Rotorua is a city on the southern shores of Lake Rotorua from which the city takes its name, located in the Bay of Plenty Region of New Zealand's North Island. It is the seat of the Rotorua District, a territorial authority encompassing Rotorua and several other nearby towns; the majority of the Rotorua District is in the Bay of Plenty Region, but a sizeable southern section and a small western section are in the Waikato Region. Rotorua is in the heart of the North Island, 60 kilometres south of Tauranga, 80 km north of Taupo, 105 km east of Hamilton, 230 km southeast of the nation's most populous city, Auckland. Rotorua has an estimated permanent population of 59,500, making it the country's 10th largest urban area, the Bay of Plenty's second largest urban area behind Tauranga; the Rotorua District has a total estimated population of 74,000, of which 3,600 live in the Waikato section. Rotorua is a major destination for both international tourists, it is known for its geothermal activity, features geysers – notably the Pohutu Geyser at Whakarewarewa – and hot mud pools.
This thermal activity is sourced to the Rotorua caldera. Rotorua is home to the Toi Ohomai Institute of Technology; the Lakes of Rotorua are a collection of many lakes surrounding Rotorua. The name Rotorua comes from Māori, the full name for the city and lake is Te Rotorua-nui-a-Kahumatamomoe. Roto means'lake' and rua means'two' or in this case'second' – Rotorua thus meaning'Second lake'. Kahumatamomoe was the uncle of the ancestral explorer of the Te Arawa, it was the second major lake the chief discovered, he dedicated it to his uncle. It is the largest of a multitude of lakes found to the northeast, all connected with the Rotorua Caldera and nearby Mount Tarawera; the name can mean the appropriate'Crater lake'. The area was settled by Māori of the Te Arawa Iwi in the 14th century. During the early 1820s Ngapuhi led by chief Hongi Hika launched a series of raids into the Bay of Plenty as a part of the Musket Wars, in 1823 a Ngapuhi raiding party led by Hongi Hika attacked Te Arawa at their Pa on Mokoia Island defeating them.
The first European in the area was Phillip Tapsell, trading from the Bay of Plenty coast at Maketu from 1828. He married into Te Arawa and became regarded by them. Missionaries Henry Williams and Thomas Chapman visited in 1831 and Chapman and his wife established a mission at Te Koutu in 1835; this was abandoned within a year but Chapman returned in 1838 and established a second mission at Mokoia Island. The lakeshore was a prominent site of skirmishes during the New Zealand Wars of the 1860s. A "special town district" was created in 1883; the town was connected to Auckland with the opening of the Rotorua Branch railway and commencement of the Rotorua Express train in 1894, resulting in the rapid growth of the town and tourism from this time forward. Rotorua was established as a borough in 1922, elected its first mayor in 1923, declared a city in 1962 before becoming a District in 1979; the Rotorua region enjoys a mild temperate climate. Rotorua is situated inland from the coast and is sheltered by high country to the south and east of the city, resulting in less wind than many other places in New Zealand.
During the winter months June – August temperatures can drop below 0 °C. Frost is common in Rotorua during its winter months, with an average of 57 ground frosts annually, 20 nights per year below 0 °C. Snowfall in Rotorua is rare. On 15 August 2011 and 13 July 2017 snowflakes fell in the town centre, during the July 2017 snowfall, snow accumulated in the nearby Mamaku ranges and in the outer reaches of the district, where snowfall occurs on average once every three years. Inner suburbs Outer suburbs Thermal activity is at the heart of much of Rotorua's tourist appeal. Geysers and bubbling mud pools, hot thermal springs and Te Wairoa — so named after it was buried by the 1886 Mount Tarawera eruption— are within easy reach of Rotorua. In Kuirau Park, to the west end of Rotorua, hot bubbling mud pools dot the park. Visitors can soak their feet in hot pools. A common nickname for Rotorua is "Sulphur City" due to the hydrogen sulphide emissions, which gives the city a smell similar to "rotten eggs", as well as "Rotten-rua" combining its legitimate name and the rotten smell prevalent.
Another common nickname is "Roto-Vegas", likening the city's own strip of road flanked by businesses and restaurants to that of Las Vegas. The pungent smell in the central-east'Te Ngae' area is due to the dense sulphur deposits located next to the southern boundary of the Government Gardens, in the area known as'Sulphur Point'; the Rotorua region has 17 lakes, known collectively as the Lakes of Rotorua. Fishing, waterskiing and other water activities are popular in summer; the lakes are used for event venues. Lake Rotorua is used as a departure and landing point for float planes. Rotorua is home to botanical gardens and historic architecture. Known as a spa town and major tourist resort since the 1800s, many of its buildings hint at this history. Government Gardens, close to the lake-shore at the eastern edge of the town, are a particular point of pride; the Rotorua Museum of Art and History is housed in the large Tudor-style bath house building while the Art Deco st
Jonathan K. Paulien is a Seventh-day Adventist theologian. Paulien has a BA from Atlantic Union College, an MDiv and PhD from Andrews University, his doctoral thesis, Decoding Revelation’s Trumpets: Literary Allusions and Interpretation of Revelation 8:7-12 was completed in 1987. Prior to his PhD, he worked as a Seventh-day Adventist church pastor for several years in New York City, he was professor of New Testament Interpretation at the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary at Andrews University. He spent over two decades at Andrews. In 2007, he became dean of the Faculty of Religion at Loma Linda University, a position he held until 2019, he and his wife Pamella have three children. Paulien stated he has found material on the "stages of faith" to be "the most life-changing material I have learned or shared." Paulien writes for a Seventh-day Adventist audience. The majority of his books and articles have been published by non-academic publishing houses and magazines owned by the Seventh-day Adventist church.
His scholarly articles have been published by Seventh-day Adventist journals. 2008. Armageddon at the Door: An Insider's Guide to the Book of Revelation 2008. Everlasting Gospel, Ever-Changing World 2004; the Deep Things of God: An Insider's Guide to the Book of Revelation 2003. John: The Beloved Gospel 2002; the Day That Changed the World: Seeking God After September 11 2001. Everyday Faith: How to Have an Authentic Relationship With God in the Real World 1999; the Millennium Bug: Is This the End of the World As We Know It 1995. John: Jesus Gives Life to a New Generation with George R. Knight 1994. End Time 1993. Present Truth in the Real World: The Adventist Struggle to Keep and Share Faith in a Secular Society "The End of Historicism? Reflections on the Adventist Approach to Biblical Apocalyptic" - "part 1". Archived from the original on 2010-11-26. Retrieved 2006-12-03. Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 14:2, p15–43. Archived from the original on 2010-11-26. Retrieved 2006-12-03. JATS 17:1, p180–208 ""Revisiting the Sabbath in the Book of Revelation".
Archived from the original on 2007-03-18. Retrieved 2006-12-03.". Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 9:1–2, p179–186 "Armageddon" entry in Anchor Bible Dictionary I:394-5 Seventh-day Adventist Church Seventh-day Adventist theology Seventh-day Adventist eschatology History of the Seventh-day Adventist Church 28 Fundamental Beliefs Questions on Doctrine Teachings of Ellen G. White Inspiration of Ellen G. White Prophecy in the Seventh-day Adventist Church Investigative judgment Pillars of Adventism Second Coming Conditional Immortality Historicism Three Angels' Messages Sabbath in seventh-day churches Ellen G. White Adventism Seventh-day Adventist Church Pioneers Seventh-day Adventist worship Ellen G. White Estate Loma Linda University Revelation-Armageddon.com, Paulien's blog, which has as its purpose "to provide sane, evidence-based information about the Bible’s Book of Revelation" in today's context The Battle of Armageddon.com, companion website by Paulien "Simply Revelation" 3ABN interview Book of Revelation, a personal translation by Paulien Articles by Paulien cataloged in the Seventh-day Adventist Periodical Index Andrews University faculty entry Loma Linda University faculty entry
Pussy Whipped is the debut studio album by American punk rock band Bikini Kill. It was released on Kill Rock Stars on October 26, 1993, it includes the track "Rebel Girl", number 27 on the Rolling Stone list of "Most Excellent Songs of Every Year Since 1967", a playlist assembled by the magazine in 2006 to celebrate its 1,000th issue. Heather Phares of AllMusic gave the album 4 stars out of 5, saying, "'Rebel Girl' is a manifesto just waiting to be discovered, the rest of the album sees the band adding fun to their recipe for punk chaos." David Browne of Entertainment Weekly gave the album a grade of A−, calling it "the first great riot-grrrl album."In 2015, Spin placed it at number 222 on its list of the "300 Best Albums of the Past 30 Years". In 2016, Pitchfork placed it at number 10 on its list of the "50 Best Indie Rock Albums of the Pacific Northwest". All tracks are written by Kathleen Hanna, Billy Karren, Kathi Wilcox, Tobi Vail. Credits adapted from the liner notes. Kathleen Hanna – vocals, bass guitar Billy Karren – guitar Kathi Wilcox – bass guitar, vocals Tobi Vail – drums, vocals Stuart Hallerman – production, engineering Tammy Rae Carland – cover photography Pussy Whipped at Discogs