Dame Angela Brigid Lansbury is an English-Irish-American actress who has appeared in theater and film. Her career has spanned eight decades, much of it in the United States, her work has attracted international acclaim. Lansbury was born to Irish actress Moyna Macgill and English politician Edgar Lansbury, an upper-middle-class family in Regent's Park, central London. To escape the Blitz, in 1940 she moved to the United States with her mother and two brothers, studied acting in New York City. Proceeding to Hollywood in 1942, she signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and obtained her first film roles, in Gaslight and The Picture of Dorian Gray, earning her two Oscar nominations and a Golden Globe Award, she appeared in eleven further films for MGM in supporting roles, after her contract ended in 1952 she began supplementing her cinematic work with theatrical appearances. Although seen as a B-list star during this period, her appearance in the film The Manchurian Candidate received widespread acclaim and is cited as being one of her finest performances.
Moving into musical theatre, Lansbury gained stardom for playing the leading role in the Broadway musical Mame, which earned her a range of awards. Amid difficulties in her personal life, Lansbury moved from California to County Cork, Ireland in 1970, continued with a variety of theatrical and cinematic appearances throughout that decade; these included leading roles in the stage musicals Gypsy, Sweeney Todd, The King and I, as well as in the hit Disney film Bedknobs and Broomsticks. Moving into television, she achieved worldwide fame as fictional writer and sleuth Jessica Fletcher in the American whodunit series Murder, She Wrote, which ran for twelve seasons from 1984 until 1996, becoming one of the longest-running and most popular detective drama series in television history. Through Corymore Productions, a company that she co-owned with her husband Peter Shaw, Lansbury assumed ownership of the series and was its executive producer for the final four seasons, she moved into voice work, thereby contributing to animated films such as Disney's Beauty and the Beast and 20th Century Fox's Anastasia.
Since she has toured in a variety of international theatrical productions and continued to make occasional film appearances. Lansbury has received an Honorary Oscar and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts and has won five Tony Awards, six Golden Globes, an Olivier Award, she has been nominated for numerous other industry awards, including the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress on three occasions, various Primetime Emmy Awards on eighteen occasions, as well as a Grammy award for her work on the Original Motion Picture Soundtrack for the 1994 Disney animated film Beauty and the Beast. In 2014, Lansbury was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II, she has been the subject of three biographies. Lansbury was born to an upper middle class family on October 16, 1925. Although her birthplace has been given as Poplar, East London, she has rejected this, asserting that while she had ancestral connections to Poplar, she was born in Regent's Park, Central London.
Her mother was Belfast-born actress Moyna Macgill, who appeared on stage in the West End and who had starred in several films. Her father was the wealthy English timber merchant and politician Edgar Lansbury, a member of the Communist Party of Great Britain and former mayor of the Metropolitan Borough of Poplar, her paternal grandfather was the Labour Party leader and anti-war activist George Lansbury, a man whom she felt "awed" by and considered "a giant in my youth." Angela had an older half sister, the daughter of Moyna's previous marriage to writer and director Reginald Denham. In January 1930, when Angela was four, her mother gave birth to twin boys and Edgar, leading the Lansburys to move from their Poplar flat to a house in Mill Hill, North London; when Lansbury was nine, her father died from stomach cancer. In 2014, Lansbury described this event as "the defining moment of my life. Nothing before or since has affected me so deeply." Facing financial difficulty, her mother became engaged to a Scottish colonel, Leckie Forbes, moved into his house in Hampstead, with Lansbury receiving an education at South Hampstead High School from 1934 until 1939.
She considered herself self-educated, learning from books and cinema. She became a self-professed "complete movie maniac", visiting the cinema and imagining herself as certain characters. Keen on playing the piano, she studied music at the Ritman School of Dancing, in 1940 began studying acting at the Webber Douglas School of Singing and Dramatic Art in Kensington, West London, first appearing onstage as a lady-in-waiting in the school's production of Maxwell Anderson's Mary of Scotland; that year, Angela's grandfather died, with the onset of the Blitz, Macgill decided to take Angela and Edgar to the United States. Macgill secured a job supervising sixty British children who were being evacuated to North America aboard the Duchess of Athol, arriving with them in Montreal, Canada, in mid-August. From there, she proceeded by train to New York City, where she was financially sponsored by a Wall Street businessman, Charles T. Smith, moving in with his family at t
The G-String Murders
The G-String Murders is a 1941 detective novel written by famed American burlesque performer Gypsy Rose Lee. There have been claims made that the novel was written by mystery writer Craig Rice but others have suggested that there is enough documented evidence in the form of manuscripts and correspondence to prove Lee wrote at least a large portion if not the whole of the novel herself under the tutelage of editor/friend George Davis with some essential guidance from her good friend Rice; the novel has been published under the titles Lady of Burlesque and The Strip-Tease Murders. Set in a burlesque theater, Lee casts herself as the detective who solves a set of homicides in which strippers in her troupe are found strangled with their own G-strings. In 2005, Feminist Press of the City University of New York republished the book as one of its Women Write Pulp series. Gypsy Rose Lee narrates her way through a tale of a double murder, backstage at the "Old Opera" burlesque theatre on Forty-Second Street, New York.
In a world populated by strippers and costume salesman. A world where crime is part of the norm and where women struggle to earn a living and have gangster boyfriends; the narrative is a "wise-cracking" and humorous tale of murder in a burlesque house, with the unusual weapon of the title. Gypsy Rose Lee—herself, narrator Lolita LaVerne—stripper Gee Gee Graham—stripper Biff Brannigan—comedian Siggy—costume salesman "Anyone keen about sex in fiction will admire this workmanlike job for its account of a performing group, its use of technicalities—if that's the word—about stripping, its handling of the clues by a likeable lieutenant.... This is one of a handful of books about backstage murder, it is not made worse by being told in the first person, or by a bit of sentimental lovey-dovey between the narratrix and one of the cast of characters." The novel was filmed in 1943 as Lady of Burlesque, directed by William Wellman, starring Barbara Stanwyck as "Dixie Daisy", Michael O'Shea as her romantic interest, Pinky Lee, among many notable supporting players.
It is a faithful, if bowdlerized, but notable for the addition of music and songs, including "Take it off the E string, play it on the G string" sung by Stanwyck. The film attempts to show what the censors of 1943 would allow it to show with respect to the precise nature of "bumps" and "grinds", the slapdash nature of burlesque shows. Lee, Gypsy Rose; the G-String Murders. New York: Feminist Press of the City University of New York, 2005.
Gypsy (1993 film)
Gypsy is a 1993 American made-for-television musical comedy-drama film directed by Emile Ardolino. The teleplay by Arthur Laurents is an adaptation of his book of the 1959 stage musical Gypsy, based on Gypsy: A Memoir by Gypsy Rose Lee. Gypsy Rose Lee's son, Erik Lee Preminger, was instrumental in getting the film in production and was the main source for research, he had tried to get the musical filmed with Bette Midler, who had always wanted to play Rose, in the principal role 10 years earlier, but it required the approval of five entities to obtain the rights. One of the obstacles had been Arthur Laurents himself, who wrote the book for the musical based on Lee's memoirs, he had hated the 1962 film version and was opposed to a remake. "Not for all the money in the world will we let them make another film version of Gypsy," he had said. The film was broadcast by CBS on December 12, 1993, released in theaters in foreign markets, it has been released on home video multiple times. Director Ardolino died of AIDS three weeks.
Determined to make her young and beautiful daughter, June, a vaudeville headliner, resourceful, domineering stage mother Rose Hovick will stop at nothing to achieve her goal. She drags June and her shy and decidedly less-talented older sister, around the country in an effort to get them noticed, with the assistance of agent Herbie Sommers, she manages to secure them bookings on the prestigious Orpheum Circuit. Years pass, the girls no longer are young enough to pull off the childlike personae their mother insists they continue to project. June rebels, elopes with Tulsa, one of the dancers who backs the act. Devastated by what she considers an act of betrayal, Rose pours all her energies into making a success of Louise, despite the young woman's obvious lack of singing and dancing skills. Not helping matters is the increasing popularity of sound films, which leads to a decline in the demand for stage entertainment. With bookings scarce and daughter find themselves in Wichita, where the owner of a third-rate burlesque house offers Louise a job.
When one of the strippers is arrested for shoplifting, Louise unwillingly becomes her replacement. At first, her voice is shaky, her moves tentative at best, but as audiences respond to her, she begins to gain confidence in herself, she blossoms as an entertainer billed as Gypsy Rose Lee, reaches a point where she tires of her mother's constant interference in both her life and wildly successful career. Louise demands she leave her alone. Aware that she has spent her life enslaved by a desperate need to be noticed, an angry and bewildered Rose stumbles onto the empty stage of the deserted theater and experiences a moment of truth that leads to an emotional breakdown followed by a reconciliation with Louise. Bette Midler as Rose Hovick Cynthia Gibb as Louise Hovick Elisabeth Moss as Baby Louise Peter Riegert as Herbie Sommers Jennifer Rae Beck as June Hovick Lacey Chabert as Baby June Edward Asner as Pop Linda Hart as Miss Mazeppa Anna McNeely as Miss Electra Christine Ebersole as Tessie Tura Michael Jeter as Mr. Goldstone Andrea Martin as Miss Cratchitt Jeffrey Broadhurst as Tulsa Tony Shalhoub as Uncle Jocko Keene Curtis as Mr. Kringelien Spencer Liff as Clarence Rachel Sweet as Agnes/Amanda Peter Lockyer as Yonkers Michael Moore as L.
A. Patrick Boyd as Kansas Terry Lindholm as Flagstaff Gypsy Rose Lee as herself "Let Me Entertain You" - Baby June, Baby Louise "Some People" - Rose "Small World" - Rose and Herbie "Baby June and Her Newsboys" - Baby June, Baby Louise, Chorus "Mr. Goldstone" - Rose, Chorus "Little Lamb" - Louise "You'll Never Get Away from Me" - Rose, Herbie "Dainty June and Her Farmboys" - June, Chorus "If Momma Was Married" - June, Louise "All I Need is the Girl" - Tulsa "Everything's Coming Up Roses" - Rose "Together, Wherever We Go" - Rose, Louise "You Gotta Get a Gimmick" - Tessie Tura, Miss Mazeppa, Miss Electra "Small World" - Rose "Let Me Entertain You" - Louise "Rose's Turn" - Rose The film features a score with music by Jule Styne and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, reuses the original orchestrations by Sid Ramin and Robert Ginzler; the musical numbers were choreographed by Jerome Robbins, who directed and choreographed the original Broadway production. Bob Mackie designed the costumes. Midler won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film.
Gibb was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film and the production was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Miniseries or Television Film. The film was nominated for 12 Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Made for Television Movie and Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for Midler, won for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Direction. Ardolino was nominated for the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Dramatic Specials, it was released on videotape and laserdisc by RHI Entertainment in 1994 and on DVD by Pioneer Entertainment in 2000 and Lionsgate Home Entertainment in 2005. In recent years, the film has been released to several digital download and streaming outlets such as Amazon and iTunes. On March 12, 2013, after several years of unavailability, Mill Creek Entertainment reissued the film on DVD in a double-feature set with the 2001 television remake of South Pacific.
Jule Styne said, "I'm so excited. I just watched a tape of the movie and I cried, it is the most outstanding singing and acting performance I've seen on the screen within memory."Dorothy Rabinowitz wrote, "Ms. Midler the toughest and brassiest Mama Rose ever... Most e
Betty Lynn Buckley is an American actress and singer. She won the 1983 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for her role as Grizabella in the original Broadway production of Cats, she went on to play Norma Desmond in Sunset Boulevard in both London and New York, receiving a 1995 Olivier Award nomination for Best Actress in a Musical, was nominated for the 1997 Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for Triumph of Love. Her other Broadway credits include 1776, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, she is a two-time Daytime Emmy Award nominee, a two-time Grammy Award nominee, a 2012 American Theater Hall of Fame inductee. Buckley starred in the TV series Eight Is Enough from 1977 to 1981 and played gym teacher Ms. Collins in the 1976 film Carrie, before going on to star in the short-lived Broadway musical version of Carrie in 1988, playing Carrie White’s mother, Margaret, her other film roles include Dixie Scott in Tender Mercies, Sondra Walker in Frantic, Kathy in Another Woman and Mrs. Jones in The Happening.
She received a Saturn Award nomination for her role as Dr. Karen Fletcher in the 2016 film Split, her other television credits include the series Oz, the series Preacher. She is starring in the title role in the current U. S. national tour of Hello, Dolly. Betty Lynn Buckley was born in Big Spring and raised in Fort Worth, the daughter of Betty Bob, a dancer and journalist, Ernest Lynn Buckley, a retired lieutenant colonel in the U. S. Air Force and former dean of engineering at South Dakota State University, she is the oldest of their four children. She has three brothers—Norman Buckley is a film editor and TV director, Patrick and Michael Buckley are engineers. While a student at Texas Christian University, she was a member of Zeta Tau Alpha, she was runner-up in the Miss Texas competition. Buckley was invited to perform at the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City, where she was spotted by a talent scout. After returning to TCU to earn her college degree, she toured Asia to visit soldiers wounded in the Vietnam War.
She worked for a time as a reporter for the Fort Worth Press, but went to New York City in 1969, where she landed the role of Martha Jefferson in 1776 her first day in town. She is best known for the 1977–81 TV dramedy Eight Is Enough, she joined the show in its second season when the original star, Diana Hyland, died after the first four episodes of season one, her character Joan Bradford died as well. Buckley was cast as the widower's new romantic interest, Sandra Sue "Abby" Abbott, who became stepmother of the eight children to which the series' title refers. On television, she received two Daytime Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Performer in a Children's Program/Special, for NBC Special Treat - Bobby and Sarah and ABC Afterschool Special - Taking a Stand. From 2001 to 2003, she played a role in seasons 4–6 of the HBO series Oz, she has guest-starred in a number of television series, including Without a Trace, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, Monk. She guest-starred in a Christmas special of the TV series Remember WENN, in which she sang "You Make It Christmas".
She appeared as Marion Leckie, mother of Robert Leckie in the HBO series The Pacific, which aired in 2010. In 2010, she appeared in the 18th episode of Melrose Place as a food critic cast by her brother Norman Buckley, who directed the episode, she guest-starred in an episode of the Fox series The Chicago Code. She was a recurring guest star on Pretty Little Liars as Regina Marin directed by her brother Norman, her other television credits include guest-starring as Meg's mother in The Leftovers on November 30, 2015, appearing in three episodes of the 2017 series Supergirl, starring in season three of the series Preacher in 2018. Buckley made her Broadway debut in 1969 in the original production of the musical 1776. In 1982, Buckley starred as Grizabella in the original Broadway production of the musical Cats, which features the song "Memory", she stayed with the production for 18 months. For this role, she won a Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Buckley starred in both New York as Norma Desmond in the musical Sunset Boulevard.
For her role in the London production, she received an Olivier Award nomination for Best Actress in a Musical. In 1997, she starred as Hesione in the Broadway musical Triumph of Love and received a Tony Award nomination for Best Actress in a Musical Buckley sang "Memory" from Cats at the Kennedy Center Honors in December 2006 as part of the tribute to Andrew Lloyd Webber. In 2007, Buckley appeared with Quintessence at Lincoln Center in its Great American Songbook series. Buckley participated in a reading of the musical Ruthless! in September, 2010, playing the role of Sylvia St. Croix/Ruth DelMarco, she played Mrs. White in the off-Broadway comedy White's Lies from March–May 2010. In 2011, Buckley starred in the Dallas Theater Center production of Arsenic and Old Lace by Joseph Kesselring with Tovah Feldshuh. On January 28, 2013, she was inducted into The American Theater Hall of Fame. From January–March 2013, she starred in the London Premiere of Jerry Herman's Dear World, receiving rave reviews.
The musical was directed and choreographed by Gillian Lynne, with whom Buckley had worked on Cats. In September 2013, she starred in the world premiere of Horton Foote's The Old Friends at the Signature Theatre off-Broadway, she repeated her performance in 2014 at Houston's famed Alley Theatre. In May 2015, it was announced that Buckley would appear as Big Edie in the musical, Grey Gardens at Bay
Nyack, New York
Nyack is a village located in the town of Orangetown in Rockland County, New York, United States. Incorporated in 1872, it retains a small western section in Clarkstown, it is an inner suburb of New York City lying 19 miles north of the Manhattan boundary near the west bank of the Hudson River, situated north of South Nyack, east of Central Nyack, south of Upper Nyack, southeast of Valley Cottage. Nyack had a population of 6,765 as of the 2010 census. Most of Rockland County's local music scene is based in Nyack. Nyack is one of five southeastern Rockland County villages and hamlets that constitute "The Nyacks" – Nyack, Central Nyack, South Nyack, Upper Nyack and West Nyack. Named after the Native Americans who resided there before European colonization, the village consists of low-rise buildings lying on the hilly terrain that meets the western shore of the Hudson River. Adjacent South Nyack is the western terminus of the Tappan Zee Bridge, connected across the Hudson River to Tarrytown in Westchester County by U.
S. Interstate 87, an important commuter artery; the village is 1.6 square miles in area, over 50% of which falls within the Hudson River. It is in the Nyack School District. Native American stone relics and oyster middens found along the shore of the Hudson indicate today's Nyack was a favorite pre-Colonial fishing spot; the first Europeans settled in there in 1675, calling the general area "Tappan". Harman Douwenszen is thought to be the first white settler, he grew up in Bergen, New Jersey. In the State Archives in Albany there is a 1687 letter on file petitioning Governor Dongan to buy a strip of land in the west hills of Tappan, in which he had lived on for 12 years, his partition was granted and he bought the land from the Native Americans. He called his farm New Orania; this section of Nyack became known as Orangetown in 1683. The Tappan Register of 1707 claimed. Nyack became part of Rockland County in 1798. Harman's younger brother Theius changed the family name from Douwse to Talma, his children became Talman and Tallmans.
The New Orania farm became the Tallman homestead, at the northeast corner of what is now Broadway and Tallman Place. The building was demolished in 1914. Letter dated 8/31/1687 on file at New York State Archives at Albany: The humble Peticon of Harman Dowse of Tappan Neare Ye River Side, Alias New Orania farm... your peticonr is a farmer that hath nothing wot comes by his hard labour but by God's Blessing out ye Produce and ye ground, hath a family to provide for. On the north wall of the Key Bank building at South Broadway and Burd Street in Nyack is a plaque installed in 1938 that reads: The Tappan Indians, from time immemorial, occupied these lands fronting the river shore. Here, in summer they lived upon fish and oysters. In Algonkian dialect spoken by them they called this location NAY-ACK; the first settlement of white people within the limits of the present Rockland County, New York, took place in 1675 when Harmen Dowesen, a young Dutchman of Bergen, New Jersey relocated here. The Tallmans erected a mill upon a stream.
Abraham Lydecker purchased land from the Tallmans when there were but seven homes in Nyack in 1813. Nyack became an incorporated village in 1872 according to the same plaque on the Midland Trust Building. Three major industries once thrived in Nyack: sandstone quarrying for New York City buildings. Following the extension of the Northern Railroad of New Jersey into the community in the mid-19th century, rapid growth ensued; because town government was no longer seen as an effective way to deal with the community's needs, village incorporation was discussed. Fearing higher taxes, those in what would have become the northern part of Nyack village formed their own municipal corporation first, named Upper Nyack. Nyack village was incorporated. Residents in the southern part of Nyack village, soon became dissatisfied with the notion of paying taxes that more benefited the rest of the village. After succeeding in dissolving Nyack's corporation, the southern portion of the former village incorporated as the village of South Nyack.
The area between Upper Nyack and South Nyack was reincorporated again as Nyack. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, Nyack was known for its shipbuilding and was the commercial center of Rockland County. In the 19th century, a number of factories manufactured shoes; the Erie Railroad connected with Jersey City, New Jersey, where ferries took passengers to Chambers Street, New York City, until it was discontinued in 1966. With the completion of the Tappan Zee Bridge in December 1955, connecting South Nyack with Tarrytown in Westchester County, the population increased and Nyack's commercial sector expanded. In the 1980s, the village underwent a major urban revitalization project to commercialize the downtown area and to expand its economy; the Helen Hayes Theatre was built, the downtown area became home to many new business establishments. In 1991 the landmark court case Stambovsky v. Ackley ruled that a house at 1 LaVeta Place on the Hudson River was haunted and that the owner was required to disclose that to prospective buyers.
The owner, Helen Ackley, earlier had organized haunted house tours and was party to an article about it in Reader's Digest. After Ackley sold the house to another buyer there were no subsequent repo
Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2016 census recorded 631,486 people in the city, up from 603,502 in 2011; the Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2,463,431 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada with over 5,400 people per square kilometre, which makes it the fifth-most densely populated city with over 250,000 residents in North America behind New York City, San Francisco, Mexico City according to the 2011 census. Vancouver is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse cities in Canada according to that census. 30% of the city's inhabitants are of Chinese heritage. Vancouver is classed as a Beta global city. Vancouver is named as one of the top five worldwide cities for livability and quality of life, the Economist Intelligence Unit acknowledged it as the first city ranked among the top-ten of the world's most well-living cities for five consecutive years.
Vancouver has hosted many international conferences and events, including the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, UN Habitat I, Expo 86, the World Police and Fire Games in 1989 and 2009. In 2014, following thirty years in California, the TED conference made Vancouver its indefinite home. Several matches of the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup were played in Vancouver, including the final at BC Place; the original settlement, named Gastown, grew up on clearcuts on the west edge of the Hastings Mill logging sawmill's property, where a makeshift tavern had been set up on a plank between two stumps and the proprietor, Gassy Jack, persuaded the curious millworkers to build him a tavern, on July 1, 1867. From that first enterprise, other stores and some hotels appeared along the waterfront to the west. Gastown became formally laid out as a registered townsite dubbed Granville, B. I.. As part of the land and political deal whereby the area of the townsite was made the railhead of the Canadian Pacific Railway, it was renamed "Vancouver" and incorporated shortly thereafter as a city, in 1886.
By 1887, the Canadian Pacific transcontinental railway was extended westward to the city to take advantage of its large natural seaport to the Pacific Ocean, which soon became a vital link in a trade route between the Orient / East Asia, Eastern Canada, Europe. As of 2014, Port Metro Vancouver is the third-largest port by tonnage in the Americas, 27th in the world, the busiest and largest in Canada, the most diversified port in North America. While forestry remains its largest industry, Vancouver is well known as an urban centre surrounded by nature, making tourism its second-largest industry. Major film production studios in Vancouver and nearby Burnaby have turned Greater Vancouver and nearby areas into one of the largest film production centres in North America, earning it the nickname "Hollywood North"; the city takes its name from George Vancouver, who explored the inner harbour of Burrard Inlet in 1792 and gave various places British names. The family name "Vancouver" itself originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden, Netherlands.
The explorer's ancestors came to England "from Coevorden", the origin of the name that became "Vancouver". Archaeological records indicate that Aboriginal people were living in the "Vancouver" area from 8,000 to 10,000 years ago; the city is located in the traditional and presently unceded territories of the Squamish and Tseil-Waututh peoples of the Coast Salish group. They had villages in various parts of present-day Vancouver, such as Stanley Park, False Creek, Point Grey and near the mouth of the Fraser River. Europeans became acquainted with the area of the future Vancouver when José María Narváez of Spain explored the coast of present-day Point Grey and parts of Burrard Inlet in 1791—although one author contends that Francis Drake may have visited the area in 1579; the explorer and North West Company trader Simon Fraser and his crew became the first-known Europeans to set foot on the site of the present-day city. In 1808, they travelled from the east down the Fraser River as far as Point Grey.
The Fraser Gold Rush of 1858 brought over 25,000 men from California, to nearby New Westminster on the Fraser River, on their way to the Fraser Canyon, bypassing what would become Vancouver. Vancouver is among British Columbia's youngest cities. A sawmill established at Moodyville in 1863, began the city's long relationship with logging, it was followed by mills owned by Captain Edward Stamp on the south shore of the inlet. Stamp, who had begun logging in the Port Alberni area, first attempted to run a mill at Brockton Point, but difficult currents and reefs forced the relocation of the operation in 1867 to a point near the foot of Dunlevy Street; this mill, known as the Hastings Mill, became the nucleus. The mill's central role in the city waned after the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s, it remained important to the local economy until it closed in the 1920s. The settlement which came to be called Gastown grew around