Rotherham is a minster town in South Yorkshire, which together with its conurbation and outlying settlements to the north and south-east forms the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, with a recorded population of 257,280 in the 2011 census. In the West Riding of Yorkshire, its central area is on the banks of the River Don below its confluence with the Rother on the traditional road between Sheffield and Doncaster. Rotherham was well known as a coal mining town as well as a major contributor to the steel industry. Traditional industries included flour milling. Iron Age and Roman settlements dot the area covered by the district, including a small Roman fort to the south-west in the upper flood meadow of the Don at Templeborough. Rotherham was founded in the early Middle Ages, its name is from Old English hām'homestead, estate', meaning'homestead on the Rother'. The river name was carried into Old English from Brittonic branch of Celtic words: ro-'over, chief' and duβr'water', thus'main river', it established itself on a Roman road near a forded part of the River Don.
By the late Saxon period, Rotherham was at the centre of a large parish on the Don's banks. Following the Norman Conquest an absentee lord held Nigel Fossard; the Domesday'Book' or Survey records this lord of the manor with a Norman name took the place of the Saxon lord Hakon holding 20 years before in 1066 and was tenant of an overlord of hundreds of such manors, Robert de Mortain, the Conqueror's half-brother. The central assets at the time were medium in rank among manors: eight adult male householders were counted as villagers, three were smallholders and one the priest, three ploughlands were tilled by one lord's plough team and two and a half men's plough teams were active; the manor's other resources were a church, four loosely called'acres' of meadow, seven of woodland. Rotherham had a mill valued at an ordinary half of one pound sterling, his successors, the De Vesci family visited the town and did not build a castle but maintained a Friday market and a fair. In the mid 13th century, John de Vesci and Ralph de Tili gave all their possessions in Rotherham to Rufford Abbey, a period of growing wealth in the church.
The monks collected tithes from the town and gained rights to an extra market day on Monday and to extend the annual fair from two to three days. The townsmen of Rotherham formed the "Greaves of Our Lady's Light", an organisation which worked with the town's three guilds, it was suppressed in 1547 but revived in 1584 as the feoffees of the common lands of Rotherham, remains in existence. In the 1480s the Rotherham-born Archbishop of York, Thomas Rotherham, instigated the building of a College of Jesus or Jesus College, Rotherham to rival the colleges of Cambridge and Oxford, it was the first brick building in what is now South Yorkshire and taught theology, religious chant and hymns and writing. The College and new parish church of All Saints made Rotherham an enviable and modern town at the turn of the 16th century; the college was dissolved in 1547 in the reign of Edward VI, its assets stripped for the crown to grant to its supporters. Little remains of the original building in College Street.
Walls of part of the College of Jesus are encased within number 23 and Nos 2, 2A, 4, 6 and 8 Effingham Street. A doorway was rescued from the demolition and relocated to nearby Boston Park in 1879. Fragments of walls are the earliest surviving brick structure in South Yorkshire and are remains of the key institution to Rotherham's growth into a town of regional significance. Sixty years after the College's dissolution Rotherham was described by a wealthy visitor as falling from a fashionable college town to having admitted gambling and vice; the history of Thomas Rotherham and education in the town are remembered in the name of Thomas Rotherham College. The region had been exploited for iron since Roman times, but it was coal that first brought the Industrial Revolution to Rotherham. Exploitation of the coal seams was the driving force behind the improvements to navigation on the River Don, which formed the Sheffield and South Yorkshire Navigation system of navigable inland waterways. In the early Industrial Revolution major uses of iron demanded good local ore and established processing skills for iron strength, qualities found in Rotherham's smelting plants and foundries.
Iron, steel, became the principal industry in Rotherham, surviving into the 20th century. The Walker family built an iron and steel empire in the 18th century, their foundries producing high quality cannon, including some for the ship of the line HMS Victory, cast iron bridges, one of, commissioned by Thomas Paine. Rotherham's cast iron industry expanded in the early 19th century, the Effingham Ironworks Yates, Haywood & Co, opened in 1820. Other major iron founders included William Co.. Perrot, W. H. Micklethwait and John and Richard Corker of the Ferham Works. G & WG Gummer Ltd exported brass products across the world, supplying fittings for hotels, Turkish baths and the RMS Mauretania, their fittings could be found on five battleships used in World War II and HMS Ark Royal. The Parkgate Ironworks was established in 1823 by Sanderson and Watson, changed ownership several times. In 1854, Samuel Beal & Co produced wrought iron plates for Isambard Kingdom Brunel's famous steamship the SS Gr
München Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in the city of Munich, Germany. It is one of the three stations with long distance services in Munich, the others being München Ost and München-Pasing. München Hauptbahnhof sees about 450,000 passengers a day, which puts it on par with other large stations in Germany, such as Hamburg Hauptbahnhof and Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof, it is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 1 station, one of 21 in Germany and two in Munich, the other being München Ost. The mainline station is a terminal station with 32 platforms; the subterranean S-Bahn with 2 platforms and U-Bahn stations with 6 platforms are through stations. The first Munich station was built about 800 metres to the west in 1839. A station at the current site was opened in 1849 and it has been rebuilt numerous times, including to replace the main station building, badly damaged during World War II; the station is located close to Munich's city centre in the north of the borough of Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt.
The main entrance to the east of the station is via the Prielmayerstraße or Bayerstraße to Karlsplatz. In the station forecourt in front of the main entrance are tram stops on several lines; the station is bordered to the north by Arnulfstraße and to the west by Paul-Heyse-Straße, which passes through a tunnel near the end of the platforms. The station is bordered to the south by Bayerstraße; the station precinct ends at Donnersbergerbrücke. During the industrialisation of the mid-19th century a new, more efficient system was needed to accelerate the transport of passengers and goods. Horse-drawn carts on the poor roads were no longer sufficient; as a solution, the construction of a railway, as was being developed in England, was considered. However, the Bavarian King, Ludwig I preferred the extension of canals. Construction of railways was left to private associations. After the opening of the 6 km-long railway from Nuremberg to Fürth on 28 November 1835, interested citizens founded railway committees in Munich and Augsburg.
The two committees soon joined together to facilitate the construction of a railway line from Augsburg to Munich. The two major cities would be connected by a faster service than could be provided by stagecoach over a distance that in 1835 was measured as 17 Poststunden, equivalent to about 63 km. Based on the travel speed of a locomotive, a railway could be expected to reduce travel time to one-third of a stage coach's time; the railway committee commissioned a state official to plan the approximate route of the line. The state was to build the railway; the government turned down the proposal, but indicated that Bavaria would financially support its construction. Joseph Anton von Maffei founded the Munich-Augsburg Railway Company as a private company on 23 July 1837. After further support from shareholders had been found, construction began in the spring of 1838. In 1838, the initial planning began for the station in Munich; the Planning Director of the Munich–Augsburg railway, Ulrich Himbsel, his deputy, Joseph Pertsch, proposed a railway layout with an entrance building and a warehouse for freight.
Behind the entrance building, a semicircular building was followed by four radially arranged halls. This was based on English models. Joseph Pertsch preferred a location on today's Sonnenstraße, while Ulrich Himbsel favoured a station at Spatzenstraße; this would have been at the location of the current station. The Munich-Augsburg railway company could not afford the land on either site. A temporary wooden building was put into operation with the opening of the first section of the line from Munich to Lochhausen on the Munich–Augsburg line on 1 September 1839; this station was built in Marsfeld at the present site of Hackerbrücke. It consisted of two toll booths. In the entrance building there were several work spaces. Attached to this building there was a 75.4 × 15.37 metre wide station hall with two tracks with a turntable at the end of each. There was a locomotive workshop in the station area. A year on 4 October 1840, the entire line to Augsburg was opened; the line was used by about 400 passengers daily.
The first complaints were made about the location of the station in 1841. The station was too far from the city centre, so the trip to the station was too costly; the wooden building was considered to be too small for a city like Munich and not impressive. King Ludwig commissioned the architect Friedrich von Gärtner to redesign the station in 1843, it would be closer to the city centre. When, in 1844, the Munich-Augsburg Railway Company was nationalised, the first steps for the realisation of a new station building were carried out. Three new plans were presented; the station under the first option would have been at the shooting range, under the second option it would have been on the Marsfeld plain and under the third it would have been on Sonnenstraße. In the following years, the state and the city could not choose between the three proposals; the station suffered a major fire on 4 April 1847. No one was injured. Parts of the freight and operations facilities were destroyed; the decision on where to construct a new station had to be taken now.
On 5 April 1847, the king of Bavaria decided to build the new station at the shooting range. The station at Marsfeld was to be restored in the autumn of 1847 to serve until the completion of the new station. Due to a delay in the construction, the tracks w
Chutimon Chuengcharoensukying, nicknamed Aokbab, is a Thai model and actress, best known for her role as "Lynn" in the 2017 film Bad Genius. She is the first Thai actress to win the Screen International Rising Star Asia Award in New York Asian Film Festival in 2017. Chutimon was born on 2 February 1996 in Thailand, she is studying Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts at Chulalongkorn University. Her nickname is "Aokbab". Chutimon started to be a model since she was only 15, she was the first Thai model who had a chance to be in Harper’s Bazaar UK, October 2013 in “A shadow of a jade empire” theme. She featured in music videos such as “Unfriend” song by Helmetheads and “Pajhonpai” song by Mrs. Slave, she took an important role of the viral short film by famous film director Nawapol Thamrongrattanarit, “Thank you for Sharing”. Chutimon's first acting role is Lynn, which helped her gain her popularity and high praise of her good acting in the film Bad Genius in 2017. For Chutimon's beautiful portrayal of the character Lynn, she became the first Thai actress who won the Screen International Rising Star Asia award, at the 16th New York Asian Film Festival 2017
David G. Korn is an American UNIX programmer and the author of the Korn shell, a command line interface/programming language. David Korn received his undergraduate degree in mathematics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in 1965 and his Ph. D. in applied mathematics from NYU's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences in 1969. After working on computer simulations of transsonic airfoils and developing the Korn airfoil, he switched fields to computer science and became a member of technical staff at Bell Laboratories in 1976, he developed Korn shell in response to problems he and his colleagues had with the most used shells at the time, Bourne shell and C shell. The Korn shell pioneered the practice of consultative user interface design, with input from Unix shell users, from mathematical and cognitive psychologists; the user interface, which included a choice of editing styles was incorporated into, or copied by, most subsequent Unix shells. The Korn shell is backward-compatible with Bourne shell, but takes a lot of ideas from C shell, such as history viewing and vi-like command line editing.
Microsoft once included a version of the Korn shell produced by Mortice Kern Systems in a UNIX integration package for Windows NT. This version was not compatible with ksh88, Korn mentioned this during a question and answer period of a Microsoft presentation during a USENIX NT conference in Seattle in 1998. Greg Sullivan, a Microsoft product manager, participating in the presentation, not knowing who the commenter was, insisted that Microsoft had indeed chosen a "real" Korn shell. A polite debate ensued, with Sullivan continuing to insist that the man giving the criticisms was mistaken about the compatibility issues. Sullivan only backed down when an audience member stood up and mentioned that the man making the comments was none other than the eponymous David Korn. Along with Korn shell, he is known as the creator of UWIN, an X/Open library for Win32 systems, similar to the Cygwin. Korn and Kiem-Phong Vo co-developed sfio, a library for managing I/O streams. Korn became a Bell Labs fellow in 1984.
He lives in New York City, until 2013 worked for AT&T Labs Research in Florham Park, New Jersey, but now he is working for Google. David Korn's son Adam used to work at Goldman Sachs. David Korn homepage on Kornshell.com
Edward Oldcorne or Oldcorn alias Hall was an English Jesuit priest. He was known to people who knew of the Gunpowder Plot to destroy the Parliament of England and kill King James I, he is a Roman Catholic martyr, was beatified in 1929. Oldcorne was born in York in 1561, the son of John Oldcorne, a bricklayer, his wife Mary, his father was a Protestant, his mother a Catholic who had spent some time in prison due to her faith. He was educated at St Peter's School in York. Oldcorne was educated as a doctor, but decided to enter the priesthood, he went to the English College at Reims to Rome where after ordination in 1587, he became a Jesuit in 1588. In late 1588 Oldcorne returned in the company of Father John Gerard. In early 1589 he went with Father Henry Garnet to the West Midlands, visiting Coughton and settling at Baddesley Clinton, he worked chiefly in Worcestershire for 17 years. Oswald Tesimond assisted him after 1596. Oldcorne sometimes stayed with Thomas Abington, whose house at Hindlip Hall was near Baddesley Clinton.
There he converted Thomas's sister Dorothy. The house was was adapted by Nicholas Owen to help conceal Catholic priests. On 3 November 1601, Oldcorne went on a pilgrimage to St Winefride's Well at Holywell in north Wales to obtain a cure for a cancer of the throat; the cancer cleared up and in 1605 about thirty people returned with him to give thanks for his recovery. Amongst this group were the priests Oswald Tesimond, Ralph Ashley, Henry Garnet, as well as Nicholas Owen and John Gerard. In the group was plotter Everard Digby and his wife, whose priest was Oldcorne; the timing of this second pilgrimage and the people involved aroused suspicion. The government investigation used this gathering as circumstantial evidence to implicate some of those there in the plot; when the Gunpowder Plot was discovered, Oldcorne was at his base for fourteen years. In December, he was joined there by Nicholas Owen, Henry Garnet and Ralph Ashley who were hiding because they were under suspicion of involvement. Hindlip was searched in January but the four were not discovered: Garnet and Oldcorne were in one hiding place while the two lay brothers were in another.
Their conditions were poor, after eight days they surrendered. Oldcorne was arrested with Garnet by Sir Henry Bromley and held at the castle at Holt in Worcestershire before being taken to the Tower of London, it has been said that Bromley would have abandoned his search much earlier but he had information from Humphrey Littleton that Oldcorne and Garnet were hiding there. Oldcorne was tortured, he recounted under interrogation that on 8 November 1605 there arrived Tesimond from Robert Wintour's who told Mr Abington and himself that "he brought them the worst news that they had heard, they were all undone." Tesimond said that certain people had intended to blow up the parliament house but they had been discovered a few days before it was meant to happen. Some allege. Others suppose that it may have been because he was notorious or because he had provided safe refuge through Father Jones for the plotters, Robert Wintour and Stephen Littleton. At his trial, Humphrey Littleton asked for his forgiveness and it was said that he believed he deserved to die for revealing his friend's whereabouts.
Two letters of his are at the second written from prison. On the day before his execution John Floyd, a fellow Jesuit, was arrested for trying to visit him. Oldcorne was executed at Red Hill, together with John Wintour, Humphrey Littleton and Ralph Ashley, his servant, he was hung and quartered. Oldcorne died with the name of St Winifred on his lips; when Ashley came to die he prayed and asked for forgiveness and noted that like Oldcorne he was dying for his religion and not as a traitor. Oldcorne's portrait was painted after his death for the Church of the Gesù. A number of his relics survived. A grisly relic is one of his eyes which he lost when the executioner decapitated him: it is said that the force of the blow was so great that his eye flew out of its socket. A secondary school, Blessed Edward Oldcorne Catholic College, named in his honour, is in Worcester, his right eye and the rope that bound him are kept as relics at Stonyhurst College. They believe that the eye was taken by a Catholic sympathiser while his body was being parboiled after he was quartered.
Abington's wife Mary was the sister of 4th Baron Monteagle. The authorship of Monteagle's letter has been a significant problem to historians. One of the candidates put forward is Oldcorne
Emmanuel Lubezki Morgenstern, AMC, ASC is a Mexican cinematographer. He sometimes goes by the nickname Chivo. Lubezki has worked with many acclaimed directors, including Mike Nichols, Tim Burton, Michael Mann and Ethan Coen, frequent collaborators Terrence Malick, Alfonso Cuarón, Alejandro González Iñárritu. Lubezki is known for groundbreaking uses of natural lighting and continuous uninterrupted shots in cinematography utilizing a Steadicam, a 3-axis gimbal, or hand-held camera to orchestrate fluid, uninterrupted camera movements during significant scenes, his work has been praised by audiences and critics alike, which earned him multiple awards, including eight Academy Award nominations for Best Cinematography. He won in this category three times, becoming the first person to do so in three consecutive years, for Gravity and The Revenant. Lubezki was born to a Jewish family in Mexico, his father is producer Muni Lubezki. His paternal grandfather is Lithuanian Jewish while his grandmother is Jewish, from Russia.
Lubezki studied film at Mexico's Centro Universitario de Estudios Cinematográficos, where he met Alfonso Cuarón. Lubezki began his career in Mexican television productions in the late 1980s, his first international production was the 1993 independent film Twenty Bucks, which followed the journey of a single twenty-dollar bill. Lubezki is a frequent collaborator with fellow Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuarón; the two have been friends since they were teenagers and attended the same film school at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Together they have worked on six motion pictures: Sólo Con Tu Pareja, A Little Princess, Great Expectations, Y Tu Mamá También, Children of Men, Gravity, his work with Cuarón on Children of Men has received universal acclaim. The film utilized a number of distinctive techniques; the "roadside ambush" scene was shot in one extended take utilizing a special camera rig invented by Doggicam systems, developed from the company's Power Slide system. For the scene, a vehicle was modified to enable seats to tilt and lower actors out of the way of the camera.
The windshield of the car was designed to tilt out of the way to allow camera movement in and out through the front windscreen. A crew of four, including Lubezki, rode on the roof. Children of Men features a seven-and-a-half-minute battle sequence composed of five seamless edits. Lubezki won his first Academy Award for Best Cinematography for his work on Cuarón's Gravity, a thriller set in outer space; the film was praised for the way it combined two shots through digital backgrounds of space to create the illusion of scenes done in a single shot. Lubezki won his second Academy Award for Best Cinematography in the following year for his work on Alejandro González Iñárritu's Birdman; the film used a similar technique from Gravity, being unusual in the way the entire movie was shot so as to appear to be photographed in one continuous take. Lubezki won the award again in 2015 for Iñárritu's The Revenant, becoming a milestone for his third consecutive win and for being the first cinematographer to do so.
The film was shot in the wilderness during a cold season, minimizing the amount of CGI and using only natural lighting. It was an difficult process that required a limited amount of time to shoot each scene, which delayed the production, causing budget overruns and changes of locations for proper settings. However, The Revenant earned over $500 million at the box office and received critical acclaim, with much praise for the film's atmospheric tone and realism. Lubezki won the Royal Photographic Society Lumière Award for major achievement in cinematography, video or animation in 2016. Cinema of Mexico Emmanuel Lubezki on IMDb Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers International Cinematographers Guild interview