of aircraft structures, propulsion and electronic warfare evaluation of the latest weapon system technologies. They host the core facilities that enable flight test and ground test—the Range Division, Benefield Anechoic Facility, Integrated Flight Avionics Systems Test Facility and the Air Force Electronic Warfare Evaluation Simulator; the Project and Resource Management Divisions provide the foundation for the successful program management of test missions. 412th Civil Engineer Division 412th Maintenance Group 412th Medical Group 412th Mission Support Group There are a vast array of organizations at Edwards that do not fall under the 412th Test Wing. They are known as Associate Units; these units do everything from providing an on-base grocery store to testing state-of-the-art rockets. The 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron provides Air Combat Command personnel to support combined test and evaluation on Air Force weapons systems. Established in 1917, it is one of the oldest units of the United States Air Force.
The "Desert Pirates" are part of the 53d Test and Evaluation Group, Nellis AFB, Nevada and the 53d Wing, Eglin AFB, Florida. It provides the Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, with test team members who have an operational perspective to perform test and evaluation on Combat Air Force systems; the 31st is staffed with a mixture of operations and engineering experts who plan and conduct tests, evaluate effectiveness and suitability, influence system design. The squadron's personnel are integrated into the B-1, B-2, B-52, Global Hawk, MQ-9 and F-35 Joint Strike Fighter programs, their results and conclusions support Department of Defense acquisition and employment decisions. An Air Force Materiel Command named unit assigned to Kirtland AFB, New Mexico, AFOTEC Detachment 1 is responsible for accomplishing Block 2 and 3 Initial Operational Test and Evaluation of the F-35 Lightning II for the US Air Force, United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, United Kingdom Ministry of Defense, the Royal Netherlands Air Force.
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, are most classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat, for milk, for hides, which are used to make leather, they are used as riding animals and draft animals. Another product of cattle is dung, which can be used to create fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. Cattle small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets. Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a mapped genome; some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, cattle raiding one of the earliest forms of theft. Cattle were identified as three separate species: Bos taurus, the European or "taurine" cattle.
The aurochs is ancestral to both taurine cattle. These have been reclassified as one species, Bos taurus, with three subspecies: Bos taurus primigenius, Bos taurus indicus, Bos taurus taurus. Complicating the matter is the ability of cattle to interbreed with other related species. Hybrid individuals and breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu, but between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos – yaks and gaur. Hybrids such as the beefalo breed can occur between taurine cattle and either species of bison, leading some authors to consider them part of the genus Bos, as well; the hybrid origin of some types may not be obvious – for example, genetic testing of the Dwarf Lulu breed, the only taurine-type cattle in Nepal, found them to be a mix of taurine cattle and yak. However, cattle cannot be hybridized with more distantly related bovines such as water buffalo or African buffalo; the aurochs ranged throughout Europe, North Africa, much of Asia. In historical times, its range became restricted to Europe, the last known individual died in Mazovia, Poland, in about 1627.
Breeders have attempted to recreate cattle of similar appearance to aurochs by crossing traditional types of domesticated cattle, creating the Heck cattle breed. The noun cattle encompasses both sexes; the singular, technically means the female, the male being bull. The plural form cows is sometimes used colloquially to refer to both sexes collectively, as e.g. in a herd, but that usage can be misleading as the speaker's intent may indeed be just the females. The bovine species per se is dimorphic. Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals, it was borrowed from Anglo-Norman catel, itself from medieval Latin capitale'principal sum of money, capital', itself derived in turn from Latin caput'head'. Cattle meant movable personal property livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property; the word is a variant of chattel and related to capital in the economic sense. The term replaced earlier Old English feoh ` property', which survives today as fee; the word "cow" came via Anglo-Saxon cū, from Common Indo-European gʷōus = "a bovine animal", compare Persian: gâv, Sanskrit: go-, Welsh: buwch.
The plural cȳ became ki or kie in Middle English, an additional plural ending was added, giving kine, but kies and others. This is the origin of the now archaic English plural, "kine"; the Scots language singular is coo or cou, the plural is "kye". In older English sources such as the King James Version of the Bible, "cattle" refers to livestock, as opposed to "deer" which refers to wildlife. "Wild cattle" may refer to undomesticated species of the genus Bos. Today, when used without any other qualifier, the modern meaning of "cattle" is restricted to domesticated bovines. In general, the same words are used in different parts of the world, but with minor differences in the definitions; the terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British-influenced parts of the world such as Canada, New Zealand and the United States. An "intact" adult male is called a bull. A wild, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia. An unbranded bovine of either sex is called a maverick in the Canada.
An adult female that has had a calf is a cow. A young female before she has had a calf of her own and is under three years of age is called a heifer. A young female that has had only one calf is called a first-calf heifer. Young cattle of both sexes are called calves until they are weaned weaners until they are a year old in some areas. After that, they are referred to as stirks if between one and two years of age. A castrated male is called a steer in the United States.
Kevin McCarthy (California politician)
Kevin Owen McCarthy is an American politician serving in the United States House of Representatives. A member of the Republican Party, he is the current House Minority Leader, having served as House Majority Leader from August 2014 to January 2019, he has been the U. S. Representative for California's 23rd congressional district since 2007; the 23rd district, numbered as the 22nd district from 2007 to 2013, is based in Bakersfield and includes large sections of Kern County and Tulare County as well as part of the Quartz Hill neighborhood in northwest Los Angeles County. He was chairman of the California Young Republicans and the Young Republican National Federation. McCarthy worked as district director for U. S. Representative Bill Thomas, in 2000 was elected as a trustee to the Kern Community College District, he served in the California State Assembly from 2002 to 2006, the last two years as Minority Leader. When Thomas retired from the U. S. House in 2006, McCarthy won the election. McCarthy was elected to House leadership as the Republican Chief Deputy Whip, from 2009 to 2011, House Majority Whip, from 2011 until August 2014, when he was elected House Majority Leader to replace the outgoing Eric Cantor, defeated in his primary election.
After announcing his candidacy for Speaker on September 28, 2015, he dropped out of the race on October 8 in favor of Paul Ryan. When the Republicans lost their majority in the 2018 midterm elections, McCarthy was subsequently elected as House Minority Leader, making him the first California Republican to hold the post. McCarthy was the unsuccessful Republican nominee for Speaker in 2019. McCarthy was born in Bakersfield, the son of Roberta Darlene, a homemaker, Owen McCarthy, an assistant city fire chief. McCarthy is a fourth-generation resident of Kern County, he is the first Republican in his immediate family, as his parents were members of the Democratic Party. He attended California State University, where he obtained a B. S. in marketing in 1989 and an M. B. A. in 1994. In 1995, he was chairman of the California Young Republicans. From 1999 to 2001, he was chairman of the Young Republican National Federation. From the late 1990s until 2000, he was district director for U. S. Representative Bill Thomas, who, at the time, chaired the House Ways and Means Committee.
McCarthy won his first election as a Kern Community College District trustee. McCarthy was elected to the California State Assembly in 2002, becoming Republican floor leader during his freshman term in 2003, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 2006. McCarthy entered the Republican primary for California's 22nd District after his former boss, Bill Thomas, announced his retirement, he won the three-way Republican primary—the real contest in this Republican district—with 85 percent of the vote. He won the general election with 70.7% of the vote. McCarthy was unopposed for a second term. No party put up a candidate, McCarthy won a third term with 98.8% of the vote, with opposition coming only from a write-in candidate. Redistricting before the 2012 election resulted in McCarthy's district being renumbered as the 23rd District, it became somewhat more compact, losing its share of the Central Coast while picking up large parts of Tulare County. This district was as Republican as its predecessor, McCarthy won a fourth term with 73.2% of the vote vs. 26.8% for independent, No Party Preference opponent, Terry Phillips.
In his bid for a fifth term, McCarthy faced a Democratic challenger for the first time since his initial run for the seat, Raul Garcia. However, McCarthy was reelected with 74.8% of the vote. McCarthy won re-election to a sixth term in 2016 with 69.2% of the vote in the general election. McCarthy was reelected to a seventh term with 64.3 percent of the vote, with Democratic challenger Tatiana Matta receiving 35.7 percent of the vote. After the Republicans lost their majority in the 2018 elections, McCarthy was elected as House Minority Leader, fending off a challenge to his right from Jim Jordan of Ohio, 159-43. While as House Majority Leader he was second-in-command to the Speaker, as Minority Leader he is the leader of the House Republicans. Committee assignments Committee on Financial Services Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government-Sponsored Enterprises Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer CreditCaucus memberships Congressional Western Caucus House Republican steering committee House Republican chief deputy whip, 2009–2011 House majority whip, 2011–2014 House majority leader, 2014–2018As a freshman congressman, McCarthy was appointed to the Republican steering committee.
Republican leader John Boehner appointed him chairman of the Republican platform committee during the committee's meetings in Minneapolis in August 2008, which produced the Republican Party Platform for 2008. He was one of the three founding members of the GOP Young Guns Program. After the 2008 elections, he was chosen as chief deputy minority whip, the highest-ranking appointed position in the House Republican Conference, his predecessor, Eric Cantor, was named minority whip. On November 17, 2010, he was selected by the House Republican Conference to be the House majority whip in the 112th Congress. In this post, he was the third-ranking House Republican, behind House speaker John Boehner and majority leader Eric Cantor. In August 2011, McCarthy and Cantor led a group of 30 Republican members of Congress to Israel, where some members took part in a late-night swim in the Sea of Galilee, including one member—Representative
Ridgecrest is a city in Kern County, United States. It is located along U. S. Route 395 in the Indian Wells Valley in northeastern Kern County, adjacent to the Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake; the population was 27,616 at the 2010 census, up from 24,927 at the 2000 census. It was incorporated as a city in 1963. Ridgecrest is surrounded by four mountain ranges, it is 82 miles from the Lancaster/Palmdale area, 110 miles from Bakersfield, 120 miles from San Bernardino, the three nearest major urban centers. Private air travel in and out of the city is provided through the Inyokern Airport. There are no scheduled commercial flights in or out of Ridgecrest. Ridgecrest is within two hours of the highest and the lowest points in the contiguous U. S; the settlement began as a farming community called Crumville in 1912, honoring James and Robert Crum, local dairymen. The first post office opened in 1941. By 1943, Ridgecrest had grown to 196 residents. NOTS was established in November 1943. Ridgecrest incorporated in 1963.
During this era the growth of Ridgecrest was governed by the continuing needs of the high tech industries coupled to the Naval Station's programs for testing arms and guidance systems. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.4 square miles, of which 20.8 sq mi is land and 0.7 sq mi of it is water. Ridgecrest is located in Indian Wells Valley, a southern extension of Owens Valley, broken up by the volcanic Coso Range; the area, associated with the Eastern California Shear Zone, has experienced numerous earthquake swarms in the past with no obvious mainshock. The 1995 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence started on August 17, when a magnitude 5.4 quake, centered 18 kilometers north of the town of Ridgecrest, shook the area and spawned over 2,500 aftershocks over the course of the following five weeks. On September 20, 1995, the second large quake struck the area: it measured magnitude 5.8, was at that time the largest earthquake to hit southern California since the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake.
The weather in the Indian Wells Valley is predominantly influenced by its high desert location. The climate is characterized by hot days and cool nights with arid conditions prevailing throughout the summer months; the mean annual maximum temperature for the Ridgecrest area is 75 °F while the mean annual minimum temperature is 48 °F. There are wide annual temperature fluctuations that occur from a high of 119 °F to a low of 1 °F; the area is known to have wind as high as 75 mph on a sunny day. Whenever winds exceed 30 mph dust devils and dust clouds form in the area. December is the coolest month with an average maximum temperature of 60 °F and an average minimum temperature of 30 °F; the all-time minimum temperature of 1 °F was recorded on December 23, 1963, January 7, 1973. Ridgecrest is a desert, with an average of less than 5 inches "equivalent rainfall" per year, which includes less than 2 inches of snow. July is the hottest month with an average maximum temperature of 103 °F and an average minimum temperature of 66 °F.
The all-time maximum temperature of 119 °F was recorded on July 31, 1971. The 2010 United States Census reported that Ridgecrest had a population of 27,616; the population density was 1,289.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Ridgecrest was 21,387 White, 1,113 African American, 341 Native American, 1,209 Asian, 143 Pacific Islander, 1,836 from other races, 1,587 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,941 persons; the Census reported that 27,420 people lived in households, 109 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 87 were institutionalized. There were 10,781 households, out of which 3,901 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,211 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,352 had a female householder with no husband present, 609 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 681 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 64 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,978 households were made up of individuals and 1,001 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.54. There were 7,172 families; the population was spread out with 7,544 people under the age of 18, 2,654 people aged 18 to 24, 7,157 people aged 25 to 44, 6,844 people aged 45 to 64, 3,417 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males. There were 11,915 housing units at an average density of 556.3 per square mile, of which 6,525 were owner-occupied, 4,256 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.9%. 16,520 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 10,900 people lived in rental housing units. According to the census of 2000, there were 24,927 people, 9,826 households, 6,691 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,179.9 i
Lake Los Angeles, California
Lake Los Angeles is a census-designated place in Los Angeles County, United States. The population was 12,328 at the 2010 census, up from 11,523 at the 2000 census, it is located 17 miles east of Palmdale's Civic Center. According to the Greater Antelope Valley Economic Alliance report of 2009, the Palmdale / Lancaster urban area has a population of 483,998, which Lake Los Angeles is a part of; the region was once called Los Angeles Buttes, since they were the only ones in the northern part of the county. The film history of the region dates back to 1938. Numerous movies, serials and television series were filmed in Lake Los Angeles for decades. Filmed segments and stock footage of "Bonanza" episodes made at the region include "The Mission", "Gallagher's Sons", "Twilight Town", "Big Shadow on the Land", "The Deed and the Dilemma", "The Oath", "Second Chance" and "Meena." Lake Los Angeles has two filming locations named "Four Aces Movie Location" and "Club Ed". Both locations and surrounding areas have been used for television series, featured films, music videos, television commercials.
The eponymous lakes have dried up. The fishing lake was stocked with trout and catfish. In 1967, during the 1960s land speculation boom in the Antelope Valley, land developers bought 4,000 acres in the region, subdivided it into 4,465 lots, artificially refilled the natural lake and named it Lake Los Angeles as an enticement to land buyers. Advertisements showed a water skier on the lake and a showcase home on the top of the nearby hill, giving the impression of a resort town. There was a high-end restaurant that over looked the large recreational lake. There was a small store/bar and grill. Streets were named Biglake Avenue, Lakespring Avenue and Longmeadow Avenue to draw attention away from the fact that the town was in fact a barren desert used for filming westerns; the lake was allowed to evaporate in the early 1980s after the initial developers sold their interests. Much of the land was sold to buyers. There are efforts to get the lake filled again; the 2010 United States Census reported that Lake Los Angeles had a population of 12,328.
The population density was 1,259.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Lake Los Angeles was 6,862 White, 1,388 African American, 178 Native American, 116 Asian, 27 Pacific Islander, 3,068 from other races, 689 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6,604 persons; the Census reported that 12,299 people lived in households, 29 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 3,267 households, out of which 1,709 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,793 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 548 had a female householder with no husband present, 324 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 265 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 20 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 445 households were made up of individuals and 138 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.76. There were 2,665 families; the population was spread out with 4,089 people under the age of 18, 1,390 people aged 18 to 24, 2,882 people aged 25 to 44, 3,030 people aged 45 to 64, 937 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males. There were 3,658 housing units at an average density of 373.7 per square mile, of which 2,374 were owner-occupied, 893 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.5%. 8,418 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,881 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, Lake Los Angeles had a median household income of $45,440, with 27.1% of the population living below the federal poverty line. As of the census of 2000, there were 11,523 people, 3,137 households, 2,613 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 885.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,453 housing units at an average density of 265.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 61.01% White, 12.11% African American, 1.49% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 18.73% from other races, 5.49% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.58% of the population. There were 3,137 households out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.7% were non-families. 11.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.66 and the average family size was 3.92. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 39.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, 5.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. The m