Rosicrucianism is a spiritual and cultural movement which arose in Europe in the early 17th century after the publication of several texts which purported to announce the existence of a hitherto unknown esoteric order to the world and made seeking its knowledge attractive to many. The mysterious doctrine of the order is "built on esoteric truths of the ancient past", which "concealed from the average man, provide insight into nature, the physical universe, the spiritual realm." The manifestos do not elaborate extensively on the matter, but combine references to Kabbalah, Hermeticism and Christian mysticism. The Rosicrucian manifestos heralded a "universal reformation of mankind", through a science kept secret for decades until the intellectual climate might receive it. Controversies arose on whether they were a hoax, whether the "Order of the Rosy Cross" existed as described in the manifestos, whether the whole thing was a metaphor disguising a movement that existed, but in a different form.
In 1616, Johann Valentin Andreae famously designated it as a "ludibrium". Some scholars of esotericism suggest that this statement was made by Andreae in order to shield himself from the wrath of the religious and political institutions of the day, which were intolerant of free speech and the idea of a "universal reformation", which the manifestos called for. An example of the rosicrucian rosy cross symbol predating the early rosicrucian manifestoes is that shown on the central panel of the Harbaville Triptych, Byzantine and comes from the 10th or 11th century; the symbol is a Calvary cross with a rose in its centre, identical with what the masonic/rosicrucian scholar Manly Palmer Hall claimed to be the original symbol of the rosicrucians. In his work "Silentium Post Clamores", the rosicrucian Michel Maier described rosicrucianism as having arisen from a "Primordial Tradition" in the following statement: "Our origins are Egyptian, derived from the mysteries of Eleusis and Samothrace, the Magi of Persia, the Pythagoreans, the Arabs."
By promising a spiritual transformation at a time of great turmoil, the manifestos influenced many figures to seek esoteric knowledge. Seventeenth-century occult philosophers such as Michael Maier, Robert Fludd, Thomas Vaughan interested themselves in the Rosicrucian world view. According to the historian David Stevenson, it was influential on Freemasonry as it was emerging in Scotland. In centuries, many esoteric societies have claimed to derive from the original Rosicrucians. Rosicrucianism is symbolized by the Rosy Rose Cross; the largest and most influential of these societies has been the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, which consisted of several well known members of society. The other is the Rosicrucian Order, A. M. O. R. C, an international, initiatic Fraternity, which involves itself in several educational and cultural activities worldwide. Between 1614 and 1617, three anonymous manifestos were published, first in Germany and throughout Europe; these were the Fama Fraternitatis RC, the Confessio Fraternitatis, the Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosicross anno 1459.
The Fama Fraternitatis presents the legend of a German doctor and mystic philosopher referred to as "Father Brother C. R. C.". The year 1378 is presented as being the birth year of "our Christian Father", it is stated that he lived 106 years. After studying in the Middle East under various masters adhering to Sufism, he was unable to spread the knowledge he had acquired to prominent European scientists and philosophers. Instead, he founded the Rosicrucian Order. During Rosenkreuz's lifetime, the order was said to comprise no more than eight members, each a doctor and a sworn bachelor; each member undertook an oath to heal the sick, but without payment, to maintain a secret fellowship, to find a replacement for himself before he died. Three such generations had passed between c. 1500 and c. 1600, a time when scientific and religious freedom had grown so that the public might benefit from the Rosicrucians' knowledge, so that they were now seeking good men. The manifestos were and are not taken by many but rather regarded either as hoaxes or as allegorical statements.
They state: "We speak unto you by parables, but would willingly bring you to the right, simple and ingenuous exposition, understanding and knowledge of all secrets."The first Rosicrucian manifesto was influenced by the work of the respected hermetic philosopher Heinrich Khunrath, of Hamburg, author of the Amphitheatrum Sapientiae Aeternae, in turn influenced by John Dee, author of the Monas Hieroglyphica. The invitation to the royal wedding in the Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz opens with Dee's philosophical key, the Monas Hieroglyphica symbol; the writer claimed the brotherhood possessed a book that resembled the works of Paracelsus. Adam Haslmayr a friend of Karl Widemann wrote him a letter about Rosicrucian people who revealed the Theophrastiam December 24, 1611. In his autobiography, Johann Valentin Andreae claimed that the anonymously published Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz was one of his works, he subsequently described it as a ludibrium. In his works, he makes alchemy an object of ridicule and places it along with music, art and astrology in the category of less serious sciences.
According to some sources, his role in the origin of the Rosicrucian legend is controversial. However, it wa
Hans Yost Creek is a tributary of Deep Creek in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. It is 3.4 miles long and flows through Foster Township and Barry Township. The watershed of the creek has an area of 3.52 square miles. The creek is designated as an impaired waterbody, with the causes being metals and pH and the probable source being abandoned mine drainage, it has no named tributaries. The creek's watershed was extensively mined in the late 1800s and early 1900s, but the only remaining active mining permits are for remining. Hans Yost Creek begins in a large valley in Foster Township, it flows in a westerly direction through the valley for several tenths of a mile, entering Barry Township. The creek turns southwest for a short distance before turning west. After a few tenths of a mile, it turns southwest for several tenths of a mile, entering a much narrower valley; the creek turns in a westerly direction for several tenths of a mile—briefly turning northwest and southwest along the way—before reaching the end of its valley and turning northwest.
A short distance further downstream, the creek reaches its confluence with Deep Creek. Hans Yost Creek joins Deep Creek 14.96 miles upstream of its mouth. Hans Yost Creek has no named tributaries, nor are any tributaries visible on the United States Geological Survey map of the Tremont quadrangle. However, a few small intermittent streams do flow into the creek's headwaters. Hans Yost Creek is designated as an impaired waterbody for its entire length; the causes of the impairment are metals and pH and the probable source of impairment is abandoned mine drainage. There are two abandoned mine discharges in the creek's watershed. One enters the creek in its upper reaches; the estimated flow of this discharge is 0.259 million gallons per day. The other is known locally as Rattling Run and is formed from the Collapsed Tunnel Discharge and the Buck Mountain Vein Overflow Discharge; this discharge enters the creek in its lower reaches. The average discharge of Hans Yost Creek above the Moser Discharge has been estimated to be 0.259 million gallons per day, while below the discharge, it has been estimated at 0.518 million gallons per day.
Above the Rattling Run discharge, the creek's discharge was found to average at 1.49 million gallons per day, while below the discharge, it was 3.59 million gallons per day. In the 1980s and/or 1990s, the iron concentration in Hans Yost Creek upstream of the Moser Discharge ranged from 0.07 to 1.12 milligrams per liter, with an average of 0.56 milligrams per liter. Below the discharge, it ranged from less than 0.04 milligrams per liter to 2.3 milligrams per liter, with an average of 1.05 milligrams per liter. Above the Rattling Run discharge, the iron concentration ranged from 0.4 to 23.8 milligrams per liter, with an average of 15.22 milligrams per liter. Below this discharge, the concentration ranged between 0.4 and 6.2 milligrams per liter, with an average of 2.68 milligrams per liter. The manganese concentration in Hans Yost Creek upstream of the Moser Discharge ranged from less than 0.03 milligrams per liter to 0.92 milligrams per liter, with an average of 0.54 milligrams per liter. Below the discharge, it ranged from 0.16 to 0.87 milligrams per liter with an average of 0.53 milligrams per liter.
Above the Rattling Run discharge, the manganese concentration ranged from 0.28 to 2.7 milligrams per liter, with an average of 1.78 milligrams per liter. Below this discharge, the concentration ranged between 0.28 and 3.5 milligrams per liter, with an average of 1.11 milligrams per liter. The elevation near the mouth of Hans Yost Creek is 787 feet above sea level; the elevation near the creek's source is 1,491 feet above sea level. Part of a steep valley between Broad Mountain and Mahantango Mountain is drained by Hans Yost Creek; the creek flows through the Southern Anthracite Coal Field. The watershed of Hans Yost Creek has an area of 3.52 square miles. The creek is within the United States Geological Survey quadrangle of Tremont, its mouth is located within 1 mile of Weishample. The headwaters of Hans Yost Creek are difficult to access; the watershed of Hans Yost Creek is located 39 miles northeast of Harrisburg and 4 miles north of Tremont. Pennsylvania Route 901 and Interstate 81 are in the vicinity of the creek's watershed.
Hans Yost Creek was entered into the Geographic Names Information System on August 2, 1979. Its identifier in the Geographic Names Information System is 1176486; the creek is known as Hanyost Creek. This variant name appears in a Pennsylvania Department of Transportation map of Schuylkill County dating to 1975; the watershed of Hans Yost Creek experienced extensive mining during the late early 1900s. There are still active mining permits in the watershed, as of 2001. However, they thus do not involve discharges into the creek. In 1976, the Schuylkill County Sportsmen's Association began a drive to construct a fish nursery with a capacity for 30,000 trout on the creek; this was despite the M. S. W. Coal Company proposing to mine at the headwaters of Deep Creek and discharge treated water into the watershed of Hans Yost Creek.
Laiki agora common in the plural Laikes agores, are farmers' markets that operate all over Greece, selling foodstuffs and gardening or household equipment, as well as children toys and various "do it yourself" tools. It is considered an important social tradition in Greece. People's markets were founded by Greek political leader Eleutherios Venizelos. Part of the motivation was to help local agricultural producers sell their fresh produce to the local population in nearby towns without the need of middlepersons, thus cutting down prices, from this perspective the introduction of people's markets in Greece can be considered as an application of the commercial practice of disintermediation. There are two kind of sellers in Greek people's markets: the "producers" and the "professionals"; the "producers" are farmers or beekeepers from nearby towns or villages who maintain their own agricultural farms or beehives and produce their own foodstuffs, such as fruits and honey. The "professionals" purchase foodstuffs from various sources and sell it in the people's markets, but they are not the original producers of the foodstuffs they sell.
All sellers in people's markets have to display a card with their name in a place where consumers can see it and on the same card they have to include what kind of seller they are: the producers can be identified by the words "παραγωγός" or "αγρότης" alongside their name, while the "professionals" can be identified by the word "επαγγελματίας" near their name on their cards. Sellers who sell foodstuffs and gardening equipment can be either "producers" or "professionals", while those who sell household equipment or various children toys and "do it yourself" tools are "professionals". All sellers must receive a special permit by the government in order to be able to sell produce in a people's market. There are strict professional and social requirements. There are two kind of permits: the "producer's permit" for the "producers", the "professional's permit" for the "professionals". Permits, by law, are not given to "producers" over 65 years old or "professionals" over 55 years old. "Producers" must prove that they are the owners and farmers of a "family farm".
Both "producers" and "professionals" need to have completed their obligatory military service, before a permit is granted the military's office must equip the prospective seller's with a document proving that they have served the military or granted an exemption. Before a permit is granted, the prospective seller's application is examined by a committee of experts who decide whether the applicant can be allowed to sell products in laikes agores in accordance with the local laws. "Professionals" are barred from undertaking any other profession, trade, or commercial activity after they are granted a permit to sell products in a people's market. They have to accept selling in the market as their sole income-generating trade, or vioporistikon epaggelma as it is known in the country; the Products sold in people's markets are those comprising a Mediterranean diet, known for its healthy qualities, are key ingredients in the cuisine of Greece. They are local food, known as ntopia in Greek, such as fresh fruits, leaf vegetables, chicken eggs from suburban farms, fish caught from nearby seas.
Local food sold in people's markets is produced by family farms within the same geographical region as the market, the "producers" who sell the local foodstuffs in the people's markets are the farmers themselves who travel from market to market in nearby towns to sell their produce directly to consumers. Some fish sold in laikes agores is imported from overseas, such as Norwegian salmon. All foods, including fish state their place of origin on a card, displayed together with the product; the "professionals" sell both local food and food imported from overseas, including avocados, yellow watermelons, cherry tomatoes, other exotic fruits bought from the tropics. Gardening products, including flowers, ornamental plants, nutrient-rich soil, fertiliser are sold in laikes agores. A few people's markets in high-population neighbourhoods sell refrigerated seafood, cheese and other produce, preserved in refrigerators set up in the streets and supplied with electricity by diesel generators; some laikes attract kantines, which use electricity produced by diesel generators, prepare and sell souvlakia, sausages-on-a-stick, long-burgers-on-a-stick, soft drinks, et cetera.
Most people's markets sell traditional home-made/farmer-made olive oil, white wine, red wine, other products sold in 1.5 litre containers. In addition to the food market, there is a market for clothing and kitchenware, with low prices. In Chania, Crete for instance, this is as popular. Many of the vendors are Gypsies. See pix in link below; this is an important resource for many Greeks, whose s
The Dakota Kid is a 1951 American western film directed by Philip Ford and starring Michael Chapin, Eilene Janssen and James Bell. The film's sets were designed by the art director Frank Hotaling. Michael Chapin as Red White Eilene Janssen as Judy Dawson James Bell as Sheriff Tom White Danny Morton as Dakota Kid Margaret Field as Mary Lewis Robert Shayne as Ace Crandall Roy Barcroft as Henchman Turk Smith Mauritz Hugo as Squire Mason House Peters Jr. as Sam Dawson Lee Bennett as Cole White Mike Ragan as Messenger Ralph Bucko as Rancher Bob Burns as Man at Party Forrest Burns as Rancher Art Dillard as Henchman Jack Stoker Helen Gibson as Woman at Party Chick Hannan as Henchman Cactus Mack as Rancher Pitts, Michael R. Western Movies: A Guide to 5,105 Feature Films. McFarland, 2012; the Dakota Kid on IMDb
A Star Is Born is the soundtrack album to the 2018 musical film of the same name, performed by its stars Lady Gaga and Bradley Cooper. It was released on October 2018, by Interscope Records. Gaga and Cooper collaborated on the soundtrack album with an assortment of country musicians, including Lukas Nelson, who stars in the film as a member of Cooper's band. For the more pop-oriented songs on the soundtrack, Gaga teamed up with recurring collaborator DJ White Shadow; the soundtrack includes contributions from Jason Isbell, Mark Ronson, Diane Warren, Andrew Wyatt of Miike Snow. Commercially, it has topped the charts in more than 15 countries, attaining gold and platinum certifications from many of them, while selling over six million copies worldwide; the track "Shallow" was released as the soundtrack's lead single on September 27, 2018, while "Always Remember Us This Way" and "I'll Never Love Again" received a limited release in selected countries. A Star Is Born was nominated for a total of seven Grammy Awards, winning Best Pop Duo/Group Performance and Best Song Written for Visual Media for the song "Shallow", a year Best Compilation Soundtrack for Visual Media and another Best Song Written for Visual Media, this time for "I'll Never Love Again".
It won Best Film Music at the 72nd British Academy Film Awards. In March 2015, Warner Bros. announced that Bradley Cooper was in talks to make his directorial debut with A Star Is Born, the fourth iteration of the 1937 film of the same name. Lady Gaga was attached to the film in August 2016, with the studio green-lighting the project to begin production in early 2017. Cooper plays Jackson Maine, "a veteran country singer who discovers and falls in love with a struggling singer-songwriter named Ally, played by Gaga." Gaga "helped inform Cooper's performance as a musician". Cooper spent two-and-a-half years prepping for the film and determining what kind of musician his character would be, he worked with a number of vocal coach Roger Love. Cooper said, "by the end he just kind of started developing into his own sort of creation. If I had another year of prep, it would have been complete rock, but now it's some sort of hybrid." Cooper described the soundtrack "an evolution, like the story." Gaga and Cooper were writing songs for the soundtrack during filming, leading to "so many different incarnations of each song."
Cooper added that "the music became a character in the movie. There is no lyric that's in any point of the movie that doesn't have to do with where one of them is or hopes to be or regrets being; that was our launching pad and it was just about discovering what songs fit in the right places." Jason Isbell wrote a song for Cooper's character, which became "the sword with which a lot of the music spawned from ". Isbell sent the song through Dave Cobb, a Nashville-based producer with whom Cooper had been collaborating. Cooper approached Lukas Nelson after seeing him perform at Desert Trip in October 2016 and asked him to work on the film as a music consultant. Nelson said he began "writing songs for the movie, just for the heck of it, sending them over to the producer, they started liking them. Lady Gaga came by and I met her and we clicked. We became good friends, we started writing together." Gaga, in turn, provided backing vocals on two tracks on Nelson's self-titled album released in 2017. Nelson and his band, Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real, appear in the film as Cooper's backing band.
Gaga reunited with producer Mark Ronson and songwriter Hillary Lindsey, who had both contributed to her previous studio album Joanne. She worked with recurring collaborator DJ White Shadow on the soundtrack's more pop-oriented numbers performed by her character Ally. Much of the album was recorded live at Gaga's insistence; the album contains elements of blues rock, rock, folk rock and pop. Billboard says its lyrics are about wanting change, its struggle, love and bonding, describing the music as "timeless, emotional and earnest, they sound like songs written by artists who, quite frankly, are supremely messed up but hit to the core of the listener." The soundtrack's track list and release date were announced on August 30, 2018. Interscope Records tweeted that the album "features 19 songs in a wide range of musical styles + 15 dialogue tracks that will take you on a journey that mirrors the experience of seeing the film." The single "Shallow" was released alongside a music video, appears in the film A Star Is Born, it is sung by Lady Gaga, Bradley Cooper.
The single was served as the soundtracks lead single. The single was nominated for multiple awards, both singers went on to give a performance of the single at an award ceremony; the song is one of the longest running singles in radio history, stayed within the top ten on multiple charts, in multiple countries for several months. Three singles were released from the album including one worldwide release, two radio-only singles in selected countries. "Always Remember Us This Way" and "I'll Never Love Again" were distributed across Europe and Oceania as radio-only singles on November 21, 2018 and May 27, 2019 respectively. All three singles have been nominated for a minimum of one Grammy Award; the soundtrack received a positive response from critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album has an average score of 78, based on 8 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". In a positive review, The Washington Post called the soundtrack a "five-star marvel" and stated that it is a possible contender to win a Grammy Award.
Lackluster Me is the second album released by the band Savoy. It was only released in Norway and Sweden, it sold a total of 15,000 copies there and received a Spellemannprisen nomination for best rock album. In 2016, a remastered edition was released on CD and, for the first time, on LP. For this release, several tracks were shortened. 1. "Lackluster Me" 2. "Unsound" 3. "You Should Have Told Me" 4. "Foreign Film" 5. "Flowers for Sylvia" 6. "I Still Cry" 7. "Sycamore Leaves" 8. "Rain" 9. "Butt Out" 10. "This, That & The Other" 11. "Hey Luchie" 12. "Easy" 13. "If You Tell" "Flowers For Sylvia" is an homage to American poet Sylvia Plath. "Sycamore Leaves" was recorded by a-ha on their 1990 album East of the Sun, West of the Moon. Guitars, vocals, programming, arrangements: Paul Waaktaar-Savoy. Rhythm guitars and backing vocals: Lauren Savoy. Drums and backing vocals: Frode Unneland. Bass: Greg Calvert. Cello: James Roven. Violín: Timothy Roven. String arrangements: The Vertavo Quartet. All songs written by Lauren Savoy except track 6 Paul Waaktaar-Savoy.
Produced by: Savoy. Released by: EMI Norsk