Roseville, California

Roseville is the largest city in Placer County, United States, in the Sacramento metropolitan area. As of 2018, the US Census Bureau estimated the city's population to be 139,117. Interstate 80 runs through Roseville and State Route 65 runs through part of the northern edge of the city; the settlement was a stage coach station called Griders. According to the Roseville Historical Society, in 1864 the Central Pacific Railroad tracks were constructed northeastward from Sacramento; the point where the tracks met the California Central Railroad line was named "Junction". Junction became known as Roseville. In 1909, three years after the Southern Pacific Railroad moved its facilities from Rocklin to Roseville, the town became an incorporated city. What followed was a period of expansion, with the community building more than 100 structures, including what was the largest ice manufacturing plant in the world; the city was a railroad town for decades, with the railroad employing up to 1,225 people by 1929, out of a population of only 6,425 people.

With the onset of World War II, the rail yards became busier than and the post-war building boom brought continued prosperity. However, the nature of the city changed in the 1950s. During the 1950s the railroad continued to expand and upgrade, converting its steam engine fleet to all diesel engines by the end of the decade. However, the railroads began falling in the shadow of air travel and the development of the national Interstate Highway System. Thus, although the railroad remained a major employer, the expansion of the city began branching out into other employment sectors. Another important change during this period was the Washington Boulevard railroad underpass construction in 1950. While this improved the ability of people to travel from one side of the tracks to the other, it meant that people were no longer traveling through the Roseville business district north of the tracks; the completion of Interstate 80 in 1956 shifted the population from downtown to what would become known as East Roseville.

The old downtown area slid into a gradual decline. The Roseville Yard of the Southern Pacific was the site of a major explosion and fire on 28 April 1973; the city saw steady population growth throughout the ensuing decades, as shopping centers, major retailers, homes were constructed throughout the city. The growth rate was modest until 1985. Between 1929 when the population was 6,425 people and 1985, the population grew by only 22,563 people. In 1985 the population stood at 28,988 people. Five years it was 44,685 people, by the year 2000 it was 74,234 people; some of this growth was fueled by the location of major employers, such as Hewlett Packard and NEC. The population as of 2014 was 126,956 people. In 1988, the city embarked on a multi-million dollar plan to redevelop 207 acres of land in the downtown core, revitalize historic areas, in decline. Projects included the Vernon Streetscape Project, Atlantic Street Beautification, Civic Plaza Complex, Downtown Vernon Street and Historic Old Town, Historic Old Town Streetscape project, Riverside Avenue Streetscape project, Oak Street Improvement Project, Washington Boulevard pedestrian underpass.

A new parking garage opened in 2007, the Roseville Arts! Blueline Gallery opened in 2008, a new Civic Center opened in 2013, the Vernon Street Town Square now features a small raised stage, a water spray for children, a venue for community events. According to the Roseville Civic Center, the city has a total area of 42.26 square miles, of which, 42.24 square miles of it is land and 0.002 square miles of it is water. Several streams flow through Roseville, including Dry Creek, Linda Creek, Secret Ravine and Cirby Creek. Roseville has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, characterized by cool, wet snowless winters and hot, dry summers; the wet season is October through April. Because Roseville is east of Sacramento and at a higher elevation, it receives more rainfall. Average daily high temperatures range from 53 °F in January to 92 °F in August. Daily low temperatures range from 39 °F in winter to 61 °F in summer. On March 27, 2014, an EF-0 tornado touched down in Roseville; the 2010 United States Census reported that Roseville had a population of 118,788.

The population density was 3,279.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Roseville was 94,199 White, 2,329 African American, 885 Native American, 10,026 Asian, 346 Pacific Islander, 5,087 from other races, 5,916 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17,359 persons; the Census reported that 117,941 people lived in households, 478 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 369 were institutionalized. There were 45,059 households, out of which 16,885 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 24,050 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,901 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,088 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,518 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 286 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 11,042 households were made up of individuals and 4,502 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62. Th

Manliness (book)

Manliness is a book by Harvey C. Mansfield first published by Yale University Press in 2006. Mansfield is a professor of government at Harvard University. In this book, he defines manliness as "confidence in a situation of risk" and suggests this quality is undervalued in Western society, he suggests the quality is more common in men than in women, but doesn't exclude women, for example he names Margaret Thatcher. He suggests the quality is "good and bad", not all good, but not all bad, his main point is that gender neutral ideology denies both the reality of sex-specific qualities, the valuable components of these, to the detriment of society. Mansfield attributes the rise of gender neutral ideology firstly to Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Marx and Jean-Paul Sartre, to feminists who repackaged the ideas as part of a political program, he names Betty Friedan and Germaine Greer. Today the word manliness seems quaint and obsolete. We are in the process of making the English language gender-neutral, manliness, the quality of one gender, or rather, of one sex, seems to describe the essence of the enemy we are attacking, the evil we are eradicating.

-Harvey Mansfield, Manliness Mansfield evaluates the concept of manliness as it has been expressed over the course of Western civilization, considers its virtues. As Mansfield stated to NPR's Tom Ashbrook, "Some people say. Others say it does exist and it's bad. I say it exists and it's good... and bad."Drawing on classical philosophy and science, Mansfield argues that manliness is a virtue associated with the male sex, preferable to widespread institutional gender-neutral ideology. Beginning with modern scientific discoveries, Mansfield appropriates them for insights on how these innate biological realities might exert an influence on gender identity and gender role preferences. Mansfield proceeds to literature, drawing on Homer, Rudyard Kipling, Hemingway to support his thesis that manliness has been a perpetual component of the male psyche and behavior. Mansfield offers an analysis of the historical forces in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, singling out Simone de Beauvoir, Betty Friedan, Germaine Greer as the key writers to have influenced, what he considers to be, the dismantling of manliness.

These writers shared two common hypotheses they derived from earlier writers: from Marx they drew the theory of economic exploitation, from Nietzsche their flirtations with nihilism. Mansfield turns to Aristotle as the archetypal expounder of manliness to identify the quality of "philosophical courage," which Mansfield concludes is the ideal understanding of manliness. Masculinity Masculism Cooper, Barry F; the Review of Politics 69: 471–474. Henry, Douglas V; the Review of Politics 69: 469–471. Lasch, LC. Perspectives on Political Science 35: 103–118. Newart, Tatia. Women's Studies 35: 693–696. Norton, Anne. Perspectives on Politics 4: 759–761. Ramachandran, Gowri. Yale Journal of Law & Feminism 19: 201–220. Jensen, Robert. Sexuality Research & Social Policy 3: 98–100. Hoff Sommers, Christina.'Being a Man'. The Weekly Standard 4 April 2006. Kirn, Walter.'Who's the Man?' The New York Times 19 March 2006. Nussbaum, Martha.'Man Overboard'. The New Republic 22 June 2006. Piereson, James.'Is manliness obsolete?'

The New Criterion May, 2006. Shea, Christopher.'The manly man's man'. The Boston Globe 12 May 2006. Solomon, Deborah.'Questions for Harvey Mansfield: Of manliness and men'. The New York Times 12 March 2006. Mansfield, Harvey.'A New Feminism'. Society 44: 7–10. Mansfield, Harvey.'Is Manliness Optional'. The American Enterprise, September 2003. Lawler, Peter Augustine.'Manliness and Our Manly Scientists'. Society 45: 155–158. Tocqueville, Alexis de. Democracy in America. Edited by Harvey Mansfield. Translated by Harvey Mansfield and Delba Winthrop. University of Chicago Press, 2000. Harvey C. Mansfield. Official faculty bio page, Harvard University. Cole, Bruce. Interview with Harvey C. Mansfield, in connection with his Jefferson Lecture for the National Endowment for the Humanities. Naomi Wolf interviewed Mansfield about Manliness for a one-hour After Words presentation broadcast on C-SPAN 26 March 2006. Tom Ashbrook interviewed Mansfield with input from Jack Beatty of the Atlantic Monthly, Katha Pollitt and callers for On Point aired on WBUR Boston, 30 August 2006.

Ross Robertson interviewed Mansfield for What Is Enlightenment? magazine on the topic In Defence of Manliness, 1 June 2008


Founex is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. Signs of Roman-era inhabitation were found near Le Gachet; the first appearance of the village was in 1224 under the name Fosnay. In 1251 it changed to Founai. During Middle Ages, Founex belonged to the abbey of Saint Maurice, it was influenced by the Barony of Coppet, the diocese of Geneva and the Bernese occupation. When the separation of Vaud from Bern occurred in 1536 the village came under control of the district of Nyon. In the 14th century a Cistercian abbey Bonmont and the dependent la Châtaigneraie joined Founex. After the Ancien Régime Founex was, from 1798 to 1803 in the Helvetic Republic's Canton of Léman; the French writer Hélène Grégoire, died in Founex. In 2002, Founex and 8 other villages formed the area called the Terre Sainte, although a formalisation of such union into a legal unification was rejected by the Founex general council on 30 August 2010. Founex has an area, as of 2009, of 4.8 square kilometers.

Of this area, 3.12 km2 or 65.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.11 km2 or 2.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.54 km2 or 32.2% is settled. Of the built up area and buildings made up 24.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 5.0%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.5% of the area Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 35.7% is used for growing crops and 4.4% is pastures, while 25.1% is used for orchards or vine crops. The municipality was part of the Nyon District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, Founex became part of the new district of Nyon, it consists of the hamlets of Châtaigneraie and Le Gachet. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, scales Argent. Founex has a population of 3,775; as of 2008, 42.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 24.9%. It has changed at a rate of 7.9 % due to births and deaths.

Most of the population speaks French, with English being second most German being third. There are 73 people; the age distribution, as of 2009, in Founex is. Of the adult population, 274 people or 9.3 % of the population are between 29 years old. 383 people or 13.1% are between 30 and 39, 548 people or 18.7% are between 40 and 49, 360 people or 12.3% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 291 people or 9.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 149 people or 5.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 64 people or 2.2% who are between 80 and 89, there are 7 people or 0.2% who are 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 1,113 people who never married in the municipality. There were 118 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 986 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.7 persons per household. There were 238 households that consist of only one person and 100 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 995 households that answered this question, 23.9% were households made up of just one person and there were 5 adults who lived with their parents.

Of the rest of the households, there are 250 married couples without children, 408 married couples with children There were 69 single parents with a child or children. There were 16 households that were made up of unrelated people and 9 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 582 single family homes out of a total of 727 inhabited buildings. There were 83 multi-family buildings, along with 44 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 18 other use buildings that had some housing. In 2000, a total of 851 apartments were permanently occupied, while 79 apartments were seasonally occupied and 28 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 6.5 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0%; the historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 24.48% of the vote.

The next three most popular parties were the LPS Party, the FDP and the SP. In the federal election, a total of 634 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 48.4%. As of 2010, Founex had an unemployment rate of 3.2%. As of 2008, there were 80 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 12 businesses involved in this sector. 39 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 14 businesses in this sector. 616 people were employed with 66 businesses in this sector. There were 1,268 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 43.3% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 598; the number of jobs in the primary sector was 60, of which 59 were in agriculture and were in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 31 of which 12 or were in manufacturing and 13 were in construction; the number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 507. In the tertiary sector.