Summerhill is a neighbourhood in central Toronto, Canada. It was named after Summer Hill house, built in 1842 by Canadian transportation baron Charles Thompson, much of the area was once part of the Thompson estate but was subdivided by his heirs in the 1880s. In the 1880s, the North Toronto Railway Station was established on Yonge Street, the Railway station was rebuilt in honour of a visit by the Prince of Wales in 1916. The neighbourhood underwent very little growth after the station closed in 1931 but was again revitalized by the launch of the Summerhill Subway station in 1954. The old railway station is there and currently serves as an LCBO outlet. The station, along with the still-operational CP railway bridge, is a landmark of the neighbourhood
North Toronto station
The North Toronto railway station is a former Canadian Pacific Railway station in the Summerhill neighbourhood of Toronto, Canada. It is located on the east side of Yonge Street, a distance south of the Summerhill TTC subway station. It now home to a Liquor Control Board of Ontario liquor store, the station, constructed in the Beaux Arts tradition, consists of a 43-metre clock tower and a three-storey main terminal. The tower is modelled after the Campanile di San Marco in Saint Mark’s Square in Venice, the main terminal gallery has an 11. 6-metre high ceiling supported by marble walls and with elegant bronze suspended light fixtures. The North Toronto Station was the first building in the city to be constructed of Tyndall limestone from Manitoba supplied by The Wallace Sandstone Quarries, the material is noted for its weather resistance, embedded fossils, and dappled beige hues. The four clock faces, each 2.4 metres in diameter, were illuminated at night during the stations service life. The current structure replaces a more modest railway station further down the tracks, the two structures existed together for a time.
The station was designed by Darling and Pearson and built in 1916 by P. Lyall & Sons Construction Company to service the Canadian Pacific Railway line running across Toronto. The cornerstone was laid on September 9,1915, by Mayor Tommy Church, the station was built at a cost of $750,000. Canadas first shipment of whale meat passed through the station, circa 1917, the last paying passengers filed through the station on September 27,1930. Brewers Retail moved into the portion of the terminal building in 1931. The station was re-opened, briefly, at 10,30 a. m. on May 22,1939 and this was the first visit to Canada by a reigning British monarch. The king was officially a Canadian monarch, marking the first visit by one to the city. The couple departed Toronto through Union Station, shortly after World War II, returning soldiers passed through the station, they were its last rail passengers. On September 9,1915, a capsule was entombed in the 1.7 tonne cornerstone laid by the mayor of Toronto Tommy Church.
The capsule was found and opened 100 years in September 2015 and it contained around 50 items, including 10 blueprints, an old map of Toronto, six newspapers from September 9,1915, and a 1915 City of Toronto municipal handbook. The items were found in exceptional condition with only yellowing pages on the newspapers, buried were a BlackBerry and an iPhone, a modern map of Toronto and a few bottles of spirits. The architects were Goldsmith Borgal & Company Ltd and Eastern Construction was contracted to do the work
Branksome Hall is an independent girls school for day and boarding students from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 12 in Toronto, Canada, that was founded in 1903. It is an International Baccalaureate World School and a university preparatory school, all three IB programs are offered, the Primary Years Program, Middle Years Program and International Baccalaureate Diploma Program. Branksome Hall is located on Elm Avenue, off Mount Pleasant Road, one north of Bloor Street. The 13-acre campus contains several structures and some modern buildings. The school has a campus in South Korea, Branksome Hall Asia. Branksome Halls 13-acre campus is in the Toronto neighbourhood of Rosedale, there are about a dozen buildings on the Branksome Hall campus, including two that are home to the schools 70 boarding students. Tuition for the 2013-14 school year is 27,620 CAD for day girls, there are five ties in Branksome. The most basic one is a tie featuring the same plaid as the kilt, the second one is a navy blue tie with yellow stripes, for the Grade 10 clan chieftains and Grade 8 clan reps.
The third one is a tie with small crests, and is for Heads of Clubs. The fourth is a red plaid tie for girls in the Graduating Year, there are two kilts at Branksome Hall. Most of the students wear the Hunting Stewart Kilt, which is green, Prefects wear red kilts that are Royal Stewart. There are long-sleeved and short-sleeved off-white blouses that students must wear with a tie for #1 Dress, students may choose to wear long-sleeved or short-sleeved polo shirts on school days when #1 Dress is not necessary. There are two kinds of blazers, a one for most students and a red one for elected Prefects. On non-#1 Dress days, students may choose to wear a green sweatshirt. There are different team uniforms for all the teams. During gym class, students wear a white T-shirt with the school crest. During some team games such as badminton and tennis, students must wear a Branksome Athletes polo shirt, Branksome shorts, Branksome in 2007 adopted a team name, The Branksome Highlanders. Twelve Prefects are elected each year by the students and teachers to lead the school, each Prefect has a different portfolio that represents an area of school life
Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day
Studio Building (Toronto)
The building was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2005. The site and positioning takes advantage of the exposure that illuminates the artists canvas with very even. Financed by Lawren Harris, heir to the Massey-Harris farm machinery fortune, the building was designed by Arts and Crafts architect Eden Smith, and completed in 1914. The European styles in vogue were seen as too subtle for the largely untamed Canadian wilderness. Y, the spot is now occupied by the 34-storey 2 Bloor West. Jackson was an addition to the Toronto art scene, having travelled in Europe. The canvas taking shape while he waited to move into the Studio Building, Terre Sauvage, in January 1914 the Studio Building was ready for occupation. Tom Thomson was another of the first residents of the building, the epitome of the starving artist, he had been persuaded to quit the Grip Ltd art design agency, take up residence in the Studio Building, and devote his energies, full-time, to his art. MacCallum financially supported Thomson, who initially shared studio 1 with A. Y, for the first twelve months.
When Jackson left to work for the government documenting Canadians fighting World War I and Harris departed to be a gunnery instructor, when Carmichael married and left a few months Thomson, still commercially unsuccessful could not afford the $22 monthly studio rental fee. There was another factor, Thomson had never enjoyed working in the city, felt that a studio was pretentious. His obvious talent was an inspiration to the other, older artists. MacCallum spent $176 to refurbish a workmens shed on the east side of the building, it was there, for $1 a month, though his influence on their work is undeniable, Thomson was never a member of the Group of Seven. He died young in July 1917, in circumstances, while canoeing on Canoe Lake in Algonquin Park. Executors of his will discovered the easel on which he had made his last and greatest masterpiece, The West Wind, the West Wind is now displayed at the Art Gallery of Ontario, in Toronto. On his return from World War I, Jackson again took up residence and he removed Thomsons easel, made by Thomsons own hand, from the shed and used it for all the subsequent pictures he produced in the Studio Building.
On the way to Ottawa she stopped in Toronto and visited the Studio Building and he had made his way, as had she, up British Columbias Skeena River, and Jackson showed her the work he had done there. She wrote in her diary, about feeling a little as if beaten at my own game, but that her versions, she believed, had more love in them of the people and the country. Three days later, on the 17th, after making her way up the stairs to Lawren Harriss studio, she had what she and her critics agree was the creative epiphany of her career
Governor's Bridge, Toronto
Governors Bridge is a bridge and small neighbourhood in Toronto, Canada, located to the east of Rosedale and Moore Park, and like them is one of the most expensive in Toronto. Unlike them it was part of the city of East York. The neighbourhood is named for the Governors Bridge that crosses the Moore Park Ravine and it contains all residential properties on the streets currently known as Governor’s Road, Nesbitt Drive, Douglas Crescent, True Davidson Drive and Hampton Park Crescent, as of May 1,2009. The neighbourhood is divided two sections by a smaller set of railway tracks. It is a small neighbourhood with only a couple of hundred homes. The area was purchased and subdivided in 1911 by two prominent Toronto lawyers, William Douglas and Wallace Nesbitt. Each has a street in the named after him. Construction had to wait until the construction of Governors Bridge in 1923 connected the area to the rest of the city, the bridge was named in honour of the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario whose home Chorley Park was located just south of the bridge.
The west part of the neighbourhood was built up during the Roaring Twenties boom period. Many of them are ornamented with Spanish-style accents and this style was very popular in California at the time, and was thus often featured and glamourized in films of the period. In its early history the area was sometimes nicknamed Little Hollywood. It has remained an enclave that in recent years has seen many of the smaller bungalows replaced by much larger new homes. The eastern part of the neighbourhood, across the line, has a very different history. After the Second World War Bayview Avenue was extended south from Moore Avenue through the Don Valley and this opened the possibility of developing the land just east of Governors Bridge, which could be reached along Bayview. In 1959 Harry Frimerman, a Toronto land developer obtained permission from East York to construct a set of apartment buildings on the site and this caused immediate outrage from the residents of Governors Bridge and beyond who had been promised the area would remain as park land.
Within days the city reversed itself, but legally the development permit could not be revoked, the developers began construction of the Hampton Park Apartments. Unable to block the construction itself, the city refused to extend water and sewer service to the site, in 1960 the developers halted construction of the partially completed apartments. A hollow seven story shell of a building remained on the site for twenty years
Yorkville is an affluent neighbourhood in Toronto, Canada. Established as a village in 1830, it was annexed into Toronto in 1883. Yorkville is diverse, comprising residential areas, office space, within the Yorkville district is one of Canadas most exclusive shopping districts, anchored by the Mink Mile along Bloor Street. In 2006, Mink Mile was the 22nd most expensive street in the world, Yorkville had rents of $300 per square foot in 2008, making it the third most expensive retail space in North America. In 2008, the Mink Mile was named the seventh most expensive shopping street in the world by Fortune Magazine, along Bloor Street is located the Mink Mile shopping district. The street is lined on both sides of the street with buildings with retail stores in the bottom one or two floors. The main streets of Avenue Road and Bay Street north of Bloor are similarly developed, North of Bloor, on Yorkville and Cumberland streets, between the main arteries, the character changes to smaller buildings containing art galleries, first-floor retail and restaurants.
Further north still are single-family detached and semi-detached homes dating to the 19th century, Yorkville has upscale shopping and the first five star hotel in Canada. Upscale boutiques include Burberry, Gucci, MAC Cosmetics, Hugo Boss, Hermès, Louis Vuitton, Holt Renfrew, the Holt Renfrew store on Bloor is the luxury retailers flagship and largest store with four floors and boutiques. There are many offices and professional services, MTV Canada headquarters are located in Yorkville as well. Thomas, Windsor Arms Hotel, The Hazelton Hotel & Residences, Yorkville has its own local public library on Yorkville Avenue. Based on data collected from both the census in 2006 and 2011, it is apparent that Yorkville is mostly populated with people earning $60,000 and above. With the make of this neighbourhood being targeted towards middle-class to upper-class residents and being more upscale, it is comprehensible for the inhabitants to be earning $60,000 and above. Founded in 1830 by entrepreneur Joseph Bloore and William Botsford Jarvis of Rosedale, Bloore operated a brewery north-east of todays Bloor and Church Street intersection.
Jarvis was Sheriff of the Home District, the two purchased land in the Yorkville district, subdividing it into smaller lots on new side streets to those interested in living in the cleaner air outside of York. The political centre of Yorkville was the Red Lion Hotel, an inn that was used as the polling place for elections. It is here that William Lyon Mackenzie was voted back into the Legislature for 1832, the village grew enough to be connected by an omnibus service in 1849 to Toronto. By 1853, the population of the village had reached 1,000, the figure needed to incorporate as a village, by the 1880s, the cost of delivering services to the large population of Yorkville was beyond the Villages ability
Toru Takemitsu pronounced was a Japanese composer and writer on aesthetics and music theory. Largely self-taught, Takemitsu possessed consummate skill in the manipulation of instrumental and orchestral timbre. He is famed for combining elements of oriental and occident philosophy to create a sound uniquely his own and he composed several hundred independent works of music, scored more than ninety films and published twenty books. He was the recipient of awards and honours and the Toru Takemitsu Composition Award is named after him. Takemitsu was born in Tokyo on October 8,1930, a month his family moved to Dalian in the Chinese province of Liaoning, in 1938 he returned to Japan to attend elementary school, but his education was cut short by military conscription in 1944. Takemitsu described his experience of service at such a young age, under the Japanese Nationalist government. During the post-war U. S. occupation of Japan, Takemitsu worked for the U. S, armed Forces, but was ill for a long period.
Hospitalised and bed-ridden, he took the opportunity to listen to as much Western music as he could on the U. S, while deeply affected by these experiences of Western music, he simultaneously felt a need to distance himself from the traditional music of his native Japan. He explained much later, in a lecture at the New York International Festival of the Arts, despite his almost complete lack of musical training, and taking inspiration from what little Western music he had heard, Takemitsu began to compose in earnest at the age of 16. I began music attracted to itself as one human being. Being in music I found my raison dêtre as a man, after the war, music was the only thing. Choosing to be in music clarified my identity, though he studied briefly with Yasuji Kiyose beginning in 1948, Takemitsu remained largely self-taught throughout his musical career. In 1948, Takemitsu conceived the idea of music technology, or in his own words. During the 1950s, Takemitsu had learned that in 1948 a French Pierre Schaeffer invented the method of musique concrète based on the idea as mine.
I was pleased with this coincidence, the performances and works undertaken by the group introduced several contemporary Western composers to Japanese audiences. During this period he wrote Saegirarenai Kyūsoku I, and by 1955 Takemitsu had begun to use electronic tape-recording techniques in such works as Relief Statique and Vocalism A·I. In the late 1950s chance brought Takemitsu international attention, his Requiem for string orchestra, at a press conference later, Stravinsky expressed his admiration for the work, praising its sincerity and passionate writing. Stravinsky subsequently invited Takemitsu to lunch, and for Takemitsu this was an unforgettable experience
Rosedale Heights School of the Arts
Rosedale Heights School of the Arts is an arts-based high school in downtown Toronto. Formerly Castle Frank, the school has been reinvented and re-purposed by Principal Barrie Sketchley, students can take dance, dramatic arts, music instrumental, vocals and media arts. In 2005, Macleans Magazine named RHSA one of the best arts-focus high schools in Canada, RHSA accepts students from all over the Greater Toronto Area. It is the arts school in the Toronto District School Board that does not use auditions for acceptance. List of high schools in Ontario
William Dummer Powell
William Dummer Powell was a Loyalist lawyer and political figure in Upper Canada. Born at Boston, Massachusetts, he was named for his grandmothers brother William Dummer and he was the eldest son of John Powell, a prosperous merchant who for thirty years held the contract for provisioning the Royal Navy. His mother, was the daughter of Sweton Grant, of Newport, Grant was a member of the Grant Baronets of Dalvey and Gartenbeg, who was probably involved in the slave trade and started a gunpowder business in Boston. Ironically, Grant was killed by an explosion, Powell studied in Boston before being sent to England under the care of his maternal relative, Sir Alexander Grant, who sent him to board at Tonbridge School. Having returned to Boston in 1772, two he started his legal career in the offices of Jonathan Sewell, Attorney General of Massachusetts. After his marriage, he returned to England in 1775 where he studied law at the Middle Temple, as a Loyalist, Powell went to Quebec in 1779, entering private practice in Montreal.
In 1783, he went to England to petition with other delegates against the Quebec Act, unsuccessful, he returned to Montreal in 1785. In 1789, he was appointed judge in the Western District and he lived in Detroit but the court sat at LAssomption. In 1794, he was appointed to the Court of Kings Bench for Upper Canada, in 1808, he was appointed to the Executive Council for the province. He settled at York and remained there during the American occupation during the War of 1812 and he opposed the suspension of habeas corpus during the war. In 1814, he assisted Chief Justice Thomas Scott by presiding over several of the known as the Bloody Assize which were held at Ancaster to prosecute those charged with treason during the war. When Chief Justice Thomas Scott was no able to chair the Executive Council in 1816, Powell took on that post. He upset the provinces administration by rejecting many of the charges brought by Lord Selkirk against those who had stirred up trouble for the Red River Colony. In 1823, he refused to swear in Alexander Wood as a commissioner for war claims arising from the War of 1812, Wood successfully sued him for damages.
Although he opposed prosecuting Robert Fleming Gourlay for attacks on the administration of the province and he died in Toronto in 1834. In 1775, Powell married Anne Murray, daughter of Dr John Murray, John Murray was born in Scotland and became a surgeon in the Royal Navy. He established himself with a medical practice at Wells and Norwich. They were survived by two children and their son, Captain John Powell of Brockamour Manor, Niagara-on-the-Lake, married a daughter of General Æneas Shaw and they were the parents of John Powell and mayor of Toronto
Canadian Pacific Railway
The Canadian Pacific Railway, known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881. The railroad is owned by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited, which began operations as legal owner in a restructuring in 2001. Headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, it owns approximately 20,000 kilometres of track all across Canada and into the United States, stretching from Montreal to Vancouver, and as far north as Edmonton. Its rail network serves Minneapolis-St. Paul, Detroit, the railway was originally built between Eastern Canada and British Columbia between 1881 and 1885, fulfilling a promise extended to British Columbia when it entered Confederation in 1871. It was Canadas first transcontinental railway, but no longer reaches the Atlantic coast, the CPR became one of the largest and most powerful companies in Canada, a position it held as late as 1975. Its primary passenger services were eliminated in 1986, after being assumed by Via Rail Canada in 1978, a beaver was chosen as the railways logo because it is the national symbol of Canada and was seen as representing the hardworking character of the company.
The company acquired two American lines in 2009, the Dakota and Eastern Railroad and the Iowa, the trackage of the ICE was at one time part of CP subsidiary Soo Line and predecessor line The Milwaukee Road. It is publicly traded on both the Toronto Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker CP and its U. S. headquarters are in Minneapolis. The creation of the Canadian Pacific Railway was a task undertaken for a combination of reasons by the Conservative government of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald. He was helped by Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt, who was the owner of the North Western Coal and his company went through several name changes during the process of the construction of the railway. British Columbia, a sea voyage away from the East Coast, had insisted upon a land transport link to the East as a condition for joining Confederation. The government however proposed to build a railway linking the Pacific province to the Eastern provinces within 10 years of 20 July 1871, Macdonald saw it as essential to the creation of a unified Canadian nation that would stretch across the continent.
Moreover, manufacturing interests in Quebec and Ontario wanted access to raw materials, the first obstacle to its construction was political. The logical route went through the American Midwest and the city of Chicago, to ensure this routing, the government offered huge incentives including vast grants of land in the West. Because of this scandal, the Conservative Party was removed from office in 1873, surveying was carried out during the first years of a number of alternative routes in this virgin territory followed by construction of a telegraph along the lines that had been agreed upon. The Thunder Bay section linking Lake Superior to Winnipeg was commenced in 1875, by 1880, around 1,000 kilometres was nearly complete, mainly across the troublesome Canadian Shield terrain, with trains running on only 500 kilometres of track. With Macdonalds return to power on 16 October 1878, an aggressive construction policy was adopted. Macdonald confirmed that Port Moody would be the terminus of the transcontinental railway, in 1879, the federal government floated bonds in London and called for tenders to construct the 206 km section of the railway from Yale, British Columbia, to Savonas Ferry, on Kamloops Lake