Roseau is the capital and largest city of Dominica, with a population of 14,725 as of 2011. It is a small and compact urban settlement, in the Saint George parish and surrounded by the Caribbean Sea, the Roseau River and Morne Bruce. Built on the site of the ancient Island Carib village of Sairi, it is the oldest and most important urban settlement on the island of Dominica, it is on the west coast of Dominica and has a combination of modern and colonial French architecture. Roseau is Dominica's most important port for foreign trade; some exports include bananas, bay oil, grapefruit and cocoa. The service sector is a large part of the local economy. There are several private institutions registered in Dominica, like Ross University, Ballsbridge University, international university for graduate studies, All Saints University, New World University, Western Orthodox University. There is a prominent diocese called Roman Catholic Diocese of Roseau; the city of Roseau sits on an alluvial fan formed hundreds of years ago as the Roseau River meandered across the area from what is now known as Newtown to its current location.
Over the last 2,000 years, Amerindians migrating through the islands settled the area attracted by the nearby river. With the arrival of the Europeans in the 16th and 17th centuries, a small settlement was established by the French who, in their tradition of naming places after what they found there, used their name for the river reeds that grew along the banks. A plan was created for the settlement that mirrored examples in France where streets extended from a central point — what is today the Old Market — and spread out to the rest of the settlement. Conflict raged between the British over the area on several occasions; the British gained a stronghold. By the late 18th and early 19th centuries, they set out plans for the city that included fortifications and government structures, the grid street system, blocks and new urban areas to the north and south, known today as Potter's Ville and Newtown. Goodwill was established in Bath Estate in the early 1980s. Since several new semi-urban settlements — such as Stock Farm, Castle Comfort, Wall House — have been constructed around the existing ones.
Some older settlements like Fond Cole and Canefield nowadays belong to the semi-urban area around Roseau. The French influence can still be seen today, however, in its architecture and crooked streets that extend from the Old Market Plaza. Examples of the English influence is evident in street names. Roseau's nearby scenery includes Boiling Lake, 10.5 km east, in the Morne Trois Pitons National Park, thermal springs, scenic plateaus. Morne Bruce provides panoramic views of most of downtown Roseau and north toward Woodbridge Bay deepwater port and Fond Cole. From Morne Bruce there are views of the Botanic Gardens at its base as well as the Caribbean Sea which look quite spectacular when cruise liners are in port. Roseau's climate is a tropical rainforest climate, featuring constant temperatures throughout the year with average high temperatures between 28 and 31 °C and average low temperatures between 19 and 23 °C. Rainfall is common throughout the year, with the city seeing an annual average nearly 2,000 mm. Roseau features a noticeably drier stretch from February through April, though each of these months on average sees at least 100 mm of precipitation.
The central district of Roseau is packed with small and large houses and larger modern concrete structures. There is little open space in the city; the district is, framed in every direction by natural elements. The sea and the river provide water elements while the Botanical Gardens and the Government House gardens frame the city with green space; these elements are rare in the Caribbean. No other centre in the region has such extensive botanical gardens with such central location, the Roseau River is among the largest that flow through any Caribbean capital; the urban structure of Central Roseau is based on an irregular grid system of miniature proportions, making it a illegible city. Though the grid area is not extensive, it is easy for a visitor to get lost; the grid area has some 80 blocks in an area of 30 hectares. In comparison, the grid areas of Kingstown and Castries — capitals of Saint Vincent and Saint Lucia — have some 50 and 60 blocks in the areas of over 40 ha; the average block size in Central Roseau is thus some ⅓ hectare, i.e. about half of the figure of Central Kingstown.
There are some fine examples of West Indian architecture in Roseau. The ones that stand out the most are the vernacular form. Much of the French influence can be found along King George V Street. Around the city there are good examples of the English influence in large colonial town houses and colonial public/government buildings; the churches in Roseau are fine examples of Europe in Dominica with a bit of creolization. The Roman Catholic Cathedral stands prominent in Gothic Romanesque revival and the Anglican Church on Victoria Street in Georgian style; because of the suburban sprawl, few people live in Central Roseau. Motorized vehicles pour into the central district introducing a mode of point-to-point interaction in an environment, created for multiple use; as elders said, first there were no streets but just a space between the buildings. The streets of Roseau, those of its central district, are not only ways to move from
The Yunnan box turtle is a species of turtles in the family Geoemydidae. It is believed to be endemic to Yunnan and was suspected to be extinct since the early 20th century. In 2004, a living female appeared from the pet trade in Kunming; the validity of these specimens was doubted and many believed they were intentionally produced hybrids, a common technique in China to produce turtles that get high prices. In 2007, He et al. sampled the three living specimens and gave the genetic proof that all three living specimens are indeed C. yunnanensis and not hybrids. In 2008, Kadoorie Conservation China, a department of Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, together with the Kunming Institute of Zoology and Chinese Academy of Sciences, discovered a small wild population; the distribution of this species remains unclear, but due to its value, it is sought after. Protection measures are needed to save this highly endangered species from its return onto the IUCN list of extinct animals. Blanck, T. Zhou, T. & W. P. McCord: The Yunnan box turtle, Cuora yunnanensis.
SACALIA 13, 2006: 14-35 Blanck, T.: Cuora yunnanensis, the Yunnan Box Turtle, Rediscovered after One-hundred Years? CUORA Special - RADIATA 14, 2005: 10-33 He J. T. Zhou, Rao D.-Q. & Y.-P. Zhang.2007 Molecular identification and phylogenetic position of Cuora yunnanensis. Chinese Science Bulletin.52:2085-2088 PARHAM, J. F. B. L. STUART, R. BOUR & U. FRITZ. 2004. Evolutionary distinctiveness of the extinct Yunnan box turtle revealed by DNA from an old museum specimen. – Proceedings of the Royal Society of Biology, Biological Letters, London, 271: 391-394 + Electronic Appendix A, 6 pp. ZHOU, T. & E. ZHAO: On the occurrence of living Cuora yunnanensis since fifty-eight years and its description.. Sichuan J. Zool. Chengdu 23: 325-327 + 1 Plate ZHOU, T.: Discovery of a Living Male Yunnan Box Turtle, Cuora yunnanensis BOULENGER, 1906. Sichuan J. Zool. Chengdu 24: 345-346 + 1 Plate World Chelonian Trust: Cuora Gallery. Contains C. yunnanensis museum specimen photos. Retrieved 2007-SEP-01
Dénes Mihály was a Hungarian inventor, engineer. Mihály graduated as a mechanical engineer at the Technical University in Budapest. During his high school studies – at the age of 16 – he published books on automobiles and motorcycles. After university he began experimenting with television technology at the Telephone factory, his first conception of a television construction in 1919 was called the "Telehor", capable of transmitting still pictures over a distance of many kilometers. From 1924 he continued his experiments at the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft in Berlin with still pictures transferring the results to motion pictures, he established. In 1935 the Mihály–Traub television set appeared on the market, which he jointly developed with the physicist E. H. Traub. One of Dénes Mihály's most significant inventions was the "Projectophon", patented in 1922, which received recognition in the field of sound picture. During the course of his life he created many more important inventions in the field of television.
Dénes Mihály History of television The Development of the Television Mihály-Traub Scanner
Dyersburg is a city and the county seat of Dyer County, Tennessee, in the United States. It is located in northwest Tennessee, 79 miles northeast of Memphis on the Forked Deer River; the population was 17,145 at the 2010 census. The lands that make up Dyersburg once belonged to the Chickasaw people; the final treaty by which they relinquished all of West Tennessee was signed in 1818. The first European settlers began to arrive in the area around 1819. In 1823, the Tennessee General Assembly passed an act to establish two new counties west of the Tennessee River, Dyer County being one of them. John McIver and Joel H. Dyer donated 60 acres for the new county seat, named Dyersburg, at a central location within the county known as "McIver's Bluff". In 1825, Dyer surveyed the town site into 86 lots; the first courthouse was built on the square in 1827. The current Classical Revival-style courthouse, designed by Asa Biggs in 1911, centers a downtown historic district listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
Situated as the hub of steamboat navigation on the Forked Deer River, Dyersburg grew as a river town once the Grey Eagle made the first successful steamboat trip in 1836. The county's first industrial boom dates to 1879, when the steamboat Alf Stevens shipped timber from A. M. Stevens Lumber Company of Dyersburg to St. Louis, Missouri markets; the Stevens company established a large sawmill in 1880 and opened a planing mill in 1885. The Bank of Dyersburg opened while another timber industry, Nichols & Co.. Wooden Bowl Factory, began operations in 1881; the arrival of the Newport News and Mississippi Valley Railroad in 1884 further expanded market possibilities. The new railroad links encouraged the creation of new businesses. In 1884, for example, investors established a cottonseed factory; this company remained locally important through the twentieth century. Between 1909 and 1914, Dyersburg emerged as a regional railroad hub as it became the junction point for three different lines, led by the Illinois Central Railroad.
On December 2, 1917, a 24-year-old black farmhand named Lation Scott was brutally lynched by a white mob before a crowd of thousands. Over the course of several hours, Scott was publicly tortured, he was chained to a post in an empty lot adjacent to the town's court square. Torturers burned out his eyes with red-hot irons; when he cried out in pain, a red-hot poker was rammed down his esophagus. He was castrated, more hot irons placed on his feet and body until "a hideous stench of burning flesh filled the Sabbath air". After being tortured, Scott was burned at the stake. Scott's torture and murder occurred over a three and a half hour period. No one was prosecuted for the lynching. Author Margaret Vandiver wrote in "Lethal Punishment: Lynchings and Legal Executions in the South", “The lynching of Lation Scott was the most ghastly of all those I researched.”In 1942, Dyersburg Army Air Base was established by the War Department to facilitate and support military bomber training. Following the end of World War II, the base was decommissioned in 1946.
A museum is located at the site of the former air base. On March 5, 1963, a Piper Comanche plane carrying country singers Patsy Cline, Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas, Cline's manager/pilot Randy Hughes stopped to refuel in Dyersburg; the plane crashed around 20 minutes in inclement weather near Camden, Tennessee. On September 17, 2003, Harold Kilpatrick Jr. took 15 people hostage in a classroom at Dyersburg State Community College. Kilpatrick was killed following a nine-hour standoff with police. Dyersburg is located in central Dyer County at 36°2′22″N 89°22′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.5 square miles, of which 17.3 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.66%, is water. Dyersburg is 13 miles from the Mississippi River; the city's proximity to the New Madrid Seismic Zone places it at risk for future earthquakes. The USGS database shows that there is an 18.28% chance of a major earthquake within 31 miles of Dyersburg within the next 50 years.
The largest earthquake within 30 miles of Dyersburg was a 4.0-magnitude event in 2005. Dyersburg's population was estimated at 17,002 in 2013; as of the census of 2000, there were 17,452 people, 7,036 households, 4,517 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,158.7 people per square mile. There were 7,885 housing units at an average density of 523.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 75.68% White, 22.02% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population. There were 7,036 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.3 males. In 2013 there were 9,013 Females; the median age: 37.6. The median income for a hou
Eileen Frances Stevens is an American actress and voice actress based in New York City, having done voice work for 4Kids Entertainment, DuArt Film and Video and NYAV Post. Stevens' first major role in an anime series was Belldandy in Ah! My Goddess. In 2011, she was cast as the lead role of Iris in Pokémon White. Stevens has voiced several Yu-Gi-Oh! anime characters, including Leo and Sherry LeBlanc, Tori Meadows and Sora Perse. Other than anime dubbing and theatre, Eileen has done audiobooks and commercials. Ah! My Goddess – Belldandy, Hijiri Astonishing X-Men Motion Comics – Kitty Pryde Bakuman – Kayoko Mashiro Freedom – Chiyo, Additional Voices Gall Force: New Era - Pearl Ikki Tousen: Dragon Destiny – Bashoku, Shibai King of Braves – GaoGaiGar – Ai Amami, Hana Hatsuno Mobile Suit Gundam Unicorn – Beltorchika Irma, Additional Voices Let's Go! Tamagotchi – Ringotchi Person of Interest: The Animation – Samantha Groves Person of Interest: The Motion Comic – Samantha "Root" Groves Pokémon – Iris, Serena's Fennekin/Braixen, Additional Voices Robin Hood: Mischief in Sherwood - Scarlett The Snow Queen 3: Fire and Ice - as Snow Queen Winx Club – Flora, Lockette, Little girl with headband, Girl with purple hair and Narrator World of Winx – Flora, Sophie's Teacher, Mermaid #1 Yu-Gi-Oh!
5D's – Leo, Luna Bonds Beyond Time – Leo, Yubel ZEXAL I & II – Tori Meadows, Mrs. Meadows, Lillybot ARC-V – Sora Perse, Olga The Tragic and Horrible Life of the Singing Nun Dark Divine Ferdinand Madellan Girl Vs. Superstar Primary Source of The: Colonel History of Virginia Sealed with a Kiss Dumplin' It Doesn't Have to Be Crazy at Work Eileen Stevens official website Eileen Stevens at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
From the Sky Down is a 2011 American documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim about rock band U2 and the production of their 1991 album Achtung Baby. The film documents the album's difficult recording period, the band members' relationships, the group's creative process. Guggenheim, commissioned by U2 to create the film to commemorate the record's 20th anniversary, spent several months in 2011 developing the documentary; the band were filmed during a return visit to Hansa Studios in Berlin where parts of the album were recorded, during rehearsals in Winnipeg for the Glastonbury Festival 2011. The film contains unreleased scenes from the group's 1988 motion picture Rattle and Hum, along with archival footage and stills from the Achtung Baby recording sessions. Development of the album's emblematic song "One" is recounted through the replaying of old recording tapes; the film premiered at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival on September 8, 2011, the first time in the festival's history that a documentary was screened as the opening film.
Beginning in October, a series of television broadcasts commenced, including showings on BBC Television and Super Channel. The film was bundled with the deluxe editions of Achtung Baby's 20th anniversary reissue and was released as standalone copies on Blu-ray and DVD on December 12, 2011. Reviews from critics were mixed. From the Sky Down was nominated for the 2013 Grammy Award for Best Long Form Music Video. After the commercial and critical success of their 1987 album The Joshua Tree, U2 produced a motion picture and companion album titled Rattle and Hum, subject to a critical backlash; the band's exploration of American music for the project was variously labelled as "pretentious" and "misguided and bombastic". The group's high exposure and their reputation for being overly serious led to accusations of grandiosity and self-righteousness. In addition to the criticism they faced, U2 dealt with internal creative dissatisfaction. Towards the end of the Lovetown Tour in 1989, Bono announced onstage that it was "the end of something for U2", that "we have to go away and... dream it all up again".
Wishing to reinvent themselves and seeking inspiration from German reunification, the group de-camped to Hansa Studios in Berlin in October 1990 with producers Daniel Lanois and Brian Eno to record Achtung Baby. The sessions were fraught with conflict, as the band argued over their musical direction and the quality of their material. Weeks of tension and slow progress nearly took their toll: the group considered breaking up, but they made a breakthrough with the improvised writing of the song "One". With improved morale, the group completed the album in Dublin in 1991. In November, Achtung Baby was released to critical acclaim. Musically, it incorporated influences from the alternative rock, electronic dance music, industrial music of the time. Thematically, it was a more personal record; the album and the subsequent multimedia-intensive Zoo TV Tour were central to the group's 1990s reinvention, whereby they abandoned their earnest public image for a more lighthearted and self-deprecating one.
Achtung Baby has been one of the group's most commercially successful records, selling 18 million copies. To commemorate the 20th anniversary of Achtung Baby's original release, U2 reissued the record in several formats in October 2011. Leading up to the anniversary, the band was unsure how much attention to pay to a past album while still writing and recording new material. Guitarist The Edge said, "How big a deal do we make of an anniversary when we're in the middle of what we're doing now? We had a hard time figuring that out. We're not a heritage act. We're still active, but this record was so pivotal that we felt it was OK to revisit it." Director Davis Guggenheim was subsequently commissioned by the band to make a film about Achtung Baby in six months. As a fan of U2 since his youth and having collaborated with The Edge for the 2008 documentary It Might Get Loud, Guggenheim agreed to the project, his goal for the film was to explain how U2 managed to remain together for so long, in contrast to other rock groups that have been undone by internal conflict.
Guggenheim sought to tell the story of how the band transformed themselves musically over the course of Achtung Baby's recording sessions. While U2 were on the South American leg of their U2 360° Tour in March–April 2011, Guggenheim requested complete access to the band's archives in Dublin. To his surprise, they complied. While researching footage, the director was impressed by an unused Rattle and Hum video that he found, describing it as "rare and beautiful"; some of the footage included scenes of Bono throwing a tantrum in a dressing room and the band performing in a blues club. Guggenheim conducted the audio interviews with the band members that comprise much of the film while they were in Santiago, Chile. After their touring obligations in South America ended, the band met Guggenheim in Berlin for two days in May "to go back to the scene of the crime", they were filmed at Hansa Studios performing songs from the album and speaking to Guggenheim in lengthy individual interviews. Additionally, the group were filmed touring Berlin and driving a Trabant, an automobile that appeared in the album artwork for Achtung Baby and was incorpor